The concept that all people should have the same opportunities to enter the labor market, and should not be discriminated against on the basis of sex, race, age or religious beliefs. Many countries have enacted laws punishing those who deny a job to a person for any of the above reasons. Some organizations go even further and advocate a policy of positive discrimination, such as that of encouraging the employment of an ethnic minority. While significant improvements have been made in terms of equal opportunities, the evidence shows that there is still a long way to go. In 1910, the writer Clara Zetkin, a friend and colleague of Rosa Luxemburg, organized the first international conference of socialist women, where a resolution was adopted that established March 8 as International Day of Working Women. Today is celebrated in other countries of the world to remember the rights of women. In Latin America, according to the countries, the laws that protect equal opportunities are very unequal. In Argentina, for example, there are protection laws, but like in other countries, they are not always fulfilled.
Efforts to reduce employment discrimination due to age, certain physical disabilities or sexual orientation have increased in recent years.