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I'm all about tricertops

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Triceratops

The triceratops is a dinosaur (meaning reptile and mammal) that lived during the late cretaceous age/period, 70 -65 million years ago, towards the end of the cretaceous period. Triceratops was a herbivore, meaning an animal that feed on plants, with a beak-like mouth perfect for plucking and grasping rather than biting. They probably ate low-growing vegetation because of their short necks and low heads. But they might have been able to eat taller plants by knocking them down with their horns, it's beaks are able to eat various plants.

 Triceratops have been found in both the Western US and Canada. Not much is known about the triceratops, including their social life behavior. Triceratops most likely laid eggs in a nest and were guarded by the females, from predators, until they were ready to hatch. It is believed that the females took care of there young. Triceratops could grow to 25-30 feet long and nearly 10 feet tall. They relate to lions and elephants, since they take care of each other, from predators in groups/herds.

A triceratops name means tri (three) – keras (horn) – ops (face.). The triceratops had two curved eyebrow horns and one nose horn. Triceratops had a solid bone frill around the back of the skull. They could have been used for a variety of purposes, such as defense, combat, and display, plus body regulation. They roamed on four thick limbs each rear feet had three hooves a piece and its front feet had four hooves a piece. "The horned head of triceratops was among the largest of all land animals, some making up one-third of the entire length of the dinosaur's body", (Joseph Castro, Live Science Contributor (n.d.). It also had a thick bumpy hide to protect it from predators. "During a triceratops juvenile years, its horns were little stubs that curved backward; as the animal continued to grow into young adulthood, the horns straightened out; finally, the horns curved forward and grew up to 3 feet long (1 meter), probably after the dinosaur reached sexual maturity", (Joseph Castro, Live Science Contributor (n.d.).

"Like a modern-day rhinoceros, Triceratops probably spent much of its time grazing on plant matter", (National Geographic Society, n.d.). It used its beak-like mouth and powerful jaws lined with rows of sharp cheek teeth to shred vegetation. 

"Triceratops ate plants all day and had anywhere from 432 to 800 teeth arranged in columns of 36 to 40 and stacked three to five teeth high. This is because the dinosaur ate massive amounts of plant matter with shearing vertical force, causing its teeth to wear down quickly. With so many teeth in its jaw, triceratops could replace teeth continuously throughout its lifetime", (Reference (n.d.). 

My name is Munch, I am a triceratops, I have horns and hoofs, teeth adapted for cropping grass and chewing/chomping on vegetation. I have a mutation, meaning a genetic abominably, that makes my horns grow bigger and stronger than average triceratops by 5 inches. This mutation can be a sexual selection, meaning a certain trait(s) that improve mating success. 

Natural selection contribute to stuff like the appearance and characteristics. Evolution is the process by which organisms change over time as a result of changes in heritable, physical or, behavioral traits. These changes often result because of environmental issues, this is called geographic isolation.

How genetics affect the triceratops. Because of it massive body and weight this dinosaur had to stand vertical and must have had massive feet equip with some thick, soft pad that acted as a cushion to protect it's feet from the elements. 

How genetics affect the triceratops.  ¯\_(ツ)_/¯

Geographic isolation is the physical separation of the same species due to geographic barriers being unable to mix genes. Geographic isolation is a term that refers to organisms that are separated from exchanging genetic material with other organisms of the same species, reproductive isolation. Typically geographic isolation is the result of an accident or coincidence.

A gene pool is a collection of all the genes in an organism. Populations of organisms are constantly changing and adapting to their environment. Drastic changes in environmental conditions can sometimes cause drastic changes to the gene pool of the population. 

Gene Flow-genetic drift

-movement of alleles from one population to another

-gene flow increases the genetic variation of the receiving population

-the less gene flow the occurs between two populations, the more genetically different the two population can become

-example: two bird populations

Specification

  1. N.a.( n.d)  Triceratops Dinosaur Facts and Information - Cretaceous Ceratopsian Dinosaur.  Fossilguy.com. Retrieved from http://www.fossilguy.com/gallery/vert/dinosaur/triceratops/triceratops.htm
  2. N.a (20 Mar. 2015.). Triceratops - Cretaceous Period. Prehistory.com. Retrieved from http://www.prehistory.com/tricerat.htm
  3. Joseph Castro, Live Science Contributor (n.d.). Triceratops: Facts About the Three-Horned Dinosaur. Live Science. Retrieved from http://www.livescience.com/24011-triceratops-facts.html
  4. Amy Brannan (13 Sept. 2010.). Triceratops Dinosaur: A Majestic Cretaceous Beast. Exploring Lifes Mysteries. Retrieved from https://www.exploringlifesmysteries.com/triceratops-dinosaur/
  5. N.a (16 May 2017.). Wikijunior:Dinosaurs/Triceratops - Wikibooks, open books for an open world. En.wikibooks.org. Retrieved from https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Wikijunior:Dinosaurs/Triceratops
  6. Michael Wall (27 Jan. 2009.). Scars Reveal How Triceratops Fought. WIRED. Retrieved from https://www.wired.com/2009/01/dinofight/
  7. John B. Scannella (15 Jul. 2014.). Evolutionary trends in Triceratops from the Hell Creek Formation, Montana. Pnas.org. Retrieved from http://www.pnas.org/content/111/28/10245.full
  8. Reference (n.d.). What did Triceratops eat?. Reference. Retrieved from https://www.reference.com/pets-animals/did-triceratops-eat-61b42a5e3bc26c08#

References