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THE SPLENDOR OF BAGHDAD IN
THE 11
TH
CENTURY
“THE CITY OF PEACE”
Waniyah | Given by: Miss. Aasiya | 7/4/2018
PAGE 1
THE LAYOUT OF THE CITY:
FEATURES OF THE LABELLED LAYOUT: (BELOW)
The “Grand Mosque” is the place where the caliph lives.
The “Houses” are where the population lives.
The “Moat” is built around the city to protect from attacks.
The “Other mosques” is the learning place and Salah is also performed there.
The “Fence is used to protect from wild animals and attacks from foreign
countries.
PAGE 2
LABELLED DRAWING OF BAGHDAD:
Houses
Moat
Grand Mosque
Other mosques
Bridges
PAGE 3
TRADING IN BAGHDAD:
Baghdad grew as a result of the trade that was passing through.
The caravans and the ships needed a safe resting place for their journeys and
Baghdad provided that.
Often cities grow up where the trade cargoes have to be transferred from one
mode of transportation to another. Being at the juncture of the land and water
trade routes Baghdad served that function.
Baghdad was also good at the production of lustered pottery: the decoration was
painted in a metallic oxide upon the glazed coating of the clay, and the vessel was
then submitted to a smoky and subdued second firing, which reduced the pigment
to a thin layer of metal, and gave the glaze an iridescent glow which was
considered very attractive and that was traded in a high price.
Trading places in Baghdad:
o Port
o Markets/ bazaars
o The wisdom schools/ madrasas
o Cargoes
o Transportation ports of water/ land
IMPORTANT SIGHTS OF BAGHDAD:
Al-Khassakiyya mosque
Al-Mansur Mosque
Bab al-Taq
Jami al-Qasr (mosque)
Khulafa Mosque
Dar al-'Ilm (educational institution)
Dar al-Kutub (library)
Abu Hanifa mosque
Jami' Zumurrud Khatun (mosque)
Turbat Zumurrud Khatun (tomb)
Al-Nizamiyyah college
Minaret of Jami' al-Khaffafin
Tomb of Maruf el-Kerkhi
Bab al-Talsim (Talisman gate)
Jami' al-Qumriyya Mosque
Al-Qasr al-Abbasi fi al-Qal'a
Mustansiriya Madrasah
PAGE 4
CALIPH AND HIS OFFICERS:
The caliph lived in the grand mosque with his family. He carried all his jobs there
until and unless necessarily he had to go to a visit of the city .i.e. most of the time.
AND
His officers carried out all they had to do in the other mosques.
LIVING IN THE ROUND CITY OF BAGHDAD:
The city was divided into four quarters by two perpendicularly intersecting streets that ran
from end to end of the outer perimeter wall and terminating at four gates. Each of the four
gates pointed towards a different city Basra, Kufa, Khurasan and Damascus and
named after that. The gates opened onto an arcaded street running all around the exterior
inhabited ring.
PAGE 5
LIVING IN BAGHDAD YOU WILL HAVE TO BE CAREFUL ABOUT:
What you do.
o Nothing against the caliph
o Nothing breaking the decreed laws of the city
o Not harming anyone
o Performing all Islamic rituals
THE MOST IMPORTANT THING IS TO KNOW DATES OF THE DIFFERENT
THINGS THAT HAPPENED THERE.
Round City construction begins per Abbasid Caliph al-Mansur.
Al-Khassakiyya mosque built.
767 Al-Mansur Mosque built.
775 Bab al-Taq (gate) built.
786 Harun al-Rashid in power
794 Paper mill in operation.
799 Mashhad al-Kazimiyya built.
812-813 Siege of Baghdad, Fourth Fitna (Islamic Civil War)
814 City captured by al-Ma'mun.
827 Tomb of Zobeide built.
836 Abbasid Caliphate of Al-Mu'tasim relocated from Baghdad to Samarra.
850 Book of Ingenious Devices published.
855 Funeral of Ahmad ibn Hanbal.
861 11 December: Caliph Al-Mutawakkil assassinated.
865 City wall built.
865-866 Caliphal Civil War, was an armed conflict during the "Anarchy at
Samarra" between the rival caliphs al-Musta'in and al-Mu'tazz.
892 Abbasid Caliphate of Al-Mu'tamid relocated to Baghdad from Samarra.
901 Jami al-Qasr (mosque) built.
908 Khulafa Mosque built.
946 Battle of Baghdad; Shia Buyids in power.
993 Dar al-'Ilm (educational institution) founded.
1055 Seljuq Nizam al-Mulk in power.
1157 - Siege of Baghdad, AbbasidSeljuq Wars1060 Dar al-Kutub (library)
founded.
1066 Abu Hanifa Mosque restored.
1067 Al-Nizamiyya of Baghdad (college) established.
1095 City wall rebuilt.
1180 Caliph Al-Nasir in power.
1193 Jami' Zumurrud Khatun (mosque) and Turbat Zumurrud Khatun (tomb)
built.
1202 Minaret of Jami' al-Khaffafin built (approximate date).
1215 Tomb of Maruf el-Kerkhi built.
1221 Bab al-Talsim (Talisman gate) built.
PAGE 6
1226 - al-Baghdadi compiles Kitab al-Tabikh (1226) (cookbook).
1228 Jami' al-Qumriyya Mosque built.
1230 Al-Qasr al-Abbasi fi al-Qal'a built (approximate date).
1232 Mustansiriya Madrasah established.
1252 Shrine of Abdul-Kadir built.
I assure you, you will love to go there and see the amazing
synchronized, colonized and so perfectionated city of
“Baghdad”;
Found by the Abbasid Empire Mansur.
PAGE 7
RESOURCES USED:
http://humanitieswest.net/baghdad-in-its-golden-age-762-1300/#top
http://images4.static-bluray.com/reviews/1785_1.jpg
http://www.muslimheritage.com/article/baghdad
http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/baghdad2.htm
https://www.sanleandro.k12.ca.us/cms/lib07/CA01001252/Centricity/Domain/991/Trade%
20and%20Exchange.pdf
https://www.encyclopedia.com/places/asia/iraq-political-geography/baghdad
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Baghdad
http://www.amusingplanet.com/2016/07/the-round-city-of-baghdad.html