Classroom Management Plan
By Ashley Powell
November 15th, 2017
My approach to teaching is simple—value the needs of the students in the classroom to promote meaningful and authentic learning experiences. When reflecting on myself as a teacher, I often represent a multitude of educational philosophies that primarily focus on the needs of the students. In particular, the progressivism philosophy has a considerable impact on my outlook on education. This educational philosophy supports the idea that education should be student-centered and should focus on the whole child rather than on the content or the teacher. At its most basic level, teaching is centered on the needs of the students and it is my belief that teaching with a purpose reflects the various needs students require while in the classroom. The students must be at the center of the decision-making process to ensure instruction is meaningful and relevant to the lives of young adolescents. John Dewey, a supporter of progressivism proclaimed, “When education is based upon experience and educative experience is seen to be a social process, the situation changes radically. The teacher loses the position of external boss or dictator but takes on that of leader of group activities.” In the learning process, it is critical for the students to find knowledge through direct experience under the teacher’s guidance rather than his or her control. Students must build their own knowledge through the implementation of hands-on and activity based teaching and learning. This supports the concept of the teacher as the facilitator of learning rather than the giver of knowledge. In fact, Jean Piaget maintains the idea that “learning is a developmental cognitive process, that students create knowledge rather than receive knowledge from the teacher.” In the classroom, I plan to embody the role of a facilitator by supporting students in the process of learning by providing the necessary tools and resources as a way for students to become successful learners.
Philosophy Of Teaching
Learning is a process that occurs differently for every student. When planning for instruction, I will apply students’ interests as well as create multi-level lesson plans that address the diverse learning needs and styles found in the classroom. Thus, it is my job as an educator to provide instructional strategies and supports that appropriately address the needs of students. Students are active creators of knowledge and must utilize the skills learned in the classroom to grow as intelligent human beings. This idea ties closely with that of educational theorist Jean Piaget and his theory of constructivism. In particular, this theory focuses on the idea that students construct meaning and produce knowledge based on their experiences. The learning process is interactive and requires the students to become active seekers of knowledge. Seeing that the teacher is a facilitator, the students control their learning by reflecting on their experiences and gaining knowledge through the implementation of inquiry-based activities. This is an important aspect for students as it allows young adolescents to take responsibility of their learning experiences while in the classroom.
Philosophy Of Learning
In our classroom, we will…
Student-Created Classroom Expectations
Recognizing students' accomplishments as well as good behaviors is a critical aspect in promoting a rich and meaningful classroom environment
In our classroom, students will be rewarded through the implementation of an incentive system, which will recognize students and their efforts in the classroom. The incentive system will address the whole class, groups of students, and individual students. The rewards provided in the incentive system will provide the students with a constant reminder of the expectations the students are expected to respect while in the classroom.
Groups of students- Students will be placed on teams and will need to work together in order to gain points towards incentives in the classroom. A poster with each team name will be hung up in the classroom as a reminder for the students while learning in the classroom. Teams can gain points for any number of reasons. For example, if I observe a student helping others, working silently, or coming to class prepared I will give that student’s team a point. Teams have the opportunity to obtain points each day while in the classroom. When giving a specific team a point I will announce to the class which team is gaining a point and the reason behind the point so students are reminded of the types of behaviors and efforts that are rewarded while in the classroom. When a team reaches a specific number of points that team will be rewarded with incentives such as listening to music during allotted work time, picking tangible rewards such as new school supplies, or completing fewer questions on a homework assignment.
Whole class- When each team reaches a specified number of points the whole class will be rewarded as a way to praise the students’ efforts in the classroom. For example, I might take the class outside where learning can still be achieved in a fun atmosphere for the students. Instead of providing explicit instruction, I might present a movie that is meaningful toward the students’ learning. I could also allow the students to bring in their favorite snack as a way to praise their efforts in the classroom. This incentive would take a considerable amount of time seeing that each team in the class must reach a specific number of points. With that, I think the rewards for the whole class as mentioned above would push the students to be responsible and hardworking individuals while in the classroom in order to achieve these incentives.
Individual students- Although the students are on teams, I think it is still important to recognize individual students and their efforts while in the classroom. With this in mind, I will provide specific students with “high-five” slips as a way to praise the students for their work in the classroom. I would pass these out at the end of the class period if time allows or at the end of the week to various students in each class period. On the slip, I will write why the student is being praised as a way for the student to acknowledge that I am appreciative of their hard work or good behavior. With this comes an incentive, which the student will have the option to choose a homework pass, a partner for a class project, early release to lunch or the bus or a number of other options as decided by the teacher.
- When thinking about recognition in the classroom, I think it is critical to provide authentic verbal praise to students as a way to commend their hard work throughout their learning. I think verbal praise is a good tool that will motivate students to learn without fostering a competitive learning environment when implemented correctly in the classroom.
Students may be given consequences for a number of reasons:
In the classroom, I will implement a process for various consequences to ensure an atmosphere that is fair and equal for all students.
1- The consequences will begin with a verbal warning to the student
2- If the problem is not solved with a verbal warning the teacher will then have a private discussion with the student
3- The next step will require the teacher to fill out a caution log, which will be sent online to the student’s parents
4- If the first two steps do not solve the problem then either the teacher or student will call home to speak with the student’s parents addressing the issue
However, consequences may vary depending on the situation and the student. This process will be utilized on a daily basis in the classroom unless the student is in need of a consequence that cannot be solved through this process. If that is the case, other actions might include an office referral, loss of classroom privileges, or moving the student to a different location in the classroom permanently.
It is important to set procedures in the classroom in order to facilitate both teaching and learning. Classroom procedures must be planned and taught in order for students to know what is expected of them in the classroom on a daily basis. Establishing classroom procedures allows the teacher to spend more time on meaningful instruction and provides students with the opportunity to take responsibility for their learning when in the classroom.
1- Enter the classroom: The student should enter the room quietly and find a seat of their choosing. Read the board to have a clear understanding of the necessary materials needed for the lesson. Pick up any missing work at the front of the classroom if needed at this time.
2- Warm-ups: When class starts every student should be ready to work. Have ready your notebooks and pencils in the beginning of the class period for silent writing time. Read the prompt on the board and write your response in your writing notebook. Stay silent during the writing warm up. During this time, the teacher will take attendance and circulate around the room to monitor students' progress.
3- Instruction/Activity: The teacher will provide the students with instruction on the content and then the students will engage in an activity throughout the duration of the class period. Students are to work on the activity while in the classroom and hold a noise level that is conducive to the learning environment. The teacher will set a timer as a way for the students to understand the amount of time they have to complete the activity.
4- Completion of activity- Upon completing the assignment, the student should first complete any missing or unfinished assignments. Then the student should speak with the teacher and he or she can provide enrichment activities or the student can read from an independent reading book.
5- Class dismissal: At the end of the class period, the students are expected to sit and wait until it is time to leave for their next class. If the students are gathering near the doorway or asking to leave early then the students will wait until every individual is sitting in their seat silently. Before leaving the classroom, the students will make sure their area is clean and that they have obtained all of their materials.
Turning in Assignments- When completing assignments in the classroom, the students will put the completed assignment in his or her designated folder with the student's name on it. This way the student is responsible for completing and turning in assignments in the classroom. It is also a system that is organized and allows the teacher to easily observe, which students have and have not turned in assignments. Late assignments will be accepted by the students. However, each day the assignment is turned in late the student will lose a point.
Leaving the classroom- If the student finds that he or she needs to leave the classroom in order to go to the bathroom or for needed classroom materials the student is required to fill out the hall pass. The student may leave the class only one time because the students are expected to come to class prepared.
The classroom arrangement will be one that promotes meaningful learning. The space of the classroom will be utilized in a way that is conducive to the learning environment. In particular, the classroom will be based primarily on the students' needs. Flexible seating such as couches, yoga balls, traditional chairs, and rugs will allow the students to work in an area that best fits the students' needs. The classroom walls will be filled with informational posters and motivating quotes that will help to engage the students in their learning. The room will highlight the diversity found in the classroom by addressing students' various cultures and identities to ensure the room is relevant to the students' lives. The room will be set up in a way that allows for both group and individual work. Students will not be assigned a designated desk or seat due to the various options offered to the students in the classroom. Also, the students may feel it necessary to work in different locations based on their learning needs in the classroom. The room will also be filled with color in order to create an atmosphere that is welcoming and safe for the students.
The classroom should be a welcoming place for every student to feel safe and respected. The classroom should also be a positive learning environment in which expectations are followed and peer relationships are built. Every student should feel accepted regardless of his or her background and I will make a conscious effort to celebrate my students on a daily basis. It is my belief that student-teacher relationships build the foundation for a classroom that is an open and safe space. I want students to feel comfortable expressing their ideas and voicing their concerns in the classroom. I will work toward breaking down barriers in the classroom to ensure that students are provided an environment that matches the needs of the students. I will also cultivate a classroom that promotes the growth mindset by demonstrating every students' ability to learn and to grow as an individual. I will take the time to understand the students in my classroom by providing interest surveys and simply talking to the students about their lives outside of the classroom. I want students to feel as if they can communicate with their teacher not only about their learning but also about the things that are occurring in their lives not related to the classroom. In building relationships with my students, I can begin to learn their needs and interests as individuals and incorporate material that is most relevant to their lives as young adolescents.