simplebooklet thumbnail

of 0
Contents
Understandi
n Word
class
Nouns
Adjectives
Verbs
Adverbs
Sentence types
Simple
Compound
Complex
Minor
How to use different
sentence types
Tenses
Present
Past
Future
Using speech
Reported
Direct
Noun modiers
The
A
An
Contents
Punctuation
Full stop
Comma
Exclamation
mark
Question mark
Semi-colon
Colon
Spelling
Rules
Plurals
Adding ing
and ed
words
Grammar
Using:
it-its-its
They-Theyre-Their
Were-Where-We’re
Nouns
Nouns are people, places, or things,
They tell us what we are talking
about. The words cat, Jack, rock,
Africa, & it are nouns.
(more on nouns)
Types of Nouns
NOUNS IN ENGLISH
Gendered nouns
Singular and plural nouns including irregular plural nouns
Countable and uncountable nouns
Definite pronouns
Indefinite pronouns
Compound nouns
Capitalization rules for nouns
Nationalities in English
Forming the possessive
Gendered noun
Nouns answer the questions "What is it?" and "Who is
it?" They give names to things, people, and places.
EXAMPLES
dog
bicycle
Mary
girl
beauty
France
world
Gendered nouns
In general there is no distinction between masculine, feminine in
English nouns. However, gender is sometimes shown by different forms
or different words when referring to people or animals.
Masculine
Feminine
Gender neutral
man
woman
person
father
mother
parent
boy
girl
child
uncle
aunt
husband
wife
spouse
actor
actress
prince
princess
waiter
waitress
server
rooster
hen
chicken
EXAMPLES
Many nouns that refer to people's roles and jobs can be
used for either a masculine or a feminine subject, like
for example cousin, teenager, teacher, doctor, student,
friend, colleague
EXAMPLES
Mary is my friend. She is a doctor.
Peter is my cousin. He is a doctor.
Arthur is my friend. He is a student.
Jane is my cousin. She is a student
It is possible to make the distinction for these neutral
words by adding the words male or female.
EXAMPLES
Sam is a female doctor.
No, he is not my boyfriend, he is just a male friend.
I have three female cousins and two male cousins
Infrequently, nouns describing things without a gender
are referred to with a gendered pronoun to show
familiarity. It is also correct to use the gender-neutral
pronoun (it).
EXAMPLES
I love my car. She (the car) is my greatest passion.
France is popular with her (France's) neighbours at the moment.
I travelled from England to New York on the Queen Elizabeth; she (the
Queen Elizabeth) is a great ship
Singular and plural nouns
Countable and uncountable nouns
Definite pronoun
Indefinite pronoun
Compound nouns
Capitalistion rules for nouns