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Nutrition: Advantages and Disadvantages

By: Tuachi Xiong

Table Of Contents

Carbohydrates pg. 2

Proteins pg.3

Fats pg.4

Vitamins pg.5

Minerals pg.6

Water pg.7

Unhealthy School Foods pg.8-9

Healthy School Foods pg.10-11

References and Urls pg.12

Most carbohydrates are simple and complex sugars. Simple carbs are glucose, fructose, sucrose, and lactose. Complex carbs, like starch, is made up of small sugar molecules.

Carbohydrates are used to enrich and power the body. Carbs are used as a source of energy for cells which help to protect the secure and fragile functions of your body.

Most Carbohydrates are made of sugar molecules. However the better Carbs are in fiber rich food.

Carbohydrates

Eating too much carbs can build up and have a negative affect on your physical health. For example, eating too much sugar that contains fructose, can increases the risk of becoming overweight. Also eating refined carbs, such as white rice and white bread, can increase the chances of heart diseases and high blood sugar levels. 

For a person is eating a 2000 calorie diet, 225 to 325 grams of carbs are recommended. For a person eating a 2500 calorie diet, 281 to 406 grams of carbs are recommended.

Proteins are large complex molecules used to help the cells of the body to function. Proteins are made up of hundreds of little molecules called amino acids. These amino acids are linked up in a long chain to create the larger molecule called proteins. 

Proteins are used by the body cells to create antibodies, enzymes, messenger proteins, structural components, and transport smaller molecules and/or atoms. All this helps the cell to function and stay alive, which keeps you alive.

Even though you consume protein from sources like meat, poultry, and other protein-rich foods, your body can make protein molecules on its own.

Proteins

When you consume too much protein-rich foods your body has to get rid of the extra protein. The body does this by turning the protein into fat. The fat is then stored away for later fuel use. This might sound good, but eating the same protein-rich foods way too much times will increase the amount of fat in your body. Also, consuming too much protein can increase your chances of developing cancer 4 times as likely, than a person that consumes enough protein.

For teenage boys and active men, a total of 7 ounces or three meals of protein is recommended daily. For children ages 2 to 6, most women, and some elderly people, a total of 3 ounces or two meals of protein is recommended daily. For older children, teenage girls, active women, and most men, 6 ounces or two meals of protein is recommended daily. 

Lipids, or more well known as fat, is a formed due to excess amount of proteins.Fat is created when you consume too much protein and the body has nothing to use it on. This is a way to limit the amount of protein in the body and makes sure your body is healthy. 

Fat is used by the body, to insulate the body and relatively keep you warmer. Also, fats help absorb much needed vitamins. Fats are also used as fuel but only when your body is low or running out of carbohydrates. When this happens it can help you slim down, but it is recommended that you have some fat in your body. 

Most fat that every one knows is the stored fat around the body. This fat is the fat known as saturated fat. However that fat is mostly good for the body.

Fats

There are two types of fats called, "Saturated and Unsaturated." Unsaturated fat is generally better due to the molecular structure. The molecular structure of saturated fat allows it to bind together and ultimately form clumps of fat in your body. however, unsaturated fat's molecular structure doesn't allow it to bind together and form clumps which is why it's rated as the "better" fat. Also due to the ability of saturated fat's ability to bind together, the binding of saturated fat in the arteries increase the blood pressure. Which can lead to the organs not getting enough rich oxygen.

For a person going on a 2000 calories diet, eating 44 to 78 grams of unsaturated fat is recommended. For the same calorie diet, 22 grams of saturated fat is recommended.

Vitamins are nutrients that the body cannot do without and can't create within the body. Vitamins are packed of energy needed to help your body's individual cells like white blood cells or blood cells function.

Vitamins are needed to help keep your immune system "awake and aware". Some vitamins help to reproduce cells, toughen the bones, repair and create new light sensitive cones and rods(which are located inside the eyes), and help the enzymes responsible for extracting energy from carbohydrates and fats. There are two types of vitamins, Fat-soluble and Water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins are used and stored in the fatty tissues of the body as well as the liver. Water-soluble vitamins aren't stored but are still needed. 

Vitamins are generally found in vegetables.

Vitamins

When too much vitamins are consumed the tissues which contain and store the needed vitamins can be damaged. Consuming too much of both types of vitamins gives the same type of damage to the body. Both types of vitamins are needed for providing energy to cells and helping in extracting energy and too much can easily hurt the body.

It is recommended that the average person should consume at least 15 to 20 mg of vitamins. This includes both types of vitamins.

Minerals are inorganic nutrients found and consumed mostly in plants. Minerals, like vitamins, can't be produced in the human body. So the body deals with this, by taking it in from vegetables, water, and meat. 

Minerals are needed for the repair of body cells and the production of healthy strong bones, hair, skin, blood, teeth, nerves, and muscles. Minerals are also needed for the function of cells and in general, the human body. Also, the minerals we consume help in the the metabolic system, in which the stomach digests the food we eat and turn most of it into energy.

Much like vitamins, minerals are found mostly in plants.

Minerals

When too much minerals are consumed a person has the chances to develop problems such as, kidney stones, heart failure, increase in blood pressure, thyroid tumors, nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. Also, when there is an excess amount of minerals that the body can no longer store, the body will store the minerals in the soft body tissues. This will hurt the body dramatically.

The average person should consume about 25 to 30 grams of minerals daily. Doing so can help a person, active or not, healthy.

The nutrient water is a substance made up of molecules formed, from two hydrogen atoms binding onto an oxygen atom. Water is also existential for life, to well live. Water is basically everywhere, but most of it is contaminated, by human standards, or undrinkable.

Water helps in distributing nutrients and oxygen around the body, regulating body temperature through sweating, lubricating and cushioning of joints, moistening of mucous membranes, the overall the general functions of the body and many more. Water is also needed to help in the creation of a cell's cell wall. Also the cytoplasm of a cell is made up of water. Water is so badly needed by the body, that a person can die of dehydration if not given water for at least three days, or 10 hours if working with long frequent breaks.

Water is the reason all life on earth exists!

Water

Drinking too much water, can lower your level of blood-salt content. This is a condition called water intoxication. When this happens, the excess amount of water will move from the blood stream to inside the body cells causing them to swell. If the swelling occurs, that person must immediately seek professional help from doctors.

The recommended amount of water for infants at ages is 0-12 months, 0.7 to 0.9 liters; for children at ages 1 to 8 years, 1 to 1.2 liters; for girls at ages 9 to 13 and 14 to 18, 1.4 to 1.6 liters; for boys at the same ages, 1.6 to 1.9 liters; for women 2.1 liters, and for men 2.6 liters of water or recommended.

Chicken Pot Pie is unhealthy due to the high amount of fat contained inside it. The fat is mostly made up of saturated fats which can clump together and increase blood pressure. Chicken pot pie fits into the nutrient category of fats. A pre-made chicken pot pie is estimated to cost $1.04.

Meat Lover's Pizza is unhealthy because the excess amount of protein inside it will force the body to turn it into body fat. This will increase the amount of fat that the body already has. Meat Lover's Pizza falls into the category of proteins. It approximately costs $8.00 at Pizza Hut.

Unhealthy School Foods

Bacon Cheeseburgers are unhealthy because there is too much carbs inside of it. With a high amount of carbs inside the body, the body will show signs of more body fat and heart diseases. Bacon Cheeseburger fits into the category of carbs. It's cost is approximately $5.00.

Buffalo Chicken Flatbread is unhealthy due to the high amount of carbs. The high amount of carbs will raise the sugar blood pressure, which will lead towards diabetes. Buffalo Chicken Flatbread fits into the nutrient category of carbs. This food product costs approximately $5.50.

Spaghetti Carbonara with Chicken and Bacon is unhealthy due to the fat lying within the pasta noodles. The saturated fat can bind together, resulting in clumps of fat around the body, effectively making you overweight. This spaghetti goes into the category of fats. This approximately costs $5.75.

Sausage, Egg, and Cheese Burritos are unhealthy due to the excess amount of protein inside them. The excess amount of proteins results in that person being four times more likely to develop cancer, than a person that consumes enough proteins. This food product falls into the category of proteins. It approximately costs $1.99. 

Glazed Cinnamon Rolls are unhealthy due to the high amount of vitamins. When consumed the excess amount of vitamins the tissues used to store vitamins will be damaged from storing too much vitamins. These rolls fall into the category of fats. It approximately costs $1.99.


The Cinnamon Ultimate Breakfast is unhealthy due to the lack of fatty nutrients. The other nutrients like carbs cause the body to produce an excess amount of body fat. This goes into the category of carbs and approximately costs $5.00.

Whole Grain Waffles with Warm Cinnamon Apples are unhealthy due to the large amount of minerals consumed. Minerals aren't meant to be consumed in high amounts. So the excess amount of minerals seep into the soft body tissues and damage the body. This falls into the category of carbs. It approximately costs $4.50.

Cinnamon Roll-Buns and Cream Cheese are unhealthy due to the lack of Carbs. With no carbs to dilute and deal with the amount of protein then then the body will produce body fat. This falls into the category of fats. It approximately costs $3.00.

Pizza Sticks with Marinara Sauce is healthy due to the excellent amount of carbs. The carbs are used by the body to enrich the body. This food falls into the category of carbs. It also approximately costs $5.00.

Fish Sticks with Mac and Cheese are healthy due to the amount of protein in it. The protein is needed for muscle growth. This falls into the category of carbs and approximately costs $4.00.

Mexican Pizza is healthy due to the right amount of vitamins within the pizza. The vitamins are used by the body to keep the immune system "awake" and ready to defend your body. This fits into the category of vitamins. It approximately costs $4.99.

Healthy School Foods

Bruschetta Pizza is healthy due to the amount of fat it contains. Fat is used by the body to help insulate and warm up the body. This falls into the category of fats. It approximately costs $4.50.

Chicken and Waffles are healthy because of the amount of carbs. The body will use the carbs to fuel the body and to help the body cells function. This goes into the category of carbs. It approximately costs $4.50.

Cheese and Sausage Quesadillas are healthy because it is high in carbs and fats. The fats help to absorb much needed vitamins and the carbs help in extracting nutrients from the digested food. This goes into the category of carbs and fats and also costs $3.50.

Banana Muffins are healthy due to the great amount of minerals located in it. The minerals are used by the body to help the production of new body cells. This falls into the category of minerals and also approximately costs $3.99.

Southwest Strata is healthy due to the high amount of proteins. The protein helps to create antibodies which help the immune system fight off bacteria and viruses. This food goes into the category of proteins and costs approximately $4.99.

Whole Grain Waffles with Syrup are healthy due to the amount of carbs inside it. The carbs are used by the body to help in digestion. This falls into the category of carbs. It also approximately costs $2.99.

Dever Frittatas with Whole Grain Toast are healthy due to the great content of vitamins and minerals. The vitamins are used to help ezymes extract nutrients from food and the minerals help to strengthen the bones. This falls down in the category of fats. Also it's cost is approximately $3.00.

Urls-In order from text box to text box

~>https://www.webmd.com/food-recipes/features/carbohydrates#1  ~>http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/recommended-amount-percent-carbohydrates-per-day-7287.html ~>https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/primer/howgeneswork/protein~>http://www.eatthis.com/what-happens-when-you-eat-too-much-protein/ ~>https://www.webmd.com/men/features/benefits-protein ~>http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/three-functions-fat-body-3402.html ~>https://www.skillsyouneed.com/ps/fat.html ~>https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/expert-answers/fat-grams/faq-20058496 ~>http://study.com/academy/lesson/what-are-vitamins-definition-types-purpose-examples.html ~>https://www.webmd.com/vitamins-and-supplements/nutrition-vitamins-11/fat-water-nutrient?page=1 ~>https://www.lenntech.com/recommended-daily-intake.htm ~>http://www.eatbalanced.com/why-eat-balanced/why-do-we-need-minerals/ ~>http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/excessive-intake-minerals-6544.html~>https://www.livestrong.com/article/457339-how-much-vitamins-minerals-do-we-need/ ~>https://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/features/water-intoxication#1 ~>https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/water-a-vital-nutrient ~>https://www.eatthismuch.com/food/view/chicken-pot-pie,5290/ ~>http://www.sparkpeople.com/calories-in.asp?food=bacon+cheese+burger ~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/pizza-hut-slice-of-meat-lovers-pizza-206744484 ~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/generic-buffalo-chicken-flatbread-pizza-63231936 ~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/495535942 ~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/333159467 ~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/330210852 ~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/86243168 ~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/388850926 ~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/541264667 ~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/119058786 ~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/111623289 ~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/121315888 ~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/511821887 ~>http://recipeofhealth.com/recipe/southwest-strata-6986rb ~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/102541671 ~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/433183422  ~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/205727870 

~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/221157808 ~>http://www.myfitnesspal.com/food/calories/113921484