HUMANITY IN WAR.
money which has been remitted
we have akeady been enabled
Italy, by its numerous invoices has furnished us the lai-gest quantity
money, and help. Bohemia, Spain, Eussia and Holland, have also
employed our intermediation
however, the geographical position of those
countries has often induced them to employ & more direct route for their expeditions, as has constantly happened for England and Belgium.
In consequence of the numerous and incessant relations which Switzerland
has constantly maintained with the two belligerent nations, it might have been
expected from the beginning, that this International Agency established at
Basle, on the frontier of the three countries, should have received, particularly
from that where it was located, the largest exhibit of gifts. In fact, scarcely
was the war declared, but a serious and ardent desire of co-operating in the
assistance of the wounded showed itself under the most varied forms.
Propositions of personal service, invoices of dressings, offerings of every kind flowed
Many Societies offered us regular deliveries of ice, but certain
into our hands.
invoices of this kind having melted, it was expressly recommended not to send
any unless we received a telegraphic demand for the same.
Following the battles which have hitherto occurred, the
always remained in the hands of their near countrymen, but they have had,
moreover, in their charge, almost all the wounded French soldiers, those
shghtly injured, only, having been enabled to retreat with their
number of wounded French were found in the German Hospitals,
as well in Germany as in the French departments occupied by the enemy. Now,
in accordance with the 6th Article of the Geneva Convention and Treaty, these
wounded were to be taken care of as if they had been wounded Germans. The
Society of Relief for the wounded having been founded, as its title imports, in
the interest of the wounded, and not to assist belligerent governments, we
did not think it incumbent on us, after what had been said, to make an exactly
equal division of our gifts. Sacli a division, which at first sight seems the most
simple and impartial, would be httle equitable in reality and not easily justiThe agency resolved that as long as the greater part of the French
wounded would be cared for by the Germans, to make largest transmissions into Germany rather than into France, for the gifts benefit the wounded of both
armies, which is precisely the object which we proposed to ourselves.
there occurs any necessity for a change, the agency wiU take the thing into con-
and divide its gifts differently.
We were obliged to consider also,
no longer possible for us to make our envoys reach the French Comwhilst great German reserve depots, always accessible for us, have es-