From 2300-1500 BCE, near the Indus river valley in India, Hinduism formed. In about 300 BCE, Vishnu and Shiva were the main Hindu gods. Vishnu represented creation, and Shiva destruction. Since one can not exist without the other, it only makes sense that they were the two main gods. Since they were such opposites, a third god coexisted, Brahma who became the creater, whilst Vishnu became the preserver. 

The lotus flower symbolizes culture and politeness.

http://hinduismfacts.org/hindu-symbols/

Lotus Flower

Hinduism

The Om represents the Brahman, which is what Hindus believe to be the best caste.

http://davidismviewpoints.blogspot.com/2009/06/hindu-symbols.html

Hindus meditate, worship a lot of gods, but get to choose which ones they worship, and do fire worship.

Om or Aum

https://www.quora.com/Do-the-Vedas-mention-anything-about-the-human-consumption-of-meat

Sacred Texts

  • Vedas
  • Red Veda - First Book
  • Samhita - 1,000 hymns

Vedas

Hinduism

  • Truth is one
  • Karma - based on caste system
  • Reincarnation - the endless cycle of birth and death
  • Brahman is truth and reality
  • Dharma - doing everything right in the life you are in now
  • Moksha - the release of the endless cycle of birth and death

http://www.hinduhumanrights.info/hinduism-not-simply-a-monotheistic-religion/

Beliefs

Visnhu, Shiva, and Brahma

  • Meditation is when one sits in nature and focuses on something for extended periods of time to understand more about their brain and the world.
  • The Eightfold Path is a set of eight rules that one must follow to live peacefully, in order to help them achieve Enlightenment.

https://blog.bulletproof.com/benefits-of-meditation-how-to-meditate/

Customs:

Buddhism

http://buddhism.about.com/od/sacredbuddhisttexts/

Sacred Texts:

History: Buddhism started in India. Siddhartha Gautama was born in 563 B.C. as a prince and was told he'd either be a great religious man, or a powerful ruler. His father wanted him to be a powerful ruler, so he sheltered Siddhartha from everything and kept him in the palace. He snuck out one day, and saw poverty, sickness, and death. He then left his family to go learn more about the world. He began fasting, and almost died from it. From this, he discovered the Middle Way, which is to show that the true way to live is not with too much or too little, but with just enough. After meditation for a long time, he had finally reached Enlightenment and had been proclaimed the Buddha. 

  • Tipitaka (Also known as the Pali Canon)
  • Mahayana Sutras
  • Tibetan Book of the Read

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhist_symbolism

The Eight-Spoked Dharmacakra

In Buddhism, their beliefs are somewhat similar to Hinduism, but they're not entirely the same.

Both religions are polytheistic, meaning they believe in more than one God.

Buddhists believe in nirvana, which is an absolute state of nothingness.

Siddhartha discovered the Middle Way, which is the thought that you should not have too little or too much if you can help it, and that peace is achieved by having enough to sustain yourself, but to not be greedy about it. 

Samsara is the continuous cycle of birth and death.

Moksha is the release from Samsara.

Karma in Buddhism is not like that of Hinduism because it is not based on castes, but the good and bad you do will come back around, in one way or another.

Dharma is the teaching of Buddhism.

The Four Noble Truths are four statements that tell that there is suffering in life, and how to stop it.

Buddhism

https://www.pinterest.com/pin/397935317046494695/

Buddhist symbol for inner peace

http://www.mrdowling.com/612-buddhism.html

The Five Pillars are very important rules that the an Islamic person must follow, they are:

Shahade - declaration of faith

Salat - prayer 5 times a day

Zakat - charity for those who are less fortunate

Sawn - fasting, which is the act of not eating or drinking for certain periods of time. During Ramadan, which is a month long period, they must fast during the day.

Hajj - pilgrimage to Mecca (which the religion knows it might not be possible.)

http://www.theholidayspot.com/ramadan/five_pillars.htm

A mosque, a traditional place of worship for Muslims.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosque

Islam

They believe in the oneness of God, angels of God, books of God, prophets or messengers of God. They that the Day of Judgement will come, and in the Divine Decree, meaning that everything that happens, is because of God.

http://favim.com/image/2573628/

Beliefs

History:

Islam was founded in 610 A.D. in Mecca by a man named Muhammed. During Muhammed’s time, polytheism was practiced, meaning worshipping more than one God. During one of Muhammed’s trips as a trader, he had a vision from an angel who said, “There is only one God, and His name is Allah. Worship Him.”

This is the caligraphic symbol for "Allah."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symbols_of_Islam

Islam

http://www.ancient-symbols.com/islamic-symbols.html

The main symbol of Islam

http://www.new-muslims.info/category/quran-sunnah/

Islam's sacred text is the Qur'an

The main practices that Christians do are that they pray, go to church on Sundays, and they get baptised, which is submerging someone in holy water, to "wash" away their sins.

http://www.parklandsdachurch.org/church-membership/

An example of a Christian church.

Christianity

The Bible is the Christian's main sacred text, along with the Nicene Creed.

https://carm.org/bible

The cross is the main symbol of Christianity.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_cross

About 2,000 years ago, Jesus was born in Bethlehem. Jesus was a Jew. In his early thirties, Jesus traveled from village to village, teaching in the synagogues and healing those who were suffering. Jesus created instability, something the Jewish religious authorities feared. Soon, a faithful group of men began to follow Jesus and call him their teacher. These men became his disciples. Jesus taught his disciples about the will of God and about the "new covenant" God will bring to humanity. Jesus helped them to see that mankind is bound to the pain of life as a result of sin. Due to sin, mankind lost its relationship with God.

The location of origin for Christianity was Jeruselum.

Christianity

The fish symbol was first created to not let the Romans know what the Christians were referring to in different writings.

Some beliefs of Christians are Monotheism, the belief of only one God, that after someone dies, they go to Heaven or Hell, and that Jesus is the Messiah.

http://sweetclipart.com/ichthys-christian-fish-symbol-2121

  • Lighting of the Menorah for Hanukkah

  • Keeping the Sabbath, which is from sunset Friday to Saturday evening

  • Kashrut, eating kosher food

  • 10 commandments 

Customs

Sacred Texts

  • Torah, the five books of Moses
  • Hebrew Bible
  • Two Tablets that have the Ten Commandments

Judaism

Menorah, a symbol for Jewish people

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menorah_(Temple)

http://scrolls4all.org/scrolls/

The Torah

Tenets of Judiasm

History

Around 1900 BCE, Abraham was told, by God to sacrifice his first born son to him. He went upon a mountain to do this, and God came to him, telling Abraham that no one should sacrifice a life for God. God promised land to Abraham's family, which is modern day Israel. Throughout the years, the Jewish land has been conquered and then been reclaimed.

  • No human sacrifices
  • One god or monotheism
  • 13 principles

Judaism

The Star of David, the common symbol of Judaism

http://worldreligionscpt.blogspot.com/2015/05/judaism.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Synagogue_(Plze%C5%88)

An example of a synagogue, where Jewish people worship.

  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/hinduism/
  • http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/
  • https://berkleycenter.georgetown.edu/essays/karma-hinduism
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/z84nsbk
  • http://www.patheos.com/Library/Judaism
  • https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/timeline.html
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/judaism/

Judaism

Hinduism

  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/history/jesus_1.shtml
  • http://www.religionfacts.com/catholicism-protestantism
  • http://www.patheos.com/Library/Christianity

Sources

Christianity

  • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/teach/muslims/beliefs.html
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/
  • http://acc6.its.brooklyn.cuny.edu/~phalsall/texts/buddhaba.html
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/buddhism/
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/zqrx34j

Buddhism

Islam