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Research report about robots

The Miracolous Machines: Robots

By: Mia Custodio

     You're in a pitch black room. Suddenly you see an arm move in a sudden lit-up part of the room. It picks up a part of some sort of machine and screws it on. You look around for some sort of body, but your search has an succesful turn-out.

     Then another light lights-up another part of the room. You see a baby crying, but something doesn't seem right. With further inspection, you realize that it is a very realisitic doll, like the one your sister played with when she was 5, except this one has some sort of a speaker built in it.

     Before you can make more observations, a part of the room is illuminated, and you are drawn to it with curiosity. You keep traveling down this room that seems never-ending, wondering What is it trying to show me? 

     Almost as if the room can read your mind, it suddeny lit-up a sign that read "ROBOTS" in big, black letters. It looks like a Brodway sign, with lights twinkling along the perimeter. Then a robot with a body that is white and a head that is black speaks to you, making you jump.

     "Hi! I am ASIMO, made by Honda. i will take you on a tour on all things robots, including the early ancestors of robots, what these magnificent machines can do, the inside of robots, and some different robots. Come on!", the robot says. While he is the saying this, thoughts are flying around your head like jets. Honda makes robots? I thought they made cars. Wait... Is my mini-van a robot? Cool!

     "Follow me!"you hear ASIMO say,"Lets start with the history of robots."He starts walking away.

     Has my life resorted to following a robot? How lowhave I gone? But... Then again... I don't have anything better to do. You start running after ASIMO, right into a room labeled "The History of Robots"

     As you walk around the room ASIMO starts telling you all about these ancient robots.

     "Ancient Greeks were highly skilled at making self-operating machines or ancient robots. These were considered state-of-the-art technology for their time period. Many of these "robots"," for this word he makes air-quotes," got their movement from gears, pulleys, levers, pistons, and more," ASIMO pauses to show you an assortment of levers, gears , and more."You may not have known, but these ancient machine's movement has influenced today's robot's movements."

     "Well, what happened when the Ancient Greek civilization fell?" you ask.

     "Oh yes. There is a little passage about what happened when the Greeks fell and how robots continued to evolve," ASIMO replies, pointing to  to a passage, and you start reading that.

     "When the Ancient Greeks fell, their knowledge got to the Middle East..." it began. "Using this knowledge a man named Al-Jazari published a book with mechanical pictures in 1206. Machines kept improving. in the renaissance Leonardo da Vinci used the knowledge of the human body (from anatomical studies) and the knowledge of mechanics (from the Ancient Greeks) to design and perhaps build the frist robot in 1495. In 1540, Gianello Torriano built a woman that could play the mandolin and in 1772 P. Jacquet-Droz built a child who could write on paper. 

History of Robots- The Technology Before Technology

Authors Note:

Before I starte this research project, I thought robots were invented recently and used all the technology that we have today, like computers, televisions, laptops, and more. But while I was researching it blew my ingd that there were even "robots" in these ancient times.

     One of Al-Jazari's mechanical drawings, which were published in 1206.

     After you finish reading the passage, ASIMO leads you down a winding passage to a new room filled with ... DOCTORS SUPPLIES!

     "What is with the doctor's supplies? Let me guess. You're going to tell me all about how robots get check ups,"you ask.

     "No," ASIMO replies," But I will tell you how robots are having a HUGE impact on the medical industry."

     ASIMO walks around and makes a throat clearing noise as if he is going to make a speech, and much to your dismay he does," Robots are becoming the new doctors. There are robots with a screen for a head so doctors can check in with patients. Robots are even doing surgery, because they can be more precise than humans. Robots are coming in many different shapes and sizes too. There are robots that act like different patients to train doctors, like fake babies, which help train doctors for the little ones. Some robots are wheelchairs, pets for people with depression, and aids for people who need it. Ther are even nanobots that can go in your DNA to help cure diseases.

     You look around the room. On the wall, you see a passage with its heading labeled "Robots for the Disabled". You read on. It starts like:

     Robots are becoming more and more important with helping people with disabilities. Artificial arms and legs have sensors and electronic parts, which allow the user more mobility than allowed by a prosthetic. Disabled can fly drones around, if they are limited to movement, so they can see more. Disabled can control robots to do certain tasks they normally couldn't do, if they are limited to movement in certain parts of their bodies. Some tasks might be simply opening the refridgerator to get a snack.

Authors Note:

    I think that it is so cool that robots can help people that have disabilities, becaue otherwise they are limited to doing certain things. I think that it is amazing that we have this kind ogf technology that allows people to do things hey otherwise couldn't.

Medical Robots- The New Doctors

     A nanobot going in somebody's bloodstream.

     After reading about disabilities, ASIMO grabs you by the hand and leads you down a dark tunnel into a room filled with astronaut suits and a dome above you.

     ASIMO speaks out,"Right now we are in a planetarium. There's no beter place to show and tell you how much of an impact are having in the industry of SPACE!"

     Just then, the lights flick off, and you are left in a pitch blck room. The dome above you lights up. It has a black back-ground with white polka-dots. Suddenly, you realize that those white polka-dots are actualy stars. Classical music begins to play and you turn your full attention to your guide, ASIMO.

     "Robots have been sent in space often for many reasons. One, because they don't have needs like humans, so they can survive out there in space. two, they send out robots to scout ahead for humans. Three, They can give us more information on things humans thought they knew all about. In fact there are rovers on the Moon and Mars right now! Although many robots have tried to land on Mars, few have succeded," ASIMO reports, and while he says this you are mesmerized by the compelling show going on above you,"Why don't you look around? The show is over," and with that you hear the music stop and the lights come back on.

     You walk around the perimeter of the planetarium. You come across some cameras and you call to ASIMO.

     "What's this?" you ask.

     "Oh that. That is supposed to represent all the tools that robots use in space. The cameras shows that robots have to take photos of what humans can't see. Most robots have more than 1 camera to take multiple photos to send back to Earth. Robots use solar panels to recharge their batteries. Butn if they are to far from the sun, they use a RTG. A RTG is a radio-itoscope thermoelectric generator. What this does is it has a special form of materials that give off rays. The rays warm wires causing electricity to flow. Robots also have thermometers, gravity detectors, and magnetmeters.

Authors Note:

I think that it is amazing that people are able to send out these robots that are able to go places that are impossible for humans to go to. These robots are helping us olve these mysteries about space, and learn more about the universe we live in.

Robots in Space- Your Unexpected Explorers

     The rover Spirit exploring Mars.

    ASIMO takes you down a hallway and leads you into a room with an assembly line in the middle.

     ASIMO speaks, obviously wanting your un-divided attention,"Today more and more robots are working in the manufacturing industry. Mass productions, making things in large quantities, need robots. Robots have many different uses in this industry. Most robots just handle one part. Manipulators robots move, take apart, or put pieces together. Micro-manipulator robots handle the fragile parts. There are robots doing things to make that object (they might be welding, painting, or screwing things together). There are even robot packers, who put the finished object in the boxes." Whle he says this, he shows you different tools on the assembly line like a soldering iron, some screws, and more.

     "Come on!" you hear ASIMO say,"We'll be late for the next part of the tour," right before he heads out of the room.

     "Wait up!" you yell, and you start running after him.

Authors Note:

I wonder if people lose their jobs to robots. Robots can do things without flaws, the same way, and they don't need breaks for things like food. And if the robots do break, they can either fix it, or build more.

Manufacturing Robots- The Bot Builders

     Robots working on building a car.

Authors Note:

It is amazing to me that robots might do simple tasks, but on the inside they are nowhere near simple. I wonder if that a robot was programmed to do and know as much as a human, how much stuff (wires, motors, etc.) would be on the inside.

    You follow ASIMO into a room filled with wires, microphones, cameras, motors, and many more electronic parts.

     "If you can guess, in this part of the tour we will be talking about the different parts of robots. You may not realize this, but robot's parts are mostly based off of human's body parts. Robots use cameras for eyes, microphones for their "brains" to process sound, motors as muscles, and pressure pads to feel. Robots can use pressure pads to stop or detect something wrong. They have framework to hold the parts in. For robots that are supposed to look like humans these are kind of like bones, while for manufacturing robots, these are the outside. Heres a fun fact: Robots have SO many ways to move, but walking is the hardest," ASIMO says, while showing you an assortment of different tools, such as, motors and cameras.

Parts of A Robot- Beneath The Forest of Wires

    A diagram of different parts of a robot.

Authors Note:

    I used to think that robots and all other machines couldn't possibly have the intelligence of a human. But now I'm thinking that it is so cool that humans can bring this intelligence to machines, which have no brain. And people not only give these machines intelligence, they make brains capable of controlling the robot and it's thoughts. It's kind of like a simpler clone of a human, except without the real body parts.

   "What makes a robot a robot?" you ask, while ASIMO leads you down a fight of stairs to your next stop on the tour.

     "Well, you better sit down. This might take a while," ASIMO replies, pointing to a bench.

     "The real defenition of a robot," he begins," is a machine capable of carrying out a complex series of actions, espicially the one programmable by a computer. So, simply, a robot is a machine that can make decisions by itself and be able to  do what it is programed to do. There is a thig called artificial intelligence. though. It is a man-made machine with your intelligence or human intelligence. To be artificial intelligence, you must have the ability to learn about almost anything, use language, have ideas, and be able to reason."

Artificial Intelligence- What Makes a Robot a Robot

    A photograph representing artificial intelligence, with a brain made out of coding.

    After heavily discussing artificial intelligence, ASIMO leads you into a room filled with robots."To end the tour," he says,"I will tell you a few different robots."

     "First off, myself. I am ASIMO made by Honda. You may not know it, but I am the first robot to walk like a human," ASIMO says, showing you a picture of himself.

     "What about those robot vacuum cleaners?" you ask.

     "Oh yes," ASIMO replies," I Robot Roombe and Scooba clean around the house. An owner of a Roomba got interviewed by her daughter's (Mrs. Wagner) student. She said her Roomba is "reliable", does a "great job sweeping up chunks of dirt and small chunks of dog food." She said she did "have to program what time she starts..."." while ASIMO tells you this, he shows you a model of a Roomba.

     "There are many other robots," ASIMO starts," There is NeCoRo, a robot cat. There is also ROPOS, a robot sub that can take videos,photos,samples and even collect living things! There is Robotnaut, which transfers a person's movement to the robot's movement. In fact there was 8.6 million robots in the world-and that was just in 2010!"

Author's Note:

    It suprses me that there are this many robots in the world. If we humans keep making more robots and keep improving technology, I'm sure robots will have a HUGE impact on the future.

Some Robots- More Magnificent Machines

    I Robot Roomba(top) and ASIMO (left) are both different types of robots.

     After the tour ASIMO leads you to an exit. "Hope you had a fun!"he says, cheerfully.

     "Thanks for the tour!" you say, happily,"It was really fun!"

     "Your welcome!" he replies.

     As you push open the door, the setting sunlight temporatily blinds you. You think to yourself, Now I know SO much about robots. It would be SO cool to make a difference in this growing industry.

     It seems like a story-book ending. You walking into the setting sun, your mind bubbling with how much you could do for robots, with all the new information you gained, like what robots can do, how robots are built, and the history leading up to these amazing machines. Who knows? Maybe you will cahnge robots so much, your name will be remembered for ages. It is all up to you- what will you do?

Picture Credits:

  • Razor Robotics (Robot diagram)
  • URL Address: http://www.razorrobotics.com/all-about robots/  
  • Date Visited: 2-9-17
  • MAGODA (Manufacturing robots)
  • URL Address: www.magoda.com/technology/are-others-industries-robotics-ready-like-manufacturing-and-construction/
  • Date Visited: 2-9-17
  • Mirchu (Asimo)
  • URL Address: www.mirchu.net/photos/asimo-world-advance-robot/
  • Date Visited: 2-9-17
  • Vectorpage (Cartoon robots)
  • URL Address: vectorpage.com/cartoons/cartoon-funny-robots-vector/
  • Date Visited: 2-21-17
  • Nasa (Mars Rover)
  • URl Address: http://ww.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/5-8/features/nasaknows/what_is_robotics_58.html
  • Date Visited: 2-22-17
  • Cio (Nanobot)
  • URL Address: www.cio.com/article/3043172/innovation/how-medical-robots-will-change-healthcarerhealth-get-familiar-with-it.html
  • Date Visited: 2-22-17

Book Sources:

  • Robots in Science and Medicine
  • By: Steve Parker  Publisher: Amicus Mankato, Mn 2011
  • Robots for Work and Fun
  • By: Steve Parker  Publisher: Amicus Mankato, MN 2011
  • Robots in Space
  • By: Steve Parker  Publisher: Amicus Mankato, MN 2011
  • Robots Through History
  • By: Jeri Freedman Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group New York, NY 2011

Electronic Sources:

  • How Stuff Works Science
  •  URL Adress: science.howstuffworks.com/robots6.htm Date Visited: 2-2-17

Bibliography

Picture Credits:

  • MIT Technology Revew (Artificial Intelligence)
  • URL Address:  http://www.technologyreview.com/s/601519/how-to-create-a-molevolent-artificial-intelligence/
  • Date Visited: 2-22-17
  • I Robot (Roomba)
  • URL Address:  http://store.irobot.com/default/robot-vacuum-roomba/
  • Date Visited: 2-22-17
  • Muslim Heritage (Al-Jazari)
  • URL Address: www.muslimheritage.com/article/al-jazari-mechanical-genius
  • Date Visited: 2-15-17

Bibliography (Continued)