The Articles of Confederation

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The Constitution

Differences and similarites  between the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution

The two documents have much in common - they were established by the same people sometimes literally the same exact people, but they differ more than they do resemble each other, when you actually look at details. Comparing them can give us insight into what the Framers found important in 1781, and what they changed their minds on by 1788.

 

Similarities:

adopted on November 15, 1777. However, ratification of the Articles of Confederation by all thirteen states did not occur until March 1, 1781. 

Congress could request states to pay taxes, No system of federal courts, 13/13 state votes needed to amend the Articles, Each state received 1 vote regardless of size.

The United States Constitution was created in September of 1787. But it took until June 21, 1788 for the document to be adopted. Congress has right to levy taxes on individuals, the Court system was created to deal with issues between citizens and states, amending the document took a 2/3 vote of both houses of Congress plus 3/4 vote of state legislatures or national convention for the amendments to pass, Representation of state took the Upper house (Senate) with 2 votes, the lower house (House of Representatives) based on population ,

 

 

Artilces of Confederation:

Constitution:

The Consititution is made up of three branches of government, the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches.

Types of Government:

What is the Executive Branch?

The Executive branch is in charge of making sure that the laws of the United States are obeyed. The President of the United States is the head of the executive branch.

 

Types of Government:

Supreme court

the highest judicial court in a country or state.

Circuit Court: 

a court holding sessions at various intervals in different sections of a judicial district.

Magistrate (local) Court:

a court having limited jurisdiction over minor civil and criminal matters, as matters of contract not exceeding a particular amount of money.

Municipal (city) Court: 

a court whose jurisdiction is confined to a city or municipality, with criminal jurisdiction usually corresponding to that of a police court and civil jurisdiction over small causes.

 

 

What is the Judicial Branch?

The Judicial Branch is made up of courts. Supreme, Circuit, the magistrate (local) and municipal (city) courts. The Judicial branch interprets the laws.

Types of Government:

The Legislative branch is made up of the two houses of Congress—the Senate and the House of Representatives. The most important duty of the legislative branch is to make laws. Laws are written, discussed and voted on in Congress. There are 100 senators in the Senate, two from each state.

 

 

What is the Legislative Branch?

Types of Government:

House of Representatives

Responds to the needs of the people faster since representatives only have a two year term. Laws dealing must start in the House. There are 435 voting members, 6 non-voting members: 5 delegates, 1 resident commissioner (one representative from each of the various congressional districts, with the number of congressional districts in each state determined by the population).

Differences Between the Senate and the House of Representatives

Senate

 The six year term means the Senate can be slower and consider the long-term effects of laws. 100 seats (two senators from each state)

 

 

National Government: Print money, Regulate interstate (between states) and international trade, Make treaties and conduct foreign policy, Declare war, Provide an army and navy, Establish post offices, Make laws necessary and proper to carry out the these powers.

 

 

Both the state and national government Collect taxes, Build roads, Borrow money, Establish courts, Make and enforce laws, Charter banks and corporations, Spend money for the general welfare, Take private property for public purposes, with just compensation

 

National Government and State Government

Each state could send 1-7 delegates and the states chose who those delegates were and each state got one vote.

 

State Governments: Issue licenses, Regulate intrastate (within the state) businesses, Conduct elections, Establish local governments, Ratify amendments to the Constitution, Take measures for public health and safety, May exert powers the Constitution does not delegate to the national government or prohibit the states from using.

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