The Articles of Confederation
Differences and similarites between the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution
The two documents have much in common - they were established by the same people sometimes literally the same exact people, but they differ more than they do resemble each other, when you actually look at details. Comparing them can give us insight into what the Framers found important in 1781, and what they changed their minds on by 1788.
adopted on November 15, 1777. However, ratification of the Articles of Confederation by all thirteen states did not occur until March 1, 1781.
Congress could request states to pay taxes, No system of federal courts, 13/13 state votes needed to amend the Articles, Each state received 1 vote regardless of size.
The United States Constitution was created in September of 1787. But it took until June 21, 1788 for the document to be adopted. Congress has right to levy taxes on individuals, the Court system was created to deal with issues between citizens and states, amending the document took a 2/3 vote of both houses of Congress plus 3/4 vote of state legislatures or national convention for the amendments to pass, Representation of state took the Upper house (Senate) with 2 votes, the lower house (House of Representatives) based on population ,
Artilces of Confederation:
The Consititution is made up of three branches of government, the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches.
What is the Executive Branch?
The Executive branch is in charge of making sure that the laws of the United States are obeyed. The President of the United States is the head of the executive branch.
the highest judicial court in a country or state.
a court holding sessions at various intervals in different sections of a judicial district.
Magistrate (local) Court:
a court having limited jurisdiction over minor civil and criminal matters, as matters of contract not exceeding a particular amount of money.
Municipal (city) Court:
a court whose jurisdiction is confined to a city or municipality, with criminal jurisdiction usually corresponding to that of a police court and civil jurisdiction over small causes.
What is the Judicial Branch?
The Judicial Branch is made up of courts. Supreme, Circuit, the magistrate (local) and municipal (city) courts. The Judicial branch interprets the laws.
The Legislative branch is made up of the two houses of Congress—the Senate and the House of Representatives. The most important duty of the legislative branch is to make laws. Laws are written, discussed and voted on in Congress. There are 100 senators in the Senate, two from each state.
What is the Legislative Branch?
Responds to the needs of the people faster since representatives only have a two year term. Laws dealing must start in the House. There are 435 voting members, 6 non-voting members: 5 delegates, 1 resident commissioner (one representative from each of the various congressional districts, with the number of congressional districts in each state determined by the population).
Differences Between the Senate and the House of Representatives
The six year term means the Senate can be slower and consider the long-term effects of laws. 100 seats (two senators from each state)