Ever wonder what life was like before modern civilization and technology?
Life in Prehistoric Times
It's 5,000 BC. You're a nomad, or a person who travels from place to place, usually to follow food. Winter is approaching, which will bring hunger, and maybe even sickness or death. You don't have a real home; only temporary huts. You must carry your possessions for miles alomost every day to keep up with the herds.
Welcome to the world of The Stone Age.
There was once a supercontinent known as Pangaea. It was a huge land mass; its name literally means "all earth" in Greek. This continental cluster formed around 500 million years ago. About 300 million years later, Pangaea split apart and moved to form the continents we know today.
Pangaea was surrounded by a single ocean known as Panthalassa. The land was seperated into two regions; Laurasia and Gondwanaland. Laurasia was to the north, and it contained North America, Europe and Asia. Gondwanaland was to the south, holding what we now know as South America, Africa, Australia, India, and Antarctica. Thanks to it splitting, we ow have the continents that we know today.
Prehistoric people didn't have any defense against bigger, stronger animals like the saber-toothed cat. They invented weapons to defend themselves and hunt. The first weapons included spears, slings, and axes. These weapons helped mankind survive in their world.
We also didn't have tools to break open food, or to grind grans into bread. Two tools include the hand axe and the mortar and pestle. A hand axe was used to chop, and a mortar and pestle was used to break up food.
Tools and Weapons
Hunters and Gatherers
Hunters and gatherers kept the group alive. If you were a man, you would most likely be a hunter. If you were a woman you would most likely be a gatherer. Hunters often went out for hours a day, tracking down animals and killing them. Gatherers went out and gathered plants. The hunters usually hunted hooved animals, birds, small animals, and occasionally other predators. Gatherers harvested nuts, seeds, berries, grasses, fruits, and other wild plants.
Cave paintings were drawn on cave walls. They've been found in Asia, Australia, Europe, and both the Americas. Scholars believe that only modern humans created cave paintings. All ages and genders of a family participated in making the paintings.
There were two kinds of images; figurative and non-figurative. Figurative images included plants, animals, and people. Non-figurative images included circles, lines, dots, and zigzags. Cave people used minerals to draw their art. Cave paintings are one of the main sources of what we know today about The Stone Age.
200 Million BC - 3.6 Million BC - 2 Million BC -
Pangaea splits up The first man appears The Stone Age begins
197.4 Million Years between
Matthews, William H., III. "Pangaea." Encyclopedia Americana. Grolier Online, 2014. Web. 4 Dec. 2014.
Dutch, Steven I. "Pangaea." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. 4 Dec. 2014.