What Your Kindergartner Should Learn in Kindergarten
skills your Kindergartner should know before advancing to the next grade.
● Learns all of the letters of the alphabet (uppercase and lowercase) and their sounds.
● Begins to “read” books to self, mainly from memorization.
● Recognizes several basic sight words such as I, my, you, is and are.
● Reads and listens to stories and then talks about stories, their plots, characters and
● Follows words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.
● Recognizes and can produce rhyming words.
● Adds or substitutes individual sounds in simple, one-syllable words to make new words.
For example, replaces the “C” in “Cat” with an “R” to create the word “Rat.”
● Writes uppercase and lowercase letters.
● Writes his/her name.
● Writes some letters and words when they are dictated.
● Uses invented or creative spelling to write a variety of words.
● Uses conventional spelling to write some words (CVC and basic sight words).
● Writes, Draws and Dictates about a variety of topics, including his opinion, a description
of something or a moment or event in his/her life.
● Understands that numbers represent quantity and uses them to do so.
● Counts and writes numbers, from 1-20 (and potentially higher).
● Counts out and compares quantities, usually up to 20.
● Counts out and groups objects in order to solve single-digit addition and subtraction
● Begins to recognize and understand the meaning of the plus and minus signs.
● Uses drawings, objects, actions and sounds to represent and practice addition and
● Practices beginning measurement and graphing skills, often through the creation of
class-wide graphs, such as graphing favorite snacks, or how kids get to school.