simplebooklet thumbnail

ROBERT SALA RAMOS  EDITOR   EUDALD CARBONELL JOS   MAR  A BERM  DEZ DE CASTRO JUAN LUIS ARSUAGA  COORDINATORS   PLEISTOCEN...
Assistant Editors  Mar  a Gema Chac  n Navarro Marcos Terradillos Bernal Am  lia Bargall   Ferrerons Cristina Vega Maeso  ...
5  CONTENTS  Contents  PREFACE ..............................................................................................
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  6  Arrill...
CONTENTS  Cova Negra ........................................................................................................
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  8  Siega ...
5  mediterranean basins. centre.  NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  317
Site  Map numbering  Site  Abric de El Pastor  56  Cova del Bolomor  57  Casa Corona  58  El Collado  59  Cova Beneito  60...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  C.M. Hern  ndez , B. Galv  n , C. Mallol , J. Machado , F.J. Molina  , L. P  rez   , J.V. M...
320  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  2.1. The stratigraphic sequence The current excavations cover an area of 42 m2  70  of the ...
322  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  objects found in SU IVa, IVb and IVc are evidence for between four and six brief occupation...
324  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  pogr...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  Figure 1. Stratigraphy and dating of Bolomor cave  Tavernes de la Valldigna, Valencia, Spai...
326  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  cill...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  NISP   Ia  Ib-c  II  III  Carnivora indet.  2  3  V  VI  VII  VIII  XI  XII  XIII  2  2  5 ...
328  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  been recovered from the levels in which anthropic combustion structures have been identi   ...
330  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  lated to levels XII-XV and its location in MIS 7 cannot be dismissed. This remain is metric...
332  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  ing    re-cracked stones, lithic artefacts, burnt land snails and faunal remains. The radio...
334  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  ture...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  A total number of 3,322 lithic artefacts are associated with both Mesolithic occupation pha...
336  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  the ...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  Figure 4. Late Mesolithic burials of Casa Corona.  imentary processes were not responsible ...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  338  Jos ...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  The subsequent analyses were also conducted in the Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory, Faculty o...
340  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  tool...
3  1  4  2  3  4  2  ENDSCRAPERS  MICRO SCRAPERS  BURINS  MICRO BURINS  STRANGLED BLADES  BLADELETS  SIDECRAPERS  23  1  S...
342  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  basa...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  when the pit was opened. The corpse had been placed leaning against this rock and was thus ...
344  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  near...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  Elisa Mar  a Dom  nech Faus   M   Merc   Bergad   Zapata    Jos   Antonio Riquelme Cantal  ...
346  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  es i...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  This record begins with level V, Gravettian of carbonated clayey, silty sand blocks and peb...
348  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Samp...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  Level II  Levels III-IV  Level V  Scrapers  27,66   13   19,32   23   10   6   Burins  8,51...
350  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Solu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  Oryctolagus cuniculus  rabbit  It is the best represented species in the bone assemblage wi...
352  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  tic,...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  Radiological techniques, speci   cally Scanning Electron Microscopy, were used to examine t...
354  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  2. Paleoenvironment Anthracological remains studied by Y. Carri  n  2005  show that in the ...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  356  blad...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  Figure 1. Section with the stratigraphy.  continuity to life that start in the    rst level...
358  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  tat,...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  vey to reach the bottom area, the initial settlement, and in such a way    nish the survey,...
360  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Cova...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  immediately set, the whole skull, part of the face, some vertebrae and part of the rib cage...
362  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  dres...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  Figure 2. Cova Negra. Stratigraphic pro   le comparing different sectors excavated during t...
364  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD      ...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  by the revision of the faunal assemblages and the chronological implications derived from t...
366  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  with...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  stages of the cha  ne op  ratoire. These circumstances reinforce the idea of short-term occ...
368  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  tahr...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  noticed that Quiroptera associations re   ect mild climatic conditions, typical of the Medi...
370  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Oret...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  in four phases, two initial Mesolithic phases  A and B, corresponding to Levels I and II in...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  372  pres...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  E of the site that nevertheless is but 75 km N of the southern Murcian coast. Systematic ex...
374  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  swamps, enabling dismemberment and roasting . This does not mean they could reproduce or co...
376  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  alan site of Vallparad  s  Mart  nez et al., 2010  and from the Italian site of Isernia La ...
378  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  The ...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  cactus-like form not unlike that of East African Lake Magadi    int  at least one    ake at...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  380  B. G...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  Figure 1. a  Stratigraphic sequence, b  Overview of the site.  formation stretching more th...
382  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  as w...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  travertine wall. Hearths were simple     re made on the ground , large  1 m diameter  and s...
384  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  The remains of 50 ky previous occupations re   ect, although not exclusively, diversi   ed ...
386  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  and ...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  tween 47.2         4.4ky  base of SU V lower  and 45.2         3.4 ky  roof SU V lower . Th...
388  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  phor...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  and B-17, which has continued up to now  Villaverde et al., 1999 advancing the    lling fea...
390  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Leve...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  In the micro-blade group, backsides are thin and direct in almost 90  of the cases, and lit...
392  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  From...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  The information obtained in Cova de les Cendres suggests the inclusion of the level XIII in...
394  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  be s...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  eastern coast are located, we can postulate that the Pinus nigra would be on the lower limi...
396  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  aeoc...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  tion has a highly evolved aspect with a secondary limestone layer. Its features suggest a m...
398  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  char...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  respond to the start of the Upper Solutrean at the Parpall   site, while levels III and II ...
400  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  includes the red-legged partridge, rock partridge, bustard, a signi   cant presence of rapt...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  402  Leve...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  ique sup  rieur et leur signi   cation   . Iberia   s role as a bridge between Europe and A...
404  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  roug...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  ogy and the relationships between the two technocomplexes are open to conjecture, delimitin...
406  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD      ...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  Figure 3. Cova del Parpall  . Magdalenian lithic and bone industry.  microblade knapping in...
408  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  the ...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  Figure 4. Cova del Parpall  . 1  pre-Magdalenian portable art  2  Magdalenian portable art....
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  410  the ...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  Figure 1. Neanderthal skeleton SP 96     Paloma    .  proportions than estimates derived fr...
412  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  which are charred, as well as rabbits and other small animals, including mandibular fragmen...
414  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  closing of the point of entry. Each unit has this chemical deposit on its top  Fig. 1 .  re...
416  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  pears closely related with fossils, and demonstrates the development of human activities in...
418  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  char...
MEDITERRANEAN BASINS. CENTRE.  some spatula. Without stratigraphic context, several slabs with zoomorphic representations ...
6  southern mediterranean coast, guadalquivir river and betic intramontane basins  NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  421
Site  Map numbering  El Aculadero  74  Ardales  75  Bajondillo  76  Cueva Ambrosio  77  Cueva de Nerja  78  Cueva and abri...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Manuel Santonja , Alfredo P  rez-Gonz  lez...
424  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  In 1983,    ndings from the study of this ...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  426  5. C...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Figure 1. The entrance cone of Ardales cav...
428  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Figure 4. Top part of a stalagmite that wa...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  430  Migu...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Figure 2. Lithic industries, marine mollus...
432  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Keyw...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Middle Palaeolithic  Bj 19-Bj 13 , c. 1503...
434  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Sergio Ripoll L  pez, Francisco J. Mu  oz ...
436  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  2. G...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Level  Culture  Sample  Procedure  Cod.  1...
438  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  come...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Figure 4. Upper Solutrean and Upper-Evolve...
440  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  The discovery of these    gures    lls the...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  442  J. E...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Figure 1. Cueva de Nerja. Chronostratigrap...
444  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD      ...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  is between the Meso-Mediterranean and Supr...
446  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  pome...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Figure 2. Cueva de Nerja. Summary of bio-a...
448  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Figure 4. Cueva de Nerja. 1-2, knapped cob...
450  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  bone...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  and cobblestones with linear incised motif...
452  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Conc...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Porosity  Coarse fraction     negrained fr...
454  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  The ...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  been hypothesized that on the north wall t...
456  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS   Gaudzinski and Roebroeks, 2000 . Neverthe...
458  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Flint, quartzite and limestone are the thr...
460  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Arte...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  may relate to Kostienky type thinning has ...
462  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  ened...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  habitat and the procurement area. Inhabita...
464  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  hearth in quadriculate Q-18. Comparison wi...
466  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  thou...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Nearly one quarter of the    akes   2 cm a...
468  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  by c...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  moister climate at the time reduced the sn...
470  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Ther...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Eight faunal remains were chosen for C-14 ...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  472  5-18...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Figure 1. Geological map of the Iberian Pe...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  474  Bien...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  gondiae Zone  and above the Mimomys oswald...
476  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Robert Sala Ramos  Leticia Men  ndez Grand...
478  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  brou...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Robert Sala Ramos , Leticia Men  ndez Gran...
480  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Mar  a-Patrocinio Espigares Ortiz ,  , Ser...
482  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  comb...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Mar  a-Patrocinio Espigares Ortiz ,  , Ser...
484  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  surf...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Deborah Barsky  ,  , Robert Sala   , , Isi...
486  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  are ...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  bearing on anthropic activities that are s...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  488  at t...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  glacialis  Proboscidea  Elephas antiquus, ...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  490  J.M....
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Figure 20. CU-1 lithic industry. Flakes di...
492  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Juan Manuel Jim  nez Arenas , Ignacio Mart...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  494  Mous...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  The shelter was found to contain diagramma...
496  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  of m...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Miguel Cort  s S  nchez , Mar  a Dolores S...
498  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
SOUTHERN MEDITERRANEAN COAST, GUADALQUIVIR RIVER AND BETIC INTRAMONTANE BASINS  Figure 2. Worked lithic industry  1-6 , pl...
500  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  resu...
7  strait of gibraltar  NORTH-WESTERN ATLANTIC BASINS.  501
Site  Map numbering  Abrigo de Benz    84  Giraltar  Gorham and Vanguard cave  85
STRAIT OF GIBRALTAR  Jos   Ramos , Dar  o Bernal , Eduardo Vijande , Juan Jes  s Cantillo , Antonio Barrena , Salvador Dom...
504  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
STRAIT OF GIBRALTAR  Lythic technology From strata 1 to 7, 36,092 samples have been analised. The raw materials basically ...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  506  Cliv...
STRAIT OF GIBRALTAR  ence of La Cueva de la Pileta and its Palaeolithic Cave Art. The eminent prehistorians Professor H. O...
508  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  wate...
STRAIT OF GIBRALTAR  termed    Forbes Barrier   , which is situated near the entrance into the fortress from the neutral g...
510  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Waec...
STRAIT OF GIBRALTAR  Radiocarbon dates of between ca. 29 and 51 kyr BP were obtained for UBSm.7 and BeSm.1  nevertheless, ...
512  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  thro...
STRAIT OF GIBRALTAR  Figure 5. Section of Vanguard Cave showing excavation areas along the dune deposit. Graph taken from ...
514  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  at V...
8  central plateau  CENTRAL PLATEAU  515
516  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Site...
CENTRAL PLATEAU  Manuel Santonja , Alfredo P  rezGonz  lez , Joaqu  n Panera  , Susana Rubio-Jara  , Carmen Ses     , Enri...
518  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
CENTRAL PLATEAU  remained in a primary position. Even in the absence of different data from those published by Howell and ...
520  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
CENTRAL PLATEAU  dating. The middle stratigraphic unit of Ambrona has been dated at c. 350 ky by ESR U series  Falgu  res ...
522  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  in  ...
CENTRAL PLATEAU  Aguirre and Biberson about an intense transformation of elephant bones by shaping and retouch. The possib...
524  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
CENTRAL PLATEAU  351 . Under these circumstances it must be stressed that the Ambrona area was a recurrent point of attrac...
526  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
CENTRAL PLATEAU  The oldest formations on which the Torralba Pleistocene deposits lie are, as in Ambrona, red clays and gy...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  528  Manu...
CENTRAL PLATEAU  3. Palaeontology and environment The faunal assemblage recorded to date this site is as follows  Blain, i...
530  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  None...
CENTRAL PLATEAU  Jes  s F. Jord   Pardo , Marta Navazo Ruiz  , J. Carlos Diez Fern  ndezLomana    Jarama VI  Valdesotos, G...
532  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Figu...
CENTRAL PLATEAU  Fauna Unit JVI.2 unit has provided a near-complete adult human    rst metatarsal bone  Fig. 2 . Although ...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  534  Carb...
CENTRAL PLATEAU  Figure 1. Location of Sierra de Atapuerca sites. Karst map based on original topography by Edelweiss Spel...
536  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  Trin...
CENTRAL PLATEAU  analysis indicates that the landscape around Sima del Elefante through the lower sequence  Lower Pleistoc...
PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  x  x  x x...
CENTRAL PLATEAU  tion and location of the cut marks and fractures indicate that human groups had different activities in t...
540  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  The ...
CENTRAL PLATEAU  Figure 5. Horizontal excavation of level TD10, 2007 dig  Photos  J. Mestre IPHES .  ky  Berger et al., 20...
542  PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE HUNTER-GATHERERS IN IBERIA AND THE GIBRALTAR STRAIT  THE CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD  long...
CENTRAL PLATEAU  carnivores as a den and in others, as a base for Preneandertal occupations. The palaeomagnetic data combi...