My Cell

By: Bailey Spaeth

The cell membrane regulates what substances the cell intakes and outakes. Two phospholipids made of a phosphate and two fatty acids make up a lipid bilayer that is the cell membrane. Proteins in the membrane repel and attract certain substances that the cell does and does not need. 

All of the organelles inside the cell membrane are surrounded by a substance called cytoplasm. The cytoskeleton made up of microscopic fibers suspend all of the organelles in place. A vesicle moves proteins from organelle to organelle.

The organelle that enables the functions throughout the cell is called the nucleus. The nucleus houses DNA that send messages to the RNA that attach to the nucleus. The RNA then spans throughout the cell to command the organelles. The nucleolus inside the nucleus makes ribosomes for the cell. The nucleolus is surronded by chromatin and the membrane of the nucleus is surrounded in pores. 

Ribosomes are the structures that proteins are made on. The attach to the endoplasmic reticulum. The ribosomes make proteins and amino acids that are crucial in the productivity of the cell. 

The endoplasmic reticulum is the highway that proteins go through to go thoughout the cells to other organelles. Ribosomes lie on the lipid bilayer.  

The golgi apparatus formerly known as the golgi body packs and distributes proteins throughout the cell. It also helps the endoplasmic reticulum and the lysosomes in the cell. The golgi body is a membrane bound sac. 

Lysosomes contain digestive enzymes that digest proteins and substances that co me in to the cell through the cell membrane. It works together with the endoplasmic reticulum and golgi body in the packing, distributing, and production of proteins. 

Mitochondria consume all energy in the cell to make ATP. Organic compounds that come into the cell and proteins that come from the lysosomes, endoplasmic reticulum and golgi bodies are consumed. The mitchondria also contains ribosomes and DNA. 

This is how my cell works. All of my organelles including the cytoplasm, mitochondria, lysosomes, golgi body, endoplasmic reticulum, nucleus, nucleolus, vesicles, cell membrane, phospholipids, cilia and flagella, ribosomes, and cytoskeleton. These make up of what is known as my cell. 

The End