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Italy is a beautiful country south-east of Switzerland. It combines beautiful art, incredible Italian food, and outstanding monuments. There are also amazing tourist spots to visit. This book will tell you about facinating and extraodinary country, Italy.
A big country full of different mountains, rivers, and land formations is known as Italy. It is full of different land features and waterways.
Italy is a boot shaped pennisula in the Mediterranean Sea. It is covered by the Dolomite mountains in the North, and the Alpennies Mountains which run north to south. The Dolomite mountains rise over 10,000 feet high, and are very rocky, and jagged. The Alpennies mountains 870 miles long and about 9500 feet tall.
South of the Dolomite moutains is the Po Valley. The Po Valley is full of rich fertile soil for farming. It is located on the basin of the Po River, which is the largest river in Italy.
Two large islands that are apart of Italy are Sicily and Sardina. Sicily is the biggest island in the Medditerranean Sea, and is active with volcanos and earthquakes. It has a population of five million people. Sardina is the second biggest island in the Medditeranean. It is mostly made of mountains that poke out of the ocean, and has a population of one million.
Itatian food has a interesting history dating back 30,000 years ago. It is loved and known all around the world, and will never be forgotten.
Italy is the home of the one and only, pizza! Its history goes back to the 16th century on the island of Sicily. The pizza found there had cheese with pieces of meat on top. Later in the 18th century, when the Italians were introduced to tomatoes, the pizza truly became the modern pizza we see today. When the pizza was made with tomatoe sauce, it made the popularity soar, and soon was known from all around the world. The first pizza resturant was the Antica Pizzaeria Port'Alba which opened in 1830.
Another popular food of Italy is lasangna. It began in forms of dried pasta and was stored for later. Then, it began to form into what we see today. Lasangna back then was sweet before the Italians were introduced to tomatoes.
Pasta was thought to be founded by Marco Polo, but most researchers say that that is not true.
Bread is another known food of Italy. The Romans were the first to produce the typeof flour needed
to make white flour, and improve wheat's milling techniques. Bread was made not only to eat, but also for offerings to the gods at that time. At around 100 BC, Rome had more than 200 shops that sold and baked bread. 200 years later, baking schools opened.
*Fun Fact: The average Italian will consume more than half a pound of bread a day!
There are many great buildings in Italy. Some buildings are the Leaning tower of Piza, the Colosseum, and the Sistine Chapel. These are one of the most known pieces of architicture in the country.
One commonly known structure is the Leaning Tower of Piza. This was built in 1173 by Bonanno Pisano. Even though great caution was taken, the building was built on unstable ground, and it began to tip. The Leaning Tower of Piza is a towering structure about 183 feet tall, and takes 294 steps to get to the top.
Another landmark in Italy is the Colosseum. The Colosseum is an
There are many great buildings in Italy. The Leaning Tower of Pisa, the Colosseum, and the Sistine Chapel are examples of the most popular pieces of architecture in the country.
One of the most commonly known constructions is the Leaning Tower of Pisa. This was built in 1173 by Bonanno Pisano. Even though great caution was taken, the ground that it was built on was not stable, and the structure began to tilt. The Leaning Tower of Pisa is a massive building about 180 feet high, and takes about 300 steps to get to the top.
Another landmark in Italy is the Colosseum The Colosseum is an
amphitheater that was built in 70 AD by the Romans. In the old times, the Romans held their games, and popular animal fights. The Colosseum is 157 feet in height, with 50,000 person capacity.
The Sistine Chapel is another famous piece of architecture. It was made in 1477 and is filled with beautiful Renaissance art. The walls and ceiling were painted by the famous Michelangelo. Some paintings he made is "The Creation of Adam," and "The Fall of Man and the Expulsion from Paradise."
Italy has a fascinating religion with over 2000 years of Christianity.
The main belief in Italy is Christianity. About 88% belong to the Roman Catholic Church, which is the branch of Christianity that is headed by the pope. The pope is the spiritual leader of the Roman Catholics. Vatican City is the headquaters of the church.
The Italian language is used by about 60 million people in Italy, and Switzerland. It first appeared in written documents during the 10th century in the form of notes and short pieces of text. Since Italy was ruled by another
country at the time, they did not have a standard written or spoken language. It was until the 13th century, when writers started their own dialect called Tusan of Florence, the Italian language began. After that, the first form of Italian grammer was published in 1495. As Latin became less and less used, the Italian language grew and became a known language throughout the country.
Italy has had a lot of success in sports, and will continue to play it for a long time.
The most popular sport in Italy is soccer. The Italian team has won the World Cup four times, in 1932, 1934, 1938, and in 2006. Their team uniforms are royal blue with the Italian colors in the top right hand corner. The Italian team was first united in 1998, and is still playing today. They can be considered one of the most successful teams in the world.
Another sport played in Italy is bicycling. Every year, Italy hosts the
Giro d'Italia which lasts for 3 weeks. Bicyclers have to go through a rigorous passage through the Alps, and go through rough routes. The most difficult and competitive of the Grand Tours is the Tour de France. Italy has claimed four titles and is the 4th most winning country.
Winter sports are also played in Italy. Italy has hosted the annual Winter Oylmpics in 1956, and 2006. They have won the Alpine Skiing World Champions 19 times! Italy has also hosted this event in 2005.
Statue of David
Italy has been one of the most known places for the arts. Throughout Italy, magnificant paintings and pieces of architecture stand. Italy has over 6,000 museums, and over 30,000 historical musems.
Some fantastic painters that come from Italy is Donatello and Michelangelo. Donatello was born in 1386 during the Renaissance. He lived in Florence, Italy and most known for his sculptures. His way of sculpting was different than other sculptors because he used curves
instead of straight edges. Donatello died in 1466.
Michelangelo was born in March 6, 1475, in the Renaisance. He was a painter, sculptor, architect, poet, and engineer. His most known pieces of art is The Statue of David in the Accademia di Belle Arti di Firenze, and the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. Michelangelo died in 1564.
A famous and well known musician that came from Italy is Antonio Vivaldi. Vivaldi was born in 1678 in the Baroque period. Vivaldi's dad was a professional violin player, and encouraged Vivaldi to play.
Statue of David
Through his dad, Vivaldi learned from the most famous musicians and composers at the time. At age 25, he became a professional violin player. Vivaldi's most prized work is TheFour Seasons, where each season has a different song and tune. Vivaldi died in 1741.
Many of Italy's inventions changed the world. These inventions changed the way we thinked, communicated, and even the way we play music.
One invention is the piano. It was made by Bartolomeo Cristofori in 1709. The piano developed from a clavichord which is a small keyboard. A clavichord makes its sound when metal blades attached to blades press gently on strings. Bartolomeo Cristofori expanded the clavichord until it had 88 keys like our modern day piano. Bartolomeo's piano
still lies today.
Another invention is the typewriter. This was made by Pellegrino Turri. He created this machine for his love Countless Carolina Fantoni da Fivizzoro who was blind. The problem was that when she was writing letters to Turri, she did not know whether the was ink on her quill, or if she was writing in a straight line. Turri worked continuesly until he finished the typewriter. The typewriter was made in 1808.
The radio was also an invention made by Italy. After being inspired of the discovery of sound waves, Guglielmo Marconi began experimenting with radio waves as a student. He was able to develop a basic system of wireless telegraphy. Soon, he was able to develop the first radio communication that worked. In 1901, he successsfully sent information across the Atlantic Ocean, proving that transmission across the ocean was not impossible. Marconi also won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1909.
Italy has some of the most breathtaking places to visit. These places are known from all around the world and are highly enjoyed.
One tourism spot is the Grand Canal Venice. It is about 2.5 miles long and 16 feet deep. There are over 170 buildings along the canal which were built between the 1200's and 1700's. At one end of the canal is the the Venetian Lagoon, and the other end is St. Mark's Basin. Many people enjoy taking a ride on gondolas here.
Another tourism spot to visit is Lake Como. It is famous for its stunning natural beauty, and scenic area.
Around the lake are the Alps Mountains which are about 16,000 feet high. Along the sides, are towns which were built in 3000 BC, or the Bronze Age. Tourists enjoy taking a view, or taking a hike around the beach.
The Roman Forum is another tourism spot. It was the center of Roman Banks, temples, baths, and businesses in 500 BC. Romans thought of the Forum as a place where they could stand and talk to crowds. The Roman Forum was also a shopping center in the old times.
Italian clothing is a wonder to see and is full of different colors and designs.
The Italian women wore colorful dresses of all patterns and designs. When the dancers twirl and preform, their skirts look just like flowers. Women also wore light shirts, with a cap or veil to go with it. Most dresses were long sleeved and lined with lace. All the costumes were all hand made.
The men wore a much plainer oufit. They wore tight pants tucked inside long boots, and a shirt with tight waistcoat. Ontop of that was usually a jacket, or vest.
Italy has always been one of the most amazing places to visit. With its delicious food, beautiful architecture, world changing inventions, and incredible tourist spots, Italy will be a place you will never forget.