cell parts, important molecules, and functions

 Alice in the      cell structure 

by; Siara Cairns, 2nd,9-22-16

Cell parts            Important Molecules   Cell Functions 

  •  Nucleus...3                             Enzymes ..14                                Facilitated ..17
  • cell membrane  ..4                    ATP.. .15                                      Filtration ..18
  • Mitochondria   ..5                    DNA...16                                     Mitosis ..19
  • Chloroplast   ..6                                                                  Diffusion ..20
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum..7                                                        Osmosis ..21
  • Golgi Apparatus..8                                                              Active transport ..22
  • Lysosome ..9                                                                    Endocytosis..23
  • Microflaments..10                                                                Glycolysis..24
  • Microvilli ..11                                                                    Krebs cycle ..25
  • Centriole..12
  • Cytosol..13


Table of contents

 The Nucleus is the most important part in the cell. It is a dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically a single rounded structure bounded by a double membrane containing genetic material.



The nucleus in Alice in wonderland in Alice because 

she is basically what the whole movie is about.


The cell membrane is the basic structure surrounding  the cytoplasm of the cell.


    Cell Membrane 

The mitchondria is the power house of the cell.it is found in most cells. It provides energy in the fom of ATP.  It takes nutrients forms them into energy for the cell. Without the mitochondria the cell wil die.  


The chloroplast is only found in plant cells it is the food provider for the cell also known as photosynthesis. 


The cell wall is the basic structure of the cell it helps the cell hold its shape.


The vacuole are storage bubbles found in cells they can store food and nutrients a cell might need later to survive.They can even store waste products.

Cell wall/Vacuole 

The Endoplasmic reticulum is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells it is the packaging system of the cell it packages proteins to send off into the cell when needed.



Endoplasmic Reticulum (rough & Smooth)

The golgi apparatus is anouther packaing system. It is a complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells. It also works closley with the rough ER. 

Golgi Apparatus 

The lysosome is the digestive system of the cell. It might be used to digest food or break down the cell when it dies.


Microfilaments are long and thin stringy proteins. Rod shaped they work with microtubules to form the structure that allows the cell to keep its shape and move around in the cell.


The microvilli is any of the small fingerlike projections on teh surface of the cell so the outer layer of the cell.


the centriole is what helps the cell divide during the cell process. They are usally found near the nucleus and can only be seen when the cell is dividing , if it is not dividing they will not be seen.They are made of microtubules.


The cytosol is the fluid surrounding everything in  the cell . It works with teh cytoplasm and surrounds various organells.


Enzymes are biological molecules (proteins) help balance chemical reactions and give the cell proteins. 


ATP is the energy currency of life it is a high energy molecule found in every cell. Its job is to store and supply the cell with needed energy,


DNA is a self replicating material present in all living organisms  as the main constituent of chromosomes. It is the carrier of all genetic information. 


facilitated diffusion is the process of spontaneous passive transport of molecules or ions across a biological membrane. 

Facilitated diffusion 

filtration is a process in which a physical pressure forces fluid through a selectively permeable membrane.


Mitosis is nuclear division plus cytokenisis and produces two identical daughter cells during prophase, prometaphase,metaphase, anaphase and telophase 


Diffusion refers to teh process by which molecules intermingle as a result of  their kinetic energy of random motion.


 Osmosis is a process by which molecules of a solvent tend to pass through a membrane from a less concentrated solution into a more concentrated one thus equalizing  the concentrations on each side of the membrane


Active transport is the movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a region of the lower concentration to a region of the higher concentration.

Active transport

Endocytosis is a form of active transportation in which cells transport molecules such as proteins into the cell.


Glycolysis is the breakdown of glucose by enzymes realeasing energy and acid.


The krebs cycle is the sequence of reactions by which most living cells generate energy during the process of respiration it takes place in teh mitochondria consuming oxygen producing carbon dioxide and water.

Krebs cycle