Protists and Fungi, Oh My!
What's the difference between animal-like and plant-like protists?
Animal-like protists are heterotrophs that ingest or absorb food after capturing of trapping it. Plant-like protists are autotrophs that produce food through photosynthesis.
Where do these things live?
Protists live in moist,aquatic enviorments, like pools, rivers, ponds, or lakes.
Why do we care about protists?
They are decomposers, which put back nutrients back into the environment. You could say life depends on them because they release oxygen for us to breathe.
Euglena are unicelluar with a cell membrane. They also have a flagella to move around. like plants, the have chloropasts.
Paramecium have cilia,which helps them move.
Amoeba have pseudopods, or false feet to help them move.
Flagella~ a long whip-like tail used to move and catch food
Cilia~ Small hair-like projections on the cell membrane of a cell
Pseudopod~finger like projection of the cell membrane and cytoplasm;also means false foot
Protozoan~ a single celled,microscopic animal, such as an amoeba
Fungi are eukaryotic cells with a true nucleus. They include unicellular and multicellular organisms.Most fungi dont move and produce through tiny spores.
How do they differ from plants and protists?
Plant-like protists are autotrophs and don't photosynthesize. They differ from plants by lacking chloroplasts and don't photosynthesize. Fungi also don't produce oxygen because they are decomposers.
How do they like to live?
Fungi absorb nutrients from living or dead organic matter that they grow on.
How can fungi help and hurt other organisms and people?
Fungi can be helpful to us humans by it being edible, like the mushrooms we eat. We also use fungi to make some of the produts we use everyday, like, yeast to make our bread rise, soy sauce, and cheese! But fungi can also be very harmful to us. It can cause diseases like athletes foot.
Hyphae~Long strands that allow the fungi to obtain nutrients
Fruiting Body~ The spores of the fungus
Spore~The part in which the fungus reproduces
Lichen~ Algae living with fungi