by Mary Shelley
Student/Teacher Resource Guide
Mrs. Veit, HHS Learning Center
Ms. Olivero, English 10A Teacher
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About the time period… Background
Mary Shelley was born in 1797, after the American and French Revolutions.
Europe was a tense place for fear of potential political revolutions during much of
the period from 17701800. The English upper class feared that the French
Revolution might spill over to their own country. Many felt that change was
necessary to ensure equality among the masses.
Napoleon waged wars, beginning in 1805, making social and class barriers in
England and mainland Europe.
The cries of "liberty, fraternity, and equality," were left on the impressionable
minds of men everywhere. It was thought that man could achieve greater
personal liberty, without the threat of overbearing governments. Men also
reasoned that brotherhood in a common cause — whether it be social, class, or
academic — would lead to a better country and a better government.
England was at war with France from 1793 to 1815.
The English government made deals with other monarchs in Prussia, Russia, and
Austria to keep England from entering into any alliance that might compromise
English control of the high seas. Byron and Shelley felt that the Tory party in
England had not done enough to ensure the freedom of the people at large and
had essentially "gotten in bed" with the more conservative Austrians and Italians.
The Industrial Revolution also gave rise to a new social class in European society,
the middle class. As more businesses moved from home or cottagebased
operations, factories became the next place where conflict would be waged
between the working poor and their employers.
The English government repressed the people at home, fearing a latent
revolution and fearing the liberals in the government who supported social and
economic reforms. Mary Shelley writes about the ideal society where people
aided each other and the less fortunate.
Who is Mary Shelley?
married to Percy Shelley (wellknown English poet)
she was his second wife after Percy’s first wife
her parents were both poets
She was on vacation with her husband, and had a
competition with her husband and his friends to see who could come up with the best
creepy story. She was 19.
wrote some other works that were not as famous as
and some nonfiction
What genre of literature is
and a little
characters are usually in isolation
usually has a creepy castle, woods, house
there is usually a “woman in distress”
has supernatural elements Frankenstein’s supernatural element is based on SCIENCE,
so it is a little different
has intense emotions
Type of narrative…
When a story contains letters it is called…
Vocabulary lick Here
(adj.) regarded as silly; childish or immature
Ex. Freshmen are often
, though from how I’ve seen them behave, they deserve it.
(n.) an official command or instructions from an authority
Ex. The andate
from the president stated that every person needs to go eat broccoli right
(n,) a homeless wanderer
Ex. I became a
, with only a blanket and the clothes on my back to my name.
(v.) to give or present something of value to someone
his convertible upon his son, sincerely hoping that his son wouldn’t crash
and total it.
(adj.) lacking color or spirit
Ex. After I blanched, my face was extremely
(adj.) showing no concern that the other people are or might be hurt or upset
Ex. She was
in leaving the scene of the crime without making sure the bicyclist was
(noun) the state of being provoked to irritability or anxiety
over being constantly teased by her sister finally overcame her, and she
punched her sister in the face.
(noun) someone’s facial expression or general appearance that indicates their mood
Ex. He looked back at us with a ien
(verb) to fade or disappear
Ex. The fog
too early for us to get a delay how sad.
(adj.) incapable of failing
Ex. Lady Macbeth believed their murder plot was
(adj.) offering a political or moral message even though the advice is not needed
tone is quite annoying thanks, but I can make my own decisions.
(adj.) imaginative and impractical
Ex. Some strict parents consider it too
when their children have imaginary friends.
smile always lights up the whole room (awwwww).
Arctic explorer on his way to find a Northwest Passage through the Arctic Ocean from
Russia to the Pacific Ocean. Robert finds Victor Frankenstein near death, listens to his
tale, and records it in letters to his sister Margaret Saville.
Robert's sister. Robert writes to her detailing the events that transpire on the voyage and
Victor's father. He suffers from illness probably brought on from his advanced age and
depression from the events that have happened.
Caroline Beaufort Frankenstein
Victor's mother. Caroline dies of scarlet fever when Victor is 17. Caroline was very
involved in charity work — much like ary Shelley
and her mother Mary Wollestonecraft
— especially for families in poverty.
Creator of the monster. Victor becomes obsessed with the idea of creating the human
form and acts upon it. Immediately after creating the monster, he falls into a depression
and fear. He leaves the school and returns home to his family, only to find tragedy there.
Not fully aware of the consequences of his creating a new human, he spends his entire
life trying to destroy the same creation.
Elizabeth Lavenzahe orphan child taken in by the Frankenstein family and lovingly
raised with Victor. Elizabeth later becomes Victor's wife and is killed by the monster on
their honeymoon. She is a champion for the poor and underpriviledged.
Victor's best friend who helps Victor in his time of need. The monster kills
Henry after Victor breaks his promise of creating a female companion for the monster.
He studies language at the University of Ingolstadt and is totally unaware of Victor's
~In Letter Form~
Robert Walton (voyager, letter writer)
Victor Frankenstein (on a dog sled)
[dead] Victor’s Mother: Caroline
Elizabeth Lavenza (adopted sister)
2 younger brothers
Best Friend of Victor and friend of
Elizabeth: Henry Clerval
Frankenstein Family Tree
(explain how Victor Frankenstein
meets Robert Walton)
This first letter, written on December 11, 17 — , is from
Robert Walton in St. Petersburg, Russia to his sister Mrs. Saville in England. Walton is
on an expedition to look for a passage through the Arctic Ocean to the North Pacific
Ocean via the seas of the North Pole. Knowing the harsh climate and the dangers
involved with making such a passage, he feels confident that a crew and ship will be
found to make the trip, even after six long years of his own preparations. Walton
recounts how he will not sail until June of the next year on his expedition, when the polar
ices have thawed somewhat. Soon, he will travel to Archangel (now Ankhangelsk),
Russia to finalize his plans and hire a ship. He tells his sister that if he succeeds he will
not return in months or years. If he fails, he will be home sooner or never.
Now that he has reached Archangel in March, Robert Walton finds himself lonesome.
He works steadily to ready a ship and crew but yearns for someone like himself to pass
the time. Writing letters to his sister eases the loneliness somewhat, but he desires
friendship. He tries to dismiss thoughts of failure and will perhaps return home via a
different route, a changed man. The captain and lieutenant are possible choices for
Robert's companions, but neither seems to fulfill that role for him.
Now well into his voyage, on July 7 Robert Walton writes to his sister. A ship, namely a
merchantman, returning to Archangel and then England will deliver the letter. Walton's
ship now passes through ice fields and warmer than expected weather. He tells of
normal ship operations in the Arctic Sea but of no incidents that are of significance. He
tells his sister goodbye and tells of how he will succeed.
This letter, written on three separate days (August 5, August 13, and August 19), begins
quietly enough when Walton describes how his ship is stuck in an ice field far from land.
On July 31, the crew sees a man "of gigantic stature" trailing a dog sled team going
north and passing to within onehalf a mile of their ice bound ship. The next morning on
August 1, the crew finds another man floating free on an ice flow near their ship. The
. After a few days rest, Victor begins telling his story to
(throughout the story) Victor Frankenstein
orphan that lives with Frankensteins
Victor Frankenstein is now the main narrator of the story from this point on to Chapter 24. He
begins his story just slightly before his birth. His father, although as of yet unnamed, is
Alphonse Frankenstein, who was involved heavily in the affairs of his country and thus delayed
marriage until late in life. Alphonse quits public life to become a father and husband.
Victor's father and Mr. Beaufort, his mother Caroline's father, had a congenial relationship. Mr.
Beaufort and his daughter move from Geneva to Lucerne, Switzerland to seek refuge from
poverty and a damaged reputation. Alphonse sets out to aid his lost friend to "begin the world
again through his credit and assistance."
While in Lucerne, Beaufort had saved a small amount of money and had recovered his reputation
somewhat, but he became ill and within a few months had died. When Alphonse finds the
Beaufort home, he discovers an impoverished Caroline grieving at her father's coffin. Alphonse
gives his friend a decent burial and sends Caroline to his family in Geneva to recover. During a
twoyear period, Alphonse visits Caroline and they eventually became husband and wife.
Seeking a better climate, the couple moves to Italy for a short period. During this time, Victor
was born and lavished with attention. He was their only child for five years until Caroline comes
across an impoverished family in need of help. She falls for a beautiful little girl who is Victor's
age and asks the family if she could adopt her. The little girl,
, becomes Victor's
adopted cousin and playmate.
Around the age of seven,
Victor younger brother is born. Up to this point, he
Elizabeth have been the primary receivers of their parents' love. Their parents
decide to settle down in Geneva to concentrate on raising their family.
Victor introduces his lifelong friend Henry Clerval, a creative child who studies literature
At the age of 13, Victor discovers the works of Cornelius Agrippa, Paracelsus, and
Albertus Magnus, all alchemists from an earlier age. His voracious appetite for
knowledge thus begins, and eventually leads him to study science and alchemy. At age
15, Victor witnesses an electrical storm that peaks his interest in electricity and possible
applications for its use.
Caroline Frankenstein (dies of Scarlet Fever)
M. Krempe (professor)
Victor is now 17 years old and ready to become a student at the University of Ingolstadt in
Ingolstadt, Germany (near Munich), but an outbreak of scarlet fever at home delays his
departure. His mother and "cousin" both fight the disease; Caroline Beaufort Frankenstein dies,
Elizabeth recovers. Before Caroline dies, she reveals her unrealized plans for the marriage
of Victor and Elizabeth by saying, "my firmest hopes of the future happiness were placed on the
prospect of your union."
Elizabeth becomes the family caretaker upon Caroline's death. Victor finds it hard to say
goodbye to his family and dear friend, but he sets out for Ingolstadt to begin his studies in
Victor meets his mentors, Professor M. Krempe and Professor M. Waldman, at the university.
He does not like Krempe, but he does find Waldman a much more conducive and congenial
“Two years passed in this manner, during which I paid no visit to Geneva, but
was engaged, heart and soul, in the pursuit of some discoveries which I
hoped to make. None but those who have experienced them can conceive of
the enticements of science” (Shelley 51).
Why didn’t Frankenstein go home for two whole years?
● he was in school at the University and devoted so much time to studying he
didn’t have time to go home
What does this tell us about Frankenstein?
● he is extremely passionate and driven by his quest for knowledge and
desire to learn
What might not seeing his family for so long do to
Frankenstein? OR What other activities could people get wrapped up in
so much that they don’t go home?
● He could lose his connection with reality and with the people that keep him
“grounded” in life.
“Whence, I often asked myself, did the principle of life proceed? It was a bold
question, and one which has ever been considered as a mystery; yet with how
many things are we upon the brink of becoming acquainted, if cowardice or
carelessness did not restrain our inquiries” (Shelley 51).
What was Frankenstein’s main scientific goal to find out?
● where did life come from?
● How did life begin?
If he thinks that cowardice and carelessness restrained
discoveries, how can we tell Frankenstein is going to try to act?
● he is going to be bold about his science and will not be held back by being
cowardly which would cause him to act too cautious
[Experiential] hy might Frankenstein want to find the answer to this
question? What are some options?
● he may want to bring back his dead mother
● he may want to try and live longer himself
“Learn from me, if not by my precepts, at least by my example, how
dangerous is the acquirement of knowledge and how much happier
that man is who believes his native town to be the world, than he who
aspires to become greater than his nature will allow” (Shelley 53).
[Literal] hat is being warned about in this passage?
● acquiring knowledge
[Interpretive] ow might Victor have come to the realization that
knowledge is dangerous?
● he could see the mistakes he made and learned that he needed to cool it a
little when he was searching for more and more knowledge
[Experiential] hy might knowledge be dangerous?
● a person may learn too much and wish he/she could unlearn the
Victor throws himself into his schoolwork, reading all he can about the sciences, particularly
chemistry. Gaining a reputation as a scientist and innovator among the professors and fellow
students alike. Believing his tenure at Ingolstadt was nearing an end, Victor thinks of returning
home to Geneva. However, he launches into a new venue of scientific experimentation —
creating life from death and reanimating a dead body.
Visiting morgues and cemeteries for the necessary body parts, Victor fails several times before
successfully bringing his creation to life. His work does take its toll on him, affecting his health
and powers of judgment. This gruesome work carries on through the spring, summer, and fall of
Victor lives for his work and throws himself into his pursuit so much that he shuts off all contact
with the outside world. In the second summer Victor loses touch with his family. Letters from
home go unanswered for long periods of time, and he delays sending a message home as to his
health or well being.
Victor succeeds in bringing his creation, an eightfoot man, to life in November of his second
year. Excited and disgusted at "the onster
" he had created, he runs from the apartment.
He wanders the streets of Ingolstadt until Henry Clerval finds him in poor condition. Henry had
come to see about his friend and to enroll at the university. Henry and Victor return to Victor's
apartment to find the monster gone. Victor finds the disappearance of his monster a source of
joy and falls down in a fit of exhaustion from the release of anxiety over his creation. Henry
spends the rest of the winter and spring nursing Victor back to health after the tumultuous fall.
Henry advises Victor to write home, as a letter had recently arrived from his family in Geneva.
Elizabeth letter is the kind one would expect from a concerned family member. It is full of
news from home that delights
Victor and restores him to better health. Elizabeth tells of
Moritz Frankenstein's housekeeper and confidant. Even though Justine was treated poorly
by her own family, she is a martyr for being a good, loyal friend to the Frankenstein family.
Victor introduces Henry to his professors, who praise Victor highly. Victor and Henry begin their
studies together, studying ancient and foreign languages in order to engage their minds. Both
men are happy to be hardworking college students.
Plans are made for Victor to return to Geneva in the fall, after his spring recovery, but weather
and other delays make the trip impossible, and winter sets in. He revises his plans to depart in
William Frankenstein (sort of)
Victor receives a letter from his father telling him to return home immediately. William, the
youngest in the family, has been murdered by strangulation. The family were out on an evening
stroll near their home when the young boy ran ahead of the group. He was later found "stretched
on the grass livid and motionless; the print of the murderer's finger was on his neck." Missing
was a locket that
had given William of their mother.
When Victor arrives at the city gates, they are closed, so he must remain outside the city in
Secheron until the gates are reopened at dawn. It is at this time that he realizes that he had
been gone six years from home and that two years have passed since the creation of his
While near Secheron, on Mont Blanc, Victor catches a glimpse of the monster between flashes
of lightning. Having a nagging feeling that the murder of his little brother could be the handiwork
of his monster, Victor questions, "Could he be (I shuddered at the conception) the murderer of
my brother?" The monster disappears when he realizes that he has been seen by his creator.
Now fully believing that his creation murdered William, Victor knows that he cannot reveal the
source of the crime without some serious inquiry about his creation. Thus, Victor is torn between
revealing the monster and risking inquisition on his past or letting the criminal justice system
free the accused.
Finally at home, Victor engages in a conversation with his family. He learns that
accused of the murder with circumstantial evidence. He relays his assertion of Justine's
innocence and states that she will be found not guilty. His words reassure Elizabeth in a time of
The trial for
Justine Moritz begins at 11:00 the next morning.
Victor suffers silent torture while the
entire scene plays out in front of him. Yet, he can do nothing to stop it. Justine carries herself
calmly at the trial, answering the charges and getting a sterling defense from
Justine proclaims her innocence, she is convicted of the crime. Her sentence is to die by
hanging the following day.
Elizabeth and Victor go to see Justine in prison where both learn that Justine had given a false
confession under stiff questioning. Justine goes to her death with no fear, leaving Victor to
ponder the deaths of two innocent victims.
finds no relief at the end of
's trial. Haunted by the thoughts of how he ruined so
many lives, he cannot sleep or rest. He sinks into a deep depression from which he cannot
escape. He tries boating on Lake Geneva and a trip into the Swiss Mountains. He escapes to
the Chamounix valley region to rest and recover his senses.
takes a tour of a nearby mountain and glacier on Mount Montanvert to refresh his tortured
soul. While on the glacier, the onster
confronts his maker. Victor seems ready to engage in a
combat to the death, but the monster convinces Victor to listen to his story. The two go to the
monster's squalid hut on the mountain, and the monster begins to tell his tale.
the monster (he is now the narrator)
DeLacey family; Felix, Agatha, and father
During Chapters 1116 the onster
is the narrator and begins to tell his tale to
monster begins his story by recalling his earliest memories and how he came to be. After fleeing
the city and villages where he is not welcomed, the monster learns to live in the forest. Food is
sometimes stolen, and shelter is scarce. He does manage to find a "hovel" attached to a small
cottage. He fashions a way to see into the cottage and begins to observe the life of the De
Lacey family — brother Felix, sister Agatha, and their blind father — who lives in the small
notices the care and concern the family has for each other, and he senses that
there is a mood of despair among the younger family members. The family suffers from poverty
and a lack of food. Originally a welltodo family from France, the De Lacey's have been exiled
from France to Germany. The monster learns the French language from the family and practices
those words by himself. Desiring to keep his cottagers happy, the monster becomes an aid to
the family by secretly hauling wood to the cottage and performing repairs, all under the cover of
darkness. He begins to follow a routine of daily activity and time passes from winter to spring.
relates how Felix reunites with his lost love, Safie, a woman of Turkish descent.
Felix had rescued Safie's father from death in France and had placed her in the protection of a
convent of nuns. She arrives in Germany just barely literate. Felix is overjoyed to see her again.
Safie makes an earnest attempt to learn the De Lacey's language, which benefits the monster in
learning a language as well. While listening to the conversations in the house, the monster gets
a brief but memorable lesson in the history of Europe. Content in his hiding place, he calls the
De Lacey family his "protectors."
The De Lacey family history is told through this chapter. The onster
tells that the family was
once well regarded in France with wealth and social position. Felix aides Safie's father in a plot
to subvert the biased French justice system and free the Turkish merchant from death on the
gallows. The discovery of the plot by the French authorities causes the ruin of the De Lacey
family, as the government confiscates the De Lacey's wealth for their aid in the escape of
Safie's father. Safie also must endure her own trials to find her benefactors in a foreign country.
REVIEW Chapters 11-14
What confused the creature at first?
he was on sensory overload. Everything was new and scary.
When he was wandering around, what made the creature feel less
knew and comprehended nothing; he didn’t remember much about
What happened when the creature tried to make sounds?
he tried to imitate a bird
he scared himself because it was not the pleasant sound that was coming from
the birds he was hearing
How did the creature learn about fire?
by sticking his hand in a fire
he was cold, so he tried to stick his hand somewhere that was warm
How did the first person that saw the creature react?
he freaks out
What happened when the creature came across a village?
they ran him out of town with weapons
some people run away, but the ones that stay react violently
What made the creature feel “a mixture of pain and pleasure” at the cottage?
seeing a family together
he sees a girl, boy, and an old man (the father)
they were playing music and began crying and hugging; the creature feels pain
because he is lonely
Why didn’t he go up to the family in the cottage?
he remembered how people reacted the last time he tried to talk to people
he didn’t want to scare them
The old man in the cottage was…
Why did the creature chop wood for the cottagers?
he was inspired by their kindness to each other
they were living in poverty and they didn’t have a lot so he wanted to help them
How did the creature start to learn language?
listening to the cottagers talk
he hung out outside their house; eventually he figured out what they were talking
about by repetition of seeing and hearing them
What did we learn about the creature from his encounters with the cottagers?
he can empathize
he never says he “loves” the family, but he can understand them and wants them
to be happy
What filled the creature with bitter “despondence and mortification”?
his own reflection was horrifying
How did spring affect his mood?
made him feel hopeful (like Victor)
cheered him up (like Victor)
“spirits were elevated” by nature
Does anything about the creature so far indicate his murderous
future? - poll
Is he going to approach the cottagers? Will it go well? - poll
The onster begins his own education, reading the books and notes that he found in
jacket in the nearby woods. In the jacket pocket are Milton's
Illustrious Greeks and Romans nd Goethe's
Sorrows of Werter. The list is a virtual required
reading list of books that are all influenced by the
movement in England.
Plutarch compares and contrasts the lives of Greek and Roman statesmen or soldiers for
historical perspective. Goethe's work is a novel of letters written by a youth who is very
sensitive and steadfast, who kills himself after being so uncompromising and idealistic. Milton's
book is about the creation story and Adam, which causes the monster to question his own
creation and place in the world. Finally, the monster discovers Victor's own notebooks, which
explain how the monster came into existence. The monster is both intrigued and horrified at
learning how he came into existence.
The monster also sees that his "adopted family" is doing better with the arrival of Safie.
The onster and
Victor are caught up to each other in time by the end of this chapter. This
chapter is pivotal in that it blends the two sides into one story.
The monster sees his family leave their cottage, so he burns it down and goes to live off of the
land. His travels carry him near Geneva, where he meets William Frankenstein, Victor's
youngest brother. Realizing who the boy is, the monster murders the child and plants the locket
's dress pocket. The monster's final request from Victor is to create him a mate.
Further REVIEW… Chapters 13-16
Name one of the questions that the creature kept asking himself.
Where did I come from?
What was the creature’s reaction to books?
he interpreted everything literally
How did the creature find out about Victor Frankenstein?
he read the journal that was in the pocket of the coat he had taken before he left Victor
How did the creature plan to meet the cottagers?
he hoped they would not freak out when they met him
What did the creature do after the cottagers fled?
he set the cottage on fire
not on purpose at first, but afterward he felt vindicated
What happened when the creature tried to save a girl from drowning?
the girl’s father thought he was trying to hurt her and he shot the creature
Why did the creature originally approach Victor’s brother William?
he wanted to be his friend and thought he could make him his friend
he ended up strangling William after he finds out he is related to his creator, Victor
Why did he plan the portrait on Justine?
to frame Justine for the murder of William
What is the creature’s request of Victor?
Victor would make a companion for him so he will not be alone
The monster and
Victor finish their conversation in a hut on the slopes of Montanvert.
This important chapter is where the monster confronts his maker with an all or nothing
proposition:"make me a mate or I will destroy you." He convinces Victor to once again
recreate the process first used on the monster. Victor sees the monster's point of view
and agrees to create a mate for the monster.
Why should Victor listen to the monster’s request?
because the monster may go away
How does Victor know if the monster will actually go live up in the
mountains after getting a mate?
he may have to just trust him
Why is Victor insecure when he goes back to his house?
the creature said he is going to keep coming back to check on
him and see if he is doing what he said he is going to do
Back in Geneva,
Victor begins to study how he will create a second onster wants
to know the latest developments in the scientific community. He recovers himself and
tells his father that he wishes to go to London on a tour. He promises his father that
upon his return he will marry Elizabeth. In September, he leaves Geneva, travels
through France to Germany, Holland, and then London. His best friend Henry Clerval
accompanies Victor on his journey. The two arrive in London during the late days of
“I expressed a wish to visit England, but concealing the true reasons of this request.”
“I confess my son that I have always looked forward to your marriage with our dear Elizabeth.”
Why doesn’t Victor want to marry Elizabeth right now?
protect her from the monster
conceal the fact he is creating another monster
Why would Victor want to go to England?
he figured the creature would follow him and it would keep his
Why would Victor bring up Henry while talking about nature?
“Clerval had a wild and fantastic imagination… his friendship was
Henry is the FOIL of Victor- he is the opposite of Victor
and Henry spend the winter in London, touring that city and making plans to visit
the rest of England. The visit delights Henry, while Victor broods and only visits the
philosophers who have the latest scientific information. The two go to Oxford, and a
friend invites them to visit Scotland. Here, Victor suggests they part ways; he carries on
with his plan, unknown to Henry, and fixes upon a poor, relatively uninhabited island in
the Orkney Island chain. Here, Victor can finish his work in solitude and out of sight of
anyone who may suspect his intentions. He gathers the latest information about the
advances in his field but remains a depressed soul with the thought of what he must do
again. To Victor, this whole odyssey is like torture, as he must gather the raw materials
for a second creature. Henry is not aware of Victor's determined efforts and carries out
his part of the tour with joy.
Victor sets about his work, creating a second female onster
. After following Victor and
Henry through mainland Europe and England, the monster comes near Victor's
workshop in Scotland to see his mate. In a fit of anger and guilt, Victor destroys the
halffinished creation in front of the monster and tells the monster he will not continue.
The threat the monster makes is an ominous one:"I shall be with you on your
weddingnight." The monster then disappears into the night.
Victor now contemplates who will be the creature's next victim. He receives a letter from
Henry Clerval urging him to come back to London to begin planning a journey to India.
Victor rushes to leave his island within two days, once he dismantles the laboratory and
hides the remains. He sets out in a boat around 2:00 or 3:00 a.m. to dispose of the
remaining body parts. Once the task is complete, he lays down in the boat to rest when
the rising sun and wind awaken him.
A storm pushes the sailboat out to sea, and Victor finds himself in a dire situation. He
fabricates a sail from his own clothes to steer him toward a town near shore. Surprised
to find the local folk hostile towards him, he asks, "Surely it is not the custom of
Englishmen to receive strangers so inhospitably." A man answers "it is the custom of the
Irish to hate villains." Victor is immediately taken into custody, accused of murder, and
sent to the local magistrate, Mr. Kirwin, to await sentencing. Victor goes along
“Remember that I have power; you believe yourself miserable, but I can make you so wretched
that you are even more miserable.”
Who do you think the creature will kill on the wedding night and why?
Elizabeth because Victor is the one that is telling the story
- The monster would want to make Victor as miserable as possible
Why is the reason that Victor destroyed the companion creature?
he didn’t think it was right to make something else that would be
How does the creature react to not having the companion?
he is angry and sad because he is still going to be lonely
A body has washed ashore; the method of death is familiar, the black marks of fingers
on the neck. Since
appears around this same time, several people put him near
the scene of a crime even though he had not been present. At least two witnesses saw a
large creature deposit the body of Henry Clerval on the beach and leave.
Mr. Kirwin, the local magistrate, suggests that the whole entourage go to see the body.
Victor becomes violently ill and passes two months near death:"The human frame could
no longer support the agonies that I endured, and I was carried out of the room in strong
convulsions." Victor is held in prison, and Kirwin sends a nurse and doctor to return him
to good health.
At the trial, Kirwin offers a spirited defense of Victor and manages to secure Victor's
release when the court learns of Victor's residence on the Orkney Islands. The time of
the murder and Victor's presence in his lab in the Orkney's proves that he did not
commit the crime.
Alphonse takes Victor home. The pair travel from Ireland to Le Harve, France and
overland to Paris for a brief stay.
and Alphonse travel from Le Harve, France to Paris. They rest a few days in Paris
before continuing on to Geneva.
sends a letter to Victor asking if he has
another love. When he arrives in Geneva, he assures her that he is ready to marry her.
Ten days after his return home, Victor marries Elizabeth. Knowing that the threat made
by the onster
still hangs over him, Victor leaves on his honeymoon not sure whether
the monster will carry out his evil plan.
is prowling the halls of the inn where the couple was living, the onster
makes good on his threat to Victor, enters their bedroom, and strangles
shoots at the monster when he flees, but the monster gets away without being wounded.
When Alphonse learns of Elizabeth's death, he is overcome with grief and dies. Victor
goes to a local magistrate and tells the entire story to him. With the local authorities
hamstrung as to what their action should be, Victor sets off in search of the monster to
leaves Geneva forever, goaded on by the onster
's laughter. A chase ensues as
Victor tries to capture and kill the creature who has tormented him for several years.
Victor chases the monster from Geneva south to the Mediterranean Sea. Both board a
ship bound for the Black Sea, journey through Russia, and make their way north to the
The weather gets worse as the duo travels north. There is little or no food and fierce
winter storms. The monster steals a dog sled team and is seen by local villagers to be
armed and dangerous. Victor closes to within one mile of the monster when the ice on
which both travel begins to crack and separate the two from each other.
It is at this time when Robert Walton finds Victor, with his dying dog team dogs floating
on an ice flow in the Arctic Ocean. Victor encourages Robert to continue the fight to
destroy the monster if he does not.