cuadorian society similar to many other societies has failed to eradicate racial discrimination, as demonstrated by the survey on racism and racial discrimination carried out in 2004, where 65% of the respondents admitted that the Ecuadorian people are racist. Afro-Ecuadorians are the biggest victims of racism (88%), followed by Indians (71%)
Racism is a system of power that gives privileges to the population that has been considered as "superior" and they marginalize spaces to people of African descent and indigenous peoples. Racial discrimination is any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference on the basis of descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the object or result by nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise under conditions of equality, of human rights. Racism and racial discrimination operate jointly.
Racial discrimination is experienced individually to see us prevented from exercising our rights for being different, and when the needs of all and all are not handled properly from the State, we are facing structural discrimination evidenced in social indicators. Thus, unemployment for Afro-Ecuadorians in the year 2007 and 2009 was 1.5 times larger than the unemployment in the mestizo population.
Additionally, the report objectives of development of the Millennium, State of it situation people Afro 2007, says that there is a close relationship between poverty and ethnicity, it poverty is emphasizes in Afro-Ecuadorian and indigenous.