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Dietary changes for Elderly  Subgroup 4
Learning objectives At the end of this session, the learner will be able to   1. State the importance of diabetic diet. 2....
Statistic Review
Causes of DM
Consequences of uncontrolled blood sugar level  Slow wound healing Blindness  Amputation
Importance of appropriate diet                  Improve blood sugar control Decrease the risk of diabetes-related complica...
Eat well, live well.
Drinks                      Replace sweetened drinks with water Make an option of less sugar or sugar free  Coke zero  Fre...
Low salt and processed food  Low salt
Food groups
Carbohydrates     bowl of brown rice  1 large potato  2 slices of wholemeal bread     bowl of brown rice beehoon  4 pieces...
Simple vs Complex Carbohydrates Simple carbohydrates  Glucose Complex carbohydrates   fibre
Protein  Eg  beef, lamb, pork, duck   exotic meat.  Red meat vs White meat  Eg  chicken, fish,
Protein  2 glasses of reduced-fat milk  1 palm-sized piece of chicken breast  Cooked pulses  peas, beans, lentils   1 palm...
Fruits  1 small apple  1 small orange  1 wedges of watermelon  1 medium banana     cup of dried fruit  10 grapes
Vegetables               100g raw non-leafy vegetables    mug  cooked vegetables  100g     plate  cooked vegetables  100g ...
Slices of avocado  1-2 tsp of vegetable oil  23 almonds  Fat     Use skimmed or semi-skimmed milk and other low-fat dairy ...
Nutritional Label Low Fat Milk
Oats  Biscuits
How to make healthier choices when eating out       Choose ethnic restaurants such as Thai, Japanese  sushi , that have lo...
Overeating  Undereating  Hyperglycemia  Hypoglycemia  Blood glucose higher than the normal range  Blood glucose lower than...
My diet diary Breakfast   Lunch   Dinner   AM Tea time  if any    PM Tea time  if any
Normal sugar level for diabetic patient   Ministry of Health Singapore, 2017
Immediate action if you encounter   .  Hyperglycemia Go to A E Insulin  DKA
Immediate action if you encounter   .  Hypoglycemia -  Eat 3 sweets  not sugar free    Water  3 teaspoon of sugar -     cu...
References Cleveland Clinic.  2018 . Nutrition Basics for People with Diabetes. Retrieved from  https   my.clevelandclinic...
References Ministry of Health Singapore.  2018 . Whole Grains - The Wise Choice . Retrieved from  https   www.healthhub.sg...