Children and care
In this task I will be discussing and going over many reasons of why children go into care. I will be discussing the routes that children and the parents go through to get into care, that will be including the Children's Act 1989 and 2004. This is also covering the Section Act 20 and the Section 31 and I will be discussing the differences between the two acts and how they both play a role in why and how children go into care.
Children Act 1989/2004
First of all I am going to be discussing the Children's Act 1989/2004, these acts are in place to protect children are safe and living in a safe healthy environment and consider the welfare of all the children in the local area. If the local authority do decide to take the children and place them in care for some reason this is know as ‘looked after’. For example James is 6 and is living at home with his single mum (Kelly) who has recently got a boyfriend (Karl)who now visits most nights at their home. Karl is a drug addict and alcoholic and James has currently seen his mum change, her behaviour has rapidly changed and she is becoming very aggressive, James thinks that his mum is taking drugs like her boyfriend and is becoming very scared. James feels that some time soon she is going to hit him as she is very loud and has a lot of aggression in her voice when she shouts at James for even just coming out of his room and so that is where he stays as he is very scared now. It has got to the point where he doesn't get any sleep from the loud music coming from downstairs at night so he doesn't want to go to school however then after school James is too scared to come home. James recently told a teacher that he is scared of going home and now the local authority are onto the case, they have recently inspected James’ house and feel that it is a very very unsafe environment for James to live in, James also showed a teacher his mum has actually gripped him or hit him. There are drugs and drug wrappers everywhere in the living room and kitchen along with many bottles of vodka and cider. The house is clear that they have been smoking and not open any windows and the air is thick full of smoke and the smell is dreadful. The local authority have now decided to take James and they feel that it is an awful environment for his as he is only 6 to live in and he is even scared of coming out of his own room in his own home. With this Act they can take James and place him in care where he will be safe. This can also come under section 31 Act, which i will talk about next.
actually gripped him or hit him. there are drugs and drug wrappers everywhere in the living room and kitchen along with many bottles of vodka and cider. The house is clear that they have been smoking and not open any windows and the air is thick full of smoke and the smell is dreadful. The local authority have now decided to take James and they feel that it is an awful environment for his as he is only 6 to live in and he is even scared of coming out of his own room in his own home. With this Act they can take James and place him in care where he will be safe. This can also come under section 31 Act, which i will talk about next.
Section 20 and Section 31
There are two routes into care care, the first being section 20. This is where the parent has to give consent for the child to go into care unless the parent has died or in hospital where they are unable to give consent. The second Act is Section 31, this is where the local authority have complete control to just take the children as they fell they are not safe and at risk, they have parental responsibilities. The difference between these two acts are that in section 20 is is up to the parents to decide whether they can go into care and then the local authority can agree to that, however in section 31 the parents have no say or control. If the local authority feels that the children are a risk in danger or not an safe environment they are in complete control to remove the children from that environment and pace them into care. In James’ case his section 31 is really helpful as otherwise James mum may not have notice how her behaviour was affecting him and so if the local authorities left it up to his mum to decide whether he goes into care she may have said no and then James Would be stuck in environment he doesn’t feel safe and loved. However this act has helped James a the local authority have noticed how much danger he is in and what an unhealthy environment he is living in and have placed him into care where is a lot happier.
Section 20 and Section 31
However is isn't always the parents or family fault why children go into care sometime it is the child's fault, for example behavioural needs and the risks. A child can be very abusive toward their family, for example if your a single vulnerable mum and have an abusive teenage boy them i’m sure he would not be nice There are many reasons why children may go into care, family related reasons may be bereavement, this means death so for example if a child such as 5 is living at home with a single mum and doesn’t have any close family and she passes way then that child will be placed in care as there is no one to take care of that child. Also other reasons such as parental illness or parental incapacity, this means if the parents are taking drugs or alcohol and so are unable to look after a child properly and safely. May also be suspected or actual maltreatment, in other word abuse, if a child is getting hit or in anyway hurt physically that is a concern and the child should be removed.
to lie with, it would be awful and so by him going into care may calm him down and he could have counselling, that way his mum would be a lot happier and she wouldn't be getting hit and knowing her on would be getting the help he needs and he is in a good place. Another reason may be learning difficulties such as down syndrome or autism, at birth a parent doesn't know how a child will turn out and so if someone does have a child with down syndrome that parent may find it very difficult to cope and support that child as they do need attention a lot of the time
and special care looking after them. However if that does get too much for the parent you often find they go into care.
This can also fit in with having a disability,again that child will need a lot of rest bite and special attention and looking after that the parent may not be able to provide. You also find that ‘2% are taken into care primarily because of their own socially unacceptable behaviour’
Such as committing crimes or getting into fights. Parents feel it’s best for them to go into care as then the family re out of danger and hopeful they can get help and support they need to calm them down and get them back on track and getting out of trouble.. Finally health problems may be an issue such as self harm and mental health, these can cause effects to the whole family and they may feel it's best for them to go into care as they are unable to provide their child with the best and right support they canto help them. They will then get the best support they can and hopefully overcome their problems.
Gathering all this information I found it very interesting seeing how children go into care and I have learnt a lot of new things I never before such as how many ways children can get into care and also the section and children Acts. It’s very interesting to see how many different ways children can get into care and how the Acts can change the ways.I do find it sad looking at how many children do go into care and thinking of some of the reason listed above of why they go, for example a child having a disability. I can't imagine how that child is feeling, they must feel so unwanted and lonely because they and help being disabled or having a disability but then their parents have put them into care because they cannot give that child the best support and help them, must be awful and so horrible, however it the best option if the parent cannot support them.