Scrapbook Project
Brianna Kibbee
This image displays the battles that happened during Lexington and Concord in 1775.
The tension started when the British declared the Stamp, Sugar and Townshend Act
that forced Colonists to pay unneeded tax for items and goods. When the colonists
found out British troops were marching into Concord to take Samuel Adams and John
Hancock captive, Paul Revere and William Dawes went on the journey from Lexington
to Concord to warn locals and the minutemen to flee. When British troops appeared in
Lexington they came face to face with militiamen and had a momentary brawl with brief
repercussions. As the British reached Concord they decided to burn military stores and
that decision almost burned the whole town down. When British troops returned to
Boston fighting soonley began and they retreated with heavy casualties. After the
battles it marked the start of campaigning for independence.
This picture illustrates the battle of Bunker Hill exchanged in 1775. Knowing the British
were going to send in troops from Boston to hold down the Breed’s hill Colonel
Prescott’s troops had an advantage because they built forts earlier at Breed’s Hill. A day
later the British forces came into Boston trying to drive them off Breed’s hill but failed
the first two times. The third time the British obtained a win over the Americans because
they were low on ammunition. But in the long run the Americans succeeded in winning
the battle at Breed’s hill because it gave them a boost of courage and bravery for the
later battles they were yet to face.
This image portrays the Invasion of Canada that happened in 1775. The frustration
began with the passing of the Quebec act that allowed Roman Catholics religious
freedom and with that their territory expanded onto the Ohio valley. This was relevant to
the battle of Lexington that was in early 1775, shortly the American rebels and most of
the Canadian people joined together as allies. Soon, American Richard Montgomery led
the capture of forts Ticonderoga and Crown point. On the way to seize Montreal he fled
to Quebec joining forces with Benedict Arnold who both then attacked Quebec but were
defeated in battle.They later withdrew back to fort Ticonderoga
.
This document portrays the Olive Branch petition that was established in 1775. The
petition was made up by the second continental congress as well as John Dickinson
and was sent out to King George lll. It conveyed his concern for why colonist and Britain
should restore relations. It was the last opportunity to protest the war for independence
yet to come. When congress saw Dickinson’s concerns they felt the same way, as they
tried to reach out to the king and discuss their concerns but the king overlooked the
appeal. Even though, the king refused the approval of the petition it later led to Thomas
Paine's publication of “Common Sense” that would then follow the Declaration of
Independence.
This document published in 1776 paved the way for the Declaration of independence
and the forthcoming of a democratic republic. Thomas Paine developed the paper which
is known as “Common Sense”, it created a way for citizens and political leaders to see
things from the same perspective by the style which Paine wrote it. Paine wrote it in a
simple literary style so everyone could understand the nature of politics in the same
way. The paper argued why they should no longer be connected to Britain because they
weren’t loyal to them anymore. He also proposed a new way government should be
viewed.
The Declaration of the thirteen colonies was made on July 4, 1776. The declaration was
made up mainly by Thomas Jefferson, John Adams Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman
and Robert Livingston. This committee of five men represented the colonies need for
independence from Britain. The declaration was meant to show Britain that “All men are
created equal” and should be given the same rights and equal government they
deserve. In the document it states why they want independence, why they should be
given the consent of which government they want, why the king is the main cause of
their problems and the results that will come from their independence.
This image portrays the battle of Trenton and Princeton in 1776-1777. Since the British
were driving the Continental army out of New York General Washington decided to try
an attack on Hessian at Trenton. General Rall acquired many warnings but ignored
them, when he realized they were coming he tried to regroup his soldiers but failed.
Washington then surrendered, soon later Washington got word that General Cornwallis
was on their way to Princeton and made a hasty decision to try and overthrow them at
Trenton. During the battle Cornwallis presumed they won, but was yet to find out
Washington escaped towards Princeton. By holding victories over Trenton and
Princeton
brought
confidence
into the
Continental army and lead more men into joining it.
This image represents the battles of Oriskany and Saratoga that was planned by the
British in 1777. General Burgoyne planed the defeat of Americans by marching into
Lake Champlain while Colonial Leger would guide an army from Canada to Oswego
and then into Albany. Then, General Howe would proceed from New York to Albany.
Americans learned about Legers attack and reported it to General Herkimer who
repeatedly launched attacks on Leger but failed in conquering him. A few weeks later
Leger was overthrown by Benedict Arnold. General Burgoyne attained a victory over the
Americans but then cost him a defeat a few days later. This then led to the
acknowledgement for colonists to become an ally with France called the Treaty of
Alliance.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JHu6yTDflL4
John Green speaks about the Articles of Confederation from 1781-1787and the
indication of the Constitution later after. The Articles of Confederation was a type of
government were 13 states had a vote and would then decide on an executive decision
based on the matter. Demanding taxes was one of the major restrictions that caused
riots like Shay’s rebellion and drove the states into debt. They could however declare
war and conduct foreign affairs Delegates eventually saw the articles were useless and
met in 1787 to rewrite them which is now called the Constitution. The Great compromise
allowed the government to have House of Representatives and the Senate for serving
states populations. Federalism is government’s power that is divided into national and
state government.
The Treaty of Paris was published in 1783. The Treaty of Paris was negotiated between
the United States and Great Britain that ended the French and Indian war and the
American Revolution. The treaty was consulted mostly by Ben Franklin, John Adams
and John Jay after the British defeat in Yorktown. The terms that were followed in this
agreement were that the French had to turn over Canada to the British and surrender its
claims to the lands in North America. The future of this treaty led to more opposition
between American colonies and Great Britain.
The constitution was signed in 1787. The U.S constitution accepted America’s
government and fundamental laws, and allowed them to have basic rights for citizens.
When delegates saw states were operating as a country they formulated The Articles of
Confederation which was the only source of power that the congress had to govern
foreign affairs. Delegates from 13 states meet in Philadelphia to discuss a stronger
government. While debating the constitution they came up with three branches of
government and that slavery shouldn’t be involved in the document. George
Washington was the first to start signing the constitution in 1787 and so on the rest of
the states. The future of this document kept getting modified with more acts getting
passed.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HlUiSBXQHCw
John Green talks about the American Revolution and what’s being suggested in society
at the time at which colonies were treating themselves as a self government. People
think the revolution and the war for independence are the similar but they actually are
the opposite. The two main points brought up in the revolution was property rights and
equality. Men were able to own more land because the government wasn’t able to tax
them for it and costed them less money. Thomas Jefferson's prominent saying “all men
are created equal” was relevant towards non-slaves and people who owned enough
property. Moderate Enlightenment thinkers formed his inalienable rights by life, liberty
and property.
House of Representatives and the Senate for serving states populations. Federalism is
government’s power that is divided into national and state government.
Bibliography:
https://www.landofthebrave.info/treaty-of-paris-1783.htm
http://www.history.com/topics/constitution
http://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/battles-of-trenton-and-princeton
http://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/battle-of-bunker-hill
http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/american-revolution/
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/congress-adopts-olive-branch-petition
https://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/paris.html
http://www.crfcelebrateamerica.org/index.php/story/69-timeline-for-american-independe
nce