The Homestead act is where if you worked on the land for five years you would get to own 160 acres of the land you farmed.
The Transcontinental railroad was a road that streched from the East coast to the west coast of the U.S making it easier to transport goods from place to place.
The Gold rush was a sudden movment to a place where gold had been discoverd. When a miner finds gold it very fastly gets told to the town which is why it called a gold rush. Everyone rushed for gold to get rich.
Exodusters are freedman who left the south to go the west.
There were three inventions that made a diffrence: the windmill,steel plow,and mechanical reaper.The windmill brought scarce water to the surface.The steel plow tilled the hard packed earth.The mechanical reaper would make the harvest easier and faster.
The Great Plains were known as two diffrent names:the Great American Desert,and the Bread Basket. It became good farming land when inventions like the Steel plow,the Windmill,and Mechanical reaper were made.
Buffalos effect on the railroads
The buffalo effected the railroads by trampling the rails which made it hard for people on trains to cross. Men were hired to ride the trains and shoot bison that were trampaling the tracks .
Life for the Native Americans changed for ever. They were forced off their land and put on reservations. It also changed because on the reservation because they had to learn to farm which they did not know how to do.