Have you ever wondered how the Revolutionary War was started? It was started because Great Britain was taxing the colonists. The reason Great Britain started taxing the colonists is they spend tons of money on the French and Indian and they didn't like it one bit. The colonists were especially angry because they had no representative in Parliament.
The French and Indian War
The French and Indian War began in 1754. The war was very difficult for the British for a few years. The Indians were helping the French fight against the British so French knew how to survive in America. But in 1757 the British and colonists were starting to come back. By 1760 the British took all of New France. The French still fought for 3 years but they failed. In 1763 the French agreed to surrender and the British won the war.
However the war put the British in debt. Great Britain decided that they were protecting the colonists so they should help pay. This angered the colonists. Great Britain thought the taxes would pay about half the debt.
The French and Indian War
The Stamp Act
The Stamp Act was a tax that taxed all printed items such as newspapers and legal documents. The colonists had to put stamps on these items to show they paid the tax. The colonist had to buy the stamps from the British government and they refused to pay the tax. They thought they should obey their own legislatures. The representatives from nine colonies held a meeting to write up some complaints against the British government. They asked to take back the law that made the British manufactures unhappy because they can't sell goods to the colonies.
The colonists made this stamp to show Great Britain they didn't like the Stamp Act
The Boston Massacre
The Boston Massacre took place on a freezing day in March 1770. One of the king's soldiers was look for work to earn some extra money. Someone started making fun of him and told him to get a job cleaning toilets. So how do you think the soldier responded? Did he ignore the name calling the way teachers always tell you to do? Of course not! The soldier grew furious and pretty soon there was a fight. Word spread and tension mounted. Shortly after, a mob of mischief-makers gathered in front of the Boston Customs House. They began pushing and shoving the way mobs often do. Even worse, they began throwing stones and pieces of ice at the British troops stationed in front of the customs house. Many of the colonists were armed with heavy clubs. One soldier got knocked down and he called for help. Captain Thomas Preston came to the rescue with eight soldiers.
The mob continued to taunt the redcoats, yelling "Fire! Fire!" They never thought in a million years the British troops would do it. Captain Preston yelled back, "Hold your fire!" But then a British soldier was hit with a big stick. He claimed he heard the words fire so he fired his gun into the crowd. In a state of alarm and confusion, the mob thrust forward. In turn, the redcoats panicked and fired at unarmed people. Five Americans died; seven were wounded. And so, one of the great tragedies in our history began with name calling and snowballs!
The Boston Tea Party .
The Boston Tea Party was a big step to the American Revolution and it happened in 1773. The Tea Party was a result from the colonists complaining the Great Britain that they had to pay taxes. However most taxes were ended except for the Tea Act and there was only one company aloud to sell tea. Some colonies such as New York City and Philadelphia were angry and wouldn't let English ships holding tea unload at their docks but colonies like Massachusetts had to let the ships in because their governor was a loyalist.
The Boston Tea Party was when a bunch of colonists dressed as Mohawk Indians and dumped millions of dollars worth of tea into Boston Harbor. The patriots thought these people were heroes but Great Britain thought they were evil.
Bostonians going onto a boat full of tea and dumping it into Boston Harbor.
The Intolerable Acts
The Intolerable Acts were a group of laws that was punishing the colonists as a result of the Boston tea party. They were meant to only punish Massachusetts but it ended up punishing every colonist in North America.
The first act was they closed Boston Harbor until the colonists paid for the tea. Closing the river affected the colonists because they got most of their money through the river. The second law Great Britain made was they made Massachusetts under military rule. The third act protected British officials from being accused of crime in the colonies. The fourth law is the British soldiers could live in the colonists houses and the colonists didn't have a choice. The fifth law was that the colonists couldn't build west of the 13 colonies because Great Britain didn't want to anger the Indians.
All the events of the American Revolution were caused by Great Britain taxing the colonists because they had to pay a debt because they spent a ton of money on the French and Indian War. After the Intolerable Acts the colonists believed there problem with Great Britain could not be resolved peacefully. The colonists in the war were called Minutemen because they could prepare for a battle in about 1 minute. In April 1775 Great Britain tried to take over Concord and take the colonists supplies for the war but thanks to Paul Revere and William Dawes warning the troops about the British soldiers coming Concord was saved. Before this battle there was a very short battle in Lexington on the way to Concord. The British won the battle of Lexington. After this the second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia, May 1775. They decided that George Washington would be the general of the continental army. He spent months training himself and his troops. The first major battle of the American Revolution was the battle of Bunker Hill. The British took Bunker Hill but they lost so many soldiers that the colonists won the battle.
Before 1776 most colonists didn't want to separate from Great Britain they just wanted Britain to do something about their complaints. But after fighting began most colonists chose to separate. On Jul 4, 1776 the continental congress accepted the Declaration of Independence and America was a country.
The colonists were struggling with the British having better equipment and more soldiers. In the autumn of 1776 the British forced George Washington and his troops out of New York. They drove the patriots through New Jersey and into Pennsylvania. On Christmas Eve Washington and his troops crossed Delaware River and returned to New Jersey. He had 2,400 troops with him and won important battles such as the battle of Trenton and Princeton, New Jersey. Victories like this are what kept the quest for independence going.
The winter of 1777- 1778 were very tuff for the patriots. During this winter Washington and his troops camped at Philadelphia but suffered of illness and hunger. But after the harsh winter of 1777- 1778 were over the patriots came back in the spring. They defeated the British at Monmouth, New Jersey on June 28, 1778.
There were many important battles in the Amrican Revolution. One very important battle was the Battle of Saratoga. It was very important because it was the turning point of the Revolution and this caused the French to help the Patriots by sending them food and supplies. Another important battle was the Battle of Yorktown. This was the last battle of the revolution. The Americans won and Great Britain signed a peace treaty called the Treaty of Paris.