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Trichomoniasis

By Lee Douglas

  • The parasite is transmitted from an infected person to an uninfected person during sex.
  • In women, the most commonly infected part of the body is the lower genital tract
  • In men, the most commonly infected body part is the inside of the penis.
  • During sex, the parasite is usually transmitted from a penis to a vagina, or from a vagina to a penis, but it can also be passed from a vagina to another vagina.
  • It is not common for the parasite to infect other body parts, like the hands, mouth, or anus.
  • It is unclear why some people with the infection get symptoms while others do not, but it probably depends on factors like the person’s age and overall health.
  • Infected people without symptoms can still pass the infection on to others.

How do you get it?

  1. Do a pelvic exam.
  2. Use a cotton swab to take a fluid sample from your vagina to look for the parasite under a microscope.
  3. Do a lab test, such as a DNA test or a fluid culture. A culture tests uses urine or a swab from your vagina.

How do you know if you have it?

  • Trichomoniasis can be cured with a single dose of prescription antibiotic medication (either metronidazole or tinidazole), pills which can be taken by mouth. . Some people who drink alcohol within 24 hours after taking this kind of antibiotic can have uncomfortable side effects.
  • People who have been treated for trichomoniasis can get it again. About 1 in 5 people get infected again within 3 months after treatment.
  • To avoid getting reinfected, make sure that all of your sex partners get treated too, and wait to have sex again until all of your symptoms go away (about a week). Get checked again if your symptoms come back.

 

Can it be cured?

  • Doctor's office
  • One of the many STD treatment centers
  • Family Doctor

Where can you go to get treated?

  • Symptoms continue
  • Increased risk for HIV and AIDS

What happens if you don't get treated?

Questions