In the North, Abraham Lincoln, the president of the United States during that time, and the citizens of the North tried to bring the South back to the Union. The North were people that are part of the Union during the Civil War. They consisted of trying to bring the Southern states back into the Union. The leaders of the North were Abraham Lincoln, the president of the United States, and Ulysses S. Grant, the Union general.
The North consisted with the states of Maine, New York, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, California, Nevada, and Oregon.
The North had advantages and disadvantages that took place during the war. The advantages they had was that they had a larger population than the South. They had more industries that were present due to the Industrial Revolution. They also had more resources than the South to be able to use for the war, a better banking system to help raise money for the war, and they had railroads that helped the Northern citizens to transport from one place to another. The disadvantages they had was that they had to try to bring the Southern states back to the Union, they had to fight in unknown territory occupied with Southern citizens that had high hopes and support for the war.
The Union's goal was to try to get the Southern states to return to the Union. They had five strategies planned in order to win the war. Their first strategy was to blockade the Southern ports to prevent them from receiving money with the cotton they exported. The second strategy was to control the Mississippi River so that it can separate Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas from the Confederacy states and cut the supply lines. The third strategy was to capture Richmond, Virginia, which was the Confederate capital, to disrupt the Confederacy's command lines. The fourth strategy was to shatter Southern civilian morale by capturing and demolishing Atlanta, Savannah and South Carolina, which was the souce of the start of the secession. The fifth strategy was to have a large amount of Northern troops in order to break the spirits of the Confederate Army.
The North had some nicknames that people remembered them as. The North were known as The Union. The Union soldiers were known as the Yankees or Yanks. Another nickname given for the North weas the Blue Bellies and Billy Yanks.