Workplace, Health and Safety
Safety Training and Supervision
In an organisation, having a safe workspace is a crucial part in having a successful business. With having a safe work environment, this will maximise the productivity of employees. Knowing and understanding the Workplace Health and Safety (WHS) laws will help a business avoid unnecessary costs linked with injury or illness. Along with knowing and understanding about the WHS laws will come long-term success to an organisation.
(Australian Government, 2015)
Workplace Health and Safety
Workplace Health and Safety Policies
The areas to include the emergency procedure plan are:
- work layout/location
- the exit point for different areas
- arrangements for raising alarms
- assembly points
- personnel appointed to assume responsibilities during emergencies
- procedures for different types of emergencies
Within Emergency Procedures there are 5 basic emergency situations; violent intruders, bomb threats, chemical spills, fire and medical situations. Within a business it is compulsory to have an Emergency Procedures Plan written to suit their business/organisation. In having an Emergency Procedures Plan it will help with managing the situation without panic and also keeping the situation well controlled.
If there was to be an Emergency Situation within a business, an emergency procedure plan is in place for the safety officer to follow. These plans should be prepared and practiced regularly to make sure everyone on site knows what to do.
(Queensland Government, 2012)
Lockdowns and evacuations are a big part of Emergency Procedures and they should both be conducted regularly to make sure all staff know what to do is a real situations to occur. Lockdowns and evacuations should have two different alarm tones so that the staff know which out of the two are happening. During a drill, whether it be real or a practice run, a safety warden (usually wearing a hard helmet) will have the responsibility of making sure everyone is safe and out of the building and making sure all the correct procedures and protocols are being followed by staff and visitors
At both Aussie World and Dreamworld there are only a certain amount of people allowed on a ride at a time. For example, at Aussie World they have a book next to the control box of the ride where they write down each time how many people get on and how many times the ride is run throughout the day. Evacuations are used when an emergency situation such as a fire occurs. As an example at Aussie World they have two emergency exit points; one outside the Aussie World entrance and the other being over near the Bug Run. Both of these exits lead out to an assembly point where the safety wardens count to make sure everybody is out of the theme park and is safe.
Emergency Procedures within Dream World and Aussie World
Within every business they legally have to provide new employees with safety training. PCBU's have the responsibility to educate new employees and make sure they undertake set tasks appropriately.
Safety Training and Supervision
A safety program should cover:
accident prevention and safety promotion
accident and emergency response
personal protective equipment
equipment and machinery
chemical and hazardous materials safety
Safety and Supervision At Dreamworld and Aussie World
Aussie World have a range of steps in how they train their new employees on safety training and supervision. Dreamworld follows similar steps as well.
An example of Safety Training is when a new employee is being shown how to work all the rides. At Aussie world, a trainee will follow a qualified staff member around and been shown how to operate all the different rides. This happens until the trainee feel comfortable to operate the rides themselves. Once they have to confidence to operate the rides, they will be supervised by a staff member. Once they are capable of operating ALL the rides by themselves with nobody needing to supervise them, the staff member will no longer need to mentor them.
The difference between;
Hazard: anything that has potential to cause injury or harm to an individual.
Risk: is when an individual is within close proximity of a hazard which could lead to the possibility of harm.
An example of a risk within the workplace is:
The HAZARD being a sensor has stopped working
The RISK being when visitors are on the rides an accident could occur.
Risk Management is the main area of Workplace Health and Safety. Within any Organisation,they must have risk management that is current and up to the legal standards. Many risk assessments need to be covered throughout a business to make sure there are no risks or hazards. A PCBU is in charge of making sure all the requirements on the assessment are up to date and reasonable. Risk Management has two main areas within itself: a risk and a hazard.
A risk management plan is made up by a project manager. They are the professionals in-control of making a document that is to help the business to foresee any risks, impacts to the organisation or be able to respond to issues. A business might take into consideration as a risk to be:
a skilled staff member leaves the business
- an accident occurs within the workplace
At Dreamworld and Aussie World there are many risks that can occur, especially because they are theme parks. An important risk that they try to minimise is the rides as they don’t want anything drastic to happen to the visitors. They minimise this risk by having each ride checked every morning and if one little thing is wrong, they will not run the ride until it is looked over and been approved to operate. Safety of visitors is the number one priority for both Aussie World and Dreamworld. They also have Representatives from Workplace Health and Safety come in and check all their rides when needed.
Risk Management At Dreamworld and Aussie World