- Blue Bellies
- National Army
Leaders of the North- George B. McClellan- Union general, headed army of the East
-Ulysses S. Grant- Union commander at Cairo
-David Farragut-Commander of Union Naval Forces, captured New Orleans
-Abraham Lincoln-President during Civil War, launched Emancipation Proclomation
States of the North-Maine, New York, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, Wisconsin,Minnesota, Iowa, California, Nevada, and Oregon
War Aims and Strategies
- War aim of the North in beginning of war was to bring the South back into the Union. Later they realized they could also end slavery.
- Plans for winning the war included blockading or closing the Southern Ports to prevent supplies from reaching the South, gain control of the Mississippi River to divide the Confederacy, and to gain control of Richmond Virginia, the Confederate capital
Strengths and Weaknesses - Advantages were larger population, moe industry, and more abundant resources than the South. Controlled a better banking system, more ships and a vast railroad network.
Weaknesses of the North included invading the South ot hostile territory, subdue a population of millions, and go against the South's spirit of war.
Leaders- Jefferson Davis-Confederate president
-Robert E Lee- Confederate general
-"Stonewall" Jackson- general that faught the enemy like a "stonewall"
War aims and strategies
The primary war aim of the South was to win recognition as an independent country.
Their strategies included holding as much territory as possible, to wait out the North until they get tired, and hope Britain and France would support them.
Strengths and Weaknesses
Strengths of the south included fighting in familiar territory, and the fact that they're defending their land, their homes. and their lifestyle.
Weaknesses included a smaller population of free men, few factories to manufacture weapons ans supplies, produced much less food, and had fewer trains.
States of the South-Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas,Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia
The Secession of multiple Southern states led to Civil War, the Battle of Fort Sumter jumpstarted the ffighting of the War
Dred Scott Decision- stated that Scott would remain a slave, and that slaves had no rights, was considered property and the constitution backed up slavery
Kansas Nebraska Act- Kansas and Nebraska would not be deemed as free states, but instead would use popular sovereignty to decide
Secession Events and Causes of Civil War
The primary reason for the Civil War was the different view-points in slavert coming from the North and the South
"Bleeding Kansas"-refers to all the violence in Kansas between the antislavery-slavery groups and the pro-slavery groups.
Election of 1860- democrats didn't trust the Republicans and their President, Abraham Lincoln, and South Carolina seceded in 1860
- Who was involvded- Major General John Pope of the Union and "Stonewall" Jackson and Lee's army for the Confederates
- When did battle occur- Battle occured August 29th 1862- August 30th 1862
- Where did it occur- The 2nd Battle of Bull Run was at Northern Virginia near the river called Bull Run.
- What happened- "Stonewall" Jackson's forces moved North to attack Genera Pope's supply base at Manassas.They were joined by Lee's army and started the second Battle of Bull Run.
- Outcome- Confederate victory, and know the Confederates were only 20 miles from Washington D.C
Battle of Second Bull Run
- Who was involvded- Joseph Hooker replaced Ambrose Burnside as Union general and Lee and his army for the Confederates
- When did battle occur- Battle of Chancellorsville occured Early May 1862
- Where did it occur- Battle occured at Chancellorsville Virginia, a few miles from Fredericksburg.
- What happened- General Hooker rebuilt the army and set out on a campaign against Lee. Before he had the time to make a major attack Lee struck the Union army. he divided his army in half leaving the second part in control of "Stonewall" Jackson to assault the Union
- Outcome- .Lee's daring move led to another Confederate victory, but with heavy casulaties, including "Stonewall"
Battle of Chancellorsville
Vicksburg stood on a bluff above the Mississippi River. One of the primary goals of the North was to gain total control over the river and they needed Vicksburg to accomplish that goal. General Ulysses S. Grant had laid siege to to the town for weeks and on July 4th, 1863 Vicksburg surrendered. This enabled the Union to control the Mississippi Rivre and iscolated Arkansas, texas, and Louisiana from the Confederacy.
Surrender at Appomattox
Throughout the fall and winter of 1864, General Grant continued the siege on Petersburg. A variety of factors weakened the Confederates and on April 2, 1865 the Confederate line broke and Lee retreated with his troops. Richmond fell the same day. Lee moved his troops west of Richmond hoping to link up with another small Confederate force . Union troops cut him off and on April 9th 1865, Lee and his troops surrendered in Virginia village called Appomattox Court House.
Terms of Surrender
Grant's terms of surrender were generous. They included the Confedrates laying down their arms and them allowing to go home. They were allowed to keep their horses and were given 3 days worth of food to Lee's troops.
Surrender at Appomattox and Terms of Surrender
Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12th, 1809. He was the 16th president of the United States and was also the president during the Civil War. He gave his first presidential inagural address he states, "We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Through passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection." He made the Confedercay make the first move to start the War. Abraham Lincoln did things such as issuing calls for volunteers for the army, appointing and removing generals from the war. Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclomation January 1st, 1863. All slaves held in Confederate territory were free accorind to the Proclomation. Lincoln also allowed African Americans to volunteer for the war. As much as he did for the Civil War, Lincoln did not get to see the end. He was assassinated April 15th 1865 by John Wilkes Booth at a theatre.
Important Person - Abraham Lincoln
Ulysses S. Grant was the most aclaimed Union generals during the American Civil War. His victories at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson were vital to winning the war. These victories also won him the nickname, "unconditional surrender". Another of his victories were at the Battle of Shiloh, and he headed the siege of Vicksburg. Grant's popularity as a famous Union general would later help him become the 18th president of the United States.
Important Person-Ulysses S. Grant