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KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM   MINERALS  ADVANCED CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS CHE-513  INSTRUCTOR  Dr. NAYEF ...
The beginning    Everything must have a beginning.     Copyright Dr. Nayef M. Alsaifi, 2013 All rights reserved  2
Origins of thermodynamics Question   What was the most influential invention mankind ever made  This is a very tough and d...
Origins of thermodynamics     Questions     What is steam engine       Why is steam engine one of the greatest invention  ...
Origins of thermodynamics      Heron   s steam engine      Principal idea  Heat Energy Copyright Dr. Nayef M. Alsaifi, 201...
Heat effects      Familiar effects of heat      Evaporating a liquid     Melting a solid  ice, for example       Un-famili...
Steam engine 2000 years ago  1650-1715  1664-1729  1736-1819  Thomas Savery  Thomas Newcomen  James Watt  1500 years  no i...
Watt   s steam engine In 1769, James watt received a patent for his modification of Newcomen    s steam Engine.  James Wat...
Steam Engine Changed the World     If you are interested in reading about how steam engine changed the world, consult the ...
What has steam engine got to do with thermodynamics   Do we really want to know the history of steam engine to understand ...
Another look at Steam Engine     In 1824, Sadi Carnot, a brilliant young engineer, looked at the steam engine from differe...
The second law of thermodynamics      As a result of Carnot s work, Clausius and Kelvin formulated the second law of therm...
First law of thermodynamics     Besides, the work of the second law of thermodynamics, there was extensive work that had b...
Foundation of thermodynamics      Clausius brought together the first and second laws and built the foundations of thermod...
Foundation of thermodynamics     Therefore, thermodynamics was mainly established based on the combination of two fundamen...
Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics     At the beginning of the twentieth century, another law had been added. This law is relate...
Results of the zeroth, first and second laws Resulting function of state     Zeroth law of thermodynamics  Temperature  T ...
Different equivalent definitions of thermodynamics     Thermodynamics can be defined as      Thermodynamics is the study o...
Why do we need to study chemical Engineering thermodynamics       The purpose of chemical engineering thermodynamics is   ...
Thermodynamic vocabulary  Every science requires a special language because every science has its own ideas.    tienne Bon...
System, Boundary   Surroundings  System   the part of the universe under study.  Boundary   the surface bounding the syste...
Thermodynamic systems An isolated system   A system that doesn t exchange ENERGY  i.e. work or heat  or MATTER with its su...
Thermodynamic properties     Temperature, pressure, energy, entropy, density, molar volume, etc. are called thermodynamic ...
Thermodynamic state of a system In daily life  In thermodynamics  How is his condition  state   Is he sick   System  Butan...
Thermodynamic state of a system      State of the system is the condition of the system which can be specified by pressure...
Thermodynamic state of a system      Before studying any thermodynamic system, it is very important to to answer the follo...
Processes When a thermodynamic system changes from one state to another state , we said that the system undergoes  execute...
Processes  Important   The states that define a thermodynamic process must be in equilibrium  system variables such as tem...
Question 1      Steam Engine converts work to heat  A. True  B. False 29
Question 2      Cars, airplanes and ships etc. can move because of the energy of heat. A. True B. False  30
HEAT CANNOT BE COMPLETELY CONVERTED TO WORK Example   10000 KJ HEAT  Heat Engine   10000 KJ WORK  impossible  Heat engine ...
    A car has been manufactured to take its heat from sun  solar energy , The manufactured company claims that the car cou...
THERMODYNAMICS IS TWO LAWS LITTLE MATHEMATICS  AND  A  This statement doesn t indicate that the Zeroth law of thermodynami...
Thermodynamics is two laws and a little mathematics      Thermodynamics was established based on the first and the second ...
Examples  Question 3      If you consider the water in the kettle as the system, do you think it is  A  A closed system  B...
Examples  Question 4 insulator      If you consider the oil in the thermos as the system, do you think it is  A  A closed ...
Examples  gas  Question 5      If you consider the gas in the tank as a system, do you think it is  A  A closed system  B ...
Question 6  vapor  liquid vapor  liquid     If you consider the vapor and liquid  specified by the red dot-line  as a syst...
Question 7  vapor  liquid vapor  liquid      If you consider the liquid  specified by the red dot-line  as a system, do yo...
Question 8  vapor  liquid vapor  liquid     If you consider the vapor and liquid in the two tanks  specified by the red do...
Question 9      What is specific volume   A  Volume  mass  B  Volume  C  Volume mole  41
Question 10      What is specific internal energy   A  Internal energy mass  B  Internal Energy  C  Internal Energy mole  ...
Question 11      What is molar volume   A  Volume  mass  B  Volume   C  Volume mole 43
Thermodynamic properties  Question 12      Which one is NOT intensive property   A  Specific entropy   B  Molar internal e...
Answers to practice questions   1  B  2  A  3  B  4  C  5  B  6  B  7  B  8  A  9  A  10 A  11  C  12 C  45
Thermodynamic properties  Question 1      Which one is NOT intensive property   A  Specific entropy   B  Molar internal en...
Thermodynamic properties      Important       It is important to know the difference between state and path functions.  Co...
From A to B through two different paths B  Path 2 Height   200 m  Copyright Dr. Nayef M. Alsaifi, 2013 All rights reserved...
Thermodynamic properties      Height  like thermodynamic property  is a point  state  function.     Distance  like heat an...
Chemical thermodynamics vs. Mechanical thermodynamics  Mechanical engineering thermodynamic books look simpler than chemic...