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Down Syndrome Presentation

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Down Syndrome 


By: April and Ryu

What is Down Syndrome?

Down Syndrome is a genetic disorder caused, when abnormal cell division results in extra genetic material from chromosome 21.

What happens to the chromosomes to get there is all because of meiosis, what happens is during cell division one chromosome may not be divided up correctly and will create an identical copy of that pair therefore giving the child 47 chromosomes.

What parts of the body are affected? 

There are many body parts which are affected. Many include the neck, face, muscle tone, and brain deformity. These are just a few misfortunes that people with down syndrome face..

If Face is affected,the nasal bridge is affected as well as the tongue. The nasal bridge being affected may cause difficulty breathing. A protruding tongue may cause some difficulty chewing and may provide some discomfort in the mouth.

The heart will not beat as well as an average human and people with down syndrome have increased risk for heart diseases.

Neck length may provide difficulty for breathing and can cause serious risks which include diabetes, Blood pressure risks, as well as obesity. 

How this disorder is inherited:

  • ~Yes, this disorder is sex-linked, meaning it is created through sexual reproduction 
  • ~On chromosome 21, there is a copy of the male or female trait, which makes 2 of the same traits on one chromosome 

  • ~This trait is recessive, meaning it doesn’t happen all the time (Not genetically related through charts) 

 

How the disorder is treated: 

Self-care: 

  • ~Physical exercise 

  • ~Special education 

Therapies:

  • ~Speech therapy 

  • ~Support group

  • ~Occupational therapy 

  • ~Physical therapy 

How the disorder is diagnosed:

Tests: 

  • ~Chorionic Villus Sampling 

  • ~Amniocentesis 

~Possible genetic counselling  

How many and what type of people are likely to have the disorder?

  • ~1 in 700 babies are born with down syndrome  

  • ~6,000 babies are born with down syndrome per year 

  • ~Is most common between the ages of 0 and 40 

New information!

~In 2015, there was a show created based on the lives of kids and young adults with down syndrome! It focuses on helping them learn to live normal lives and do everyday things that people do. This show is on A&E and is called Born This Way! -April