The astonishing country of England
By: Arielle Lvovsky
Look What Came From England
The Beefeater costume is worn by the royal guards named the Yeomen Warriors. The costume contains of the colors red and gold, they were also included with designs. An extremely memorable part of the costume are the hats with feathers all over. The word beefeater comes from the french word buffetier which were the guards that protected the Palace of French Kings. Beefeater is likely to have originated from the time when Yeomen Warders guarded the city of London and were paid part of their salary with chunks of beef.
Beefeater Costume front view
In England there are many diverse uniforms, history ideas & designers for fashion compared to other countries. Some of the world's known fashion ideas come from England. Fashion designers each brought different perspectives to England and other countries.
while in mourning
Vivienne Westwood brang modern punk clothing to England. She became famous in the late 1970’s because her outfits shaped the early punk rock movement. Paul Smith made a classic twist with time-honored styling. One thing that people admire him for is his simplicity in men's clothing. Victoria Beckham is the wife of football (soccer) star David Beckham. Known for wearing enjoyable clothing she designs confident clothing with a clarity and pop of color. Kelly Osbourne is the daughter of british rock star Ozzy Osbourne. Producing a fashion line she calls Calle Stiletto Killers inspired by rock, she designs tees, hats, hoodies and sweatpants.
There are a various amount of historic things that inspired new fashion for the world. One of them where the Flapper Girls. They started the fashion of daring outfits that reflected new freedoms that the women were gaining. Another important perception was started by Queen Victoria. Queen Victoria introduced wearing black while in mourning. She was sad after the death of her husband, Prince Albert so she dressed the whole court in black. While she was queen women in mourning weren’t allowed to leave the house without wearing full black attire and a weeping veil.
Shrove Tuesday or Pancake Day is when you get to pig out a couple of days after christmas but before the 40 day fast called Lent. You celebrate Pancake Day the day before Lent because you have to eat a whole lot of food before the long fast. Households would traditionally use up the their eggs, milk and sugar by making dozens of appetizing pancakes. They would also hold pancake races where contestants toss pancakes in a frying pan while running to the finish line hoping that they’ll win the pancake race. Shrove Tuesday started long ago in the 12 century but the practice almost died in the 1835 when the Highways Act was started and banned playing games or any activities at all on the streets.
In England there are an abounding amount of holidays and festivals that are celebrated. These holidays and festivals are enjoyable for everybody! When they’re over you can’t wait until the next one! Here are three important and fun filled holidays and festivals.
The women racing while baking pancakes
The summer solstice is a celebration of the longest day and the longest night of the whole entire year. In Wiltshire, England an ancient monument of Stonehenge stands as a famous and amazing structure. People all over England come to the Stonehenge to see the beautiful view of the summer mornings sunrise that marks the beginning of the solstice because the monument faces the northeast, which is the way that the sun rises.
St.George killing the dragon
St.George's Day is an crucial day to the people of England because it celebrates the history and folk tales of a roman solider. The roman soldier named St.George is a hero to England because he saved a princess by killing a dragon. St.George is the patron of England because of he is the savior of the princess and he represents honosty, bravery and gallantly, courageous behavior. You could see St.George's cross in events that include folk dancing. St.George's day isn’t a bank holiday even though it is a national holiday.
The lawnmower was built in the year of 1827, by Edwin Beard Budding. Edwin grew up in Stroud, England and became an engineer. He got inspired to create the lawn mower after he went to the local cloth mill and saw a machine which used a cutting cylinder to trim the lopsided tug from the woolen cloth to give a soft & straight looking image. His lawn mower was made to only cut and trim the lawn on important fields and expensive homes. Since he first created the lawn mower sports that are played on fields were given an enormous boost. Machines that were built for the use of cutting or trimming grass were actually based off of Edwin's lawn mower and revised on.
An illustration of the lawnmower that Edwin made
Many unusual and unique things were first invented in England. Some of the most compelling are the lawnmower, chocolate bar and the toothbrush. Have you ever wondered why these three things were invented? Well here is the answer to that question and many more.
The brand logo that made the very first chocalte bar
The toothbrush was invented in the year of 1770 by William Addis. Handles of the toothbrushes were carved out of cattle bone and the brush portion was made out of swine bristles like the version of the Babylonians made in Egypt but the design was more modern than the ancient times. William Addis was imprisoned for causing a riot. When he was in prison he decided compose a method to prevent his teeth from rotting. He crushed shell, saved his bone from dinner, drilled holes into it and glued some bristles that he got from a prison guard to make the toothbrush. When he was released from jail he made a business that produced toothbrushes that he had built to the world. After making toothbrushes he became a rich man and left his business to his eldest son.
The chocolate bar was created in the year of 1847 by Joseph Fry. Joseph Fry’s great-grandson found a way to mix cocoa butter into cocoa powder with sugar to produce a paste that could be molded & shaped. People fell in love with the idea of chocolate in a hard molded shape. In the year of 1893 the Columbian Exposition, World's Fair held in Chicago, Illinois presented the chocolate bars that people in other countries had just began to hear of. The bars of chocolate were noticed by Milton S. Hershey, who made caramel saw the love for chocolate in a bar. Milton S. Hershey, who later on created the hershey factory brand that almost all kids know and love was introduced to chocolate by the germans who started producing chocolate bars after learning how to make them by the people of England. Before the chocolate bar was created people all over the world consumed chocolate as a drink.
The design of William Morris
There are many arts in the world such as acting, singing, dancing and arts such as sculpturing and paintings, along with crafts that families make. The word craft originated in England and meant strength and skill. Art is very important to people in England because they want to remember people who have made a big change, by using new art skills.
In the 1900’s there was an Arts & Crafts Movement. The arts and crafts movement was placed in England to start making traditional craftwork more romantic and exclusive. Products that were produced would be made by smaller companies instead of larger corperations. Many essentials such as jewelry, weaving, books, enamelling, metal work & ceramics, floral fabric and ornamental objects were influenced by the work of William Morris, who believed in simplicity, good design and craft work.
The arts and crafts exhibitation ticket
The body of visual arts was introduced by the English people, in England. In the Neolithic period English men started producing paintings that were landscaped. Medieval paintings that the British made were all very religious. Their paintings had a powerful effect on the other countries in Europe. Paintings that they made were landscape and consisted of nature and portraits of well recognized & remembered people.
Little children have been making and playing with crafts since over a century in England. These crafts are named chachkas from the yiddish word meaning knicknacks. An interesting craft that families in England made were teacup candles. Teacup candles are teacups with dried and melted candle wax inside them. Families thought it was cute because people in England love tea and candles.
A landscape painting that Themistolkes von Eckenbrecher
Fuzzy felt is a toy that children of all ages over 3 enjoy playing with. It’s an uncomplicated game that is was created by Lois Allen in World War ll. Lois Allen wanted to create a toy that children would love to play with during the hard times. With felt shapes that are made in many different sizes children have the enjoyment of playing for a long while. Included with many sets, kids have a countless amount of settings to choose from.
Children playing French Elastic
French elastic is a game that includes a long piece of elastic, and at least more than 3 children. First you need to get that long piece of elastic and tie the ends of it to make a loop. When you’re done with that 2 children need to be standing inside the loop, so that they are stretching the loop around their ankles, to the thighs and the waist. Then the third person does many jumps saying rhymes. A rhyme that is children chant are:
“Chocolate cake, when you bake,
How many minutes will you take?
One, two, three, four.”
On one you have to jump up into the air and get your left foot on the outside of the elastic and your right foot on the inside of the elastic. On two you have to jump up into the air and get onto the ground with both of your feet in the inner of the loop. On three you have to jump into the air and get both your feet on the outer side of the loop. On four you have to jump into the air and land sideways to the elastic with your left foot on top of the back elastic in front of the front elastic.
Famous People That Made a Difference
There are several royal members that made a difference to England in many ways. But there are also people that started off basic lives the turn into spectacular ones. Some people that made a difference in England's history are Queen Elizabeth, William Shakespeare and Queen Victoria.
Elizabeth was born in Greenwich, England on the 7th of September in the year of 1533. She was growing up as a royal princess until she turned 25 years old and became queen. Virgin Queen was her nickname because she chose not to marry. Queen Elizabeth called for the Act of Supremacy which re-established the Church of England during the war against France. She took a modest approach to the disagreement in religion in England because the Roman Catholicism religion was starting to take over England & Wales. Being queen for 44 years, Elizabeth went to heaven on March 24, 1603.
Lyle, Garry. Let's visit England. Rev. and repr. London, England ; : Burke, 1985.
An introduction to the geography, history, economy, government, people, and culture
of the country whose geographic advantages has always made it "the most prosperous
and closely settled part of Great Britain.".
Quennell, Marjorie. A history of everyday things in England,. [Rev. by Peter Quennell].
London, : B.T. Batsford;, [1965-67, v.1 1966].
Here are some other resources to help you learn about England:
Organizations & Websites
Find ideas for family holidays, short breaks and days out
Arts Council England
Arts Council England is the national development agency for the arts in England
England facts, famous natives, landforms, latitude, longitude, maps, symbols, timeline
Look What Didn't Come From England
Folks may think that english muffins come from England, but they don’t. English muffins were actually first made by a man that came from England, but he immigrated to New York City, New York, so the english muffins come from america. Tea is english people's favorite drink, even though it wasn’t first created in England. China is the first known country to have tea around, from all the way back in the third millennium A.D.
People assume that objects with the name of a group of people or a country automatically means that the object comes from that certain country. Sometimes that may be true, but other times that is likely not to be accurate.