Step 2: Teach Lesson
Remind the student that an idiom is an expression or phrase that uses familiar words to mean something different than they usually
do. Write the following sentence on the board and discuss the underlined expression:
After Grace lost the race, her coach told me to keep her chin up and think ahead to her next competition.
In what situation does the coach use the expression? (Grace just lost a race.) Picture someone with their chin down and
someone with their chin up. Which person probably feels sadder? (the person with their chin down) What do you think the
idiom means? (cheer up)
List and discuss the idioms below as well as others the student suggest. Help the student make connections between the imagery of
some of the expressions and their meanings. Help the student decide which, if any, of the expressions are slang, regional idioms, or
get the hang of
it money talks
off the hook
don’t bet the farm on it
pay through the nose
thinks she’s all that
throwing a hissy fit
where there’s smoke there’s fire
Have the student describe a scenario that matches one of the idioms.
Distribute the Student Page “Understanding Idioms.” Have students use context and their own experiences to write the meaning of
the underlined idiom in each example. Then have them use three of the idioms in sentences of their own.
(Meanings: 1. calm down 2. agree 3. get mad 4. cheat or trick you 5. doing way too much 6. kidding you 7. stalling instead of getting
to the point. Items 8-10: Students’ sentences will vary.)