3. Mapping the Republic of Letters http://republicofletters.stanford.edu/
Mapping the Republic of Letters is a collaborative, international project which started at
Stanford University. The purpose of the project was to produce a map of this network through
the development of sophisticated visualization tools. It also aimed to establish a source
documenting early scholarship or early research. Some questions this project sought to
answer were: What did this network look like? Was it as extensive as we believe? How did
this network evolve over time? By combining the geographical data, historical events,
personal relationships and social data, this project showed how ideas travelled across the
world. For example, you can read up about John Locke and his networks of correspondence.
John Lock was an English philosopher and doctor, and regarded as one of the most influential
of Enlightenment thinkers.
In the 17
century, Locke wrote over 3000 letters to individuals throughout England, France,
the Netherlands and other countries. He wrote about medicine, education, psychology and
news of the day. Mapping the Republic of Letters shows the communities that Locke
communicated with and shows the connections within those communities. Locke wrote to
religious leaders, scientists, doctors, astronomers and just about anyone else.
Week 9 Quiz 4:
The Atlantic Slave Trade in Two Minutes
The Atlantic Slave Trade in Two Minutes gives details about the 12.5 million Africans who
were forcefully taken, transported and then forced into slavery in Europe and the Americas
from 1500 until 1870. This fascinating project presents maps that have detailed information
including: how many slaves were sold; where they were taken; length of the journey, etc.
This animation illustrates the journeys of nearly 20,528 voyages within a 315 year time
frame, within 2 minutes!
Click on the project and read through the web page. Click Pause (at the top). Move your
computer mouse to a country in West Africa which was involved in the Slave Trade. For
example, the Portuguese ship, The Ligeiro, left Nigeria in 1820 with 389 slaves and arrived in
Brazil with 353 slaves. We can imagine what happened to those 36 slaves. For example, The
NS da Regla left Cacheu (today’s Guinea-Bissau) in 1608 with 236 slaves and arrived in the
Spanish West Indies (today’s Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico) with 167 slaves.
Choose a ship, a country, and a year. Write a paragraph on what you found (Name of ship,
country of departure and country of arrival, number of slaves at departure and number of
slaves at arrival and any other detailed information you can find). What do you think
happened to the slaves during the long journey? Then, reflect on your learning by answering
these questions: What is your opinion about this website? Describe your thoughts as you
were reading and collecting information on slavery. How could this project be implemented
in Namibia? How would you go about it? You are only allowed to submit 1 time per quiz.