Islamic Art and Architecture

Islam Art and Architecture

 

By Victoria Alexander

Geometric Design-Islamic ban on figurative art encouraged artists to create own signature patterns

  • best known is complex star pattern which is seen in every region of Islamic world
  • patterns might be incised onto walls, formed into mosaics, or built out of latticework 
  • geometric patterns influenced by Arabian mathematicians interested in geometry
  • repitition of shapes represents infinity 

Pattern Decoration- same as geometric design 

  • Islamic ban on figurative art encouraged artists to create own signature patterns
  • best known is complex star pattern which is seen in every region of Islamic world
  • patterns might be incised onto walls, formed into mosaics, or built out of latticework 
  • geometric patterns influenced by Arabian mathematicians interested in geometry
  • repitition of shapes represents infinity 

Architecture- mosaics depicting scrolling vines and flowers, jewels, and crowns in greens, blues, and gold 

  • interior walls have stone mosaics that depict crowns, fantastic plants, realistic trees, and even empty towns
  • Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem and the great Mosque of Damascus used the Syrian cut-stone technique of building and popularized the use of the dome
  • wealth of carved and molded stucco decoration, sculptured stone reliefs, and figural fresco paintings

Calligraphy- figurative art was forbidden by the Hadith

  • calligraphy was a natural choice when decorating religious architecture 
  • quotes the Quran and other texts or convey blessings upon someone who gave orders about a textile or ceramic
  • six types of calligraphy, ranging from angular kufic script to ornate muhaqqaq script