Civil War Book

The American Civil War was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865, to determine the survival of the United States of America as it defeated the bid for independence by the breakaway Confederate States of America.

 

D'Mico Lacy

Some of the North's strengths were they had a larger population, more industry, and more abundant resources than the south. It also had a better banking system, that helped raise money for the war. The North also possessed more ships and had a larger and more efficient railway network.

Some very important people that made history for the North are Frederick Douglass, Clara Barton, Chief Justice Roger Taney, Abraham Lincoln, and Ulysses S. Grant

One of the North's major war aims was bring the Southern states back into the union. The North also wanted to close Southern Ports to prevent supplies from reaching the South. They wanted to gain control of the Mississippi River to cut Southern supply lines. Lastly, they planned to take control of Richmond, Virginia. 

The States in he Union included Maine, New York, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, California, Nevada, and Oregon.

Some of the North's weaknesses were, They were fighting in an unfamiliar territory (the South), the South had better military leadership than the North, and the South had a large pool of officers fighting for them.

North Page 

One of the South's weaknesses is that they had alot less people than the North.  They also had no way to get supplies because the North blockaded Southern ports.

One of the South's strengths was they got to fight in a familair territory since they got to fight in the South.

The states in the Confederacy at that time included South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas. 

The Confederacy had very basic war aims. Their main war aim was to win recognition as an independent nation.

Some very important people who fought with the south were Mary Todd Lincoln, Robert E. Lee, William Stone, John Smith, Jefferson Davis, Stonewall Jackson, Nathan Bedford.

South Page

A Couple other events that lead up to the civil war were The 1820 Missouri Compromise, 1831 Nat Turner's Rebellion, The Compromise of 1850, 1854-1861 Bleeding Kansas,  1860 Abraham Lincoln's election, and 1861 The Battle of Fort Sumter.

One of the secession events were the Supreme Court decision that angered Northern anti-slavery forces and escalated tensions leading to secession and war.

The main causes of the Civil War were unfair taxation, states' rights, and the slavery issue. Many Southerners were upset about these issues so they listed these for war.

Seccession Events and Causes of the Civil war

 

It occured on April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861

 The battle of Fort Sumter was the surrender of Fort Sumter, near Charleston, South Carolina, that started the American Civil War. Following declarations of secession by seven Southern states, South Carolina demanded that the US Army abandon its facilities in Charleston Harbor. 

Battle of Fort Sumter

 

General P.G.T. Beauregard was involved in this battle and helped his side win.

 

The Battle of Fort Sumter was near Charleston, South Carolina.

 

It was fought on July 21, 1861

Battle of First Bull Run

General Irvin McDowell was involded in this battle.

 

  The Battle of First Bull Run was the first major battle of the American Civil War. The Confederacy won, shocking the North. 

The Battle of First Bull Run was fought in Prince William County, Virginia, near the city of Manassas, not far from Washington, D.C.

It occured from February 11 to February 16 , 1862.

 

The Union capture of the Confederate fort near the Tennessee-Kentucky border opened the Cumberland River, an important avenue for the invasion of the South. 

Ulysses S. Grant was involved with this Battle.

Battle of Fort Donelson 

The Battle of Fort Donelson was fought in the Western Theater of the American Civil War.

 

It was fought on March 8 and March 9, 1862 

The battle was a part of the effort of the Confederacy to break the Union blockade, which had cut off Virginia's largest cities, Norfolk and Richmond, from international trade.

Louis M. Goldsborough and Franklin Buchanan were the involved leaders in this war.

Battle of Hampton Roads

It was fought over two days in Hampton Roads, a roadstead in Virginia where the Elizabeth and Nansemond rivers meet the James River just before it enters Chesapeake Bay next to the city of Norfolk.

 

It was fought on April 6 and April 7, 1862 

Battle of Shiloh

Generals Albert Sidney Johnston and Pierre G. T. Beauregard were the two leaders involved.

 Union army under moved by way of the Tennessee River deep into Tennessee and was settled at Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee on the west bank of the river, where Confederate forces under  launched a surprise attack on Grant's army.

The Battle of Shiloh, also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, was a major battle in the Western Theater of theAmerican Civil War in southwestern Tennessee.

 

It was fought on July 21, 1861.

It was the peak of an offensive campaign carried bys Army of Northern Virginia against Union Maj. Gen. John Pope's Army of Virginia, and a battle of much larger scale and numbers than the First Battle of Bull Run on the same ground.

Battle of the Second Bull Run

Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee was involved in this battle'

 

It was fought on September 17, 1862 

The leaders of the Battle of Antietam were Robert E. Lee and George B. McCellan

Battle of Antietam

The Battle of Antietam was fought in Sharpsburg, Maryland and Washington County, Maryland.

 

It was fought from December 11, 1862 - December 15, 1862 

 . The Union Army's futile frontal attacks on December 13 against Confederate defenders on the heights behind the city is remembered as one of the most one-sided battles of the American Civil War, with Union casualties more than twice as heavy as those suffered by the Confederates.

The fight was between General Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and the Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by Major General Ambrose Burnside

Battle of Fredricksburg

The Battle of Fredericksburg was fought in and around Fredericksburg, Virginia.

 

It was fought from April 30, 1863 - May 6, 1863

 

The Battle of Chancellorsville was a major battle of the American Civil War, and the principal engagement of the Chancellorsville Campaign. This battle is widely considered to be Confederate General Robert E. Lee's greatest victory during the American Civil War.

Robert E. Lee was the winning Confederate General in this battle.

Battle of Chancellorsville 

The Battle of Chancellorsville was fought in Spotsylvania, Virginia, near the village of Chancellorsville.

The assault happemed in May and June of 1863

Assault on Vicksburg

On July 4,Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged siege operations.

Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's armies converged on Vicksburg.

It happened in Mississippi

The Battle of Gettysburg was fought July 1-3, 1863

 

Union Maj. General George Meade's Army of the Potomac defeated attacks by Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, ending Lee's attempt to invade the North.

Robert E. Lee and George Meade were the leaders of this battle.

Battle of Gettysburg

The Battle was fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War.

 

Robert E. Lee, commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, surrendered his blockaded Confederate forces to Ulysses S. Grant and the Union Army.  Lee's army, after the fall of Richmond and Petersburg, had been attempting to escape to the west so that he could link up with another Confederate army under Joseph E. Johnston.  Unfortunately for the Army of Northern Virginia, the fast moving Union Army of the Potomac positioned itself to cut off Lee's mess of an army as it moved towards Lynchburg, Virginia.

 

This occured on April 9, 1865

Surrender at Appomattox & Terms of Surrender

Abraham Lincoln was a very important person that was part of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Before the  , Lincoln declared South Carolina's secession illegal and pledged to go to war to protect the federal union in 1861.

Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln was married to Mary Todd Lincoln and had four children. His children´s names were William Wallace Lincoln, Robert Todd Lincoln, Tad Lincoln, Edward Baker Lincoln.

Abraham Lincoln Belonged to the Union.

Jefferson Davis was a very important part of the Civil War. Jefferson Finis Davis was an American politician who was a U.S. Representative and Senator from Mississippi, the 23rd U.S. Secretary of War, and the President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. He was born on June 3, 1808 and he died on December 6, 1889. He had 6 children, he had 2 wives, and he had 9 siblings. 

In the Civil War Jefferson Davis was a MexicanWar hero, U.S. senator from Mississippi, U.S. secretary of war and president of the Confederate States of America for the duration of the American Civil War.

Jefferson Davis

 

Although the Union army required that soldiers be at least 18 years old, many of the soldiers were under 18. Young boys often joined the army as drummer boys or bugle boys. They also helped to do chores around the army campsites. Officially these young boys didn't fight, but once a battle began many entered the fighting. One ten year old boy named Johnny Clem became famous when he put down his drum during the Battle of Shiloh, picked up a gun, and shot a colonel of the Confederate army.

With so many men gone to war, women had to take up new jobs. They worked the fields on farms and at factories producing goods for the armies. Some women served as nurses in the army, helping wounded soldiers recover. Women had to work very hard to provide for their families. Often not only their husbands were at war, but also their older sons and fathers.

Many poor men thought that fighting in the army was an opportunity for adventure and excitement. This seemed much better than the drudgery of the hard work of everyday life. They soon found out that war was both boring and terrifying.

Life during the Civil War

When the Civil War started, living conditions became even more difficult for the average American. Many of the men joined the army or were drafted. The women were left at home to work the farm or to find jobs and support the family on their own.

The American Civil War lasted for just four years, from 1861  - 1865 and it is often also known as the War Between the States. It was the event where 11 Southern States that supported Slavery declared their succession from the United States, and announced the Formation of the Confederate States of America.

The results were to demolish state's rights and create centralized power in D.C.

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