Learn about the most Important Battles that Occurred in the Civil War

 

By: Trung Vu

Civil War: a war between the regions of the same country

 

The Amercan Civil War: a war between the northern and southern states of the United States

The Civil War 

 

April 12, 1861- May 9, 1865 

Sources:

 

558

572

573

574

Strengths

The North had many strengths. They had a large population and more industry. They also had more resources and a good banking system. Another strength is that the North had more ships and railroads. Their best strength was Abraham Lincoln.

 

 

Leaders and Nicknames

 

  • President Abraham Lincoln
  • General George McClellan
  • General William Tecumseh Sherman
  • called Yankees

 

 

States

California, Oregon, Kansas, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Pennslyvania, New York, Vermont, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Maine, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware

North (Union)

 

 

Goals and Strategies

The goal of the North was to bring the states back together. To achieve this, they would first need to blockade the southerners' ports. Then they would need to gain control of the Mississippi River. Finally, they would need to take over the Confederate capital. 

 

Weaknesses

The North's weakness was that they had to invade the South and fight in foreign territory. They also had to fight very confident people.

 

 

 

 

Leaders and Nicknames

 

  • President Jefferson Davis of the Confederacy
  • General Robert E. Lee
  • called Rebels

 

Sources:

 

558

572

573

574

Strengths

 The strengths of the South was that they fought in familiar territory and had high military experience.

 

States

 

Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina, Virginia, South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas

South (Confederacy)

 

 

Goals and Strategies

The goal of the South was to become recognized that they were an independent nation so they can preserve their way of life. Their strategy was to defend although they sometimes went on the offensive. The South was waiting for Britian and France to help them as well.

Weaknesses

The South had many weaknesses. They had a low population and few factories. They also had less food and low government power. Another weakness was that the South had less maneuverability since they only had a few railroad tracks and trains.

Causes of the Civil War

 

 The first action that concluded into the Civil War was the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act. This act called that all citizens needed to report a runaway slave. If a citizen didn't, he or she would face punishment. The passage of this act increased the seperation of the North and South. The second thing that caused the Civil War was the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. Now known as the worst act passed by Congress, this act introduced the idea of popular sovereignty. It also told the northerners that compromise with the South was no longer possible. The next event that triggered the Civil War was the "Bleeding Kansas" incident. This event is called "Bleeding Kansas" because when John Brown along with his sons and a few men killed five proslavery men, people in Kansas started to kill eachother. This was all for decision of making Kansas a slavery or nonslavery state and angered many to all proslavery people. Another incident that influenced the Civil War was the Brooks-Sumner Incident. In this incident, representative Preston Brooks repeatedly hit senator Charles Sumner in the head. This greatly increased the hostility between the North and the South and didn't allow Sumner to return to Congress until many years later due to injuries. Following the Preston-Brooks Incident was the Dred Scott Decision. The Dred Scott decision was a decision made by the supreme court's Chief of Justice, Roger B. Taney, that said that former slave Dred Scott was still a slave. He also said that Scott had no rights, the Constitution protected slavery, and that popular sovereignty was unconstitutioal. This event, known as "the greatest crime" ever commited, seperated the North and the South even more. After this was the raid on Harper's Ferry. This raid was led by John Brown. His goal was to raid an arsenal and arm slaves with his 18 men. Before he could complete his task of arming slaves willing to rebel that was funded by a group of abolitionist, John was stopped and soon executed. This event angered the North who believed that John was a hero and made the South worried of attack. The last straw was pulled in the election of 1860. When Lincoln became the next president with 40% of the popular vote, the South seceded. They feared that Lincoln would ban slavery in the new territories and feared of slave revolts. After Lincoln gave his inaugural address and said that the states must stay united, Fort Sumter was raided. This marked the beginning of the Civil War.

Seccesion Events

and

Causes of the Civil War

 

Secession:

 

Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, and Arkansas joined the Confederacy after the Fort Sumter attack.

 

Texas, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, and Louisiana seceded before the Fort Sumter attack.

Sources:

 

534, 553, 544,

555-558, 547,

571, and 550

Battle of Fort Sumter

What

 

At 4:30 a.m, Confederate guns opened fire on the fort. The fort did not retaliate until two hours later because they were low on amunition. Even when they did, the fort didn't fire as many shots so they can save amunition. The fort held its ground for 34 hours until it surrendered.

Why

 

Fort Sumter was in Confederate territory and could of been a threat to the South.

Where & When

 

The battle of Fort Sumter occured from April 12 to April 14 in 1861. It occured at a fort that was built to defend the Charleston harbor.

Winner & Outcome

 

 The battle ended with a Confederate victory. Suprisingly, there were no casualties on both sides. The battle increased the morale of the South.

North

 

  •  Major Robert Anderson
  • 80 men

 

 

South

 

  •  P.G.T Beauregard
  • 500 men

 

Sources:

http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/fort-sumter.html?tab=facts

 558-559

Battle of First Bull Run

What

 

Union forces first attacked by shelling the Confederate forces across the river at Sudley Ford. The goal of the Union was to defeat the left flank of the Confederate army. Over the next two hours, the Union forces pushed the Confederates back with Union congressmen watching. The Confederates ordered for more and more troops and at 4 p.m, both sides had about 18,000 men. With the combined forces of the original troops, General Johnston's troops, and General Beauregard's troops, the Confederates attacked back. The Confederates charged and gave a battlecry that scared the Union troops. The Confederates managed to break through the Union line and caused them to retreat. Running into the watchers, the Union army and watchers retreated in chaos.

Why

 

President Abraham Lincoln wanted to open a way to Richmond so that he can bring a quick end to the war.

Where & When

 

 This battle occured on July 21, 1861 at Manassas Junction, Virginia. This location was near the Bull Run river and the battle was observed by the townsfolk.

 

Winner & Outcome

 

The battle ended with a Confederate victory. There were 3,000 casualties on the Union side and 1,750 on the Confederate side. After the battle, General McDowell got fired since he didn't pursue and both sides realized that the war will take a long time.

North

 

  •  General McDowell
  • 35,000 men

 

 

South

 

  • General Thomas Jackson
  • 20,000 men
  • General Beauregar

Sources:

 577

http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/first-battle-of-bull-run

 

Battle of Fort Donelson

What

 

After the destruction of Forts Henry and Heiman, Union forces had a straight path to Fort Donelson. Unfortunately, weather was poor so the Union forces got to the fort later than expected. With Union forces blocking their escape, Confederates knew that they had to fight to get free. On the 14th, Union ironclads collided with Confederate heavy artillery leading to a Union defeat. With boosted spirits, the Confederate troops attacked the Union left and caused much damage. Instead of pressing the attack more, the Confederates withdrew. Grant then told the Union left to go and attack the Confederates. Union forces easily took a huge amount of territory. The Confederates now knew that surrender was their only choice. Before the surrender, Generals Floyd and Pillow and some calvalrymen escaped from the fort. The 13,000 remaining forces surrendered the next morning.

Why

 

Union forces wanted to get rid of Confederate defensive positions so that they can secure the Tennessee river and have an open path to Tennessee, Mississippi, and Alabama.

Where & When

 

This battle occured at Stewart County Tennessee from February 11 to February 16. This location was nearby Cumberland River.

 

 

Winner & Outcome

 

This battle ended with a Union victory. There were 2,691 casualties for the Union and 13,846 for the Confederates. This battle boosted the spirits of the north. A quote from General Grant said, "No terms except unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted."

North

 

  • Andrew Hull Foote
  • Ulysses S. Grant
  • 24,531 men

 

South

 

  • Gideon J. Pillow
  • John Buchanan Floyd
  • Simon B. Buckner
  • 16,171 men

Sources:

 579

http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/fort-donelson.html?tab=facts

 

Battle of Hampton Roads

What

 

 At 2 p.m on March 8, 1862, the CSS Virginia, rammed the USS Cumberland and made it sink. The Virginia then fired at the nearby USS Congress and made it surrender at 4 p.m. During the surrender, the Confederate general got shot in the arm and required medical attention. The Union's ironclad, the USS Monitor, then came the next morning and when the CSS Virginia resumed attack, the Monitor attacked. Both ironclads fought eachother for a long time but neither fell. The battle ended when the Virginia retreated due to a lack of ammunition.

Why

 

Wanting to stop Union naval activity at Hampton Roads, Franklin Buchanan ordered the CSS Virginia to attack Union ships.

Where & When

 

This battle occured from March 8 to March 9 in 1862 at Hampton Roads, Virginia. This place will be the first place where two ironclads collide.

 

Winner & Outcome

 

This battle ended with a draw. There were 369 casualties on the Union side and 24 casualties on the Confederate side. This battle greatly impacted future battles by influencing the use of ironclads.

North

 

  • John L. Warden
  • 1,400 men

 

 

South

 

  • Franklin Buchanan
  • 188 men

 

 

Sources:

http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/hampton-roads.html?tab=facts

What

 

On early April 6th, Confederate forces suprise attacked Union forces. Without any warning or preparation, the Union forces were forced back to the Tennessee River. Bombarded by heavy artillery, the Union forces had to wait for assistance. When Union reinforcements came the next day, the Union troops counterattacked the Confederates. Even with General Johnston injured and less troops, General Beauregard ordered for a counterattack and another one after the first failed. Realizing that fighting on was pointless, Beauregard and the remaining forces retreated to Corinth.

Why

 

After the attacks on Fort Henry and Donelson, the Confederates withdrew from Kentucky. Union forces led by General Grant went to Pittsburg Landing to prepare to strike the Confederates. Knowing that the Union wouldn't attack until more troops came, Confederate General Johnston planned to attack Grant before the Union force became stronger.

Battle of Shiloh

Where & When

 

This battle occured at Pittsburg Landing in Hardin County, Tennessee from April 6 to Arpil 7 in 1862. This location was 20 miles from Corinth and nearby a church named Shiloh.

North

 

  • Ulysses S. Grant
  • Don Carlos Buell
  • 65,085 men

 

Winner & Outcome

 

This battle ended with a Union victory. There were 13,047 casualties for the Union and 10,669 casualties for the Confederates. With this victory, the Union got control of Corinth, Memphis, Tennessee and was almost in control of the Mississippi River.

South

 

  • P.G.T Beauregard
  • Albert Sidney Johnston
  • 44,968 men

Sources:

 http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/shiloh.html?referrer=https://www.google.com/

 579

 

Battle of Second Bull Run

What

 

Knowing that the forces of McClellan would soon arrive, Lee planned to attack and destroy Pope before the two armies join together. Before Lee could attack, Pope withdrew to a defensive area at the Rappahanock. To get Pope away from his defense, Lee attacked the Union right and cut off their supplies from them. Jackson soon came and was pursued by Pope. The chase ended at Groveton. The forces collided but Pope soon found out that he was no match for Jackson. Pope attempted to retreat and had to fight multiple forces that tried to flank him. The final battle was at Chantilly on the 1st of September. Pope managed to escape and now retreated to the capital defenses.

Why

 

With the formation of a new army, the Confederates wanted to stop General Pope's movement before he can join forces with General McClellan and become a great threat.

Where & When

 

 This battle occured from August 28-30 in 1862 at Groveton, Brawner's Farm in Prince William County, Virginia. This place was the same place where the Battle of First Bull Run occured and was where General Pope's supplies were.

Winner & Outcome

 

This battle ended with a Confederate victory. There were 13,824 casualties for the Union and 8,353 casualties for the Confederates. This battle allowed the Confederates to invade the North.

 

North

 

  • John Pope
  • 70,000 men

 

 

South

 

  • Robert E. Lee
  • Thomas Jackson
  • 55,000 men

 

Sources:

 http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/second-manassas.html?tab=facts

 580-581

 

Battle of Antietam

What

 

The Battle of Antietam began at dawn when Hooker's forces attacked the Confederate left. With attacks constantly coming, the Confederates were trying to hold their position nearby Dunker Church. Meanwhile, the South's center, was being attacked and was penetrated after lots of fighting. Later into the day of the battle, Burnside's troops marched across Antietam bridge and attacked the South's right. The forces of Burnside were soon pushed back by A.P Hill's troops from Harpers Ferry. The battle dragged on until night time when both sides tended to the wounded and strengthed their defense. The next day, the forces collided again with Lee's wounded moving away. Since McClellan was so cautious, he did not chase and fight the South. Since he didn't, the battle ended right there.

Why

 

With the South marching towards the capital, the North had to retalliate. This job was made easier when two Union soldiers found the South's battle plans. Now the North was ready to strike back at the South and defend the Union.

Where & When

 

 This battle occured from September 16 to September 18 in 1862. At Sharpsburg, Washington County, Maryland and along Antietam Creek, this place was where the first battle on northern soil was fought.

 

Winner & Outcome

 

This battle ended with a Union victory but was actually a draw if seen from military view. There were 12,401 casualties for the Union and 10,316 casualties for the Confederates. This battle drove Lee's army away from Maryland and allowed Lincoln to give the Emancipation Proclamatioion. It also discouraged the British to assist the South and gave the Army of Potomac courage. Lastly, the battle made McClellan get fired and be replaced by Burnside.

North

 

  • George B. McClellan
  • Ambrose Burnside
  • Joseph Hooker 
  • 87,000 men

South

 

  • Robert E. Lee
  • A.P Hill
  • 45,000 men

 

 

 

Sources:

 http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/antietam.html?tab=facts

 582-583

 

Why

 

The Union army was marching towards the Confederate capital at Richmond, Virginia and had to be stopped. So Confederate General Lee led his troops to counter the incoming Union army.

Battle of Fredericksburg

What

 

As forces collided, Burnside sent his left flank to attack and defeat the south of the Confederates. The Union attacks succeeded but ended with huge casualties on both sides but more on the Union side. The Union then tried to take an area in the heights that was occupied by Confederates. Wave by the wave the Union came but each was unsuccessful. It was clear at the end of the day that the Confederates won the battle. Confederate General Lee said, "It is well that war is so terrible, or we should grow too fond of it." 

Where & When

 

This battle occured from December 11-15, 1862 at Fredericksburg, Virginia. The fighting occured all over the area with some in the nearby Virginian town and some at the hilly area that's a tad south of the Virginian town.

 

 

Winner & Outcome

 

This battle ended with a Confederate victory. There were 13,353 casualties for the Union and 4,576 casualties for the Confederates. After this battle, General Burnside got replaced by General Hooker.

North

 

  • Ambrose E. Burnside
  • 100,007 men

 

 

South

 

  • Robert E. Lee
  • 72,479 men

 

 

Sources:

 http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/fredericksburg.html?tab=facts 

605

 

Battle of Chancellorsville

What

 

Newly appointed General Hooker was able to outmanuever the Confederate's General Lee. With Hooker's troops close by, Lee gathered his army and sent his regiments to keep Hooker in the wilderness. Early on May 2nd, "stonewall" Jackson moved about 30,000 troops to go and flank the Union right while Lee engaged the main forces with the remaining 15,000 troops. The plan succeeded and the North retreated for two miles. The South then started to charge towards the North. Unfortunately, during this march, one of the Confederate's companies accidentally fired at Jackson and put him into critical condition. The fighting went on and with Hooker abandoning key ground positions, the Confederates pushed back the Union more and more. By the next day, the Confederates were able to break the last Union defense. The Union was defeated but the gathering of the Union was delayed when Lee had to go and assist in a battle not to far away.

Why

 

The Union army was in its best condition and stronger than ever because of newly appointed General Hooker. Because of this, Hooker decided to attack General Lee.

Where & When

 

This battle occured from April 30 to May 6 in 1863 at Chancellorsville, Spotsylvania County, Virginia. This place was only a few miles east of  Fredericksburg.

 

Winner & Outcome

 

This battle ended with a Confederate victory. There were 17,304 casualties for the Union and 13,460 for the Confederates. The number of dead men was a great loss but the biggest was the death of "stonewall" Jackson. His death shook the whole country.

North

 

  • Joseph Hooker
  • 97,382 men

 

 

South

 

  • Robert E. Lee
  • Thomas Jackson
  • 57,352 men

Sources:

 http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/chancellorsville.html?tab=facts 

 605

 

Why

 

In order for the North to get control of the Mississippi River, the town of Vicksburg needed to be taken. With the town of Vicksburg taken, the South would become split up.

What

 

After Union General Grant stopped Confederate General Johnston, the Union marched towards Vicksburg. On May 19 and 22 the Union attacked the South's stronghold but lost many lives. To avoid anymore deaths, the Union took the town of Vicksburg. The South surrendered on July 4.

Assualt on Vicksburg

North

 

  • Ulysses S. Grant
  • 77,000 men

 

 

Where & When

 

This battle occured from May 18 to July 4 in 1863. The location was at Vicksburg, Warren County, Mississippi.

 

 

Winner & Outcome

 

The battle ended with a Union victory. There were 4,910 casualties for the Union and 32,492 for the Confederates. With this battle, the Union got control of the Mississippi River and was able to seperate the Confederate states.

South

 

  • John C. Pemberton
  • 33,000 men

 

 

Sources:

 http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/vicksburg.html?tab=facts

 606

 

Battle of Gettysburg

What

 

Converging northwest of the nearby town, the Union was able to hold off the Confederates. Soon Confederate reinforcements arrived and had a force with 10,000 more soldiers than the Union. The Union then retreated. On the next day, the Union was holding a position that looked like a fish hook. The South attacked the Union's left flank but by the end of the day, the Union still held their ground. The fighting continued on the third of July but the battle was ended when Union soldiers shot Confederates that were marching towards them. The Confederate charge failed and General Lee retreated back to Virginia saying, "It's all my fault."

Why

 

In order to recieve assistance from Britian and France, General Lee marched into the North. At the same time, he also wanted to get supplies and shoes so he was unsuspectful of an attack.

Where & When

 

This battle occured from July 1 to July 3 in 1863 at Gettysburg, Adams County, Pennsylvania.

 

 

Winner & Outcome

 

This battle ended with a Union victory. There were 23,049 casualties for the Union and 28,063 for the Confederates. This battle allowed Lincoln to give his speech about American ideals at the Gettysburg ceremony and made the Confederates lose help from Britian and France.

North

 

  • George G. Meade
  • 93,921 men

 

 

South

 

  • Robert E. Lee
  • 71,699 men

 

 

Sources: 

 http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/gettysburg.html?tab=facts 

 605-606

 

Surrender at Appomattox

 

On April 9, 1865, about 9,000 Confederate troops attacked Union troops. The Union troops were outnumbered and retreated, temporarily opening a path. A little bit later, Union troops came and surrounded the Confederates. The plan to encircle the Confederates of Union General Ulysses S. Grant was coming close to completion. Before the encircling was complete, General Lee told his troops to retreat. With Union troops fighting little by little, General Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia and called for negotiations with Union General Grant. The surrender of Lee's forces did not end the Civil War but started a chain reaction for the other Confederate armies to surrender. 

 

Surrender at Appomattox and Terms of Surrender

Terms of Surrender

 

The negotiations for the surrender went well for General Lee. The terms of surrender with Union General Grant weren't that harsh. They actually benefited the surrendering Confederates. General Grant said that the Confederates had to drop their weapons and then were free to go home. Grant also allowed the Confederates to keep their horses so they can survive through the next winter. A quote of General Grant from the text said, "put in a crop to carry themselves and their families through the next winter." The last thing that General Grant did was send three days' worth of food to the starving army of General Lee. 

 

 

Sources:

 

http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/appomattox-courthouse.html?tab=facts

 

610-612

Who

Abraham Lincoln was born in Hardin County, Kentucky as the son of a farmer. His birth date was Feb/12/1809. Lincoln's family moved multiple times. They finally settled in Illionois. Lincoln became a successful lawyer and ran against Stephen Douglass for a seat in Congress in 1858. Lincoln didn't win but by running, he made a big reputation. In 1860, Lincoln was the Republican nominee for president. Lincoln won the election with his ideal that slavery should be left where it is and not expand anymore. With Lincoln was president, the slave states seceded fearing the banishing of slavery. After Lincoln's inauguration, Fort Sumter was attacked and the Civil War started. During the Civil War, Lincoln helped in many ways. At the end of the Civil War, Lincoln was assasinated. He was killed on April 14, 1865.

 Abraham Lincoln

Important Person of the Civil War 

Sources:

  • http://www.anb.org/articles/04/04-00631.html
  • 612
  • 607
  • 594

Why

Abraham Lincoln was an important person in the Civil War. On New Years' Day of 1863, Abraham Lincoln passed the Emancipation Proclamation. This allowed the slaves in the Confederacy to be free. This proclamation helped the North in two ways. One, it gave more troops to the North and it made Britain and France hold their decision to assist the South. Abraham Lincoln was also important because he emphasized American ideals. At a ceremony dedicated to the men who died at the Battle of Gettysburg, Lincoln gave a speech that showed what the war meant and what the United States stood for. The last reason why Lincoln was important was because he was the only person that could bring the seperated states back to their original form.

 

 

Who

Born on January, 19, 1807, Robert E. Lee became one of the finest military generals in the Civil War. He was so great that Lincoln even offered him a job as general of the Union army. Lee rejected this job and became an advisor for Jefferson Davis, the Confederate president. Lee soon was put in charge of the Army of Northern Virginia which was previousily under the command of General Johnston. The army under Lee soon became and would be remembered as one of the greatest armies of the Confederacy. The army fought in many battles ending most of them with victories. The army went down at the Battle of Appomatox. When the Civil War ended, Lee became the president of Washington College Virginia. He kept this job until his death on October 12, 1870.

Robert E. Lee

Important Person of the Civil War 

Sources:

 

  • http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/robert-e-lee.html

Why

Robert E. Lee was an important person in the Civil War because he greatly aided the Confederacy. As General of the Army of Northern Virginia, Lee brought many victories to the Confederacy. Lee was so great that when he sent a letter of resignation to the Confederate's president Jefferson Davis after the Battle of Gettysburg, it was rejected. Jefferson Davis didn't want to lose one of his best generals. Lee kept on serving and bringing more victories to the Confederacy. Lee's army met their match at the Battle of Appomatox where Union forces surrounded the army and forced them to choose to either die or surrender.

Women

Women had many roles in the Civil War. They rolled bandages, wove blankets, and made ammunitiion. They also raised money and collected supplies for the armies they were loyal to. At home, women were taking care of children and waiting for news about the war. In the North, shortages weren't a problem, but in the South, it was. Food, clothing, medicine, and even shelter were short in stock. This was due to the bad ecomony. Women also served as spies, gathering intelligence from the North or the South. The last of the many roles for women are nursing. Women weren't recommended to become nurses. This was because it was thought of as improper and male doctors thought that women couldn't handle it. But some women ignored it and served as nurses. Some of these women nurses became very famous. A famous nurse was Clara Barton. She was a Northerner that was known for her work with wounded soldiers.

 

 

Life During

the Civil War 

Soldiers

At first, soldiers were very happy that they were able to serve. But the feeling went away when the war continued. With constant drills, bad food, marching, and rain, many soldiers became bored. Heavy casualties, from the enchanced and more accurate rifles and worrying about families, made many soldiers desert. Approximately 1/11 Union soldiers and about 1/8 Confederate  soldiers deserted. Soldiers also starved a lot as well, but it was mostly Rebels. A woman commented on the starving men of General Lee by saying, "gaunt starvation that looked from their cavernous eyes."

Sources:

  • http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/children-in-the-civil-war/ referrer=https://www.google.com/
  • 595-596
  • 598-600

Children

During the Civil War, children played a big part. With children under 19 years of age making up about 50% of the population, they assisted in household chores and other roles that needed to be fulfilled with the men gone. Children were also influenced by their elders to assist in the war by serving when they were old enough. Children were taught why the war was being fought. 

African Americans

The life of an African American was different depending on where they were. In the South. African Americans were still kept enslaved through the fear that if they were in the army and rebelled, they would have weapons. African Americans in the South were admitted to join the army at the end of the war, but it was far to late. In the North, African Americans weren't allowed to join the army but they were allowed to join the navy. They were accepted into the navy because they had a better understanding of the terrain and topography of the South. Africans Americans also served as spies for the North. In 1862, African Americans were finally allowed to join the army in the North. The people who enlisted would be kept in African American only regiments and be commanded by white officers. Unlike the South, many African American regiments were set up before the war was over. One of the most famous African American regiments was the 54th Massachusetts.

Results

 

The Civil War caused a great amount of damage ecomonically, emotionally, and physically. The Civil War ended with more than 600,000 dead soldiers. It had also put the South's ecomony under a great state of collaspe. Approximately 2/3s of the transportation systems were destroyed and many bridges and railroads were put out of commition. Another thing that the Civil War did was comlicate the relationships between the North and South for future generations. The Civil War left a lot of free Africans Americans too. The Federal government was made stronger from the Civil War as well. The last thing that the Civil War left for the people was the question of how to bring the states back together. The period after the Civil War would be known to us as the Reconstruction.

Results of the Civil War 

Sources:

 

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