6 Major Religions

 

Sam Corbett

  • Facts
    • Monotheistic
    • Universalizing Religion
    • About 2.1 billion followers
      • 1.13 billion Catholic
      • 225 million Orthodox
      • 970 million Protestants
    • Originated in Jerusalem 
    • Jerusalem is also the Spiritual Headquarters

 

Christianity

Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the saviour of the world. Jesus was crucified on the cross and paid the price for all sins of the world. Christians worship in a Church, every Sunday and occasionaly Wednesdays.

  • Founded by Jesus Christ
  • Major division is the Protestant Reformation
  • Bible is used as the holy book
  • Located worldwide
    • Mostly Europe, North America, and South America
  • Worship in a Church
  • Facts
    • Monotheistic
    • Universalizing Religion
    • About 1.6 billion followers
    • Originated in Mecca 
    • Hajj and Kaaba are sacred sites (both in Mecca)
    • Worship in a Mosque

 

Islam is centered around their God, Allah. They believe that the prophet Muhammed recieved a message from angel Gabriel. Muhammed continued to preach these findings and encouraged others to live for Allah. They use the 5 pillars of faith to guide their life.

Islam

  • Founded by Muhammed
  • Major division is about who should lead the religion (Sunni V.S. Shia)
  • Qur'an is used as the holy text
  • Located worldwide
    • Mostly Asia and Middle-Eastern countries
  • Ahmadiyya is Spirtual Headquarters
  • Facts
    • Monotheistic
    • Ethnic Religion
    • About 113-14 million followers
    • Originated in Canaan 
    • Jerusalem is a sacred site
    • Worship in a Synagogue
    • No headquartes

 

Jews focus on God's relationship with the people, the Jews, and the land. Abraham promited the idea of a single God and that their land was blessed as the Holy Land. They believe in a set of laws that are laid out in the Torrah to help guide their daily life.

Judaism

  • Founded by Abraham
  • Major division is between the Orthodox, Conservitive, and Reform
  • Torrah is used as holy text
  • Located worldwide
    • Mostly United States, Israel,and Europe
  • Facts
    • Polytheistic
    • Ethnic religion
    • About 950 million followers
    • Originated in India 
    • Himalayan Char Dham is sacred site
    • Worship in a temple or at home
    • No headquartes

 

Hinduism

Hinduism has no exact beliefs but are centered around dharma and karma. They believe in a supreme being and operate by the Caste System. Brahman is their supreme being.

  • Hinduism has evolved over the years thus there is no official founder
  • Major division is about which God is the Holy God. (Brahman, Shaivites, Smartha)
  • Vedas is used as holy text
  • Located worldwide
    • Mostly India, Sri Lanka, and Nepal
  • Facts
    • Non-theistic
    • Universalizing religion
    • About 400 million followers
    • Originated in India 
    • Lumbini (birthplace of Buddha) and Sarnath (first teaching place) are sacred sites
    • Worship in a temple or at home
    • No headquartes

 

Buddhism

Buddhism is centered around the 4 noble truths and the eightfold path which guide the daily life. If they follow this path then they will achieve nirvanna and be lifted out of life and into their form of Heaven.

  • Founded by Siddhartha Gautama
  • Major division is Mahayana Buddhism which claimed to have new teachings from the Buddha.
  • Pali Tipitika is used as holy text
  • Located worldwide
    • Mostly China, Thailand, and Cambodia
  • Facts
    • Polytheistic
    • Ethnic religion
    • About 20 million followers
    • Originated in China 
    • Toaist temple, Grotto-heavens, and Mount Penglai are the sacred sites.
    • Worhsip in a temple
    • White Cloud Temple is headquarters 

Taoism is focuses on living in harmony with the Tao. The Tao is the idea of which everything was created. Taoism includes religous, philosophical and rituals in one as a way of life.

Taoism

  • Founded by Chinese philosopher Lao Tzu
  • Major division is based on location (north and south). They differ through rituals and practices in daily life.
  • Tao Te Ching is used as holy text
  • Located worldwide
    • Mostly China and Taiwan.
  • Facts
    • Non-theistic
    • Ethnic religion
    • About 5-6 million followers
    • Originated in China 
    • Mount Tai, Qufu, and Confucius Mansion are all sacred sites.
    • Worhsip in a temple or at home
    • Hanban is headquarters 

Confucianism

Confucianism is viewed both as a religion and a philosophy. It has had a large impact in shaping Chinese society, government, and relationships. 

  • Founded by Chinese philosopher Confucius
  • Seperated into different "schools" that practice different teachings
  • Four Books written by Confucius are used for the holy texts
  • Located in southeast Asia
    • Mostly China, Vietnam, and Korea