Revolution scrapbook
By bella sherman
Colonists, before the
revolutionary war, had always thought of themselves as British. They continued to think this until
they began to notice the setbacks that were put on them by the king of England. The king began
putting unfair taxes like the Stamp act on the colonist and was treating them unfairly compared
to those of England. The colonists were not a fan of this and began thinking of ways to rebel or
compromise with the king. Examples of this is the Boston tea party of December 16, 1773.
These rebellions succeeded to a degree, but weren’t enough to change the taxes or how they
were treated. This made the Colonist angry because they saw themselves as part of the british
empire, but weren’t being treated equal. Through this they began to think that instead of asking
the King for change, they create their own change by wanting an independent state. The first
person to think of America as America was Benjamin Franklin. Other people also agreed to this
and they began thinking of ways to fight back. However British General Gage had a secret plan.
He planned to send his army over to Lexington, where they would capture leaders Sam Adams
and John Hancock and then go to Concord where they would seize gunpowder. However
American spies were able to leak this information to the Patriots. Men such as Paul Revere,
William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott, took horses and warn the countrysides that the British
were coming. As the word spread the men got and prepare for the british to come. The
Americans were able to put a hold against the British in Lexington and Concord. This was the
first big win for the Americans on April 19, 1775, and helped them realize that maybe
independence wasn’t that far away, that maybe they did have a chance against the biggest
empire of the time.
Revolution scrapbook
By bella sherman
May 1775
On the Day of May 10, 1775, delegates from the thirteen colonies met in Philadelphia, in
order to organize a resistance against Parliament's Coercive acts. This was called the Second
Continental Congress, which was presided over by John Hancock. Some other Delegates
included Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson. The congress lacked the legal authority to
govern, but was able to create a sort of authority.
They agreed that the continental army should be created. They commissioned George
Washington as the supreme commander, who chose to serve without pay. They authorized the
printing of money. During this the majority of the delegates weren’t seeking independence from
England. So they created the Olive Branch Petition, in hopes to make a direct appeal to the
king. They pleaded to the king to make some sort of peaceful resolution and to declare their
loyalty to the royal crown. The king refused to see this plea, which angered the colonists.
Americans are feeling less and less British, helping spark the revolution.
Revolution scrapbook
By bella sherman
1776
Thomas Paine was an English-American Philosopher. He, along with Benjamin Franklin,
saw that there could be an independent America. Thomas, just like other americans, saw
himself as british, until he saw what the British were doing to Americans. In 1776, he produced
a Book called “Common Sense”. This book challenged the authority of the British government
and the royal Monarchy. He was able to speak to the colonist, to encourage them to fight back.
It was very enlightening for the common people of america.He was able to write it direct and
simple so that anyone could understand the conflict between Britain and the Colonies. The book
was a great help to the American army, it gave them more of a reason to fight. Helped them to
see the light of Independence and to question everything.
Before they were open to rebellion and independence, but this book was a big push
towards wanting an independent country. It helped colonist to profess their loyalty to declare
rebellion. They were no longer scared to rebel like they used to be. In a way they could see that
independence was just off into the distance, so close and yet so far.
Revolution scrapbook
By bella sherman
March 1776
The day of March 17, 1776, was a monumental day for the Patriots. On this day the British
evacuated Boston. What prompted this evacuation was to not create another Bunker Hill battle.
General Howe was the one who saw the british positioning as indefensible because of
Washington's placements of fortification and cannons, which was in Dorchester Heights. Seeing
this, Howe decided to retreat to Nova Scotia, leaving boston to the americans. This was
Washington’s first real Victory of the war. Giving him and the rest of the men a sense of
confidence, that they have a chance to win in this war, and get an Independent state.
This all became successful thanks to the day of March 4, 1776. Where the Americans
secretly sneaked in 800 soldiers and 1200 workers to Dorchester Heights and were able to
fortify the area. They began to bring in Cannons from fort Ticonderoga, ending up with more
than a dozen cannons. British general Howe hoped that they would be able to use british ships
into Boston Harbor to destroy the American positioning, however a storm came in, and Howe
had no other choice by to evacuate
Revolution scrapbook
By bella sherman
May- September 1787
Drafting of the Constitution began on May 25, 1787, once the constitutional convention met for
the first time. Meeting in Philadelphia, in a room now known as the Independence hall. They
almost immediately disregarded the ideas of amending the articles of confederation and
decided to make their own scheme of government. Through this they devised a federal system
characterized by systems of checks and balances. They chose George Washington as
convention president. They were divided over the issue of state representation in congress, as
both smaller and larger states wanted to be represented equally. This problem was resolved
with proportional representation in the lower house or the house of representatives and equal in
the upper house or senate.
On september 17, 1787, the constitution of the United States was signed by 38 out of
the 41 delegates present at the conclusion of the convection. Beginning on December 7, there
were five states agreed with this constitution, however states like Massachusetts, opposed the
document.
Revolution scrapbook
By bella sherman
Benedict Arnold
VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xly8Qe9rF3k
Benedict Arnold was a skilled general and leader, however never got the
treatment that be deserved. No matter how many victories Arnold had, he was still
talked badly about. Some said they he stole supplies and ruined the American navy.
Soldiers with far less credentials as Arnold were given promotions over him. This made
him feel like no matter what he did he would never get the recognition he deserved.
Because of this he had to think of other ways that he could be recognized. Then the
British came to him asking him to help them defeat the Colonist. At first he wasn’t going
to take up the offer because at heart he was still a patriot. However he genuinely
thought that they weren’t going to win at all and by teaming up with the enemy, he
would be taking them out of their misery. So he decides to team up with the British and
device up a plan to defeat the Colonists.
They decide on a plan, with the help from Andres, a british spy. They are almost
able to go through with their plan, until Andres is stopped by some colonists, where they
found a secret document of their plans on him. This in a way saves the war for the
Americans. Andres is hung because the british hung an American spy. This ruins
Arnolds plans and is unable to succeed with it. By the time that the colonist found out
about Arnold’s treachery, he was already gone to England.
Revolution scrapbook
By bella sherman
Declaration of independence
VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C7o5kWrbJJE
In June 1776, the colonist that they wanted to cut all of their ties to Great Britain. They
appointed a type of congress to reasons as to why they should separate from Britain.
This was called the Declaration of Independence. Members included Thomas
Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and John Adams. A big influence on the declarations was
enlightenment. Jefferson got most of his ideas for the declarations from Benjamin
Franklin and John Locke’s writing. They were able to divide it into 4 parts, a
introduction, a declaration of rights, a list of complaints against the king, and a
resolution of independence. In the Video it shows the back and forward they were
having. They would cross things out that didn’t make sense and then add things that
were missing. Both Franklin and Jefferson had many enlightenment ideas that are
prevalent in the Declaration of independence.
Revolution scrapbook
By bella sherman
“ Give me liberty or give me death”
Document: http://www.ushistory.org/documents/libertydeath.htm
This was said by Patrick Henry on March 23, 1775. Most men at the time would think of Patrick
as radical. He had a reputation for being passionate and fiery orator. However his resolutions for
the Stamp acts, were arguably the first real push towards the revolution. He was one of the first
people who fully supported the revolution. He saw that independence wasn’t the long stretch
everyone thinks it is, but rather it’s closer than it seems. He can’t see America as anything but
independent. He ushers others to follow, that this is what needs to happen. Most people at the
time of hearing his speak may see it as far fetch, however he did not. He knew that this is what
will happen, that we will fight for independence. He believes that there is no way to find peace
with Britain while still being a part of Britain. That they will never listen to their pleas and that
they won’t get anywhere. He couldn’t see how they could just stand here and not do anything.
He would rather die than to not see independences.
Revolution scrapbook
By bella sherman
“Remember the ladies”
DOCUMENT: https://history.hanover.edu/courses/excerpts/165adams-rtl.html
Abigail Adams wasn’t like most women of her time. She was opinionated and wasn’t afraid
share her opinions with her husband, John Adams. Several week before John was named a
part of the committee to write the declaration of independence, Abigail sent him this letter. In
this letter she hints that women deserve more rights and powers in their community. At the time
women had no rights at all, they were in a way an object to their husbands. Abigail knows this
and hopes that as the revolution goes on that he would remember the women. To not put that
much power in just men’s hands, women deserve it too. However the only reason she is allowed
to be this vocal is because of where she lives. If she lived in the south she wouldn’t not be
allowed to tell her husband this, however because she lives in the north, she can openly say
this. She also believe against slavery, her reasoning being they can’t be equal if there were
slavery. John did not follow through with any of her requests.
Revolution scrapbook
By bella sherman
“Prepared for any fate”
DOCUMENT: http://clements.umich.edu/exhibits/online/spies/index-gallery.html
John Andre played a big role in the revolution. He was a spy for the British, who was brought to
America. There he met Benedict Arnold, where they made the plans to defeat the Colonist. At
the time their plan seemed foolproof. Benedict would hand him some classified documents and
Andre would bring them back to the British. However it wasn’t as foolproof as they thought. On
Andre’s journey back he was stopped by some American Soldiers because they noticed
something odd. They found the documents on him and took him to where they keep the soldiers
they captured. The situation could have been completely different if Andre wasn’t stopped.
Andre was tried as a spy. They would not have hung him if it weren't for the fact that they had
hung their own spy. In this letter it shows that Andre has no resentment towards the people who
captured him or the people who let him be captured. He is content with dying for his country.
American men admired him for his gallantry and British men did for his leadership. He was hung
on October 2, 1780. He was mourned by both the British and the Americans.
Revolution scrapbook
By bella sherman
“ keep up your spirits and trust yourself”
DOCUMENT: http://clements.umich.edu/exhibits/online/spies/index-gallery.html
This was a letter between Rachel Revere and Paul Revere. Paul was trying to find his way
home without a horse and with no types of fund. Rachel through this letter showed her concern
and love for Paul. She gave this letter to a friend named Benjamin Church. What she didn’t
know was that Benjamin was a British spy. Benjamin was a part of Provincial Congress of
Massachusetts and the surgeon general of washington’s troops. Little did they know that Church
was giving information to general Gage about their movements and strategies of the rebel
forces. So instead of giving the letter to Paul, he gave it to general Gage for money. Paul never
got the letter at all. Rachel paid Church 125 pounds and the letter didn’t end up where she
wanted it to be.
Revolution scrapbook
By bella sherman
BIOGRAPHY
Thomas Paine and Common sense http://www.ushistory.org/paine/
Give me liberty or give me death http://www.ushistory.org/documents/libertydeath.htm
First draft of the consitution
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-draft-of-constitution-debated
Rachel Revere’s letter http://clements.umich.edu/exhibits/online/spies/index-gallery.html