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Acknowledgement I wish to express my special gratitude to Mr Michael Thomas my supervisor for support me with his professional advice He is very patient and reliable that he always answered my question and he often took us to have field trip I enjoyed and cherished the time during field trip I also appreciate him for understanding and listening to me from doing the thesis to design My gratitude to him is more than words Doing this thesis somehow made me stressed but he never made me feel under pressure Declaration Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong Kong THEi Declaration of Academic Integrity I also feel thankful to Mrs Elizabeth Leven who answered all my enquiries about ecology She is so patient that she always spent an hour for our chats I would like to express my deepest gratitude to Mr Edward Yiu Mr Steve Sau and other committee of Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association I did not even know about such an amazing place Chi Fu Valley without the the petition and the advocacy of the Ecoheritage park I really appreciate that they have done research and the record of living species in the Valley these background information have greatly helped me with my research I feel grateful to Mr Sau who shared all the research information they have in hand about the Valley I would also like to thank my mom who accompanied me to field trip once she took care of me during the field trip and she fully supported me during the process of my thesis Sampson Yeung one of my old friend who also accompanied me once for the field trip I really feel thankful to him who spared time for me and it is rare for a teenager to feel interested about heritage ruins adventure Student Full Name Roselle Wu Student No 130586474 Programme BA Hons in Landscape Architecture Module Name module code Graduation Project 2 Thesis Report DLA5497 Lecture Tutorial Session PM Monday and Thursday Supervisor s Name Michael Thomas I declare that 1 I have read and understood THEi s Policies on Academic Misconduct Section 9 3 pp 66 69 THEi Student Handbook I am aware of the penalties for academic misconduct 2 I understand the meaning of plagiarism Paragraph 9 3 THEi Student Handbook 3 All individual assignments and all of my contributions to group assignments submitted in this module are my own work I have properly acknowledged all sources and I have not plagiarised any part of the assessment tasks 4 I have not previously submitted this work or any version of it for assessment to any other module 5 I have duly acknowledged all the sources consulted and enclosed all quotations in quotation marks with accurate citations 6 I have appropriately documented all the sources cited in this work in a reference list Signed ________________________________ Date 27 Apr 2017
Acknowledgement I wish to express my special gratitude to Mr. Michael Thomas, my supervisor for support me with his profes...
Acknowledgement I wish to express my special gratitude to Mr Michael Thomas my supervisor for support me with his professional advice He is very patient and reliable that he always answered my question and he often took us to have field trip I enjoyed and cherished the time during field trip I also appreciate him for understanding and listening to me from doing the thesis to design My gratitude to him is more than words Doing this thesis somehow made me stressed but he never made me feel under pressure Declaration Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong Kong THEi Declaration of Academic Integrity I also feel thankful to Mrs Elizabeth Leven who answered all my enquiries about ecology She is so patient that she always spent an hour for our chats I would like to express my deepest gratitude to Mr Edward Yiu Mr Steve Sau and other committee of Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association I did not even know about such an amazing place Chi Fu Valley without the the petition and the advocacy of the Ecoheritage park I really appreciate that they have done research and the record of living species in the Valley these background information have greatly helped me with my research I feel grateful to Mr Sau who shared all the research information they have in hand about the Valley I would also like to thank my mom who accompanied me to field trip once she took care of me during the field trip and she fully supported me during the process of my thesis Sampson Yeung one of my old friend who also accompanied me once for the field trip I really feel thankful to him who spared time for me and it is rare for a teenager to feel interested about heritage ruins adventure Student Full Name Roselle Wu Student No 130586474 Programme BA Hons in Landscape Architecture Module Name module code Graduation Project 2 Thesis Report DLA5497 Lecture Tutorial Session PM Monday and Thursday Supervisor s Name Michael Thomas I declare that 1 I have read and understood THEi s Policies on Academic Misconduct Section 9 3 pp 66 69 THEi Student Handbook I am aware of the penalties for academic misconduct 2 I understand the meaning of plagiarism Paragraph 9 3 THEi Student Handbook 3 All individual assignments and all of my contributions to group assignments submitted in this module are my own work I have properly acknowledged all sources and I have not plagiarised any part of the assessment tasks 4 I have not previously submitted this work or any version of it for assessment to any other module 5 I have duly acknowledged all the sources consulted and enclosed all quotations in quotation marks with accurate citations 6 I have appropriately documented all the sources cited in this work in a reference list Signed ________________________________ Date 27 Apr 2017
Acknowledgement I wish to express my special gratitude to Mr. Michael Thomas, my supervisor for support me with his profes...
Abstract Keywords eco heritage Dairy Farm Chi Fu Valley biodiversity Being one of the biggest enterprises after the establishment of Hong Kong Dairy Farm had an important role for the history of Colonial Hong Kong It was the first company that provided milk to the public with the aim of improving public health and changed the diet style of Hong Kong cuisine After the closure of Dairy Farm Chi Fu Fa Yuen took place of a great extent of Dairy Farm Fortunately some parts of the ruin of structures are left in Chi Fu Valley The ruin structures and the plants create a unique habitat that allows numerous of stone wall trees to grow and attracts some endangered species This reports assumed that Dairy Farm made Chi Fu Valley rich in biodiversity To understand the relationship between animal husbandry and biodiversity in Pok Fu Lam it is a must to have a deep understanding about the grazing operation of Dairy Farm in the past A series of methodologies has been developed in order to convincingly and comprehensively answer the research question and to propose design solution By referring to the report conducted by Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association the heritage structures have given some revelations in this regard Firstly one of the social significance report shows that the manure tank was where the cow waste was composted for organic fertiliser Sau 2016 This is one of the factors enriching the biodiversity Secondly the husbandry method of Dairy Farm is also a key in knowing whether the cattle brought disturbance to the environment Thirdly existence of Dairy Farm for 86 years from 1886 to 1972 has preserved the nearby environment from development thus the biodiversity at least can be maintained Therefore there are several potential factors enriching the biodiversity The results can help the related area to be conserved and it emphasised the importance of the site so as to design the proposal logically Several programmes have been designed for the Eco heritage park in Chi Fu Valley in order to conserve the heritage structures and the nature in order to promote the eco heritage relationship to the public The advertisement shows the variety of the food service they provided and it implies the business is big in scale that is inflential to Hong Kong Source The Industrial History of Hong Kong Group
Abstract Keywords  eco-heritage, Dairy Farm, Chi Fu Valley, biodiversity  Being one of the biggest enterprises after the e...
Abstract Keywords eco heritage Dairy Farm Chi Fu Valley biodiversity Being one of the biggest enterprises after the establishment of Hong Kong Dairy Farm had an important role for the history of Colonial Hong Kong It was the first company that provided milk to the public with the aim of improving public health and changed the diet style of Hong Kong cuisine After the closure of Dairy Farm Chi Fu Fa Yuen took place of a great extent of Dairy Farm Fortunately some parts of the ruin of structures are left in Chi Fu Valley The ruin structures and the plants create a unique habitat that allows numerous of stone wall trees to grow and attracts some endangered species This reports assumed that Dairy Farm made Chi Fu Valley rich in biodiversity To understand the relationship between animal husbandry and biodiversity in Pok Fu Lam it is a must to have a deep understanding about the grazing operation of Dairy Farm in the past A series of methodologies has been developed in order to convincingly and comprehensively answer the research question and to propose design solution By referring to the report conducted by Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association the heritage structures have given some revelations in this regard Firstly one of the social significance report shows that the manure tank was where the cow waste was composted for organic fertiliser Sau 2016 This is one of the factors enriching the biodiversity Secondly the husbandry method of Dairy Farm is also a key in knowing whether the cattle brought disturbance to the environment Thirdly existence of Dairy Farm for 86 years from 1886 to 1972 has preserved the nearby environment from development thus the biodiversity at least can be maintained Therefore there are several potential factors enriching the biodiversity The results can help the related area to be conserved and it emphasised the importance of the site so as to design the proposal logically Several programmes have been designed for the Eco heritage park in Chi Fu Valley in order to conserve the heritage structures and the nature in order to promote the eco heritage relationship to the public The advertisement shows the variety of the food service they provided and it implies the business is big in scale that is inflential to Hong Kong Source The Industrial History of Hong Kong Group
Abstract Keywords  eco-heritage, Dairy Farm, Chi Fu Valley, biodiversity  Being one of the biggest enterprises after the e...
Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Background information of Dairy Farm 2 3 Literature Review 5 3 1 Cultural Landscape 5 3 2 Petition for making the first Eco heritage park in Hong Kong 6 3 3 Why is Dairy Farm heritage structure worthy of conservation 7 4 Discussion 8 Case Study Hong Ning Dairy Farm 8 5 Research Question 9 5 1 Hypothesis 9 5 2 Research Objective 9 6 Methodology 10 6 1 Indicator of Biodiversity 10 6 2 Observation 10 6 3 Old photo of Dairy Farm 10 7 Data Collection Site Visits 11 7 1 Site Visit 1 on 27 Sept 2016 11 7 2 Site Visit 2 on 25 Nov 2016 12 7 3 Site Visit 3 on 7 Feb 2017 13 7 4 Site Visit 4 on 14 Feb 2017 14 8 Site Analysis 15 Dairy Farm Ruins High biodiversity 17 17 9 Data Analysis Factors enriching biodiversity 18 9 1 Revealing the animal husbandry method operated in Dairy Farm 18 9 1 1 The unique situation of the vegetation in Chi Fu Valley 19 1886 1972 19 After 1972 20 9 2 Traditional farming creates high biodiversity 22 9 2 1 Dung as organic fertilisers 22 Organic farming method 23 9 2 2 Observation Hints from the building structure of the paddocks 24 Dung washed away from the paddock 24 9 3 Abandonment of Dairy Farm 25 Case Study Disturbance in military site 25 Case Study Mediterranean Basin 25 How do agricultural activities enrich biodiversity 25 Case Study Fuyang Eco Park Taiwan 26 9 4 Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites 27 10 Analysis 28 Design Case Study1 for Design Proposal 29 Kaasboerderij Hoogerwaard Netherlands 29 Design Case Study 2 for Design Proposal 30 Gardens of Ninfa Italy 30 Design Case Study 3 for Design Proposal 31 Kranji Heritage trail 31
Contents 1. Introduction 1 2. Background information of Dairy Farm  2 3. Literature Review  5 3.1 Cultural Landscape  5 3....
Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Background information of Dairy Farm 2 3 Literature Review 5 3 1 Cultural Landscape 5 3 2 Petition for making the first Eco heritage park in Hong Kong 6 3 3 Why is Dairy Farm heritage structure worthy of conservation 7 4 Discussion 8 Case Study Hong Ning Dairy Farm 8 5 Research Question 9 5 1 Hypothesis 9 5 2 Research Objective 9 6 Methodology 10 6 1 Indicator of Biodiversity 10 6 2 Observation 10 6 3 Old photo of Dairy Farm 10 7 Data Collection Site Visits 11 7 1 Site Visit 1 on 27 Sept 2016 11 7 2 Site Visit 2 on 25 Nov 2016 12 7 3 Site Visit 3 on 7 Feb 2017 13 7 4 Site Visit 4 on 14 Feb 2017 14 8 Site Analysis 15 Dairy Farm Ruins High biodiversity 17 17 9 Data Analysis Factors enriching biodiversity 18 9 1 Revealing the animal husbandry method operated in Dairy Farm 18 9 1 1 The unique situation of the vegetation in Chi Fu Valley 19 1886 1972 19 After 1972 20 9 2 Traditional farming creates high biodiversity 22 9 2 1 Dung as organic fertilisers 22 Organic farming method 23 9 2 2 Observation Hints from the building structure of the paddocks 24 Dung washed away from the paddock 24 9 3 Abandonment of Dairy Farm 25 Case Study Disturbance in military site 25 Case Study Mediterranean Basin 25 How do agricultural activities enrich biodiversity 25 Case Study Fuyang Eco Park Taiwan 26 9 4 Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites 27 10 Analysis 28 Design Case Study1 for Design Proposal 29 Kaasboerderij Hoogerwaard Netherlands 29 Design Case Study 2 for Design Proposal 30 Gardens of Ninfa Italy 30 Design Case Study 3 for Design Proposal 31 Kranji Heritage trail 31
Contents 1. Introduction 1 2. Background information of Dairy Farm  2 3. Literature Review  5 3.1 Cultural Landscape  5 3....
11 Theory of the design 32 Design Proposal 33 12 The cows are back 35 Chi Fu Valley Eco heritage Park 35 Main Circulation 36 Pavement 36 Jungle Walk 36 Boardwalk 36 The whole circulation system 36 12 1 Agri tourism Adaptive reuse of paddock 12 1 1Dairy Farm 37 12 1 2 Chicken Farm 37 Cottage Garden Design in the Dairy Farm 1 300 39 Model of Dairy Farm and cowsheds 40 12 2 Economic Turn Piggeries as Cha Chaan Teng 12 2 1Cha Chaan Teng 41 12 3 Organic Farming 42 12 4 Milk and Cheese Workshop 43 12 5 Jungle Walk 44 12 6 Moderate and Adventurous Boardwalk 46 12 7 Cowboys Quarter 48 12 8 Tree Nursery 48 12 9 New programmes location 49 Organic Farming 50 Milk Cheese Workshop 50 Cha Chaan Teng 50 Dairy Farm Cowshed 50 Butterfly Garden 50 Cowboys quarter 50 New programmes location showing in Model 51 13 Forest Enhancement Plan 55 13 1 Biodiversity Enhancement Plan 13 1 1 Plant Species Shrub 58 14 Conclusion 61 Reference 62 Self Reflection 64 Appendix 65 57 Record of Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites Carried out by Roselle Wu 65 Tree Survey Prepared by Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association 66 Bird Record Prepared by Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association 67 Surviving Physical Heritage Record Prepared by Mr K JR Borthwick 69
11. Theory of the design 32 Design Proposal  33 12. The cows are back     35   Chi Fu Valley Eco - heritage Park  35 Main ...
11 Theory of the design 32 Design Proposal 33 12 The cows are back 35 Chi Fu Valley Eco heritage Park 35 Main Circulation 36 Pavement 36 Jungle Walk 36 Boardwalk 36 The whole circulation system 36 12 1 Agri tourism Adaptive reuse of paddock 12 1 1Dairy Farm 37 12 1 2 Chicken Farm 37 Cottage Garden Design in the Dairy Farm 1 300 39 Model of Dairy Farm and cowsheds 40 12 2 Economic Turn Piggeries as Cha Chaan Teng 12 2 1Cha Chaan Teng 41 12 3 Organic Farming 42 12 4 Milk and Cheese Workshop 43 12 5 Jungle Walk 44 12 6 Moderate and Adventurous Boardwalk 46 12 7 Cowboys Quarter 48 12 8 Tree Nursery 48 12 9 New programmes location 49 Organic Farming 50 Milk Cheese Workshop 50 Cha Chaan Teng 50 Dairy Farm Cowshed 50 Butterfly Garden 50 Cowboys quarter 50 New programmes location showing in Model 51 13 Forest Enhancement Plan 55 13 1 Biodiversity Enhancement Plan 13 1 1 Plant Species Shrub 58 14 Conclusion 61 Reference 62 Self Reflection 64 Appendix 65 57 Record of Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites Carried out by Roselle Wu 65 Tree Survey Prepared by Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association 66 Bird Record Prepared by Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association 67 Surviving Physical Heritage Record Prepared by Mr K JR Borthwick 69
11. Theory of the design 32 Design Proposal  33 12. The cows are back     35   Chi Fu Valley Eco - heritage Park  35 Main ...
Dissertation
Dissertation
Dissertation
Dissertation
1 Introduction 2 Background information of Dairy Farm In order to increase land supply the Hong Kong government proposed Wah Fu Estate would be moved to a valley next to Chi Fu Fa Yuen which is known as Chi Fu Valley and is surrounded by Green Belt area However the residents of Chi Fu Fa Yuen stated that the valley was the original site of Dairy Farm a local dairy production company and they discovered that Chi Fu Valley is covered by a series of heritage structures of Dairy Farm as well as the valley possessing high biodiversity Therefore they were strongly against the construction of the relocation of Wah Fu Estate and they advocated establishment of Eco heritage park in the valley Sir Patrick Manson founding father of tropical medicine had worked in China since 1866 In 1883 he moved to Hong Kong and found that Hong Kong had no milk supply on the market thus lacking a nutritious beverage to enhance patients health He founded Hong Kong s first dairy product industry The Dairy Farm Company with 80 Holstein cows imported from Scotland in 1886 Cameron 1986 It aimed to provide safe milk to the local public by following UK milk production methods and standards The government offered him land in Pok Fu Lam in a wind and drought resistant location for free because it recognised the company as a charity because it provided milk to public hospitals at a relatively low price Chuk 1996 Pok Fu Lam Chi Fu Valley Location of Chi Fu Valley Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association suggested the government to establish the first Eco Heritage Park in Hong Kong Although the association recorded the findings of heritage structures flora and fauna to date there has not been an adequate information or report to elaborate the relationship behind The high biodiversity in Chi Fu Valley may be subjected to the existence of Dairy Farm this hypothesis was set with a research objective for the ongoing thesis Before any conservation design a comprehensive site analysis should be carried in order to record the best status of the environment A complete baseline can also convince the government of the importance of figuring out what made the valley high in biodiversity to know the relationship between Dairy Farm and the Valley is to provide a suggestion for a design to link the heritage and the environment together as an ecoheritage park This thesis is to conduct further related research which has a closer look at the site itself and also designs a comprehensive methodology It furthermore consolidates the research objective and hypothesis in order to assist the ongoing research A design is proposed at the end of this report Page 1 The cows are back Cowboys quarter were built next to the cowsheds The plan is showing the proposed area is in residential area but surrounded by green belt area Source OZP S H10 15 http www2 ozp tpb gov hk plan ozp_plan_notes en S_ H10_15_e pdf nameddest RB Piggeries The red line covers Chi Fu Valley where the Eco heritage park area proposed by Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association Source Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association 15 Feb 2017 After 1967 Wah Fu Estate was establishhed at the back The site was still covered by elephhant grass The cows are back Page 2
1. Introduction  2. Background information of Dairy Farm  In order to increase land supply, the Hong Kong government propo...
1 Introduction 2 Background information of Dairy Farm In order to increase land supply the Hong Kong government proposed Wah Fu Estate would be moved to a valley next to Chi Fu Fa Yuen which is known as Chi Fu Valley and is surrounded by Green Belt area However the residents of Chi Fu Fa Yuen stated that the valley was the original site of Dairy Farm a local dairy production company and they discovered that Chi Fu Valley is covered by a series of heritage structures of Dairy Farm as well as the valley possessing high biodiversity Therefore they were strongly against the construction of the relocation of Wah Fu Estate and they advocated establishment of Eco heritage park in the valley Sir Patrick Manson founding father of tropical medicine had worked in China since 1866 In 1883 he moved to Hong Kong and found that Hong Kong had no milk supply on the market thus lacking a nutritious beverage to enhance patients health He founded Hong Kong s first dairy product industry The Dairy Farm Company with 80 Holstein cows imported from Scotland in 1886 Cameron 1986 It aimed to provide safe milk to the local public by following UK milk production methods and standards The government offered him land in Pok Fu Lam in a wind and drought resistant location for free because it recognised the company as a charity because it provided milk to public hospitals at a relatively low price Chuk 1996 Pok Fu Lam Chi Fu Valley Location of Chi Fu Valley Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association suggested the government to establish the first Eco Heritage Park in Hong Kong Although the association recorded the findings of heritage structures flora and fauna to date there has not been an adequate information or report to elaborate the relationship behind The high biodiversity in Chi Fu Valley may be subjected to the existence of Dairy Farm this hypothesis was set with a research objective for the ongoing thesis Before any conservation design a comprehensive site analysis should be carried in order to record the best status of the environment A complete baseline can also convince the government of the importance of figuring out what made the valley high in biodiversity to know the relationship between Dairy Farm and the Valley is to provide a suggestion for a design to link the heritage and the environment together as an ecoheritage park This thesis is to conduct further related research which has a closer look at the site itself and also designs a comprehensive methodology It furthermore consolidates the research objective and hypothesis in order to assist the ongoing research A design is proposed at the end of this report Page 1 The cows are back Cowboys quarter were built next to the cowsheds The plan is showing the proposed area is in residential area but surrounded by green belt area Source OZP S H10 15 http www2 ozp tpb gov hk plan ozp_plan_notes en S_ H10_15_e pdf nameddest RB Piggeries The red line covers Chi Fu Valley where the Eco heritage park area proposed by Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association Source Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association 15 Feb 2017 After 1967 Wah Fu Estate was establishhed at the back The site was still covered by elephhant grass The cows are back Page 2
1. Introduction  2. Background information of Dairy Farm  In order to increase land supply, the Hong Kong government propo...
Page 3 The cows are back The cows are back Page 4
Page 3   The cows are back    The cows are back     Page 4
Page 3 The cows are back The cows are back Page 4
Page 3   The cows are back    The cows are back     Page 4
3 Literature Review 3 2 Petition for making the first Eco heritage park in Hong Kong 3 1 Cultural Landscape The Antiquities Advisory Board has graded 1444 heritage structures in Hong Kong However heritage structures should not be limited to buildings The landscape where human activities happen is also undeniably important in reflecting the story in the past Nicolson 2016 A petition to designate Chi Fu Valley as an ecoheritage park attracted 3 000 signatories Unfortunately Hong Kong government does not recognise any cultural landscape as declared monument yet Hong Kong government should start considering cultural landscape as declared monument because it showcased different cultural stories of Hong Kong Definition of Cultural Landscape is a landscape that has tangible or intangible heritage assets that require to be seen as a sum of individual parts Principles for the Conservation of Heritage Sites in China described cultural landscape as a humanistic landscape or setting Agnew and Demas 2002 It expresses a sustainable and close relationship between humans and their natural environment It embraces a diversity of manifestations of the interaction between humankind and its natural environment UNESCO Pok Fu Lam Village is named in the list of World Monuments Fund Cultural Landscape in Pok Fu Lam is definitely not limited to Pok Fu Lam Village it is about the village Dairy Farm the surrounding valley the flora and fauna found in the valley Apart from the tangible elements those intangible cultural activities and beliefs in the village history and story behind are also essential Cultural Landscape is the combined works of nature and humankind they express a long and intimate relationship between peoples and their natural environment UNESCO Pok Fu Lam Village Source http pokfulamhongkong blogspot hk The petition to make Chi Fu Valley Hong Kong s first Eco heritage Park which raised by the residents in Chi Fu Fa Yuen Pok Fu Lam has drawn public attention The petition stated that Pok Fu Lam Village possessed rich history and it reflects people living style in old Hong Kong Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association 2016 In 18th century Dairy Farm was established there to provide milk products to Hong Kong people The structure has been left there and is often explored by adventurers Moreover in the research done by the association they have found a more interesting result the valley possesses a high value in biodiversity as several endangered species such as Short legged Toad and Lesser Spiny Frog which are classified under The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as Endangered species and Vulnerable species respectively More than 35 Ficus microcarpa have met the standard of Old Valuable Trees OVT have been found there Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association 2016 The village Dairy Farm heritages and nature value shows Chi Fu Valley is one of the high valued cultural heritage in Hong Kong Stone wall tree found in Chi Fu Valley Source XXXXX Short legged Toad Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association avodates Chi Fu Valley to be the first eco heritage park in Hong Kong Source Nextmedia 2 Jul 2016 Lesser Spiny Frog Page 5 The cows are back The cows are back Page 6
3. Literature Review 3.2 Petition for making the first Eco-heritage park in Hong Kong  3.1 Cultural Landscape The Antiquit...
3 Literature Review 3 2 Petition for making the first Eco heritage park in Hong Kong 3 1 Cultural Landscape The Antiquities Advisory Board has graded 1444 heritage structures in Hong Kong However heritage structures should not be limited to buildings The landscape where human activities happen is also undeniably important in reflecting the story in the past Nicolson 2016 A petition to designate Chi Fu Valley as an ecoheritage park attracted 3 000 signatories Unfortunately Hong Kong government does not recognise any cultural landscape as declared monument yet Hong Kong government should start considering cultural landscape as declared monument because it showcased different cultural stories of Hong Kong Definition of Cultural Landscape is a landscape that has tangible or intangible heritage assets that require to be seen as a sum of individual parts Principles for the Conservation of Heritage Sites in China described cultural landscape as a humanistic landscape or setting Agnew and Demas 2002 It expresses a sustainable and close relationship between humans and their natural environment It embraces a diversity of manifestations of the interaction between humankind and its natural environment UNESCO Pok Fu Lam Village is named in the list of World Monuments Fund Cultural Landscape in Pok Fu Lam is definitely not limited to Pok Fu Lam Village it is about the village Dairy Farm the surrounding valley the flora and fauna found in the valley Apart from the tangible elements those intangible cultural activities and beliefs in the village history and story behind are also essential Cultural Landscape is the combined works of nature and humankind they express a long and intimate relationship between peoples and their natural environment UNESCO Pok Fu Lam Village Source http pokfulamhongkong blogspot hk The petition to make Chi Fu Valley Hong Kong s first Eco heritage Park which raised by the residents in Chi Fu Fa Yuen Pok Fu Lam has drawn public attention The petition stated that Pok Fu Lam Village possessed rich history and it reflects people living style in old Hong Kong Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association 2016 In 18th century Dairy Farm was established there to provide milk products to Hong Kong people The structure has been left there and is often explored by adventurers Moreover in the research done by the association they have found a more interesting result the valley possesses a high value in biodiversity as several endangered species such as Short legged Toad and Lesser Spiny Frog which are classified under The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as Endangered species and Vulnerable species respectively More than 35 Ficus microcarpa have met the standard of Old Valuable Trees OVT have been found there Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association 2016 The village Dairy Farm heritages and nature value shows Chi Fu Valley is one of the high valued cultural heritage in Hong Kong Stone wall tree found in Chi Fu Valley Source XXXXX Short legged Toad Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association avodates Chi Fu Valley to be the first eco heritage park in Hong Kong Source Nextmedia 2 Jul 2016 Lesser Spiny Frog Page 5 The cows are back The cows are back Page 6
3. Literature Review 3.2 Petition for making the first Eco-heritage park in Hong Kong  3.1 Cultural Landscape The Antiquit...
3 3 Why is Dairy Farm heritage structure worthy of conservation Referring to other dairy farm in Hong Kong in order to notice the operation of a farm Social Significance of Pok Fu Lam Dairy Farm remains near clanmore property Pok Fu Lam became a community where East met West Over 1 000 workers including many villagers worked for Dairy Farm since 1886 They learnt to speak English through working with the Europeans Cattle grazing was practised over the Valley Children played on the farm and rode on the cows Cheung 2016 They also slid down the slopes planted with Elephant Grass which was the feed for cows Tso So 2011 The activities mingled cows locals and Europeans at that time Dairy Farm came to process an important role within Hong Kong In economics it supported families in Pok Fu Lam More importantly being the first local dairy farm it was a pioneer of industry co operation between the UK and Hong Kong The dairy products entered the market and boosted the economy of Hong Kong Drinking milk made people improved health helping to lessen the burden on the Hong Kong medical system In terms of culture it witnessed the harmonious interaction between Europeans and Hong Kong locals With the popularisation of milk came new eating and culinary habits for Hong Kong It led Cha Chaan Teng invented milk tea in later days The contribution of Dairy Farm was undeniably tremendous and influential It has also influenced the Chinese cooking style Before the establishment of Dairy Farm Chinese cooking had never used butter Dairy Farm introduced milk to the public and maintain Hong Kong people s health But it also contributed to local Hong Kong food culture Milk tea Steamed Milk Pudding that kind of unique Hong Kong style food would not have been without a local supply of milk Sau 2016 Page 7 The cows are back Case Study Hong Ning Dairy Farm Cowboys bringing pails of new milk to the dairy at the farm Source Cameron N 1986 The milky way The history of dairy farm Hong Kong Dairy Farm Hong Ning Dairy Farm was located in Yuen Long where is sufficient in water supply from river The farm planted arable crop elephant grass for cow fodder It practised a sustainable grazing method rotational cultivation Firstly after the cattle have eaten all the elephant grass in one field The worker would plant the elephant grass in another field and let the previous field rest Likewise the feces of the cattle and the grey water released from milk production would fertilise the soil There is a sustainable cycle of milk Hong Ning Dairy Dairy Farm was the catering supplier of Cathay Pacific Airlines Source Cameron N 1986 The milky way The history of dairy farm Hong Kong Dairy Farm Demonstration of milk production Visitors loved feeding the cows 4 Discussion The species record identifies Chi Fu Valley is high in species richness But an assessment of ecological value has been carried out in this research in order to clearly verify the level of the value The case study of Hong Ning Dairy Farm used manure as fertilisers for the fodder also enhanced the fertility of the soil The research of Dairy Farm should also refer to this case study research for any evidence of verifying that the soil has ever been fertilised by feces Hong Kong Style Milk Tea The cows are back Page 8
3.3 Why is Dairy Farm heritage structure worthy of conservation    Referring to other dairy farm in Hong Kong in order to ...
3 3 Why is Dairy Farm heritage structure worthy of conservation Referring to other dairy farm in Hong Kong in order to notice the operation of a farm Social Significance of Pok Fu Lam Dairy Farm remains near clanmore property Pok Fu Lam became a community where East met West Over 1 000 workers including many villagers worked for Dairy Farm since 1886 They learnt to speak English through working with the Europeans Cattle grazing was practised over the Valley Children played on the farm and rode on the cows Cheung 2016 They also slid down the slopes planted with Elephant Grass which was the feed for cows Tso So 2011 The activities mingled cows locals and Europeans at that time Dairy Farm came to process an important role within Hong Kong In economics it supported families in Pok Fu Lam More importantly being the first local dairy farm it was a pioneer of industry co operation between the UK and Hong Kong The dairy products entered the market and boosted the economy of Hong Kong Drinking milk made people improved health helping to lessen the burden on the Hong Kong medical system In terms of culture it witnessed the harmonious interaction between Europeans and Hong Kong locals With the popularisation of milk came new eating and culinary habits for Hong Kong It led Cha Chaan Teng invented milk tea in later days The contribution of Dairy Farm was undeniably tremendous and influential It has also influenced the Chinese cooking style Before the establishment of Dairy Farm Chinese cooking had never used butter Dairy Farm introduced milk to the public and maintain Hong Kong people s health But it also contributed to local Hong Kong food culture Milk tea Steamed Milk Pudding that kind of unique Hong Kong style food would not have been without a local supply of milk Sau 2016 Page 7 The cows are back Case Study Hong Ning Dairy Farm Cowboys bringing pails of new milk to the dairy at the farm Source Cameron N 1986 The milky way The history of dairy farm Hong Kong Dairy Farm Hong Ning Dairy Farm was located in Yuen Long where is sufficient in water supply from river The farm planted arable crop elephant grass for cow fodder It practised a sustainable grazing method rotational cultivation Firstly after the cattle have eaten all the elephant grass in one field The worker would plant the elephant grass in another field and let the previous field rest Likewise the feces of the cattle and the grey water released from milk production would fertilise the soil There is a sustainable cycle of milk Hong Ning Dairy Dairy Farm was the catering supplier of Cathay Pacific Airlines Source Cameron N 1986 The milky way The history of dairy farm Hong Kong Dairy Farm Demonstration of milk production Visitors loved feeding the cows 4 Discussion The species record identifies Chi Fu Valley is high in species richness But an assessment of ecological value has been carried out in this research in order to clearly verify the level of the value The case study of Hong Ning Dairy Farm used manure as fertilisers for the fodder also enhanced the fertility of the soil The research of Dairy Farm should also refer to this case study research for any evidence of verifying that the soil has ever been fertilised by feces Hong Kong Style Milk Tea The cows are back Page 8
3.3 Why is Dairy Farm heritage structure worthy of conservation    Referring to other dairy farm in Hong Kong in order to ...
5 Research Question 6 Methodology Dairy Farm made Chi Fu Valley rich in biodiversity This research focuses on the relationship between Dairy Farm and the biodiversity of Chi Fu Valley First assess the level of the ecological importance of the site based on the flora and fauna migratory birds and any other valuable or endangered living creatures Secondly to determine their living requirement to prove the site condition whether it is good or not In addition research for the factors that encourages high biodiversity from reports and observation 5 2 Research Objective 6 1 Indicator of Biodiversity 5 1 Hypothesis 1 Base on the record of existing species in Chi Fu Valley carry an Environmental Impact Assessment to determine the level of value and sensibility 2 Carrying a comprehensive ecological analysis and get to know the unique vegetation status of Chi Fu Valley 3 To understand the change of Chi Fu Valley from barren land to a valley with dense woodland and high biodiversity and the reason behind it 4 5 According to Legislative Council Panel on Environmental Affairs New Nature Conservation Policy CB 1 214 04 05 01 Hong Kong Government has set up a Scoring System for the Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites The assessment of biodiversity of Chi Fu Valley was done after a more comprehensive research on species found 6 2 Observation Site Analysis is the first hand source that can tell the facts The heritage was observed to see if there is any evidence to show the relationship with the ecosystem In addition water stream is also an important factors for ecosystem the tree near the water should also be carefully observed 6 3 Old photo of Dairy Farm The old photo of dairy farm shows the atmosphere and environment of the farm in the past It showcased the husbandry method and the status of vegetation in the old days To find out the relationship between Dairy Farm and Chi Fu Valley regardless of the past and the present The operation of Dairy Farm may have fertilised the soil and the heritage left by Dairy Farm may maintain a balanced relationship with the environment The ultimate goal is to enhance such factors that enriches the biodiversity and integrate them into an two concept design which can conserve the environment and raise the public awareness of the local history and biodiversity in Hong Kong Page 9 The cows are back The cows are back Page 10
5. Research Question  6. Methodology  Dairy Farm made Chi Fu Valley rich in biodiversity  This research focuses on the rel...
5 Research Question 6 Methodology Dairy Farm made Chi Fu Valley rich in biodiversity This research focuses on the relationship between Dairy Farm and the biodiversity of Chi Fu Valley First assess the level of the ecological importance of the site based on the flora and fauna migratory birds and any other valuable or endangered living creatures Secondly to determine their living requirement to prove the site condition whether it is good or not In addition research for the factors that encourages high biodiversity from reports and observation 5 2 Research Objective 6 1 Indicator of Biodiversity 5 1 Hypothesis 1 Base on the record of existing species in Chi Fu Valley carry an Environmental Impact Assessment to determine the level of value and sensibility 2 Carrying a comprehensive ecological analysis and get to know the unique vegetation status of Chi Fu Valley 3 To understand the change of Chi Fu Valley from barren land to a valley with dense woodland and high biodiversity and the reason behind it 4 5 According to Legislative Council Panel on Environmental Affairs New Nature Conservation Policy CB 1 214 04 05 01 Hong Kong Government has set up a Scoring System for the Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites The assessment of biodiversity of Chi Fu Valley was done after a more comprehensive research on species found 6 2 Observation Site Analysis is the first hand source that can tell the facts The heritage was observed to see if there is any evidence to show the relationship with the ecosystem In addition water stream is also an important factors for ecosystem the tree near the water should also be carefully observed 6 3 Old photo of Dairy Farm The old photo of dairy farm shows the atmosphere and environment of the farm in the past It showcased the husbandry method and the status of vegetation in the old days To find out the relationship between Dairy Farm and Chi Fu Valley regardless of the past and the present The operation of Dairy Farm may have fertilised the soil and the heritage left by Dairy Farm may maintain a balanced relationship with the environment The ultimate goal is to enhance such factors that enriches the biodiversity and integrate them into an two concept design which can conserve the environment and raise the public awareness of the local history and biodiversity in Hong Kong Page 9 The cows are back The cows are back Page 10
5. Research Question  6. Methodology  Dairy Farm made Chi Fu Valley rich in biodiversity  This research focuses on the rel...
7 Data Collection Site Visits 7 2 Site Visit 2 on 25 Nov 2016 7 1 Site Visit 1 on 27 Sept 2016 Numerous of ruins were discovered including a grass silo some paddock and manure tank There are numerous of stone wall tree Ficus microcarpa on the structures Evidence of bee and ant circulation was discovered in the cavity of the stone wall tree based on the paddock It showed the inter independent relationship between the animals plants and heritage structures Skull of a boar has also been discovered There were elephant grass spreading on the hill Furthermore the soil of the site is in dark brown colour which indicates that it is rich in organic matter A site visit was carried out to Chi Fu Valley on 27 Sept 2016 A map was not prepared The heritage structures are scattered and hidden in the valley Dairy Farm residential buildings were blocked by a fence One heritage structure which is the grass silo was discovered covered by climbers and was in a hidden space The Dairy Farm former quarters were under construction A sign showing that any passer by is not allowed to enter the Dairy Farm former quarters without permission Another site visit was carried out on 25 11 2016 The visit covered the ruins at the south west side area of Yat Chee Villas We entered from the gap of the stone fence The silo is next to the hiking trail but it is not obvious Manure tank Paddock Ficus microcarpa Ant circulation Dark brown colour soil Bones of boar Grass silo Grass Silo for elephants grass storage Dairy Farm ruin A old sign showing that the direction is accessible for horse Elephant grass Page 11 The cows are back The cows are back Page 12
7. Data Collection  Site Visits  7.2 Site Visit 2 on 25 Nov 2016  7.1 Site Visit 1 on 27 Sept 2016  Numerous of ruins were...
7 Data Collection Site Visits 7 2 Site Visit 2 on 25 Nov 2016 7 1 Site Visit 1 on 27 Sept 2016 Numerous of ruins were discovered including a grass silo some paddock and manure tank There are numerous of stone wall tree Ficus microcarpa on the structures Evidence of bee and ant circulation was discovered in the cavity of the stone wall tree based on the paddock It showed the inter independent relationship between the animals plants and heritage structures Skull of a boar has also been discovered There were elephant grass spreading on the hill Furthermore the soil of the site is in dark brown colour which indicates that it is rich in organic matter A site visit was carried out to Chi Fu Valley on 27 Sept 2016 A map was not prepared The heritage structures are scattered and hidden in the valley Dairy Farm residential buildings were blocked by a fence One heritage structure which is the grass silo was discovered covered by climbers and was in a hidden space The Dairy Farm former quarters were under construction A sign showing that any passer by is not allowed to enter the Dairy Farm former quarters without permission Another site visit was carried out on 25 11 2016 The visit covered the ruins at the south west side area of Yat Chee Villas We entered from the gap of the stone fence The silo is next to the hiking trail but it is not obvious Manure tank Paddock Ficus microcarpa Ant circulation Dark brown colour soil Bones of boar Grass silo Grass Silo for elephants grass storage Dairy Farm ruin A old sign showing that the direction is accessible for horse Elephant grass Page 11 The cows are back The cows are back Page 12
7. Data Collection  Site Visits  7.2 Site Visit 2 on 25 Nov 2016  7.1 Site Visit 1 on 27 Sept 2016  Numerous of ruins were...
7 4 Site Visit 4 on 14 Feb 2017 7 3 Site Visit 3 on 7 Feb 2017 The third time of visit aimed to record the ruins location and tried to find a way to reach the stream It is very steep to get to the river from Chi Fu Road Therefore another way from another hill side that is accessible to the river has been discovered It was a very spectacular and clear river with the volcanic rocks nearby It is worthseeing The forth time of visit aimed to find the piggeries as stated in the Dairy Farm map Climbing over a slope the structures of piggeries have been discovered It was still good in condition There was a series of piggeries and isles made of brick constructed Next to the piggeries there was a grass silo and a dwelling Referring to the old photo in the book The milky way The history of dairy farm the dwelling was as similar as the one that was discovered today Isles of the piggeries Top view of the river Pond surrounded by volcanic rock Piggeries A dwelling was discovered next to the piggeries A grass silo The water is clear Overview of the river The old photo shows the dwelling is as similar as the one that was discovered today Page 13 The cows are back The cows are back Page 14
7.4 Site Visit 4 on 14 Feb 2017  7.3 Site Visit 3 on 7 Feb 2017 The third time of visit aimed to record the ruins location...
7 4 Site Visit 4 on 14 Feb 2017 7 3 Site Visit 3 on 7 Feb 2017 The third time of visit aimed to record the ruins location and tried to find a way to reach the stream It is very steep to get to the river from Chi Fu Road Therefore another way from another hill side that is accessible to the river has been discovered It was a very spectacular and clear river with the volcanic rocks nearby It is worthseeing The forth time of visit aimed to find the piggeries as stated in the Dairy Farm map Climbing over a slope the structures of piggeries have been discovered It was still good in condition There was a series of piggeries and isles made of brick constructed Next to the piggeries there was a grass silo and a dwelling Referring to the old photo in the book The milky way The history of dairy farm the dwelling was as similar as the one that was discovered today Isles of the piggeries Top view of the river Pond surrounded by volcanic rock Piggeries A dwelling was discovered next to the piggeries A grass silo The water is clear Overview of the river The old photo shows the dwelling is as similar as the one that was discovered today Page 13 The cows are back The cows are back Page 14
7.4 Site Visit 4 on 14 Feb 2017  7.3 Site Visit 3 on 7 Feb 2017 The third time of visit aimed to record the ruins location...
8 Site Analysis Roads Internal Circulation Existing heritage structures River This plan shows the structures found during the visits The blue boundary is the site boundary of this research Vegetation Elephant grass Page 15 The cows are back The cows are back Page 16
8. Site Analysis Roads  Internal Circulation Existing heritage structures River  This plan shows the structures found duri...
8 Site Analysis Roads Internal Circulation Existing heritage structures River This plan shows the structures found during the visits The blue boundary is the site boundary of this research Vegetation Elephant grass Page 15 The cows are back The cows are back Page 16
8. Site Analysis Roads  Internal Circulation Existing heritage structures River  This plan shows the structures found duri...
9 Data Analysis Factors enriching biodiversity Dairy Farm Ruins 9 1 Revealing the animal husbandry method operated in Dairy Farm Grass Silo Dwelling Paddock Gate Piggeries Paddock Paddock High biodiversity Stone Wall trees River Stone Wall trees Lesser Spiny Frog Stone Wall trees Short legged Frog The husbandry method of the cattle influenced the surrounding environment Referring to the old photograph it can be seen the cattle were kept at the paddocks which was made from granite were an outdoor area for foddering and exercising the cows The old photos also showed the cowsheds which were the shelter for cattle Dairy Farm was located at a very steep and hilly area where there was unlikely to be a pasture for shepherd grazing The argument of the cattle bringing disturbance to the field while digging up the soil does not stand Although shepherd grazing is a form of disturbance making boosting in biodiversity over grazing would degrade the forest Therefore captive breeding more easily to control the influence on the nature The husbandry method used by Dairy Farm was appropriate enough to let the nature to recover nowadays However we should be noted that the construction of the farm like the cowshed peddocks grass silos did contribute disturbance The construction in some areas stopped the vegetation from growing But the other space that did not covered by the construction is possible to possess biodiversity The photographs shows the cattles were kept in captive breeding Source Cameron N 1986 The milky way The history of dairy farm Hong Kong Dairy Farm Page 17 The cows are back The cows are back Page 18
9. Data Analysis  Factors enriching  biodiversity  Dairy Farm Ruins  9.1 Revealing the animal husbandry method operated in...
9 Data Analysis Factors enriching biodiversity Dairy Farm Ruins 9 1 Revealing the animal husbandry method operated in Dairy Farm Grass Silo Dwelling Paddock Gate Piggeries Paddock Paddock High biodiversity Stone Wall trees River Stone Wall trees Lesser Spiny Frog Stone Wall trees Short legged Frog The husbandry method of the cattle influenced the surrounding environment Referring to the old photograph it can be seen the cattle were kept at the paddocks which was made from granite were an outdoor area for foddering and exercising the cows The old photos also showed the cowsheds which were the shelter for cattle Dairy Farm was located at a very steep and hilly area where there was unlikely to be a pasture for shepherd grazing The argument of the cattle bringing disturbance to the field while digging up the soil does not stand Although shepherd grazing is a form of disturbance making boosting in biodiversity over grazing would degrade the forest Therefore captive breeding more easily to control the influence on the nature The husbandry method used by Dairy Farm was appropriate enough to let the nature to recover nowadays However we should be noted that the construction of the farm like the cowshed peddocks grass silos did contribute disturbance The construction in some areas stopped the vegetation from growing But the other space that did not covered by the construction is possible to possess biodiversity The photographs shows the cattles were kept in captive breeding Source Cameron N 1986 The milky way The history of dairy farm Hong Kong Dairy Farm Page 17 The cows are back The cows are back Page 18
9. Data Analysis  Factors enriching  biodiversity  Dairy Farm Ruins  9.1 Revealing the animal husbandry method operated in...
9 1 1 The unique situation of the vegetation in Chi Fu Valley Butterflies Packed earth inhibit plant growth Dead Trees Fodder Elephant grass Climbers on ground Shrub attracts butterflies Stone Wall Tree 1886 1972 Referring to the old photo of Dairy Farm there were not much trees covered in the valley elephant grass covered spreaded all over the site After 1972 Page 19 The cows are back The cows are back Page 20
9.1.1 The unique situation of the vegetation in Chi Fu Valley  Butterflies Packed earth inhibit plant growth  Dead Trees  ...
9 1 1 The unique situation of the vegetation in Chi Fu Valley Butterflies Packed earth inhibit plant growth Dead Trees Fodder Elephant grass Climbers on ground Shrub attracts butterflies Stone Wall Tree 1886 1972 Referring to the old photo of Dairy Farm there were not much trees covered in the valley elephant grass covered spreaded all over the site After 1972 Page 19 The cows are back The cows are back Page 20
9.1.1 The unique situation of the vegetation in Chi Fu Valley  Butterflies Packed earth inhibit plant growth  Dead Trees  ...
9 2 Traditional farming creates high biodiversity 9 2 1 Dung as organic fertilisers Some of the trees were found weak or fallen along the route because they grew on concrete About 30 Ficus microcarpa grew very strongly and healthily with a very big crown and massive in scale Only Ficus microcarpa can grow healthily on the wall and on the packed earth in the ruin area where the ground is packed earth because its strangler can support the whole trees in a strong grip on vertical wall surface and adapt to such harsh growing environment Management Guidelines for Stonewall Trees 2013 Meanwhile there are abundance of shrubs climbers found in the site that creates habitat for the butterflies and bees Many other trees except Ficus microcarpa can not survive in the ruins where is low in soil depth this situation allows various of shrubs and climbers to spread Apart from the area of ruins like paddocks trees are growing normally healthily and tall It verifies that the hard structure really brought disturbance to the forest causing some trees stop growing Dead trees Source Photo taken by Roselle Wu Pennisetum purpureum elephant grass was grown to be the fodder for cattle Planting elephant grass brought disturbance to such area because the workers put dung to the fodder The manure tank is one of the heritage structures left by Dairy Farm The tank was used to store cow faeces and dead animals so as to make fertilisers for the fodder Manure is a source of many nutrients including nitrogen which is often the major nutrient that helps most of the crops to grow Putting fertilisers to the field of growing Pennisetum purpureum help plant to obtain nutrient and enrich the biodiversity Pennisetum purpureum is still growing strongly in the site Source Photo taken by Roselle Wu According to Farmland abandonment threat or opportunity for biodiversity conservation A global review The literature suggests that the traditional farming management has little or no input of artificial fertilisers and pesticides Also nutrients are recycled e g manure compost forms closed cycle Only Ficus Microcarpa can grow healthily on the wall and on the concrete in the ruin area where the ground is concrete because its strangler can support the whole trees Source Photo taken by Roselle Wu Therefore traditional farming is beneficial to the environment Change of land use is one of the main reasons for biodiversity loss That is to say if there is no more disturbance to maintain the previous effect on the land biodiversity is no longer encouraged Conservation should be carried out to actively maintain the biodiversity A manure pit Source Surviving Physical Heritage of the Hong Kong Dairy Farm by Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association The water is clean and clear Abundance of shrubs climbers found in the site that creates habitat for the butterflies and bees Source Photo taken by Roselle Wu Page 21 The cows are back Apart from the area of ruins like paddocks trees are growing normally healthily and tall Source Photo taken by Roselle Wu The cows are back Page 22
9.2 Traditional farming creates high biodiversity 9.2.1 Dung as organic fertilisers Some of the trees were found weak or f...
9 2 Traditional farming creates high biodiversity 9 2 1 Dung as organic fertilisers Some of the trees were found weak or fallen along the route because they grew on concrete About 30 Ficus microcarpa grew very strongly and healthily with a very big crown and massive in scale Only Ficus microcarpa can grow healthily on the wall and on the packed earth in the ruin area where the ground is packed earth because its strangler can support the whole trees in a strong grip on vertical wall surface and adapt to such harsh growing environment Management Guidelines for Stonewall Trees 2013 Meanwhile there are abundance of shrubs climbers found in the site that creates habitat for the butterflies and bees Many other trees except Ficus microcarpa can not survive in the ruins where is low in soil depth this situation allows various of shrubs and climbers to spread Apart from the area of ruins like paddocks trees are growing normally healthily and tall It verifies that the hard structure really brought disturbance to the forest causing some trees stop growing Dead trees Source Photo taken by Roselle Wu Pennisetum purpureum elephant grass was grown to be the fodder for cattle Planting elephant grass brought disturbance to such area because the workers put dung to the fodder The manure tank is one of the heritage structures left by Dairy Farm The tank was used to store cow faeces and dead animals so as to make fertilisers for the fodder Manure is a source of many nutrients including nitrogen which is often the major nutrient that helps most of the crops to grow Putting fertilisers to the field of growing Pennisetum purpureum help plant to obtain nutrient and enrich the biodiversity Pennisetum purpureum is still growing strongly in the site Source Photo taken by Roselle Wu According to Farmland abandonment threat or opportunity for biodiversity conservation A global review The literature suggests that the traditional farming management has little or no input of artificial fertilisers and pesticides Also nutrients are recycled e g manure compost forms closed cycle Only Ficus Microcarpa can grow healthily on the wall and on the concrete in the ruin area where the ground is concrete because its strangler can support the whole trees Source Photo taken by Roselle Wu Therefore traditional farming is beneficial to the environment Change of land use is one of the main reasons for biodiversity loss That is to say if there is no more disturbance to maintain the previous effect on the land biodiversity is no longer encouraged Conservation should be carried out to actively maintain the biodiversity A manure pit Source Surviving Physical Heritage of the Hong Kong Dairy Farm by Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association The water is clean and clear Abundance of shrubs climbers found in the site that creates habitat for the butterflies and bees Source Photo taken by Roselle Wu Page 21 The cows are back Apart from the area of ruins like paddocks trees are growing normally healthily and tall Source Photo taken by Roselle Wu The cows are back Page 22
9.2 Traditional farming creates high biodiversity 9.2.1 Dung as organic fertilisers Some of the trees were found weak or f...
Organic farming method 9 2 2 Observation Hints from the building structure of the paddocks However according to Surviving Physical Heritage Report of the Hong Kong Dairy Farm by Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association the structure of the paddock is the evidence revealing the secret of how the cattle contributed to the fertility Rectangular gap openings were constructed in the walls of paddock letting water and waste wash away through the wall to the outside Therefore it allowed the nutrient in feces to fertilised the land near the paddock through cleaning up or rain run off An opening gap found on the paddock Source Taken by Roselle Wu Dung washed away from the paddock Cows excrete to the paddock When it rains or the worker clean up Cowboys do the clean up the dung Fodder The faeces will go Fodder from the opening gap of the paddock Recycled waste The dung will decompose in manure pit Harvest fodder grows well Page 23 The cows are back Grow Manure will act as fertiliser to grow fodder Fodder is fertilised Faeces act as a nutrient by decomposing as organic matter The cows are back Page 24
Organic farming method  9.2.2 Observation  Hints from the building structure of the paddocks However, according to Survivi...
Organic farming method 9 2 2 Observation Hints from the building structure of the paddocks However according to Surviving Physical Heritage Report of the Hong Kong Dairy Farm by Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association the structure of the paddock is the evidence revealing the secret of how the cattle contributed to the fertility Rectangular gap openings were constructed in the walls of paddock letting water and waste wash away through the wall to the outside Therefore it allowed the nutrient in feces to fertilised the land near the paddock through cleaning up or rain run off An opening gap found on the paddock Source Taken by Roselle Wu Dung washed away from the paddock Cows excrete to the paddock When it rains or the worker clean up Cowboys do the clean up the dung Fodder The faeces will go Fodder from the opening gap of the paddock Recycled waste The dung will decompose in manure pit Harvest fodder grows well Page 23 The cows are back Grow Manure will act as fertiliser to grow fodder Fodder is fertilised Faeces act as a nutrient by decomposing as organic matter The cows are back Page 24
Organic farming method  9.2.2 Observation  Hints from the building structure of the paddocks However, according to Survivi...
9 3 Abandonment of Dairy Farm Dairy Farm was closed in 1972 It is isolated from human activities and it remained untouched by outsiders for nearly 44 years This let the ecosystem develop in good condition protected from human disturbance like building construction which might cause wall effect noise pollution air pollution etc Through the establishment of Dairy Farm for 86 years from 1886 to 1972 the site covering a vast area that favours those living species which adapts to spatial tranquil and natural environments was created Case Study Disturbance in military site Activity brings disturbance which enhances biodiversity Biodiversity and the heterogeneous disturbance regime on military training lands the mosaic left by heterogeneous disturbance provides habitat suitable for disturbance averse species disturbancedependent species and many other species along the continua of disturbance and succession Military sites bring heterogeneous disturbance which encourage high biodiversity because it satisfies the needs of both disturbance dependent and disturbanceaverse species The high biodiversity and large numbers of threatened and endan gered species are found on military training lands because there are varied conditions that serve different species A large military site which is virtually untouched favours the dependent averse species The literature stated that after the termination of military training high populations of disturbance dependent species are threatened with extinction IUCN 1996 Scientists and environmentalists have to practise the activities that bring disturbance to the nature in order to enhance biodiversity Case Study Mediterranean Basin How do agricultural activities enrich biodiversity Increasing competition for land is a global issue Land abandonment is common in the Mediterranean Basin which is a biodiversity hotspot Human activities have shaped ecosystems and have enhanced biological diversity Bugalho M N 2011 Cultivated land commonly sees more disturbance brought by agricultural activities and the species are more diversified from natural ecosystems than are pastures Therefore species richness will increase after agriculture and longer lived plants become part of the habitats because soil disturbance has reduced Batary P 2011 Page 25 The cows are back Case Study Fuyang Eco Park Taiwan Referring to other place that possesses activities that bring disturbance to the biodiversity Fuyang Eco Park is a 3 5 hectare park in Taipei During the time of the Japanese Colonial Period 1939 1988 the site was formerly a military ammunition depot After the departure of the army the local residents urged the military department to conserve the depot and rehabilitate it to be a park in 1991 The government then approved and handled the land use issue in 2000 In 2005 the park started the construction Due to the long period of military control and absence of human activities the biodiversity in the park remains as high now as a hundred years ago The government has appointed National Chung Hsing University to carry out a 4 year ecological resources survey and investigation in order to gain a deeper understanding of the distribution of the living species Furthermore the University has also produced a documentary on the ecology in the park to let citizens to appreciate the beauty of Mother Nature The government referred to the results and suggestions given by the site analysis and the park is divided into different zones such as a military heritage zone a natural succession area a butterfly watching area a formosan giant flying squirrel observation area and Taipei treefrog observation area The Park possesses 5 000 trees covering 331 plant species a military dependents village preserved forts culverts and vicissitudinous stone steps Department of Information and Tourism Taipei City Government The military use of the land produced a secondary forest When the land was under military use slight deforestation was carried out in order to release more space and build canals and emergency routes Plants grew in the deforested area after withdrawal of the army forming secondary forest Therefore one of the significance is the mutual existence of native forest and secondary forest Pyrops watanabei Photo Source Cheng J T 2014 Retrieved October 13 2016 from http taiwantravelforever blogspot hk 2014 05 blog post html The cows are back Page 26
9.3 Abandonment of Dairy Farm Dairy Farm was closed in 1972. It is isolated from human activities and it remained untouche...
9 3 Abandonment of Dairy Farm Dairy Farm was closed in 1972 It is isolated from human activities and it remained untouched by outsiders for nearly 44 years This let the ecosystem develop in good condition protected from human disturbance like building construction which might cause wall effect noise pollution air pollution etc Through the establishment of Dairy Farm for 86 years from 1886 to 1972 the site covering a vast area that favours those living species which adapts to spatial tranquil and natural environments was created Case Study Disturbance in military site Activity brings disturbance which enhances biodiversity Biodiversity and the heterogeneous disturbance regime on military training lands the mosaic left by heterogeneous disturbance provides habitat suitable for disturbance averse species disturbancedependent species and many other species along the continua of disturbance and succession Military sites bring heterogeneous disturbance which encourage high biodiversity because it satisfies the needs of both disturbance dependent and disturbanceaverse species The high biodiversity and large numbers of threatened and endan gered species are found on military training lands because there are varied conditions that serve different species A large military site which is virtually untouched favours the dependent averse species The literature stated that after the termination of military training high populations of disturbance dependent species are threatened with extinction IUCN 1996 Scientists and environmentalists have to practise the activities that bring disturbance to the nature in order to enhance biodiversity Case Study Mediterranean Basin How do agricultural activities enrich biodiversity Increasing competition for land is a global issue Land abandonment is common in the Mediterranean Basin which is a biodiversity hotspot Human activities have shaped ecosystems and have enhanced biological diversity Bugalho M N 2011 Cultivated land commonly sees more disturbance brought by agricultural activities and the species are more diversified from natural ecosystems than are pastures Therefore species richness will increase after agriculture and longer lived plants become part of the habitats because soil disturbance has reduced Batary P 2011 Page 25 The cows are back Case Study Fuyang Eco Park Taiwan Referring to other place that possesses activities that bring disturbance to the biodiversity Fuyang Eco Park is a 3 5 hectare park in Taipei During the time of the Japanese Colonial Period 1939 1988 the site was formerly a military ammunition depot After the departure of the army the local residents urged the military department to conserve the depot and rehabilitate it to be a park in 1991 The government then approved and handled the land use issue in 2000 In 2005 the park started the construction Due to the long period of military control and absence of human activities the biodiversity in the park remains as high now as a hundred years ago The government has appointed National Chung Hsing University to carry out a 4 year ecological resources survey and investigation in order to gain a deeper understanding of the distribution of the living species Furthermore the University has also produced a documentary on the ecology in the park to let citizens to appreciate the beauty of Mother Nature The government referred to the results and suggestions given by the site analysis and the park is divided into different zones such as a military heritage zone a natural succession area a butterfly watching area a formosan giant flying squirrel observation area and Taipei treefrog observation area The Park possesses 5 000 trees covering 331 plant species a military dependents village preserved forts culverts and vicissitudinous stone steps Department of Information and Tourism Taipei City Government The military use of the land produced a secondary forest When the land was under military use slight deforestation was carried out in order to release more space and build canals and emergency routes Plants grew in the deforested area after withdrawal of the army forming secondary forest Therefore one of the significance is the mutual existence of native forest and secondary forest Pyrops watanabei Photo Source Cheng J T 2014 Retrieved October 13 2016 from http taiwantravelforever blogspot hk 2014 05 blog post html The cows are back Page 26
9.3 Abandonment of Dairy Farm Dairy Farm was closed in 1972. It is isolated from human activities and it remained untouche...
9 4 Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites An Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites was carried out by myself based on the findings of flora and fauna recorded during site visit and reports The scoring system referred to Legislative Council Panel on Environmental Affairs New Nature Conservation Policy there are five categories as follows Naturalness 2 scores As the woodland was disturbed due to the establishment of Dairy Farm But the natural woodland recovered rapidly after the abandonment Habitat Diversity 2 scores There are two kinds of habitat woodlands and rivers Non recreatability 3 scores As the woodland was fertilised under the operation of Dairy farm for nearly 90 years If there is no any enhancement the nutrient in the soil will be washed away one day It is very difficult to recreate the unique habitat where the potential OVTs flora and fauna heritage structures mingled It took around 100 years for the animals and plants to adapt to this habitat from the existence to the abandonment of the farm Species diversity and richness 3 scores There are a population Ficus microcarpa Ficus elastica many butterflies and also two frogs Short Legged Frog and Little Spiny Frog have been discovered Species rarity endemism 2 scores There are a population of potential OVTs a Auilaria sinensis has been discovered It was listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species published by The World Conservation Union as well as the China Red List 2004 10 Analysis Dairy Farm used manure as fertiliser for the fodder which also enhanced the fertility of the soil In addition the small openings in the walls of the paddock allowed water to escape and dung to wash away and decompose in the soil As stated previously photos showed that the surroundings of Dairy Farm were covered by grass with no trees it was not a woodland Therefore secondary forest is not existing in the site it is not the reason for high biodiversity More importantly weak trees were commonly found along the route because the concrete stop the roots for growing but meanwhile due to this reason the shrub which does not require deep soil depth can absorb nutrient and sunlight making the shrub grow well and attract the butterflies The species in the valley are diversified We should note that discovering weak and fallen trees does not certainly mean low biodiversity Referring to the literature biodiversity can be brought by heterogeneous disturbance regime The reason why endangered and threatened species occur may be due to the existence of various conditions which satisfy different kind of species Dairy Farm have created a microclimate by constructing paddocks scattering across the hills with low impact on the environment so a certain level of biodiversity can be retained At the same time planting elephant grass and manure fertilised the land As Dairy Farm heritage structures have not been touched by the public for a period of time the flora and fauna has adapted to the environment and their habitat has not been destroyed The heritage and biodiversity might be inter independent Military training is not the only ideal disturbance that can enhance the biodiversity but we should take it as a reference that any activity that a heterogeneous disturbance regime provides suitable habitat for species that are disturbance averse and disturbancedependent reestablishment of a disturbance encourage biodiversity The practice of Dairy Farm is heterogeneously distributed disturbance that contribute to biodiversity Two kinds of endangered frogs Short Legged Frog and Little Spiny Frog have been discovered To conclude the ecological importance of the site is relatively high The biodiversity will be degraded without further maintenance or enhancement Page 27 The cows are back The cows are back Page 28
9.4 Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites An Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites...
9 4 Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites An Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites was carried out by myself based on the findings of flora and fauna recorded during site visit and reports The scoring system referred to Legislative Council Panel on Environmental Affairs New Nature Conservation Policy there are five categories as follows Naturalness 2 scores As the woodland was disturbed due to the establishment of Dairy Farm But the natural woodland recovered rapidly after the abandonment Habitat Diversity 2 scores There are two kinds of habitat woodlands and rivers Non recreatability 3 scores As the woodland was fertilised under the operation of Dairy farm for nearly 90 years If there is no any enhancement the nutrient in the soil will be washed away one day It is very difficult to recreate the unique habitat where the potential OVTs flora and fauna heritage structures mingled It took around 100 years for the animals and plants to adapt to this habitat from the existence to the abandonment of the farm Species diversity and richness 3 scores There are a population Ficus microcarpa Ficus elastica many butterflies and also two frogs Short Legged Frog and Little Spiny Frog have been discovered Species rarity endemism 2 scores There are a population of potential OVTs a Auilaria sinensis has been discovered It was listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species published by The World Conservation Union as well as the China Red List 2004 10 Analysis Dairy Farm used manure as fertiliser for the fodder which also enhanced the fertility of the soil In addition the small openings in the walls of the paddock allowed water to escape and dung to wash away and decompose in the soil As stated previously photos showed that the surroundings of Dairy Farm were covered by grass with no trees it was not a woodland Therefore secondary forest is not existing in the site it is not the reason for high biodiversity More importantly weak trees were commonly found along the route because the concrete stop the roots for growing but meanwhile due to this reason the shrub which does not require deep soil depth can absorb nutrient and sunlight making the shrub grow well and attract the butterflies The species in the valley are diversified We should note that discovering weak and fallen trees does not certainly mean low biodiversity Referring to the literature biodiversity can be brought by heterogeneous disturbance regime The reason why endangered and threatened species occur may be due to the existence of various conditions which satisfy different kind of species Dairy Farm have created a microclimate by constructing paddocks scattering across the hills with low impact on the environment so a certain level of biodiversity can be retained At the same time planting elephant grass and manure fertilised the land As Dairy Farm heritage structures have not been touched by the public for a period of time the flora and fauna has adapted to the environment and their habitat has not been destroyed The heritage and biodiversity might be inter independent Military training is not the only ideal disturbance that can enhance the biodiversity but we should take it as a reference that any activity that a heterogeneous disturbance regime provides suitable habitat for species that are disturbance averse and disturbancedependent reestablishment of a disturbance encourage biodiversity The practice of Dairy Farm is heterogeneously distributed disturbance that contribute to biodiversity Two kinds of endangered frogs Short Legged Frog and Little Spiny Frog have been discovered To conclude the ecological importance of the site is relatively high The biodiversity will be degraded without further maintenance or enhancement Page 27 The cows are back The cows are back Page 28
9.4 Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites An Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites...
Design Case Study1 for Design Proposal Kaasboerderij Hoogerwaard Netherlands Refer to Agritourism Milk is the major product of Dairy Farm and it is potential to attract people to come to try making milk Agricultural tourism in Europe is a big business other than making milk merely Referring to the farms that is a tourists spot can give ideas of creating various kinds of activities in Dairy Farm Cheese is one of the most representative food of the Netherlands Kaasboerderij Hoogerwaard is a traditional cheese farm in Gouda since 17th century There are cowsheds grassland cheese factory a house for various activities like cheese making workshop they also have another house for souvenirs They have also keep chickens pigs Visitors can join various kind of activities like cheese making visiting the cheese factory cheese tasting etc Design Case Study 2 for Design Proposal Gardens of Ninfa Italy Refer to an example of eco tourism Gardens of Ninfa is in Cisterna di Latina in the province of Latina central Italy It is a landscape garden that creates numerous of picturesque scenes Various types of plant species such as several oaks cypresses and poplars grassy meadows a wide range of exotic plants are introduced in the site the monument structures and the plants are merged together It is known as the most romantic garden in the world It gives reference for turning heritage structures into a tourists spot The paddock in Dairy Farm also look attractive so that it is potential to be a series of scenic spots Cow pasture Souvenirs It gives reference to combining cow farming and tourism Revitalisation of Dairy Farm can be a potential in attracting visitors to join milk making workshop and enjoy interacting with the cows A series of scenic view of Garden of Ninfa Cheese making workshop Page 29 The cows are back The cows are back Page 30
Design Case Study1 for Design Proposal Kaasboerderij Hoogerwaard, Netherlands Refer to Agritourism Milk is the major produ...
Design Case Study1 for Design Proposal Kaasboerderij Hoogerwaard Netherlands Refer to Agritourism Milk is the major product of Dairy Farm and it is potential to attract people to come to try making milk Agricultural tourism in Europe is a big business other than making milk merely Referring to the farms that is a tourists spot can give ideas of creating various kinds of activities in Dairy Farm Cheese is one of the most representative food of the Netherlands Kaasboerderij Hoogerwaard is a traditional cheese farm in Gouda since 17th century There are cowsheds grassland cheese factory a house for various activities like cheese making workshop they also have another house for souvenirs They have also keep chickens pigs Visitors can join various kind of activities like cheese making visiting the cheese factory cheese tasting etc Design Case Study 2 for Design Proposal Gardens of Ninfa Italy Refer to an example of eco tourism Gardens of Ninfa is in Cisterna di Latina in the province of Latina central Italy It is a landscape garden that creates numerous of picturesque scenes Various types of plant species such as several oaks cypresses and poplars grassy meadows a wide range of exotic plants are introduced in the site the monument structures and the plants are merged together It is known as the most romantic garden in the world It gives reference for turning heritage structures into a tourists spot The paddock in Dairy Farm also look attractive so that it is potential to be a series of scenic spots Cow pasture Souvenirs It gives reference to combining cow farming and tourism Revitalisation of Dairy Farm can be a potential in attracting visitors to join milk making workshop and enjoy interacting with the cows A series of scenic view of Garden of Ninfa Cheese making workshop Page 29 The cows are back The cows are back Page 30
Design Case Study1 for Design Proposal Kaasboerderij Hoogerwaard, Netherlands Refer to Agritourism Milk is the major produ...
Design Case Study 3 for Design Proposal Kranji Heritage trail Refer to the programmings in eco heritage park There are different goals for Eco heritage park such as promoting history eco heritage relationship providing leisure activities to the public etc Referring to the existing heritage site that have many programmings can help the design for Eco heritage park 11 Theory of the design According to Biodiversity and the Heterogeneous Disturbance Regime on Military Training Lands The great amount of threatened and endangered species found in military site verifies the benefit of heterogeneously distributed disturbance on a landscape Landscape scale restoration effort should consider the reestablishment of a disturbance regime Therefore with the evidence verifies a series of activity in Dairy Farm is heterogeneously distributed disturbance we should bring back those activity when designing a eco heritage park so as to maintain and encourage biodiversity One of the obvious disturbance is putting the manure to fertiliser the crops and the surrounding landscape Such organic farming practice is the main concept for the whole eco heritage park The Kranji Countryside Association KCA wants to introduce agritainment to Singaporeans Along the route there are several cultural heritage structures relating to military such as WWII first landing site in Singapore military barracks and memorial In addition there are some places regarding to ecology such as Sungei Buloh nature reserve frog farm Bollywood veggies farm hay dairies It aims to raise the awareness of sense of nature and also provides a place for Singaporean family gathering on holiday It gives reference to designing a variety of programmes in a site that possesses cultural heritage strcutures and ecological value Programmes in Dairy Farm can also conserve the existing structures and environment as well as educate the public about the culture and the old stories behind Map of Kranji Nature Trail Source http lyanlua com travelogue guide to explore the kranji heritage farms in singapore Dairy Farm brought heterogeneously distributed disturbance like planting the fodder making manure as fertiliser keeping cows and pigs Source Cameron N 1986 The milky way The history of dairy farm Hong Kong Dairy Farm Page 31 The cows are back The cows are back Page 32
Design Case Study 3 for Design Proposal Kranji Heritage trail Refer to the programmings in eco-heritage park There are dif...
Design Case Study 3 for Design Proposal Kranji Heritage trail Refer to the programmings in eco heritage park There are different goals for Eco heritage park such as promoting history eco heritage relationship providing leisure activities to the public etc Referring to the existing heritage site that have many programmings can help the design for Eco heritage park 11 Theory of the design According to Biodiversity and the Heterogeneous Disturbance Regime on Military Training Lands The great amount of threatened and endangered species found in military site verifies the benefit of heterogeneously distributed disturbance on a landscape Landscape scale restoration effort should consider the reestablishment of a disturbance regime Therefore with the evidence verifies a series of activity in Dairy Farm is heterogeneously distributed disturbance we should bring back those activity when designing a eco heritage park so as to maintain and encourage biodiversity One of the obvious disturbance is putting the manure to fertiliser the crops and the surrounding landscape Such organic farming practice is the main concept for the whole eco heritage park The Kranji Countryside Association KCA wants to introduce agritainment to Singaporeans Along the route there are several cultural heritage structures relating to military such as WWII first landing site in Singapore military barracks and memorial In addition there are some places regarding to ecology such as Sungei Buloh nature reserve frog farm Bollywood veggies farm hay dairies It aims to raise the awareness of sense of nature and also provides a place for Singaporean family gathering on holiday It gives reference to designing a variety of programmes in a site that possesses cultural heritage strcutures and ecological value Programmes in Dairy Farm can also conserve the existing structures and environment as well as educate the public about the culture and the old stories behind Map of Kranji Nature Trail Source http lyanlua com travelogue guide to explore the kranji heritage farms in singapore Dairy Farm brought heterogeneously distributed disturbance like planting the fodder making manure as fertiliser keeping cows and pigs Source Cameron N 1986 The milky way The history of dairy farm Hong Kong Dairy Farm Page 31 The cows are back The cows are back Page 32
Design Case Study 3 for Design Proposal Kranji Heritage trail Refer to the programmings in eco-heritage park There are dif...
Design Proposal Page 33 The cows are back The cows are back Page 34
Design Proposal  Page 33   The cows are back    The cows are back     Page 34
Design Proposal Page 33 The cows are back The cows are back Page 34
Design Proposal  Page 33   The cows are back    The cows are back     Page 34
12 The cows are back Chi Fu Valley Eco heritage Park Main Circulation Pavement Jungle Walk Page 35 The cows are back Boardwalk The whole circulation system The cows are back Page 36
12. The cows are back     Chi Fu Valley Eco - heritage Park  Main Circulation  Pavement  Jungle Walk  Page 35   The cows a...
12 The cows are back Chi Fu Valley Eco heritage Park Main Circulation Pavement Jungle Walk Page 35 The cows are back Boardwalk The whole circulation system The cows are back Page 36
12. The cows are back     Chi Fu Valley Eco - heritage Park  Main Circulation  Pavement  Jungle Walk  Page 35   The cows a...
12 1 Agri tourism Adaptive reuse of paddock 12 1 1Dairy Farm As the research has revealed that the faeces fertilised the soil it is preferable to bring back this practice As the condition of the paddock structure is still good the structure can still be used As cow dung contribute to biodiversity revitalisation of cow keeping can keep fertilising the soil Revitalisation of cow farming and milk production could happen and turn to a business operated by Social Enterprise which would be a local brand promoting local uniqueness On the other hand revitalisation of Dairy Farm is the best story telling method to draw public attention and to educate the public about the local culture and history 12 1 2 Chicken Farm According to the old map of Dairy Farm there were places for keeping poultry Reintroducing chicken to the farm can also encourage biodiversity Chicken manure is a good fertiliser because it is high in nitrogen potassium and phosphorus However raw chicken manure can burn plants therefore the manure needs to be carefully composted before applying to the soil Rhoades 2015 Furthermore chicken eat foods like vegetables fruits flowers and grass They scratch the soil and find bugs to eat Their habit can bring disturbance to the soil Page 37 The cows are back Cows Chicken Steps Concrete The cows are back Page 38
12.1 Agri-tourism-Adaptive reuse of paddock  12.1.1Dairy Farm As the research has revealed that the faeces fertilised the ...
12 1 Agri tourism Adaptive reuse of paddock 12 1 1Dairy Farm As the research has revealed that the faeces fertilised the soil it is preferable to bring back this practice As the condition of the paddock structure is still good the structure can still be used As cow dung contribute to biodiversity revitalisation of cow keeping can keep fertilising the soil Revitalisation of cow farming and milk production could happen and turn to a business operated by Social Enterprise which would be a local brand promoting local uniqueness On the other hand revitalisation of Dairy Farm is the best story telling method to draw public attention and to educate the public about the local culture and history 12 1 2 Chicken Farm According to the old map of Dairy Farm there were places for keeping poultry Reintroducing chicken to the farm can also encourage biodiversity Chicken manure is a good fertiliser because it is high in nitrogen potassium and phosphorus However raw chicken manure can burn plants therefore the manure needs to be carefully composted before applying to the soil Rhoades 2015 Furthermore chicken eat foods like vegetables fruits flowers and grass They scratch the soil and find bugs to eat Their habit can bring disturbance to the soil Page 37 The cows are back Cows Chicken Steps Concrete The cows are back Page 38
12.1 Agri-tourism-Adaptive reuse of paddock  12.1.1Dairy Farm As the research has revealed that the faeces fertilised the ...
Cottage Garden Design in the Dairy Farm 1 300 Model of Dairy Farm and cowsheds Ligustrum ovalifolium Laelia speciosa Lonicera ciliosa Vitex negundo Pentas The cottage garden design fits the atmosphere of the dairy farm and it creates scenic view The flower is placed outside the paddock because the cows would destroy the plants easily Page 39 The cows are back Celosia spicata Ruellia tuberosa Ixora coccinea The cows are back Page 40
Cottage Garden Design in the Dairy Farm 1 300  Model of Dairy Farm and cowsheds  Ligustrum ovalifolium  Laelia speciosa  L...
Cottage Garden Design in the Dairy Farm 1 300 Model of Dairy Farm and cowsheds Ligustrum ovalifolium Laelia speciosa Lonicera ciliosa Vitex negundo Pentas The cottage garden design fits the atmosphere of the dairy farm and it creates scenic view The flower is placed outside the paddock because the cows would destroy the plants easily Page 39 The cows are back Celosia spicata Ruellia tuberosa Ixora coccinea The cows are back Page 40
Cottage Garden Design in the Dairy Farm 1 300  Model of Dairy Farm and cowsheds  Ligustrum ovalifolium  Laelia speciosa  L...
12 2 Economic Turn Piggeries as Cha Chaan Teng 12 2 1Cha Chaan Teng 12 3 Organic Farming As mentioned previously milk milk tea steamed milk pudding is representative for Hong Kong Those food could not have been invented without the establishment of Dairy Farm Taking advantage from the piggeries setting the column in the old piggeries will be turned to be the booth seat in Cha Chaan Teng In order to promote this uniqueness and to attain sustainability establish a Cha Chaan Teng which is operated by Social Enterprise that serves these local food is possible The heritage structure can provide a backdrop of the restaurant Therefore people can experience the atmosphere of historical structure of the paddock and also have local food at the same moment Although it is Cha Chaan Teng it is more preferable to make it more western besides making it more unique from the typical Cha Chaan Teng in the city it is because Dairy Farm was operated by British during Colonial period The organic field is in the old paddock the concrete on ground will be removed to make it suitable for farming The general principles of organic production from the Canadian Organic Standards 2006 include protect the environment minimize soil degradation and erosion decrease pollution optimize biological productivity and promote a sound state of health maintain long term soil fertility by optimizing conditions for biological activity within the soil Demonstration of organic grazing like process dung as fertiliser can be introduced to the visitors Organic farming can use the fertilizer made by dung in order to promote sustainability Vegetables like sweet potato tomato potato beetroot carrot etc will be grown there and be sent to Cha Chaan Teng for food ingredients In order words having a restaurant can bring income to the site it attains the goal of sustainability The income helped to maintain the operation cost of the farm Shelter Piggeries HK cuisine Bauhaus style Dung Manure Pit Fertiliser Planter for wheelchair users Farming Beet roots Ingredients OrganicFood Vegetables Food Waste Page 41 The cows are back Carrots The cows are back Page 42
12.2 Economic  Turn Piggeries as Cha Chaan Teng 12.2.1Cha Chaan Teng  12.3 Organic Farming  As mentioned previously, milk,...
12 2 Economic Turn Piggeries as Cha Chaan Teng 12 2 1Cha Chaan Teng 12 3 Organic Farming As mentioned previously milk milk tea steamed milk pudding is representative for Hong Kong Those food could not have been invented without the establishment of Dairy Farm Taking advantage from the piggeries setting the column in the old piggeries will be turned to be the booth seat in Cha Chaan Teng In order to promote this uniqueness and to attain sustainability establish a Cha Chaan Teng which is operated by Social Enterprise that serves these local food is possible The heritage structure can provide a backdrop of the restaurant Therefore people can experience the atmosphere of historical structure of the paddock and also have local food at the same moment Although it is Cha Chaan Teng it is more preferable to make it more western besides making it more unique from the typical Cha Chaan Teng in the city it is because Dairy Farm was operated by British during Colonial period The organic field is in the old paddock the concrete on ground will be removed to make it suitable for farming The general principles of organic production from the Canadian Organic Standards 2006 include protect the environment minimize soil degradation and erosion decrease pollution optimize biological productivity and promote a sound state of health maintain long term soil fertility by optimizing conditions for biological activity within the soil Demonstration of organic grazing like process dung as fertiliser can be introduced to the visitors Organic farming can use the fertilizer made by dung in order to promote sustainability Vegetables like sweet potato tomato potato beetroot carrot etc will be grown there and be sent to Cha Chaan Teng for food ingredients In order words having a restaurant can bring income to the site it attains the goal of sustainability The income helped to maintain the operation cost of the farm Shelter Piggeries HK cuisine Bauhaus style Dung Manure Pit Fertiliser Planter for wheelchair users Farming Beet roots Ingredients OrganicFood Vegetables Food Waste Page 41 The cows are back Carrots The cows are back Page 42
12.2 Economic  Turn Piggeries as Cha Chaan Teng 12.2.1Cha Chaan Teng  12.3 Organic Farming  As mentioned previously, milk,...
12 4 Milk and Cheese Workshop Gr as sS ilo Bu tte rfly 12 5 Jungle Walk Preserving the the current appearance of the site is also considered The heritage structures and also the tree gives a mysterious atmosphere to the site To encourage and facilitate more visitors to get there a more convenient and comprehensive route system should be constructed there Jungle Walk is a step free elevated walkway with the highest height 10 m that covers a great part of the site There are different route that visitors can discover the river or weaving in the jungle in a convenient and safe way but both are connected G ard Ch en aC ha an Te ng Mi lk Ch ee se Wo rks ho p Next to the Cha Chaan Teng there is a milk and cheese workshop where visitors can try to make cheese and milk Butterfly Garden Cha Chaan Teng Page 43 The cows are back Milk Cheese Workshop The cows are back Page 44
12.4 Milk and Cheese Workshop Gr as sS ilo  Bu tte rfly  12.5 Jungle Walk Preserving the the current appearance of the sit...
12 4 Milk and Cheese Workshop Gr as sS ilo Bu tte rfly 12 5 Jungle Walk Preserving the the current appearance of the site is also considered The heritage structures and also the tree gives a mysterious atmosphere to the site To encourage and facilitate more visitors to get there a more convenient and comprehensive route system should be constructed there Jungle Walk is a step free elevated walkway with the highest height 10 m that covers a great part of the site There are different route that visitors can discover the river or weaving in the jungle in a convenient and safe way but both are connected G ard Ch en aC ha an Te ng Mi lk Ch ee se Wo rks ho p Next to the Cha Chaan Teng there is a milk and cheese workshop where visitors can try to make cheese and milk Butterfly Garden Cha Chaan Teng Page 43 The cows are back Milk Cheese Workshop The cows are back Page 44
12.4 Milk and Cheese Workshop Gr as sS ilo  Bu tte rfly  12.5 Jungle Walk Preserving the the current appearance of the sit...
12 6 Moderate and Adventurous Boardwalk There are wooden boardwalks that includes moderate and adventurous level for visitors the two level of boardwalks are connected Moderate level boardwalk is a route lies on gentle slope while adventurous boardwalk is longer in length and is a route that lies on steeper slope so there are more staircases however it leads you to reach the river where is a scenic spot Both of the boardwalks is elevated to a certain level that prevents destruction to the soil and protect the habitat of the existing animals During the journey on the boardwalk visitors weave through the elephant grass they might have a chance to see the farmer cutting the grass Page 45 The cows are back The cows are back Page 46
12.6 Moderate and Adventurous Boardwalk There are wooden boardwalks that includes moderate and adventurous level for visit...
12 6 Moderate and Adventurous Boardwalk There are wooden boardwalks that includes moderate and adventurous level for visitors the two level of boardwalks are connected Moderate level boardwalk is a route lies on gentle slope while adventurous boardwalk is longer in length and is a route that lies on steeper slope so there are more staircases however it leads you to reach the river where is a scenic spot Both of the boardwalks is elevated to a certain level that prevents destruction to the soil and protect the habitat of the existing animals During the journey on the boardwalk visitors weave through the elephant grass they might have a chance to see the farmer cutting the grass Page 45 The cows are back The cows are back Page 46
12.6 Moderate and Adventurous Boardwalk There are wooden boardwalks that includes moderate and adventurous level for visit...
12 7 Cowboys Quarter 12 8 Tree Nursery Page 47 The cows are back The cows are back Page 48
12.7 Cowboys    Quarter  12.8 Tree Nursery  Page 47   The cows are back    The cows are back     Page 48
12 7 Cowboys Quarter 12 8 Tree Nursery Page 47 The cows are back The cows are back Page 48
12.7 Cowboys    Quarter  12.8 Tree Nursery  Page 47   The cows are back    The cows are back     Page 48
12 9 New programmes location Organic Farming Dairy Farm Cowshed Butterfly Garden Cha Chaan Teng Milk Cheese Workshop Page 49 The cows are back Cowboys quarter The cows are back Page 50
12.9 New programmes location  Organic Farming Dairy Farm Cowshed Butterfly Garden Cha Chaan Teng Milk   Cheese Workshop  P...
12 9 New programmes location Organic Farming Dairy Farm Cowshed Butterfly Garden Cha Chaan Teng Milk Cheese Workshop Page 49 The cows are back Cowboys quarter The cows are back Page 50
12.9 New programmes location  Organic Farming Dairy Farm Cowshed Butterfly Garden Cha Chaan Teng Milk   Cheese Workshop  P...
New programmes location showing in Model Page 51 The cows are back The cows are back Page 52
New programmes location showing in Model  Page 51   The cows are back    The cows are back     Page 52
New programmes location showing in Model Page 51 The cows are back The cows are back Page 52
New programmes location showing in Model  Page 51   The cows are back    The cows are back     Page 52
Page 53 The cows are back The cows are back Page 54
Page 53   The cows are back    The cows are back     Page 54
Page 53 The cows are back The cows are back Page 54
Page 53   The cows are back    The cows are back     Page 54
13 Forest Enhancement Plan Forest Enhancement Plan helps to enrich the richness of species of the trees in Chi Fu Valley in order to attract more animal species In order words the existing trees in the valley are not big enough to create a adventurous atmosphere for people who walk onto the Jungle Walk Therefore a planting plan has been carried out to grow trees over the valley after many years the trees would grow higher than the Jungle Walk elevated trail so people can weave in the jungle by walking along the elevated trail Cycas rumphii Metroxylon sagu Hibiscus tiliaceus Cinnamomum camphora Liquidambar formosana Magnolia alba Syzygium jambos Page 55 The cows are back Celtis sinensis Persoon var sinensis Mangifera indica The cows are back Page 56
13 Forest Enhancement Plan  Forest Enhancement Plan helps to enrich the richness of species of the trees in Chi Fu Valley,...
13 Forest Enhancement Plan Forest Enhancement Plan helps to enrich the richness of species of the trees in Chi Fu Valley in order to attract more animal species In order words the existing trees in the valley are not big enough to create a adventurous atmosphere for people who walk onto the Jungle Walk Therefore a planting plan has been carried out to grow trees over the valley after many years the trees would grow higher than the Jungle Walk elevated trail so people can weave in the jungle by walking along the elevated trail Cycas rumphii Metroxylon sagu Hibiscus tiliaceus Cinnamomum camphora Liquidambar formosana Magnolia alba Syzygium jambos Page 55 The cows are back Celtis sinensis Persoon var sinensis Mangifera indica The cows are back Page 56
13 Forest Enhancement Plan  Forest Enhancement Plan helps to enrich the richness of species of the trees in Chi Fu Valley,...
13 1 1 Plant Species Shrub 13 1 Biodiversity Enhancement Plan There are 36 species of plants that attract butterflies Visitors can visit butterfly garden and know more about plant and butterfly species It is also a nice place for taking a rest after the journey Visitors can enjoy the scene created by plant and heritage structure Page 57 The cows are back Ixora coccinea Pentas Lonicera ciliosa Ruellia tuberosa Celosia spicata Vitex negundo Duranta erecta Eranthemum pulchellum Zanthoxylum piperitum Verbana bonariensis Laelia speciosa Ligustrum ovalifolium The cows are back Page 58
13.1.1 Plant Species - Shrub 13.1 Biodiversity Enhancement Plan There are 36 species of plants that attract butterflies. V...
13 1 1 Plant Species Shrub 13 1 Biodiversity Enhancement Plan There are 36 species of plants that attract butterflies Visitors can visit butterfly garden and know more about plant and butterfly species It is also a nice place for taking a rest after the journey Visitors can enjoy the scene created by plant and heritage structure Page 57 The cows are back Ixora coccinea Pentas Lonicera ciliosa Ruellia tuberosa Celosia spicata Vitex negundo Duranta erecta Eranthemum pulchellum Zanthoxylum piperitum Verbana bonariensis Laelia speciosa Ligustrum ovalifolium The cows are back Page 58
13.1.1 Plant Species - Shrub 13.1 Biodiversity Enhancement Plan There are 36 species of plants that attract butterflies. V...
Boehmeria nivea Viburnum opulus Fallopia aubertii Lantana montevidensis Alpinia zerumbet Senna petersiana Ricinus communis Lilium michauxii Gardenia jasminoides Citrus japonica Evodia lepta Alpinia zerumbet Page 59 The cows are back Hibiscus rosa sinensis Magnolia figa Serissa japonica Lantana camara Hamelia patens Crotalaria retusa Herbs Abacus Plant Cassia accidentalis Flemingia macrophylla Citrus limon Cuphea hyssopifolia The cows are back Page 60
Boehmeria nivea  Viburnum opulus  Fallopia aubertii  Lantana montevidensis  Alpinia zerumbet  Senna petersiana  Ricinus co...
Boehmeria nivea Viburnum opulus Fallopia aubertii Lantana montevidensis Alpinia zerumbet Senna petersiana Ricinus communis Lilium michauxii Gardenia jasminoides Citrus japonica Evodia lepta Alpinia zerumbet Page 59 The cows are back Hibiscus rosa sinensis Magnolia figa Serissa japonica Lantana camara Hamelia patens Crotalaria retusa Herbs Abacus Plant Cassia accidentalis Flemingia macrophylla Citrus limon Cuphea hyssopifolia The cows are back Page 60
Boehmeria nivea  Viburnum opulus  Fallopia aubertii  Lantana montevidensis  Alpinia zerumbet  Senna petersiana  Ricinus co...
14 Conclusion Dairy Farm the surrounding valley is a combination of culture history and environment No part of them should be missing Together it made a comprehensive cultural landscape During an interview with Dr Siu Kwok Kin who is a Hong Kong historian has suggested that every heritage should be promoted by its point line plane Point means the historical structure itself line means heritage trail and plane means the story behind Only preserving the buildings is never enough a successful conservation should introduce its function and tell the story behind eventually Therefore preserving the heritage structures of Dairy Farm and appreciating the living creatures are not enough the most valuable treasure is to know the hidden relationship behind The hidden secret of the relationship of the farm and biodiversity has been revealed The design proposal is comprehensive with having conservation of ecology and heritage structure It also educates people for the local culture as well 7303 words Reference Agnew N Demas M Eds 2002 Principles for the conservation of heritage sites in China Los Angeles Getty Conservation Institute Barlow J Gardner T A Araujo I S vila Pires T C Bonaldo A B Costa J E Hoogmoed M S 2007 Quantifying the biodiversity value of tropical primary secondary and plantation forests Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104 47 18555 18560 Batary P Andras B Kleijn D Tscharntke T 2011 Landscape moderated biodiversity effects of agri environmental management a meta analysis Proceedings of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences 278 1894 1902 doi 10 1098 rspb 2010 1923 Bengtsson J Nilsson S G Franc A Menozzi P 2000 Biodiversity disturbances ecosystem function and management of European forests Forest ecology and management 132 1 39 50 Bugalho M N Caldeira M C Pereira J S Aronson J Pausas J G 2011 Mediterranean cork oak savannas require human use to sustain biodiversity and ecosystem services Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9 5 278 286 Butler R 2012 Types of rainforests Retrieved October 13 2016 from http rainforests mongabay com 0103 htm Cameron N 1986 The milky way The history of dairy farm Hong Kong Dairy Farm Cheung P C 2016 February 28 Apple Daily Retrieved October 10 2016 from http hk apple nextmedia com news art 20160228 19509215 Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association 2016 Make Chi Fu Valley HK s first Ecoheritage Park Retrieved October 13 2016 from http www supporthk org en petition make chi fu valley hks first eco heritage park Chuk C T 1996 Duelli P Obrist M K 2003 Biodiversity indicators the choice of values and measures Agriculture ecosystems environment 98 1 87 98 Department of Information and Tourism Taipei City Government n d Retrieved October 13 2016 from http www travel taipei frontsite en sceneryEnListAction do method doFindByPk Ford Robertson F C 1971 Terminology of forest science technology practice and products English language version Terminology of forest science technology practice and products English language version GovHK Register of Old Valuable Trees n d Retrieved October 13 2016 from http www gov hk en residents environment conservation regoldvaluetree htm IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016 Retrieved October 13 2016 from https www iucn org resources conservation tools iucn red list threatened species Lau C P Ramsden L Saunders R M 2005 Hybrid origin of Bauhinia blakeana Leguminosae Caesalpinioideae inferred using morphological reproductive and molecular data American Journal of Botany 92 3 525 533 Page 61 The cows are back The cows are back Page 62
14. Conclusion Dairy Farm, the surrounding valley is a combination of culture, history and environment. No part of them sh...
14 Conclusion Dairy Farm the surrounding valley is a combination of culture history and environment No part of them should be missing Together it made a comprehensive cultural landscape During an interview with Dr Siu Kwok Kin who is a Hong Kong historian has suggested that every heritage should be promoted by its point line plane Point means the historical structure itself line means heritage trail and plane means the story behind Only preserving the buildings is never enough a successful conservation should introduce its function and tell the story behind eventually Therefore preserving the heritage structures of Dairy Farm and appreciating the living creatures are not enough the most valuable treasure is to know the hidden relationship behind The hidden secret of the relationship of the farm and biodiversity has been revealed The design proposal is comprehensive with having conservation of ecology and heritage structure It also educates people for the local culture as well 7303 words Reference Agnew N Demas M Eds 2002 Principles for the conservation of heritage sites in China Los Angeles Getty Conservation Institute Barlow J Gardner T A Araujo I S vila Pires T C Bonaldo A B Costa J E Hoogmoed M S 2007 Quantifying the biodiversity value of tropical primary secondary and plantation forests Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104 47 18555 18560 Batary P Andras B Kleijn D Tscharntke T 2011 Landscape moderated biodiversity effects of agri environmental management a meta analysis Proceedings of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences 278 1894 1902 doi 10 1098 rspb 2010 1923 Bengtsson J Nilsson S G Franc A Menozzi P 2000 Biodiversity disturbances ecosystem function and management of European forests Forest ecology and management 132 1 39 50 Bugalho M N Caldeira M C Pereira J S Aronson J Pausas J G 2011 Mediterranean cork oak savannas require human use to sustain biodiversity and ecosystem services Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9 5 278 286 Butler R 2012 Types of rainforests Retrieved October 13 2016 from http rainforests mongabay com 0103 htm Cameron N 1986 The milky way The history of dairy farm Hong Kong Dairy Farm Cheung P C 2016 February 28 Apple Daily Retrieved October 10 2016 from http hk apple nextmedia com news art 20160228 19509215 Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association 2016 Make Chi Fu Valley HK s first Ecoheritage Park Retrieved October 13 2016 from http www supporthk org en petition make chi fu valley hks first eco heritage park Chuk C T 1996 Duelli P Obrist M K 2003 Biodiversity indicators the choice of values and measures Agriculture ecosystems environment 98 1 87 98 Department of Information and Tourism Taipei City Government n d Retrieved October 13 2016 from http www travel taipei frontsite en sceneryEnListAction do method doFindByPk Ford Robertson F C 1971 Terminology of forest science technology practice and products English language version Terminology of forest science technology practice and products English language version GovHK Register of Old Valuable Trees n d Retrieved October 13 2016 from http www gov hk en residents environment conservation regoldvaluetree htm IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016 Retrieved October 13 2016 from https www iucn org resources conservation tools iucn red list threatened species Lau C P Ramsden L Saunders R M 2005 Hybrid origin of Bauhinia blakeana Leguminosae Caesalpinioideae inferred using morphological reproductive and molecular data American Journal of Botany 92 3 525 533 Page 61 The cows are back The cows are back Page 62
14. Conclusion Dairy Farm, the surrounding valley is a combination of culture, history and environment. No part of them sh...
Self Reflection LAU C P 2007 Lee A 2013 November 17 Preserving Pok Fu Lam village is a chance to save some of city s history South China Morning Post Nicolson K N 2016 Landscapes Lost and Found appreciating of Hong Kong s heritage cultural landscapes Plieninger T Hui C Gaertner M Huntsinger L 2014 The Impact of Land Abandonment on Species Richness and Abundance in the Mediterranean Basin A Meta Analysis PLoS ONE 9 5 e98355 doi 10 1371 journal pone 0098355 Rhoades H 2015 Chicken Manure Compost Chicken Manure For Vegetable Garden Fertilization Retrieved December 13 2016 from http www gardeningknowhow com composting manures chicken manure fertilizer htm Warren S D Holbrook S W Dale D A Whelan N L Elyn M Grimm W Jentsch A 2007 Biodiversity and the heterogeneous disturbance regime on military training lands Restoration Ecology 15 4 606 612 Wong C H 1819 In Tso So 2011 UNESCO Cultural Landscapes Retrieved October 13 2016 from http whc unesco org en culturallandscape I have already found out the reason of the high biodiversity in the previous submission of thesis This time is to do with the design proposal In my view point a good design always come from comprehensive site analysis because understanding of the site gives hints for design like what the problem is what needs to be removed what should be enhanced etc Although I know the site generally and I have the plan and photo of the ruins that I had not visited yet I still feel confused with how the ruins really look like in the reality Therefore I have been to the site for many times I insisted on getting to the river piggeries that shown in the plan I felt so excited when I found the way and entered from the hole of those broken steel net Although the field trips were really dangerous I always keep in mind that it will pay off The feeling of discovering the hidden ruins successfully is indescribable Since year one when I paid great effort on designing a good proposal I always hope the design will be constructed in the reality I bumped into Dr Yiu who is the member of the Legislative Council who advocates for this Eco heritage Park and told him I was going to give him the thesis and design proposal when ready One of my old friends who lived in Chi Fu Fa Yuen accompanied me once for the field trip He was so happy to discover many treasures in his backyard It was my pleasure to take him to learn about the ecology at least one more person knows about this nice place I feel proud of myself for paying effort to research and analyse for new findings instead of just refer to literatures I really hope my thesis can bring new inspiration and give reference to the proposing eco heritage park design It is always my pleasure to share my knowledge understanding findings of this project Please let me know if you want to talk further on this project Page 63 The cows are back The cows are back Page 64
Self Reflection LAU, C. P.  2007 .                                   . Lee, A.  2013, November 17 . Preserving Pok Fu Lam ...
Self Reflection LAU C P 2007 Lee A 2013 November 17 Preserving Pok Fu Lam village is a chance to save some of city s history South China Morning Post Nicolson K N 2016 Landscapes Lost and Found appreciating of Hong Kong s heritage cultural landscapes Plieninger T Hui C Gaertner M Huntsinger L 2014 The Impact of Land Abandonment on Species Richness and Abundance in the Mediterranean Basin A Meta Analysis PLoS ONE 9 5 e98355 doi 10 1371 journal pone 0098355 Rhoades H 2015 Chicken Manure Compost Chicken Manure For Vegetable Garden Fertilization Retrieved December 13 2016 from http www gardeningknowhow com composting manures chicken manure fertilizer htm Warren S D Holbrook S W Dale D A Whelan N L Elyn M Grimm W Jentsch A 2007 Biodiversity and the heterogeneous disturbance regime on military training lands Restoration Ecology 15 4 606 612 Wong C H 1819 In Tso So 2011 UNESCO Cultural Landscapes Retrieved October 13 2016 from http whc unesco org en culturallandscape I have already found out the reason of the high biodiversity in the previous submission of thesis This time is to do with the design proposal In my view point a good design always come from comprehensive site analysis because understanding of the site gives hints for design like what the problem is what needs to be removed what should be enhanced etc Although I know the site generally and I have the plan and photo of the ruins that I had not visited yet I still feel confused with how the ruins really look like in the reality Therefore I have been to the site for many times I insisted on getting to the river piggeries that shown in the plan I felt so excited when I found the way and entered from the hole of those broken steel net Although the field trips were really dangerous I always keep in mind that it will pay off The feeling of discovering the hidden ruins successfully is indescribable Since year one when I paid great effort on designing a good proposal I always hope the design will be constructed in the reality I bumped into Dr Yiu who is the member of the Legislative Council who advocates for this Eco heritage Park and told him I was going to give him the thesis and design proposal when ready One of my old friends who lived in Chi Fu Fa Yuen accompanied me once for the field trip He was so happy to discover many treasures in his backyard It was my pleasure to take him to learn about the ecology at least one more person knows about this nice place I feel proud of myself for paying effort to research and analyse for new findings instead of just refer to literatures I really hope my thesis can bring new inspiration and give reference to the proposing eco heritage park design It is always my pleasure to share my knowledge understanding findings of this project Please let me know if you want to talk further on this project Page 63 The cows are back The cows are back Page 64
Self Reflection LAU, C. P.  2007 .                                   . Lee, A.  2013, November 17 . Preserving Pok Fu Lam ...
Appendix Record of Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites Carried out by Roselle Wu Tree Survey Prepared by Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association CHINESE OR AT BREAST HEIGHTHEIGHT AVERAGE HEALTH SPREAD CONDIT N FORM AMENITY SURVIVAL VALUE IF TRANSPLANT POTENTIAL RECOMMENOVT DATION GPS REMARKS REFERENCE EXOTIC M M M G F P G F P H M L H M L T001 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 18 0 18 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain OO1 wall tree T002 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 18 0 18 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain OO2 T003 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 22 0 22 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain OO3 wall tree T004 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 25 0 22 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain OO4 wall tree T005 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 25 0 25 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain OO5 wall tree T006 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 22 0 22 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain OO6 wall tree T007 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 22 0 25 0 Fair Good High Low Yes Retain OO7 adjacent to wall T008 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 25 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain OO8 leaning T009 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 25 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain OO9 T010 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 100 22 0 22 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O10 leaning T011 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 300 25 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O11 wall tree T012 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 25 0 22 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O12 wall tree T013 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 22 0 22 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O13 wall tree T014 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 300 27 0 27 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O14 T015 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 25 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O15 T016 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 100 25 0 25 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O16 T017 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 22 0 22 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O17 T018 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 500 28 0 28 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O18 semi wall tree T019 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 22 0 22 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O19 semi wall tree T020 Aquilaria sinensis Local 0 100 2 0 3 0 Good Good No Retain O20 Protected T021 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 300 22 0 22 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O21 T022 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 27 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O22 T023 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 20 0 20 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O23 wall tree T024 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 500 25 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O24 wall tree T025 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 25 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O25 wall tree T026 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 25 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O26 wall tree T027 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 27 0 27 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O27 T028 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 22 0 30 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O28 wall tree T029 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 300 27 0 28 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O29 wall tree T030 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 27 0 27 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O30 wall tree T031 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 28 0 30 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O31 semi wall tree T032 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 25 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O32 wall tree T033 Ficus microcarpa Local 0 700 22 0 22 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O33 T034 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 20 0 20 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O34 T035 Ficus elastica Exotic 0 800 30 0 40 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O35 extensive prop root system T036 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 100 28 0 25 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O36 T037 Ficus elastica Exotic 0 750 30 0 30 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O37 extensive prop root system T038 Ficus elastica Exotic 0 750 30 0 50 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O38 extensive prop root system T039 Ficus elastica Exotic 0 750 40 0 50 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O39 extensive prop root system T040 Ficus elastica Exotic 0 750 40 0 40 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O40 extensive prop root system Local 0 820 20 0 28 0 Fair Fair Medium Low No Retain O41 decay significant size for this species 22 0 30 0 O42 significant size for this species TREE NO T041 Page 65 The cows are back LOCAL TRUNK DIAMETEROVERALL NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME Celtis sinensis Medium Medium F T R Local 0 640 Fair Fair Medium Low No Retain Local 1 250 25 0 30 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O43 wall tree Lagerstroemia fordii Local 0 450 8 0 7 0 Fair Fair High Low No Retain O44 Protected T045 Lagerstroemia fordii Local 0 410 8 0 6 0 Fair Fair High Low No Retain O45 Protected T046 Lagerstroemia fordii Local 0 240 8 0 4 0 Fair Fair High Low No Retain O46 Protected T047 Lagerstroemia fordii Local 0 100 7 0 4 0 Fair Fair High Low No Retain O47 Protected T048 Lagerstroemia fordii Local 0 440 7 0 5 0 Fair Fair High Low No Retain O48 Protected T049 Lagerstroemia fordii Local 0 220 8 0 5 0 Fair Fair High Low No Retain O49 Protected T050 Lagerstroemia fordii Local 0 390 8 0 6 0 Fair Fair High Low No Retain O50 Protected T051 Lagerstroemia fordii Local 0 280 10 0 5 0 Fair Fair High Low No Retain O51 Protected T042 Celtis sinensis T043 Ficus microcarpa T044 The cows are back Page 66
Appendix Record of Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites Carried out by Roselle Wu  Tree Survey Prepar...
Appendix Record of Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites Carried out by Roselle Wu Tree Survey Prepared by Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association CHINESE OR AT BREAST HEIGHTHEIGHT AVERAGE HEALTH SPREAD CONDIT N FORM AMENITY SURVIVAL VALUE IF TRANSPLANT POTENTIAL RECOMMENOVT DATION GPS REMARKS REFERENCE EXOTIC M M M G F P G F P H M L H M L T001 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 18 0 18 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain OO1 wall tree T002 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 18 0 18 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain OO2 T003 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 22 0 22 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain OO3 wall tree T004 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 25 0 22 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain OO4 wall tree T005 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 25 0 25 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain OO5 wall tree T006 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 22 0 22 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain OO6 wall tree T007 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 22 0 25 0 Fair Good High Low Yes Retain OO7 adjacent to wall T008 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 25 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain OO8 leaning T009 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 25 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain OO9 T010 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 100 22 0 22 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O10 leaning T011 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 300 25 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O11 wall tree T012 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 25 0 22 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O12 wall tree T013 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 22 0 22 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O13 wall tree T014 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 300 27 0 27 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O14 T015 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 25 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O15 T016 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 100 25 0 25 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O16 T017 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 22 0 22 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O17 T018 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 500 28 0 28 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O18 semi wall tree T019 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 22 0 22 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O19 semi wall tree T020 Aquilaria sinensis Local 0 100 2 0 3 0 Good Good No Retain O20 Protected T021 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 300 22 0 22 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O21 T022 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 27 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O22 T023 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 20 0 20 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O23 wall tree T024 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 500 25 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O24 wall tree T025 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 25 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O25 wall tree T026 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 25 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O26 wall tree T027 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 27 0 27 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O27 T028 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 22 0 30 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O28 wall tree T029 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 300 27 0 28 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O29 wall tree T030 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 27 0 27 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O30 wall tree T031 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 200 28 0 30 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O31 semi wall tree T032 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 25 0 25 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O32 wall tree T033 Ficus microcarpa Local 0 700 22 0 22 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O33 T034 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 000 20 0 20 0 Fair Fair High Low Yes Retain O34 T035 Ficus elastica Exotic 0 800 30 0 40 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O35 extensive prop root system T036 Ficus microcarpa Local 1 100 28 0 25 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O36 T037 Ficus elastica Exotic 0 750 30 0 30 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O37 extensive prop root system T038 Ficus elastica Exotic 0 750 30 0 50 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O38 extensive prop root system T039 Ficus elastica Exotic 0 750 40 0 50 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O39 extensive prop root system T040 Ficus elastica Exotic 0 750 40 0 40 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O40 extensive prop root system Local 0 820 20 0 28 0 Fair Fair Medium Low No Retain O41 decay significant size for this species 22 0 30 0 O42 significant size for this species TREE NO T041 Page 65 The cows are back LOCAL TRUNK DIAMETEROVERALL NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME Celtis sinensis Medium Medium F T R Local 0 640 Fair Fair Medium Low No Retain Local 1 250 25 0 30 0 Good Good High Low Yes Retain O43 wall tree Lagerstroemia fordii Local 0 450 8 0 7 0 Fair Fair High Low No Retain O44 Protected T045 Lagerstroemia fordii Local 0 410 8 0 6 0 Fair Fair High Low No Retain O45 Protected T046 Lagerstroemia fordii Local 0 240 8 0 4 0 Fair Fair High Low No Retain O46 Protected T047 Lagerstroemia fordii Local 0 100 7 0 4 0 Fair Fair High Low No Retain O47 Protected T048 Lagerstroemia fordii Local 0 440 7 0 5 0 Fair Fair High Low No Retain O48 Protected T049 Lagerstroemia fordii Local 0 220 8 0 5 0 Fair Fair High Low No Retain O49 Protected T050 Lagerstroemia fordii Local 0 390 8 0 6 0 Fair Fair High Low No Retain O50 Protected T051 Lagerstroemia fordii Local 0 280 10 0 5 0 Fair Fair High Low No Retain O51 Protected T042 Celtis sinensis T043 Ficus microcarpa T044 The cows are back Page 66
Appendix Record of Assessment of the Relative Ecological Importance of Sites Carried out by Roselle Wu  Tree Survey Prepar...
Bird Record Prepared by Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association Kei Lung Wan Green Belt Area Birds Species Kei Lung Wan Green Belt Area Birds Species Bird Species Record at Kei Lung Wan Green Belt Area From 2010 to March 2016 Category Date of Photo Record Category Bird Species Record at Kei Lung Wan Green Belt Area From 2010 to March 2016 Date of Photo Record 1 Black Kite Milvus migrans I 2012 03 08 Chan Yan Wing 37 White s Thrush 6 u Zoothera aurea I 2015 02 01 Chan Yan Wing 2 Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela I 2015 02 01 Chan Yan Wing 38 Pale Thrush Qu Turdus pallidus I 2015 02 01 Chan Yan Wing 3 Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus I 2013 10 21 Chan Yan Wing 39 Red flanked Bluetail ANW l Tarsiger cyanurus I 2013 01 14 Chan Yan Wing 4 Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis I 2012 03 08 Chan Yan Wing 40 Oriental Magpie Robin tl Copsychus saularis I 2015 02 08 Chan Yan Wing 5 Grey faced Buzzard Butastur indicus I 2013 04 08 Chan Yan Wing 41 Daurian Redstart A l Phoenicurus auroreus I 2012 12 02 Chan Yan Wing 6 Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus I 2011 11 28 Chan Yan Wing 42 Asian Brown Flycatcher 8x Muscicapa latirostris I 2012 09 27 Chan Yan Wing 7 Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis I 2012 11 29 Chan Yan Wing 43 Grey streaked Flycatcher 8Bx Muscicapa griseisticta I 2014 05 05 Chan Yan Wing 8 Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis I 2015 03 08 Chan Yan Wing 44 Black naped Monarch O f Lonchura striata I 2013 02 19 Chan Yan Wing 12 Yellow crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea IIB 2015 03 07 Chan Yan Wing 48 Chinese Grosbeak Y Eophona migratoria I 2014 01 23 Chan Yan Wing 13 House Swift Apus nipalensis I 2012 02 15 Peter Chan 49 Grey Wagtail 8yk Motacilla cinerea I 2012 03 25 Chan Yan Wing 14 White throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis I 2012 06 14 Chan Yan Wing 50 Olive backed Pipit 4z Anthus hodgsoni I 2011 12 16 Chan Yan Wing 15 Black winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos I 2013 10 28 Chan Yan Wing 51 Ferruginous Flycatcher 1 Zx Muscicapa ferruginea I 2015 04 12 Chan Yan Wing 16 Black naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis I 2015 02 15 Chan Yan Wing 52 Hainan Blue Flycatcher 7 W x Cyornis hainanus I 2015 04 26 Chan Yan Wing 17 Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus I 2013 05 04 Chan Yan Wing 53 Narcissus Flycatcher x Ficedula narcissina I 2016 03 27 Chan Yan Wing 18 Long tailed Shrike Lanius schach I 2012 09 22 Chan Yan Wing 54 Collared Scops Owl b m Otus lettia I 2013 06 19 Chan Yan Wing 19 Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus I 2012 01 31 Chan Yan Wing 55 Large Hawk Cuckoo n Hierococcyx sparverioides I 2015 04 14 Chan Yan Wing 20 Hair crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus I 2012 02 26 Chan Yan Wing 56 Scarlet backed Flowerpecker L Sf Dicaeum cruentatum I 2015 04 04 Chan Yan Wing 21 Asian House Martin Delichon dasypus I 2014 02 11 Katherine Lee 57 Fire breasted Flowerpecker AM Sf Dicaeum ignipectus I 2011 11 30 Chan Yan Wing 22 Red billed Blue Magpie Urocissa erythroryncha I 2012 06 17 Chan Yan Wing 58 Yellow browed Warbler 0w Phylloscopus inornatus I 07 02 2015 Chan Yan Wing 23 Eurasian Magpie Pica pica I 2012 10 14 Chan Yan Wing 59 Arctic Warbler 3 0w Phylloscopus borealis I 09 2011 Chan Yan Wing 24 Large billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos I 2012 01 27 Chan Yan Wing 60 Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica I 2012 02 29 Chan Yan Wing 25 Cinereous Tit Parus cinereus I 2012 02 14 Chan Yan Wing 61 Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus I Chan Yan Wing 26 Red whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus I 2012 10 05 Chan Yan Wing 62 Eurasian Tree Sparrow 4 Passer montanus I Chan Yan Wing 27 Chinese Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis I 2013 08 17 Chan Yan Wing 63 White Wagtail yk Motacilla alba I Chan Yan Wing 28 Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius I 2015 02 08 Chan Yan Wing 29 Pallas s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus I 2015 02 01 Chan Yan Wing 30 Black throated Laughingthrush Garrulax chinensis IIA 2015 04 05 Chan Yan Wing 31 Masked Laughingthrush Garrulax perspicillatus I 2012 02 06 Chan Yan Wing 32 Japanese White eye Zosterops japonicus I 2014 04 27 Chan Yan Wing 33 Red billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus I 2013 11 21 Chan Yan Wing 34 Black collared Starling Gracupica nigricollis I 2010 11 14 Chan Yan Wing 35 Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus I 2013 12 26 Chan Yan Wing 36 Grey backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum I 2015 02 08 Chan Yan Wing No English Name Chinese Name Scientific Name Photo or Record Provider No English Name Photo or Record Provider Bird Recorded without photo Bird Recorded without photo and record date The cows are back Page 68 Page 67 The cows are back Prepared by Chan Yan Wing Updated on 9 July 2016 _f Scientific Name Page 1 of 2 Prepared by Chan Yan Wing Updated on 9 July 2016 Page 2 of 2
Bird Record Prepared by  Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents    Association  Kei Lung Wan  Green Belt Area Birds Species   Kei Lung W...
Bird Record Prepared by Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents Association Kei Lung Wan Green Belt Area Birds Species Kei Lung Wan Green Belt Area Birds Species Bird Species Record at Kei Lung Wan Green Belt Area From 2010 to March 2016 Category Date of Photo Record Category Bird Species Record at Kei Lung Wan Green Belt Area From 2010 to March 2016 Date of Photo Record 1 Black Kite Milvus migrans I 2012 03 08 Chan Yan Wing 37 White s Thrush 6 u Zoothera aurea I 2015 02 01 Chan Yan Wing 2 Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela I 2015 02 01 Chan Yan Wing 38 Pale Thrush Qu Turdus pallidus I 2015 02 01 Chan Yan Wing 3 Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus I 2013 10 21 Chan Yan Wing 39 Red flanked Bluetail ANW l Tarsiger cyanurus I 2013 01 14 Chan Yan Wing 4 Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis I 2012 03 08 Chan Yan Wing 40 Oriental Magpie Robin tl Copsychus saularis I 2015 02 08 Chan Yan Wing 5 Grey faced Buzzard Butastur indicus I 2013 04 08 Chan Yan Wing 41 Daurian Redstart A l Phoenicurus auroreus I 2012 12 02 Chan Yan Wing 6 Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus I 2011 11 28 Chan Yan Wing 42 Asian Brown Flycatcher 8x Muscicapa latirostris I 2012 09 27 Chan Yan Wing 7 Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis I 2012 11 29 Chan Yan Wing 43 Grey streaked Flycatcher 8Bx Muscicapa griseisticta I 2014 05 05 Chan Yan Wing 8 Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis I 2015 03 08 Chan Yan Wing 44 Black naped Monarch O f Lonchura striata I 2013 02 19 Chan Yan Wing 12 Yellow crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea IIB 2015 03 07 Chan Yan Wing 48 Chinese Grosbeak Y Eophona migratoria I 2014 01 23 Chan Yan Wing 13 House Swift Apus nipalensis I 2012 02 15 Peter Chan 49 Grey Wagtail 8yk Motacilla cinerea I 2012 03 25 Chan Yan Wing 14 White throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis I 2012 06 14 Chan Yan Wing 50 Olive backed Pipit 4z Anthus hodgsoni I 2011 12 16 Chan Yan Wing 15 Black winged Cuckooshrike Coracina melaschistos I 2013 10 28 Chan Yan Wing 51 Ferruginous Flycatcher 1 Zx Muscicapa ferruginea I 2015 04 12 Chan Yan Wing 16 Black naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis I 2015 02 15 Chan Yan Wing 52 Hainan Blue Flycatcher 7 W x Cyornis hainanus I 2015 04 26 Chan Yan Wing 17 Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus I 2013 05 04 Chan Yan Wing 53 Narcissus Flycatcher x Ficedula narcissina I 2016 03 27 Chan Yan Wing 18 Long tailed Shrike Lanius schach I 2012 09 22 Chan Yan Wing 54 Collared Scops Owl b m Otus lettia I 2013 06 19 Chan Yan Wing 19 Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus I 2012 01 31 Chan Yan Wing 55 Large Hawk Cuckoo n Hierococcyx sparverioides I 2015 04 14 Chan Yan Wing 20 Hair crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus I 2012 02 26 Chan Yan Wing 56 Scarlet backed Flowerpecker L Sf Dicaeum cruentatum I 2015 04 04 Chan Yan Wing 21 Asian House Martin Delichon dasypus I 2014 02 11 Katherine Lee 57 Fire breasted Flowerpecker AM Sf Dicaeum ignipectus I 2011 11 30 Chan Yan Wing 22 Red billed Blue Magpie Urocissa erythroryncha I 2012 06 17 Chan Yan Wing 58 Yellow browed Warbler 0w Phylloscopus inornatus I 07 02 2015 Chan Yan Wing 23 Eurasian Magpie Pica pica I 2012 10 14 Chan Yan Wing 59 Arctic Warbler 3 0w Phylloscopus borealis I 09 2011 Chan Yan Wing 24 Large billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos I 2012 01 27 Chan Yan Wing 60 Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica I 2012 02 29 Chan Yan Wing 25 Cinereous Tit Parus cinereus I 2012 02 14 Chan Yan Wing 61 Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus I Chan Yan Wing 26 Red whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus I 2012 10 05 Chan Yan Wing 62 Eurasian Tree Sparrow 4 Passer montanus I Chan Yan Wing 27 Chinese Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis I 2013 08 17 Chan Yan Wing 63 White Wagtail yk Motacilla alba I Chan Yan Wing 28 Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius I 2015 02 08 Chan Yan Wing 29 Pallas s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus I 2015 02 01 Chan Yan Wing 30 Black throated Laughingthrush Garrulax chinensis IIA 2015 04 05 Chan Yan Wing 31 Masked Laughingthrush Garrulax perspicillatus I 2012 02 06 Chan Yan Wing 32 Japanese White eye Zosterops japonicus I 2014 04 27 Chan Yan Wing 33 Red billed Starling Spodiopsar sericeus I 2013 11 21 Chan Yan Wing 34 Black collared Starling Gracupica nigricollis I 2010 11 14 Chan Yan Wing 35 Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus I 2013 12 26 Chan Yan Wing 36 Grey backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum I 2015 02 08 Chan Yan Wing No English Name Chinese Name Scientific Name Photo or Record Provider No English Name Photo or Record Provider Bird Recorded without photo Bird Recorded without photo and record date The cows are back Page 68 Page 67 The cows are back Prepared by Chan Yan Wing Updated on 9 July 2016 _f Scientific Name Page 1 of 2 Prepared by Chan Yan Wing Updated on 9 July 2016 Page 2 of 2
Bird Record Prepared by  Chi Fu Fa Yuen Residents    Association  Kei Lung Wan  Green Belt Area Birds Species   Kei Lung W...
Surviving Physical Heritage Record Prepared by Mr K JR Borthwick Surviving Physical Heritage of the Hong Kong Dairy Farm Photo credit SCMP View of Dairy Farm Looking towards Wah Fu Estate from the 1960s Report prepared to assist the Chi Fu Green Belt Campaign and with invaluable guidance assistance help and inspiration from Mr Steve Sau K JR Borthwick B Arch Hons Pg Dip Arch Cons HKIA RIBA RIAS 27 June 2016 minor adjustment 19 July 2016 The cows are back Page 69
Surviving Physical Heritage Record Prepared by  Mr. K JR Borthwick  Surviving Physical Heritage of the Hong Kong Dairy Far...