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This is about the country Colombia

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Colombia's average annual coffee production is the third highest in the world.

Colombia, in relation to South America



By: Francie Coolick

Colombia

Colombia has major Emerald mines

The Colombian flag

A palenquera fruit seller in the old town of Cartagena

Area and Location

Colombia is also smaller than the United States because Colombia has an area of 440,800 mi² and the United States has an area of 3.797,000 mi². Colombia's general location is between 80°W and 65°W longitude and is between the equator and 10°N latitude. 

 



Bogota, the country's capital

Colombian flag


Basic Information


Colombia in relation to the world

Government

Colombia has a democracy just like the United States. Colombia has an executive, judicial and legislative branch. The National Electoral Council runs the elections. In the United States, the president is elected for a four-year term by the people. In Colombia it is the same. The president can NOT be elected again. The laws are made by the legislative branch which includes the senate and the house of representatives. 

 



Population

With a population of 49 million, Colombia has way less people than the United States because the United States has a population of 323 million. Bogota is the capital of Colombia. There are 8 million people living in Bogota.

With a population of 49,065,615 Colombia has way less people than the United States because the United States has a population of 323.1 million. Colombia is also smaller than the United States because Colombia has an area of 440,800 mi² and the United States has an area of 3.797 million mi². Colombia's absolute location is 4.5709° N, 74.2973° W. Colombia has a government just like the United States they have executive, judicial and legislative branches. 

 



With a population of 49,065,615 Colombia has way less people than the United States because the United States has a population of 323.1 million. Colombia is also smaller than the United States because Colombia has an area of 440,800 mi² and the United States has an area of 3.797 million mi². Colombia's absolute location is 4.5709° N, 74.2973° W. Colombia has a government just like the United States they have executive, judicial and legislative branches. Elections in Colombia. Elections in Colombia are regulated and controlled by the National Electoral Council. 

 



With a population of 49,065,615 Colombia has way less people than the United States because the United States has a population of 323.1 million. Colombia is also smaller than the United States because Colombia has an area of 440,800 mi² and the United States has an area of 3.797 million mi². Colombia's absolute location is 4.5709° N, 74.2973° W. Colombia has a government just like the United States they have executive, judicial and legislative branches. 

 



With a population of 49,065,615 Colombia has way less people than the United States because the United States has a population of 323.1 million. Colombia is also smaller than the United States because Colombia has an area of 440,800 mi² and the United States has an area of 3.797 million mi². Colombia's absolute location is 4.5709° N, 74.2973° W. Colombia has a government just like the United States they have executive, judicial and legislative branches. Elections in Colombia. Elections in Colombia are regulated and controlled by the National Electoral Council. In the United States The president is elected for a four-year term by the people. In Colombia it is the same. The laws are also made the same, by the legislative branch.

 



The Llanos Plains 

Los Llanos is a tropical grassland plain located in Colombia and Venezuela. From May to October, Los Llanos can flood up to one meter! Many animals live here, including anteaters, deer, jaguars, pumas, anaconda, armadillos, turtles, macaws and birds of prey.

The Amazon's wet season is January to June

The Andes Mountains were created more than 50 million years ago

Landforms

Andes Mountains

The Andes Mountain range is the longest continental mountain range in the world. They pass through Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina and Chile. In Colombia the mountain range splits into three different chains of mountains. The three different chains are called Cordillera Occidental, Cordillera Central, and the Cordillera Orient. 

The Llanos plains cover 375,000 square kilometers in Colombia and Venezuela

Amazon Rainforest

The Amazon Rainforest has lots of tall trees and some wide rivers. The rainforest goes through Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. The ecosystem in the rainforest includes 40,000 plants, 1,300 birds, 3,000 types of fish, 430 mammals and  2.5 million different insects.  


Map of Colombia by rainfall

Temperature Regions by altitude

Colombia is near the equator so it has a tropical climate. There are different temperature regions throughout Colombia based on the altitude. The Tierra Caliente means the hot lands. It goes from sea level to about 2,953 feet. Tierra templada means temperate lands. It extends from 2,953 to 6,562 feet. Tierra fria means cold lands. It extends from 6,562 to 11,483 feet. Higher than this are the high-altitude forests. Next is the paramo, it means alpine tundra. Then is the nevados, it means snow zone. It begins at about 14,764 feet.

Climate

Rainfall

Rainfall differs a lot throughout Colombia. In the north and southwest, deserts are dry. With a yearly rainfall of 10 inches, La Guajira is the driest place in Colombia. In the southeast, jungle/rainforest areas are very wet. With a yearly rainfall of 400 inches, Choco has the most rain each year. 

Map of Colombia by temperature

Salt Cathedral of Zipaquirá  

Castillo San Felipe de Barajas

In the city of Cartagena, Colombia lies the famous fort Castillo San Felipe de Barajas. On the Hill of San Lázaro the fort was built by the Spanish in 1536 during the colonial era. It was expanded in 1657.

Plaza Botero, Medellin

Human features

Plaza Botero, Medellin

Plaza Botero (Sculpture Plaza) is an area of land that has nature and art. There are 23 of Botero’s bronze sculptures there on permanent display. This amazing outdoor exhibit is displayed outside of The Museum of Antioquia and surrounding the Uribe Palace.  

Castillo San Felipe de Barajas

Salt Cathedral of Zipaquirá   

The salt Cathedral of Zipaquira is in the tunnels of a salt mine. A Roman Catholic church built it underground. It has three sections, one for birth, one for life and one for the death of Jesus.




Colombia produces more coal than any other Latin American country.

Petroleum (Oil)

Petroleum is blackish liquid found beneath the Earth's surface. It is often refined into different types of fuels. In the mid-1980s Colombia became an oil exporter.




Emeralds

Colombia produces the most pretty and valuable emeralds. Colombia has two emerald deposits, one in eastern Cundinamarca and the other in departamento of Boyaca.


Natural Resources

Colombia's crude oil production has doubled since 2007

Coal

In 2017 Colombia could produce at least 95 million tons of coal. In Latin America, Colombia has the largest coal reserves. Colombia is the 10th largest coal producer.




Emeralds are weighed in carats

Textiles

Colombia is recognized worldwide for its textile production. In Colombia there are about 450 textiles factories and 1200 clothing factories with more than 20 workers in each one of them. Textiles are one of the nation's most important industries. They make up 24% of the employment in manufacturing and 7% of all exports.





Colombia makes a lot of petrochemical products.

Electronics

Colombia makes a lot of electronics for Latin America. Colombia is the second largest exporter and producer of electronics in Latin America. Some companies include Challenger, PcSmart, Compunmax, Colcircuirtos and Kalley. The first country in Latin America to make a locally made 4k TV was Colombia.




Industrial Products

Textiles made in Colombia

Chemical products

Colombia makes plastics, rubber, paint and synthetic fibers. In 2010, the country exported a total of $16 billion of these products.

4k TV made in Colombia

Bananas grown in Colombia

Sugarcane

Throughout the warm parts of the country, sugarcane is grown. Sugarcane can grow year round. With warm days and good rainfall, Colombian cane cutters can work all year.


Coffee

Colombia is the third largest producer of coffee. The growing axis region is where most of the coffee is grown. To produce this crop about one-sixth of all farmable land in Colombia is dedicated to it. 

Agriculture

Sugarcane grown in Colombia

Bananas

Along the Caribbean coast bananas are grown. The third largest exporter of bananas in the world is Colombia. Most of Colombia's bananas end up in Europe. 




Colombia is famous for it's coffee

Day of the Candles

Colombian Food

Most Colombians love red meat, especially when it is grilled plain over a wood fire. A Sunday lunch at a barbecue restaurant has beef, pork ribs, chicken and different kinds of sausage. Colombia food differs by region.

Music and Dance

In the nineteenth century when Colombia was trying to find their national identity, bambuco music was invented. Throughout the country the Salsa is heard and danced. It is regional folk poetry set to music. Three traditional instruments are used: a German accordion, a guacharaca (an indigenous percussion instrument) and an African caja drum.

Culture

Picada, barboru restaurant

Barranquilla’s Carnival

Holidays

There are 20 religious and national holidays during the year. They have a lot of festivals and they celebrate nearly any occasion. But the most important holidays they have are independence day on July 20, Semana Santa or Holy week, Dia de las Velitas or Day of the Candles, which starts the Christmas season, Ano Nuevo or New Year, Navidad or Christmas and Carnival ( the four days before Lent.)

Chimu Adventures

"Ten fascinating facts about the Andes Mountains."
https://www.chimuadventures.com/blog/2017/03/andes-mountains-facts/

Colombia (book)

By:DuBois, Jermyn and Yong

Series: Cultures of the World

Colombia (book)

By: Carol Hand 

Series:Countries of the World

Expanding petrochemical production
"Colombia: Expanding petrochemicals production."  
http://www.colombobritanica.com/web/english/the-chamber/communications/news/389-the-inside-edge-obg.html
Colombia Travel

"Visit Amazon Region, Where the Earth Breathes"
http://www.colombia.travel/en/where-to-go/amazon

Aventur Eco Tours

"Los Llanos"
http://www.aventurecotours.com/llanos.html

Texperts
"Colombia’s Textile Industry Reinventing Itself." 
 http://www.thetexperts.com/market-watch/colombias-textile-industry-reinventing-itself/



References