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Scientist of the

 

 

Scientific Revolution 

 

 

 

Astonomy: Tycho Brahe

 Tycho Brahe was a astronomer. He was born on December 14, 1546  and died on October 24, 1601. Tycho Brahe was known for the Tychonic System. The Tychonic Sysetem is a model of the solar system. He believed that the earth was still and the sun revolved around us, his work helped other astronomers prove that the sun is in the middle and that we revolve around the sun. Brahe also discovered the SN 1572, it was a supernova of some type la in the constellation cassiopeia. Brahe also published 4 books about astronomy they are called Opera Omnia, Tycho Brahe His Astronomicall Conjectur of the New and Much Admired, Tychonis Brahe Astronomiae instauratae mechanica, Astronomiae Instauratae Progymnasmata. 

 

Quotes: "Those who study the stars have god for a teacher." and  "I conclude, therefore, that this star is not some kind of comet or a fiery meteor... but that it is a star shining in the firmament itself one that has never previously been seen before our time, in any age since the beginning of the world."

 

 

 Experiments:

 

 

Rene Descartes 

Rene Descartes was a French philosipher, mathmatician , scientist and writer of the Age of Reason. Rene Descartes was born on March 31, 1596 and died february 11, 1650. Descartes was known for making a important connection between geometry and algebra, which allowed for the solving of geometrical problems by way of algebraic equations. Some major achievements he had was when he developed the Cartesian coordinate system, made significant contributions to the field of optics and devised a mechanistic model of physics. Rene Descartes was know of being  “Father of Modern Philosophy.” He was givin this title because his break with the traditional Scholastic-Aristotelian philosophy prevalent at his time and to his development and promotion of the new, mechanistic sciences. Some ideas he has was Cogito ergo sum, method of doubt, method of normals, Cartesian coordinate system, Cartesian dualism, foundationalism, ontological argument for the existence of God, mathesis universalis, folium of Descartes, Dream argument and Evil demon. 

 

Quotes: "We do not describe the world we see, we see the world we can describe." and "It is not enough to have a good mind; the main thing is to use it well."

 

 

 

Medicine:

Anton Van Leeuwenhoek

 

Anton Van leeuwenhoek was a Dutch buisnessmen, scientist, and one of the noteable represenatives in the golden age of Dutch science and technology. Anton Van Leeuwenhoek was born on October 24, 1632 and died on August 26, 1723. Leeuwenhoek was best known for his work on the development and improvement of the microscope and also for his subsequent contribution towards the study of microbiology. Anton Van Leeuwenhoek was also the first to record and observe muscle fibres, bacteria, spermatozoa and blood flow in the sm. all blood vessels. He was alson known as "father of microbiology." He got that name by improving the microscope. Some published materials he made were Select Works of Antony Van Leeuwenhoek: Containing His Microscopical Discoveries in Many of the Works of Nature, The Collected Letters of Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek, Antony Van Leeuwenhoek and His Little Animals; Being Some Account of the Father of Protozoology and Bacteriology and His Multifarious Discoveries in These Disciplines; - Scholar's Choice Edition, Opera Omnia and Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek and His Little Animals. 

 

Quote: Whenever I found something remarkable, I have thought it my duty to put down my discovery on paper, so that all ingenious people be informed thereof. 

 

Science: Isaac Newton 

Isaac newton was a English mathematician, astronomer, and physicist who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and a key figure in the scientific revolution. Isaac Newton was born on January 4, 1643 and died on March 31, 1727. Newton was best known on his work for discovering several laws and theories of physics and motion that are collectively known as Newton's Laws. The laws that he is most famous for are the first, second and third laws of motion and the universal law of gravity. New ideas about motion, which he called his three laws of motion. He also had ideas about gravity, the diffraction of light and forces. Newton's ideas were so good that Queen Anne knighted him in 1705. Some published materials Newton has made was Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Opticks, The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms, Method of Fluxions, Observations Upon the Prophecies of Daniel and the Apocalypse of St. John, Arithmetica Universalis, Unpublished scientific papers of Isaac Newton and Philosophical writings. 

 

Quotes: "What goes up must come down"

Mathmatician:

John Napier 

John Napier was a Scottish landowner known as a mathematician, physicist, and astronomer. He was the 8th Laird of Merchiston. He was born on February 1, 1550 and died on April 4, 1617. John Napier was best known for introducing Logarithms and the decimals' modern notations and Napier's bones. Napier bones is a  manually-operated calculating device created by John Napier of Merchiston for calculation of products and quotients of numbers. Some of John Napier's pubished discoveries were A Description of the Admirable Table of Logarithmes, CONSTRUCTION OF THE WONDERFUL and Construction of the Wonderful Canon of Logarithms. Translated from Latin Into English with Notes and a Catalogue of the Various Editions of Napier's Works by William Rae MacDonald - Scholar's Choice Edition. 

 

Quotes: "There is nothing so troublesome to mathematical practice…than multiplications, divisions, square and cubical extractions of great numbers…I began therefore to consider…how I might remove those hindrances."