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MY POWERPOINT DOCTORAL PRESENTATION 

                    FOR MY VIVA VOCE

1
THE STORY AND
JOURNEY
learning and change
of
2
TOWARDS AN
UNDERSTANDING OF
SPIRITUALITY IN
THEORY AND PRACTICE
The Case of Holton Lee
3
2002 discussed
interactive policy in the
spirituality group and
then in the
Development Group,
initially facilitated by
Carolyn and Julie wrote
our group contribution
to the policy
Tony and I discussed the
research process and
impacts regularly
particularly as it affected
the organisation itself
and we especially
discussed Peter Critten’s
paper & non-linear
systems.
June 25 2002 - We
had a specific
discussion about a
“home for the vision”
after our research
period is completed
2002 - I summarised
and synthesized Faith’s
book - founding
principles her papers
Five Year and Twenty
Year plan. the group
then discussed and
compared with where
we are today.
9 January 2002
we had ½ day
group reflection
on the 2 ½ year
Action Research
Process with 6
action points to
follow up
2002 I interviewed
co-researchers
using a proforma
and then they each
wrote 2
nd
person
writing using a
proforma
2001 Oct and
November I
conducted open
interviews with six
people
represented a
cross section
October 27
th
2001
we had a half-day
“Awareness-
raising” with
Trustees, staff,
volunteers time
facilitated by
Professor Chris
Clarke.
August 2001
Spirituality
group had a
half day
discussion
“Christian
Spirituality”
2000
organised and
ran the
“Coming
Home to
Ourselves
and the
Universe”
began the
Doctorate as
agreed by the
Trustees and
the group
continued
meeting
monthly as
it had been
Based on his
report I wrote
the first draft
of a four page
policy
10 January
2001
Spirituality
Group had Sam
Field, help us
agree
spirituality
Statement”
1999 - I
organised
membership
with the
Sacred Land
Project (
1999
identified lack
of
development
of Spirituality
Aspect,
formed
Spirituality
Group
Reading and
commenting
on report
Identifying
impacts and
gaps of
research
chronological cyclical
journey not linear
development … events,
impacts and insights led to
further identification and
development
2001
transferred from
MProf to DProf
and continued to
develop
appropriate
research design
2002
discussion on
job
description
draft written
Diagram 4
Winding Chronological Cycle
4
RESEARCH
APPROACH
JOURNEY &
PROCESS
LEARNING,
OUTCOMES &
PRODUCTS
APPROPRIATION
POST-RESEARCH
led to continuation
CYCLES/APPROACHES
Participative A R
Pastoral
Discernment
Learning
Hermeneutical
Heuristic
Affirmative
Action Research cyclical
“process” to ensure our
action was informed
Data collected
Group met monthly
and several half days
events held
Literature review
Interview 2
nd
& 3
rd
person
2
nd
person writing
Awareness raising
“Lived out”
Dissemination ongoing
Writing up
DATA SOURCES/COLLECTION
1. literature review
2. meeting notes analyzed
3. research diaries
4. founding theology
5. Sacred Land membership
6. Coming Home weekend
7. Raising awareness trustee
8. consultation day
9. Spirituality Statement/ Policy
10. Christian Spirituality
11. Awareness-raising day
12. Research journey discussion
13. Interviews of six 3rd
14. Artist in Residence
15. Guests voices writing
16. chain of evidence
17. Interview co-researchers
18. Research outcomes
19. Home for vision
20. Job description
21. Interactive policy discussion
22. Interactive policy contribution
23. identifying impacts
24. writing report
* informal conversations
A. EMBODIED CHANGES AND
OUTCOMES
Individual
Group
Organisation
spirituality woven throughout
deeper sound foundations laid
deep learning
end result: by-product of process
theory emerged and informed
B. PRODUCTS
We don’t provide a product to
consume but guests take part
in our community
1.PAR and Spirituality link made
2.Statement/Policy written
3.Grounded living theory written
4.Model for spirituality praxis
Model for integrated change
5.Job description written
6.Guidelines to use
Report to use
Interactive policy started
Extensive study - resource room
Interviews bound
Gaps identified
Job change PG & Spirituality
Development Worker
MICRO
Address gaps
Continue to apply, learn,
“live it”, develop,
consciousness-raising
appropriate and
disseminate at:
Personal
Group
Organisational
Write papers in-house
Seminars in-house
Fund raising hire
person
Interactive policy
MACRO
Seminars, symposia
Conferences
Publication:book, papers
Talks
Web page
Network & interface
Attend conferences
Embodied knowing: job
change and personal
interfacing: Interact,
Spirituality Network,
Globalisation group.
We won’t stay on shelf!
Post-doctoral work!
operationalised
RESEARCH PROCESS AND JOURNEY
THEN
NOW TOMORROW
5
1. What prompted the research
2. How we went about it
3. What we learned
4. The future, action, what will happen and
conclusion
6
1. WHAT PROMPTED
THE RESEARCH
the issue to investigate
why it was an issue
7
THE THEN
pre research period
8
BEGINNING OF STORY and THE FOUNDING
1945 - Lady Madeline Lees, said:
“My constant and earnest prayer is that this
place should be used entirely for the
glory of God.
1968 - Tom and Faith founded Post Green:
lay Christian ecumenical community
1992 - Post Green founded Holton Lee
1996 - opened secular voluntary sector charity
9
VISION AND MISSION
discover new and innovative approaches,
integrating spiritual, psychological & physical
after years separating out & compartmentalising
science and religion,
able-bodied and disabled,
creative and practical,
a holistic and healing view of life.”
(Lees, 1993)
10
Disability
and
Care
Environment
and Land
Managemen
t
Arts and
Creativity
Spirituality &
Personal
Growth
11
UNDERSTANDING THAT EACH PERSON …
potential for growth and creativity
mature and flourish
grow in understanding of
themselves
others
environment.
discover ways of integrating:
creative
spiritual
physical
12
1996 - Disability and Environmental Aspects
1999 - Arts and Spirituality Aspects
yet based on founding vision & theory/theology
PROJECT DEVELOPMENT MANAGER
13
2. HOW WE WENT ABOUT
THE RESEARCH
integrated “
the then”
in
the now”
for the sake of
“the tomorrow”
14
three year research journey,
process & investigation
THE NOW
15
RESEARCH
APPROACH
JOURNEY &
PROCESS
LEARNING,
OUTCOMES &
PRODUCTS
APPROPRIATION
POST-RESEARCH
led to continuation
CYCLES/APPROACHES
Participative A R
Pastoral
Discernment
Learning
Hermeneutical
Heuristic
Affirmative
Action Research cyclical
“process” to ensure our
action was informed
Data collected
Group met monthly
and several half days
events held
Literature review
Interview 2
nd
& 3
rd
person
2
nd
person writing
Awareness raising
“Lived out”
Dissemination ongoing
Writing up
DATA SOURCES/COLLECTION
1. literature review
2. meeting notes analyzed
3. research diaries
4. founding theology
5. Sacred Land membership
6. Coming Home weekend
7. Raising awareness trustee
8. consultation day
9. Spirituality Statement/ Policy
10. Christian Spirituality
11. Awareness-raising day
12. Research journey discussion
13. Interviews of six 3rd
14. Artist in Residence
15. Guests voices writing
16. chain of evidence
17. Interview co-researchers
18. Research outcomes
19. Home for vision
20. Job description
21. Interactive policy discussion
22. Interactive policy contribution
23. identifying impacts
24. writing report
* informal conversations
A. EMBODIED CHANGES AND
OUTCOMES
Individual
Group
Organisation
spirituality woven throughout
deeper sound foundations laid
deep learning
end result: by-product of process
theory emerged and informed
B. PRODUCTS
We don’t provide a product to
consume but guests take part
in our community
1.PAR and Spirituality link made
2.Statement/Policy written
3.Grounded living theory written
4.Model for spirituality praxis
Model for integrated change
5.Job description written
6.Guidelines to use
Report to use
Interactive policy started
Extensive study - resource room
Interviews bound
Gaps identified
Job change PG & Spirituality
Development Worker
MICRO
Address gaps
Continue to apply, learn,
“live it”, develop,
consciousness-raising
appropriate and
disseminate at:
Personal
Group
Organisational
Write papers in-house
Seminars in-house
Fund raising hire
person
Interactive policy
MACRO
Seminars, symposia
Conferences
Publication:book, papers
Talks
Web page
Network & interface
Attend conferences
Embodied knowing: job
change and personal
interfacing: Interact,
Spirituality Network,
Globalisation group.
We won’t stay on shelf!
Post-doctoral work!
operationalised
RESEARCH PROCESS AND JOURNEY
THEN
NOW TOMORROW
16
POSITIONALITY AND
REAL RESEARCH NEED
30 years: Post Green/Holton Lee - founder
MA in Spirituality - 1999
contemporary spirituality new, confusing and
rapidly growing academic field
ensure sound theoretical underpinnings
2000 registered NCWBLP to do
“research and development” v.s. PhD
17
QUESTION TO ANSWER
“How can Holton Lee best establish and
embed an informed, authentic, relevant
and embodied spirituality within
its praxis?”
18
Considering and developing spirituality
praxis as a new academic discipline
Deep and inclusive Spirituality
Design an appropriate NEW
research methodology or
approach with which to
consider spirituality in the
organisation
An outcome: Considering and appropriating a praxis of
healthy spirituality: a NEW academic field, within
the organisation. Spirituality in the Workplace - a
NEW academic field.
An Outcome: Considering the
generalisability and transferability ,
the local and global worldviews by
developing and extrapolating NEW
theory.
ASPECTS AND INGREDIENTS FOR THE RESEARCH JOURNEY
an inclusive integrated approach
The journey from the
research and development
need …
… within the organisation …
… which is made up of
people and structures.
The academy
Academia/University
Religion/Theological
theory
Linear, rational,
cognitive
Feminine approaches to
Spirituality
Research
Application
Experiential, felt,
affective
Transformation to integration
Various stakeholders:
Holton Lee Director, Co-researchers, Trustees
NCWBLP/Middlesex/2-3 supervisors
Myself
Funders academics • professionals
Aspects of life involved:
Training relationships awareness-raising
People disseminating
Language use knowing organisation
theory Interpretation learning
Change transformation journey research
With joined up thinking using cognitive and felt experience in understanding
spirituality, in the research process, mutually “with” others, with deep learning
and change within the context of organisational and university systems and
requirements trying to accommodate all the various stakeholders. The
challenge is to live the research participatively and write it up inclusively in a
way which t is accessible /understandable to all.
Outcomes include:
This Report for Holton Lee and the larger study
Statement and policy for Personal Growth and Spirituality Aspect
Particular and generalizable theory for Spirituality
a MODEL for understanding and developing spirituality
Interactive policy - process started to integrated the arts, disability,
environment and spirituality. Our spirituality statement agreed for it
Draft Job description for employing someone for spirituality aspect
Recommendations for Holton Lee and gaps identified
Further research and study topics suggested
Interviews bound in-house
A changed understanding of spirituality spirituality woven throughout
organisational structure changed sound foundations established
Diagram 2
ASPECTS OF JOURNEY
19
1. Consider & develop spirituality praxis:
new academic discipline
inclusive spirituality
20
2. Design appropriate:
new research approach
to consider spirituality
21
3. Consider & appropriate:
a praxis of healthy spirituality
“Spirituality in the Workplace
new academic field.
22
4. Consider and develop
generalisability & transferability
develop & extrapolate new theory
and knowledge
23
Considering and developing spirituality
praxis as a new academic discipline
Deep and inclusive Spirituality
Design an appropriate NEW
research methodology or
approach with which to
consider spirituality in the
organisation
An outcome: Considering and appropriating a praxis of
healthy spirituality: a NEW academic field, within
the organisation. Spirituality in the Workplace - a
NEW academic field.
An Outcome: Considering the
generalisability and transferability ,
the local and global worldviews by
developing and extrapolating NEW
theory.
ASPECTS AND INGREDIENTS FOR THE RESEARCH JOURNEY
an inclusive integrated approach
The journey from the
research and development
need …
…through to setting something up
… within the organisation …
… which is made up of
people and structures.
The academy
Academia/University
Religion/Theological
theory
Linear, rational,
cognitive
Feminine approaches to
Spirituality
Research
Application
Experiential, felt,
affective
Transformation to integration
Various stakeholders:
Holton Lee Director, Co-researchers, Trustees
NCWBLP/Middlesex/2-3 supervisors
Myself
Funders academics • professionals
Aspects of life involved:
Training relationships awareness-raising
People disseminating
Language use knowing organisation
theory Interpretation learning
Change transformation journey research
With joined up thinking using cognitive and felt experience in understanding
spirituality, in the research process, mutually “with” others, with deep learning
and change within the context of organisational and university systems and
requirements trying to accommodate all the various stakeholders. The
challenge is to live the research participatively and write it up inclusively in a
way which t is accessible /understandable to all.
Outcomes include:
This Report for Holton Lee and the larger study
Statement and policy for Personal Growth and Spirituality Aspect
Particular and generalizable theory for Spirituality
a MODEL for understanding and developing spirituality
Interactive policy - process started to integrated the arts, disability,
environment and spirituality. Our spirituality statement agreed for it
Draft Job description for employing someone for spirituality aspect
Recommendations for Holton Lee and gaps identified
Further research and study topics suggested
Interviews bound in-house
A changed understanding of spirituality spirituality woven throughout
organisational structure changed sound foundations established
Diagram 2
journey from research & development need …
… through to setting something up …
… within the organisation
… which is made up of people and structures
24
The need to learn from other SIGNIFICANT
VOICES IN THE FIELD OF SPIRITUALITY
not isolated Case Study
helped define
broad important and urgent needs
interconnected hopes, sufferings & problems
local context & wider culture and global home
collaborate to find interconnected solutions
25
KEY POINTS FROM THESE VOICES
sense of difficulties & concerns confronting
contemporary spirituality praxis
spiritually ill,
dumb culture,
smorgasbord,
competing and conflicting,
foreign,
purveyors of dubious wares,
dubious claims,
secularised & psychologised
spirituality,
not a quick-fix,
challenges easy spiritualities,
misunderstanding,
taboo subject,
politics,
ecology,
socio-economics,
embodied in individuals,
groups and organisations,
accountability,
patriarchal consciousness,
interconnected,
transformation,
global justice and
responsibility,
compassion.
summary in table in Appendix
26
all confronted us therefore required
transformational action-orientated spirituality
of:
collaboration
global
holistic
democracy
ecumenical
organisational renewal
27
considering a “quality of life
not isolated researcher insider ethnographer
“doing to” others
but an ethic of engagement “with” others:
co - researchers
28
RESEARCH GROUP
“Spirituality Group” - 1999
“research group” pilot group of six - 2000
director, volunteer, two trustees, and land
manager allowed dissemination
co operatively, collaboratively & mutually
shared responsibility
researching and developing
research and action
theory and practice = praxis
29
met monthly - 1 ½ hrs
several day/half day discussions
rotated chairing mutual equal standing
different backgrounds, denominations & theology
listened with respect & valuing each other
30
Spirituality:
understood through lens of praxis
seen & known from “where we stood”
started in “here and now” of praxis
for research and interpretation
continuing to build on what “was” working:
“affirmative”
NEEDED CHANGE ORIENTATED RESEARCH
31
object of enquiry was not product
but process of continuous change
task & way to get results
“process of interaction within the process”
passionate engaged scholarship “and” communal
research
fruitful dialogue between critical reflection “and
participative engagement
32
results were
empowerment with reciprocity and mutuality
outcomes were by - products
both action “and" research outcomes
ensured informed action
co - create the future together
33
OUTCOMES TRUE TO & CONGRUENT WITH
FOUNDING ROOTS AND PRINCIPLES
summaries and extractions
theoretical & founding theological principles
from:
Faith Lees three books
Tom Lees book
Faith’s 5 and 20 year plans
34
THE PAST roots and
history are in
generations of
family and
community past
shaped present
THE PRESENT
growing from
bottom up not
top down
FUTURE & fruits
of the cycle:
transformation
growth and
healing
THE SACRED
divine
transcendent
love
Research Tree
January 2001
35
not imposed “top down” theory and development
but “bottom up” up learning and growth
36
RESEARCH JOURNEY
The Then: Strong and deep 57 year roots in Lees family; 30 years in Post
Green Community and now 10 years in Holton Lee.
founding vision, ethos and theology a quality of life and love.
The Now:
organisation as
context
The Tomorrow:
future praxis
37
ACTION RESEARCH
taking action and creating knowledge
contributes directly to the flourishing of human
persons and their communities
38
Diagnosing and
defining research
needs
Context and purpose
On to the next cycle and part of the
journey and then on to the next and
the next …
Taking action and
data analysis
Planning action decide
on methodology and
data collection
Evaluation action
39
Diagnosing and defining
research needs
Planning action decide
on methodology and data
collection
Taking action &
data analysis
Evaluating
action
Diagnosing and defining
research needs
Planning action decide
on methodology and data
collection
Taking action &
data analysis
Evaluating
action
Diagnosing and defining
research needs
Planning action decide
on methodology and data
collection
Taking action &
data analysis
Evaluating
action
Context and purpose
On to the next cycle and part of the
journey and then on to the next and
the next …
40
THE REFLECTION CYCLE
two Action Research Cycles operate in parallel
“action research cycle about action research cycle
evaluate
identify learning
continually inquire steps conducted
if consistent with each other
to shape & inform the subsequent steps
learn about learning.
41
RESEARCH CYCLES were …
cyclical and non linear
helpful “if” all stages completed
chronological order
not mini - loop
missing middle 2 stages: reflection/conceptualise
viscous circles
rather spiral of understanding & practice
empowering & liberating
facilitated embodied learning & knowing
led to triple loop learning
42
Pastoral Cycle, Liberation Theology:
experience, social analysis, reflection, action
Learning Cycle, deep learning: experience,
reflective observation, conceptualisation, doing.
Discernment Cycle, on going prayer/reflection
lays basis for “spirituality of action”: experience,
reflection, decision, action
Hermeneutical Circle, study spirituality:
describe, critical analysis, constructive
interpretation
Heuristic Approach non linear phases:
engagement, immersion, incubation, illumination,
explication, creative synthesis.
43
QUALITATIVE INTEGRATED RESEARCH
complex needs
research on how to research for
organisation and spirituality
controversial new fields
one of “Four” interactive Aspects
secular organisation and Christian roots
non discriminatory and inclusive
study of human and divine
underpinning theory: extensive literature review
44
disparate group theologically
head/theory “with” heart/lived/embodied
connected practice
awareness and consciousness raising
individuals, group & organisational change
1, 2, 3
rd
person involvement:
create knowledge
re-politicise our spirituality praxis
macro audience contexts:
academic
organisational
social
45
ORGANISATION AS SELF REFLECTIVE
“COMMUNITY OF INQUIRY”
required knowledge of four territories of human
experience of system’s:
1. Purposes spiritual (mission)
2. Strategy intellectual (underpinning theories)
3. Behavioural choices practical skills (operations)
4. Outside world empirical knowledge of
consequences and behaviour (outcomes)
discerning so we could correct incongruities
46
UNIQUENESS OF RESEARCH PROCESS
a “process”
vision & mission as starting point
moved from “I”
“we”
“us”
“them”
from then through now for tomorrow
embodied learning and knowing
integrating 1, 2, 3
rd
person
lived inquiry
bottom up experiential learning:of empowerment
47
no one dominated the group
safe place
conflict resolution because
looked deeply
didn’t avoid issues
learned together in solidarity, unity and cohesion
with interdependence
sake of “we” group & “us” organisation
“informed” reading group not focus group
no party line
48
thinking: not top-down prescriptive imposed
in - depth process: 3 - 4 years
no questionnaires
discussions, actions, shared chairing and
responsibility for “research and development”
events and workshops we ran “together” helped
us as “insiders” to be:
a) fully informed and
b) self critical
correction against prejudice and
guard against projections, biases & manipulation.
49
VALIDATION OF OUR RESEARCH
on going formative process in group
discussion - colleagues and co - researchers
examined research claims critically and
developed enhanced understanding
formulated further plans for action
understood what we did not know
changed practice
relevant concepts: “worthwhile” or “adequate
determined by degree to which emancipatory
goal of research was achieved: guideline
50
RESEARCH
APPROACH
JOURNEY &
PROCESS
LEARNING,
OUTCOMES &
PRODUCTS
APPROPRIATION
POST-RESEARCH
led to continuation
CYCLES/APPROACHES
Participative A R
Pastoral
Discernment
Learning
Hermeneutical
Heuristic
Affirmative
Action Research cyclical
“process” to ensure our
action was informed
Data collected
Group met monthly
and several half days
events held
Literature review
Interview 2
nd
& 3
rd
person
2
nd
person writing
Awareness raising
“Lived out”
Dissemination ongoing
Writing up
DATA SOURCES/COLLECTION
1. literature review
2. meeting notes analyzed
3. research diaries
4. founding theology
5. Sacred Land membership
6. Coming Home weekend
7. Raising awareness trustee
8. consultation day
9. Spirituality Statement/ Policy
10. Christian Spirituality
11. Awareness-raising day
12. Research journey discussion
13. Interviews of six 3rd
14. Artist in Residence
15. Guests voices writing
16. chain of evidence
17. Interview co-researchers
18. Research outcomes
19. Home for vision
20. Job description
21. Interactive policy discussion
22. Interactive policy contribution
23. identifying impacts
24. writing report
* informal conversations
A. EMBODIED CHANGES AND
OUTCOMES
Individual
Group
Organisation
spirituality woven throughout
deeper sound foundations laid
deep learning
end result: by-product of process
theory emerged and informed
B. PRODUCTS
We don’t provide a product to
consume but guests take part
in our community
1.PAR and Spirituality link made
2.Statement/Policy written
3.Grounded living theory written
4.Model for spirituality praxis
Model for integrated change
5.Job description written
6.Guidelines to use
Report to use
Interactive policy started
Extensive study - resource room
Interviews bound
Gaps identified
Job change PG & Spirituality
Development Worker
MICRO
Address gaps
Continue to apply, learn,
“live it”, develop,
consciousness-raising
appropriate and
disseminate at:
Personal
Group
Organisational
Write papers in-house
Seminars in-house
Fund raising hire
person
Interactive policy
MACRO
Seminars, symposia
Conferences
Publication:book, papers
Talks
Web page
Network & interface
Attend conferences
Embodied knowing: job
change and personal
interfacing: Interact,
Spirituality Network,
Globalisation group.
We won’t stay on shelf!
Post-doctoral work!
operationalised
RESEARCH PROCESS AND JOURNEY
THEN
NOW TOMORROW
51
DATA COLLECTION
research understanding and action yielded
simultaneous action and research outcomes
cyclical and iterative
intervening impacts, developments &
consequences
integrated into future cycles
gained insights in retrospect
reduced gap between values and practice
52
led to knowledge by
“data” continually cycled & re - cycled
learning - on - the - run
responsive, reflective and discerning
individual & group levels
dealt with projections and biases
named & identified
experiencing, learning, knowing = fuller
understanding
53
DATA SOURCES AND ACTION
1. extensive literature review: spirituality &
research
2. meeting notes analysed in themes
3. research diaries
4. founding theory/theology
5. Sacred Land membership - 1999
6. Coming Home weekend 2000
7. raising awareness with Trustees 2000
8. consultation day (Sam Field) Jan 2001
9. Spirituality Statement and Policy written - 2001
10.Christian Spirituality, group reflection - 2001
11.Awareness raising day Oct 2001
54
12.Co researchers’ half day discussion - 2002
13.interview six 3rd person: current experience
14.Artist in Residence writing
15.Guests voices and writing
16.chain of evidence
17.interviews of co researchers
18.Research outcomes listed
19.Home for the vision discussion 2002
20.Job description discussion and drafts
21.Interactive policy discussion and development
22.Interactive policy from Spirituality group - 2003
23.identifying research impacts and gaps
24.writing and reading report
* informal conversations throughout
55
2002 discussed
interactive policy in the
spirituality group and
then in the
Development Group,
initially facilitated by
Carolyn and Julie wrote
our group contribution
to the policy
Tony and I discussed the
research process and
impacts regularly
particularly as it affected
the organisation itself
and we especially
discussed Peter Critten’s
paper & non-linear
systems.
June 25 2002 - We
had a specific
discussion about a
“home for the vision”
after our research
period is completed
2002 - I summarised
and synthesized Faith’s
book - founding
principles her papers
Five Year and Twenty
Year plan. the group
then discussed and
compared with where
we are today.
9 January 2002
we had ½ day
group reflection
on the 2 ½ year
Action Research
Process with 6
action points to
follow up
2002 I interviewed
co-researchers
using a proforma
and then they each
wrote 2
nd
person
writing using a
proforma
2001 Oct and
November I
conducted open
interviews with six
people
represented a
cross section
October 27
th
2001
we had a half-day
“Awareness-
raising” with
Trustees, staff,
volunteers time
facilitated by
Professor Chris
Clarke.
August 2001
Spirituality
group had a
half day
discussion
“Christian
Spirituality”
2000
organised and
ran the
“Coming
Home to
Ourselves
and the
Universe”
began the
Doctorate as
agreed by the
Trustees and
the group
continued
meeting
monthly as
it had been
Based on his
report I wrote
the first draft
of a four page
policy
10 January
2001
Spirituality
Group had Sam
Field, help us
agree
spirituality
Statement”
1999 - I
organised
membership
with the
Sacred Land
Project (
1999
identified lack
of
development
of Spirituality
Aspect,
formed
Spirituality
Group
Reading and
commenting
on report
Identifying
impacts and
gaps of
research
chronological cyclical
journey not linear
development … events,
impacts and insights led to
further identification and
development
2001
transferred from
MProf to DProf
and continued to
develop
appropriate
research design
2002
discussion on
job
description
draft written
Diagram 4
Winding Chronological Cycle
56
CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF RESEARCH CYCLES STARTING AT BOTTOM
2003 group read and commented on report
2003 - Interactive policy contribution
2003 - drafts Job description
2002 interactive policy
2002 - job description drafts
- Tony and I discussed research process and impacts on organisation
2002 “home for the vision” .
2002 - summarised Faith’s book/papers - founding principles; group discussed compared
2002 - group reflection on 2 ½ year Action Research Process,
2002 - interviewed co-researchers; they wrote 2
nd
person writing using proforma
2001 - open interviews cross-section 6 people
2001 - “Awareness-raising
2001 - “Christian Spirituality
2001 - develop appropriate methodology
- wrote first draft of policy on Personal Growth/Spirituality
2001 - Sam Field “Spirituality Statement”
2000 - started at NCWBLP - scale 1-10
2000 - group highlighted need for “Awareness-raisingwithin organisation - shared intent
starting with Trustees, invited facilitator, complete organisational change from
hierarchical to flat leadership structure.
2000 - “Coming Home to Ourselves and the Universe” weekend
1999 - membership with Sacred Land Project
1999 - identified lack of development of Spirituality Aspect
formed Spirituality Group
57
Research Tree
January 2002
58
STAGES ON THE JOURNEY
from the roots of the tree
10. fruits emerge
9. live out
8. write up
7. organisation - validate, test and add on
6. producing theory
5. reflecting in action
4. Action Research mutual and participatory
3. pilot group co - creating: “a community of
inquiry
2. chose intervener from within
1. aware & decide need for research
59
Long standing roots
Research process
Emerging theory
Founding theology
Recognis
e need for
spirituality
praxis
Form
Pilot
group
words
Healthy
context
organisation
motives
Sustaining
relationships
Transformatio
n
praxis
Theory:
religion
spirituality
seeds can
drop &
grow
elsewhere
60
MODEL EMERGING & DEVELOPING
Inner life:
change from
within-
consciousness
raising not
quick fix
imposed
Commitment to embrace
deep change,
transformation and
appropriation
Pilot group with
commitment for
research and
development
Communication:
dealing with
complexity and
confusion of
language and words
Theory and practice -
understanding
orthopraxis
Understanding sound
Spirituality theory
Sustaining mutual
relationships of inter-
dependendence
A need
recognised
for
practicing
authentic
spirituality
Maintaining healthy and
appropriate organisational
infrastructure conditions,
environment, community
Management/leadership
Motives shared intent
Monitor ethos
Move from dominant to
spiritual paradigm
On-going supervision
Outer life: Global
village
organisations,
society, nations,
transnational
Where theory and good practice combine and integrate
refined in last
part of research
process
61
Spirituality has been woven
throughout into people and the whole
organisation
people changed community of
practice developed
the organisation changed
awareness-raising and dissemination
started
spirituality statement and policy
written
interactive policy written being written
we moved from I-we-us-them for the
sake of the organisation to gain
“shared intent”
deeper foundations established for
secular container as enabling
environment for praxis consistent with
the founding history and vision
draft job description written and being
implemented
This report and more extensive study
in resource library at Holton Lee
The Model emerged for
understanding and developing
Spirituality praxis
Theory as represented in the
model:
Motives for developing spirituality
praxis
Forming a pilot group
Language and words
Theory of spirituality praxis
Relationship of spirituality, theology
and religion
Transformation and change
Interdependent relationships
Context for praxis
Relationship to “social” outer life
Guidelines for embedding
spirituality in organisations
developed
DEVELOPMENT, ACTION
AND PRACTICE and OUTCOMES
… as emerging and outlined in data
LIVING GROUNDED THEORY
EMERGING
as required & emerging in themes
from research process
LINKING:
theory and practice
research and development
research and action
remaining gaps &
continuing work
interview data post research projects
informing and shaping each other
throughout entire research process
On-going dissemination
and awareness-
raising to provide
growing
understanding of
how to integrate
our Christian roots,
and to integrate
and connect the
Four Aspects in
daily life
Put someone in full time
post for Spirituality
Aspect
Continuing to monitor the
founding vision to
ensure the present
is consistent with
the founding ethos
Continuing to establish
the Holton Lee
“community”
Diagram 7
62
3. WHAT WE LEARNED
the outcomes, impacts
and changes
63
RESEARCH
APPROACH
JOURNEY &
PROCESS
LEARNING,
OUTCOMES &
PRODUCTS
APPROPRIATION
POST-RESEARCH
led to continuation
CYCLES/APPROACHES
Participative A R
Pastoral
Discernment
Learning
Hermeneutical
Heuristic
Affirmative
Action Research cyclical
“process” to ensure our
action was informed
Data collected
Group met monthly
and several half days
events held
Literature review
Interview 2
nd
& 3
rd
person
2
nd
person writing
Awareness raising
“Lived out”
Dissemination ongoing
Writing up
DATA SOURCES/COLLECTION
1. literature review
2. meeting notes analyzed
3. research diaries
4. founding theology
5. Sacred Land membership
6. Coming Home weekend
7. Raising awareness trustee
8. consultation day
9. Spirituality Statement/ Policy
10. Christian Spirituality
11. Awareness-raising day
12. Research journey discussion
13. Interviews of six 3rd
14. Artist in Residence
15. Guests voices writing
16. chain of evidence
17. Interview co-researchers
18. Research outcomes
19. Home for vision
20. Job description
21. Interactive policy discussion
22. Interactive policy contribution
23. identifying impacts
24. writing report
* informal conversations
A. EMBODIED CHANGES AND
OUTCOMES
Individual
Group
Organisation
spirituality woven throughout
deeper sound foundations laid
deep learning
end result: by-product of process
theory emerged and informed
B. PRODUCTS
We don’t provide a product to
consume but guests take part
in our community
1.PAR and Spirituality link made
2.Statement/Policy written
3.Grounded living theory written
4.Model for spirituality praxis
Model for integrated change
5.Job description written
6.Guidelines to use
Report to use
Interactive policy started
Extensive study - resource room
Interviews bound
Gaps identified
Job change PG & Spirituality
Development Worker
MICRO
Address gaps
Continue to apply, learn,
“live it”, develop,
consciousness-raising
appropriate and
disseminate at:
Personal
Group
Organisational
Write papers in-house
Seminars in-house
Fund raising hire
person
Interactive policy
MACRO
Seminars, symposia
Conferences
Publication:book, papers
Talks
Web page
Network & interface
Attend conferences
Embodied knowing: job
change and personal
interfacing: Interact,
Spirituality Network,
Globalisation group.
We won’t stay on shelf!
Post-doctoral work!
operationalised
RESEARCH PROCESS AND JOURNEY
THEN
NOW TOMORROW
64
A. LEARNING, OUTCOMES AND
CHANGES
co-researchers
65
PERSONAL LEVELS:
Spirituality intangible, woven through
organisation
important to connect head “and” heart
spend time at Holton lee
66
GROUP LEVEL:
time needed since:
Spirituality - not a quick - fix
a process
live it out
language & words problem
Christian Spirituality and Disability still dilemmas
not just “polite” : listen to & respect each other
67
ORGANISATIONAL LEVEL:
highlighted fault in structure & challenged “system”
participation & co - operation needed to progress
structures don’t work otherwise
people enliven them
inclusive, mutual, equal opportunity
“process” two way street - reciprocal relationship
slow but enabled ownership & growth
our “own” embodied knowing
spirituality and love go together
68
not “top down” imposing and “doing to” others
necessary to hold vision
Spirituality happens in relationships
“if” organisation is conducive environment
to facilitate quality of life and ethos “lived”
“being”
Spirituality needs great deal of “awareness-
raising” & naming
precarious & vulnerable until something in place.
developing workshops requires more exploration
Four Aspects interface
69
A CHAIN OF EVIDENCE EXPERIENCE
at Holton Lee
place available - history & beliefs of Lees family
“believe” get necessary funding
a sacred and “safe place”
don’t want to impose principles or beliefs
“unwritten rule” enables fruit in peoples’ lives
70
experience hard to put into words.
concept of spirituality difficult to understand and
articulate
experienced intangible you can’t “see”
special healing atmosphere
something deep and friendly
genuine caring and love,
big yet practical on day - to - day basis.
71
feel enabled and respected like human beings
facilitated through experience in environment
inside and outside
chance to express creativity
chance for freedom, healing and
life changing growth
ability to discover more of one’s true self.
72
ETHICAL LIFE CHANGES
Spirituality to be “lived” required change and
transformation at personal, group and
organisational levels.
“being in the world” translated to new
organisational form
our current social witness and attempts to “live
out” spirituality and develop an integrated practice
is itself a form of spirituality
good ethics is good business
Tony: “for people not profit” but for marginalised
and discriminated against people, deep
democracy and equal opportunity.
73
B. PRODUCTS
74
1. PAR link with Spirituality
2. Personal Growth & Spirituality Statement/Policy
3. Living grounded theory
4. Models: understanding & developing Spirituality
5. Job description
6. Guidelines
75
1. PARTICIPATIVE ACTION
RESEARCH
AND
SPIRITUALITY
76
SIMILAR AIMS, PURPOSE AND GOALS
Spirituality
“inclusive spirituality” is socio-political
Holton Lee
focus on empowerment
Participative Action Research
“inquiry as empowerment”
rational and emotional levels
community meetings and events
not orthodox survey for data
77
PARTICIPATIVE ACTION RESEARCH
holistic approach
political - democratic & peer relationships as
form of inquiry
connect power and knowledge “with” others
action and reflection “with” others
implies personal, social & organisational change
process of democratic social change.
78
FRUITS
liberate human body, mind & spirit = freer world
empowering at deeper level
producing knowledge and action
consciousness-raising and educative
increased well - being:
economic, political, spiritual: humans, community, planet
affirming peoples’ rights - decision making
in claims to generate knowledge “about them”
shift balance of power: marginalized & discriminated
liberating muted voices of oppressed
shared power and voice
79
PARTICIPATIVE ACTION RESEARCH
significant and sustained, facilitated
connected knowing understanding from within
head & heart knowing
deep personal experience
changed our theories and beliefs
group & personal inter - related learning & growth
“interdependent knowing” descriptors:
in-depth
relational
reflective
connected
presentational
practical
experiential
embodied, imaginative, intuitive, affective knowing combined “with”
rational, cognitive, linear thinking
80
enhanced spirituality praxis
with “I - thou” partnership
contributed to:
living grounded theory
practical changes
deepened relationships and
changed infrastructure.
a bridge between knowledge and practice
informed our organisation
81
STATEMENT AND POLICY
APRIL 2001
2. PERSONAL GROWTH AND
SPIRITUALITY
82
SPIRITUALITY STATEMENT
personal and social,
ourselves, others, sacred and our world
widest possible range human experience
body, mind and spirit
personal growth
inner potential
growing into fullness created to be
recognising interdependence “with”
one another and world
83
“process” 2 years
contextualised lived daily
all spirituality act of interpretation not exclusive
not stereo - typical language and words
to describe “Unnamable Reality”
new language non patriarchal and hierarchical
understood as “lived out”
abstract “mystery
can’t write in tablets of stone prescriptive
is alive and free to develop as Spirit wishes
84
3. EMERGING LIVING
GROUNDED THEORY
our action included
development of theory which
illumed and guided our action
85
EMERGING THEORY
for sound underpinning
research is a relationship with
dialectical holistic thinking & learning
brought continuing change & process
active producers of own knowledge and theory
integrated functioning of:
thinking, feeling, perceiving and behaving
86
bottom - up: integrated, embodied, experience
learning flow back and forth
between practical work and theory
engaged practice understanding from within
process of living combined with critical skills
required creative use of literature
researcher as bricoleur theorist :design new theory
assembling data into life
87
drama of story from data
not passive consumers accumulated knowledge
theory extrapolated
embodied and tacit know - how
empowered at deeper level
final shape of clustering: circles within circles (Ely)
88
“WRITING UP”
integral to design of PAR
critical “make sense of” represent what happened
not monologue
voices: co - researchers & six interviewed
2
nd
person co - researcher writing (proforma)
stakeholders understand & use at varying levels
diagrams visual representation
89
4. THE MODEL:
UNDERSTAND AND DEVELOP
SPIRITUALITY PRAXIS
phases developed chronologically:
practice, theory, data
Informed each other
90
PERSONAL
Inner life and ethic:
“Living spirituality
praxis” - a change
from within
1. Recognise
need for
spirituality
praxis and
motives
5. The
relationship of
spirituality
theory,
theology and
religion
2. Form a pilot
group
3.
Communicatio
n: confusion of
language and
words
4. Theory of
Spirituality
Praxis
6.
Transformation
and change
7. Sustaining
interdependent
relationships
8. Context for
praxis
A MODEL FOR UNDERSTANDING AND DEVELOPING
SPIRITUALITY PRAXIS
… understood through the lens of praxis
an on-going cycle
Integrating theory and practice = praxis
Spirituality implies appropriation and
living it out in a context
Starting point
SOCIAL
Outer life and ethic:
living spirituality
praxis” in our global
village, organisations,
society, churches,
businesses,
corporations,
governments, margins
and charities.
91
1. RECOGNISE THE NEED FOR
SPIRITUALITY PRAXIS
AND MOTIVES
respond to real-life
questions
92
2. FORM A PILOT GROUP
collaborative relationships
surface and codify
knowledge
93
3. WORDS AND LANGUAGE
provisional and revisable
meaning and interpretation
94
4. UNDERSTANDING PRAXIS
secular and spiritual
95
SECULAR PRAXIS, in research terms:
“reflexive practice informed by theory”
not thoughtless behaviour
practice not atheoretical
critical evaluation of action embodied in praxis
96
“SPIRITUALITY PRAXIS”
consideration of power
emancipatory and liberatory transformation
addresses cultural concerns of our day
signifies intentional social activity & need for
emancipatory transformation
97
Orthopraxis: constitution of freedom
Liberating Praxis: liberating activity, emancipatory
transformation of oppressed
Present Praxis Paradigm:
“what ought to be”
relationships
social structures
language
responsibility: system structured for freedom
transformed from oppression
98
spiritual crisis and structural crisis co - present
emphasis on context
requires conversation with social sciences
socio - political approach particularly noticeable:
liberationist
feminist
justice focused
increasing dialogue
spirituality and science
99
Spirituality embodies social witness: Civil Rights
Feminist theology:
consciousness-raising
claiming one’s oppression
intensely spiritual
tries to eliminate causes of oppression within
100
MODEL FOR SPIRITUALITY PRAXIS
oppressors
freed from need: control or remain submissive
both converted to new relation of mutuality
oppressed
101
The NEW PARADIGM AND
WORLDVIEW is one of
inclusion and
companionship viewing with
the loving eye in a circle of
mutual connectedness. The
paradigm of power is mutual
influence and relationships
with relational power and
collaboration, in a new
global community
The old dominant paradigm & worldview
is one of power, with its arrogant eye and
stare operating within patriarchal and
hierarchical structures and dominant
relationships living with a disconnected
separate independent self
Therefore “others” are
oppressed, living in subordinate
relationships, marginalized and
experience powerlessness as
victims, which now includes our
“earth home” and natural
environment.
Consequently a metanoia and
paradigm shift is required, to
one of relational power and
collaboration, shifting from the
“I” to the “we”, which therefore
includes a journey of change
and transformation.
Both the oppressors and the
oppressed must change; each
converted to a new relation of
mutuality. We are freed from
the need either to control or
remain submissive.
THE BASIC MODEL OF INCLUSIVITY
Which results in
dualisms and
dichotomies of
either-or
Diagram 9
102
PARADIGM SHIFT
transformative journey
relational power & collaboration
empowering “with” others
mutual connectedness
inclusive
non - hierarchal relationships
103
Disability and
Care
Environment
and Land
Management
Arts and
Creativity
Spirituality
and Personal
Growth
mutually interactive
104
SPIRITUALITY PRAXIS
and “FOUR ASPECTS”
“encouraging people to make
connections across disciplines … as
well as between the inside and outside
of themselves”
105
PERSONAL GROWTH AND SPIRITUALITY
a holistic spirituality …
not privatised vertical love relationship with God
at expense of communal horizontal love
links human development:
psychological
spiritual
interpersonal
political lives
particular way of “being in the world
106
embody values professed verbally
entails choices & decisions about way we:
spend our time,
money and resources,
issues around work,
leisure,
prayer,
politics,
sex and
relationships
107
spirituality self - implicating
influenced by what studied
genuine understanding transformative as embodied
“deep learning” & liberatory transformation:
individuals
group
organisation
provide norms - human knowledge & change
reveal & guard against:
systemic distortion
false ideologies
distortions of interest, power and knowledge
108
being “and” doing
not arbitrary “anything goes”
empowering quality of life “what ought to be”
real issues, responsibility, conditions
learn in “here and now” of praxis in context
addresses cultural concerns & needs of day
109
producing solutions required change:
within organisation
constitution of freedom
“spirituality of life”
congruent with mission and vision
change of attitudes
non-compartmentalised Aspects
connecting inner and outer ethics
live out what we say
implications in global home
110
SPIRITUALITY & ENVIRONMENT
Spirituality is dichotomised from nature so:
need new lens for seeing
a paradigm shift
new vision for humanity and our world,
behave differently
reclaim earthed based spirituality
relationship to selves, each other, Divine & earth
Earth, God & humans profoundly interconnected
cosmic web of care & solidarity with respect
111
SPIRITUALITY & DISABILITY
disabilities socially constructed
reject paternalistic patronising approach
“Social Model of Disability” insists on inclusion
far reaching implications for society
Disabled people speak out for themselves
able to change conditions of life,
overcoming disabilities imposed on top of physical impairments
society is organised to exclude
Spirituality: inclusive, holistic, socio - political:
mutuality, respect and full participation
shared power and voice
reformulation of disability as social oppression
remove social & environmental barriers
112
SPIRITUALITY & ART
artists think in modernist terms
aesthetics inherently isolationalist & individualist
new model - new emphasis on:
community
creative potential “partnership”
personal creativity and social responsibility
participatory & socially interactive framework
web of relationships - essential connectedness
creative response & sensitive interaction with environment and planet
return to our souls:
release from cancer of the spirit
change of consciousness - beyond the gallery system
head & heart together
ethic of care: healing world:collective participatory “aesthetic”
concerns:
collective cultural needs, social & environmental responsibility
113
5. SPIRITUALITY, RELIGION AND
THEOLOGY
gaps
114
contemporary gap, split, discrepancy & confusion
addressed throughout not ignored
not collude with current compartmentalisation
stay and live in gap
115
learning experience at Holton Lee
Praxis: new way envisioning spirituality & theology
God enters in ordinary daily life
Normative praxis: emancipatory transformation
use critical theories in theology
way of “doing” theology:
begins in experience - ends in conversion
new way of being in world
whole “situated scholarship”
116
connect founding theological roots
with present day spirituality praxis
Liberation Theology: provided bridge to
overcome praxis of exclusion (contemporary
understanding & practice)
concerns for inequality and injustice
integrated inner and outer ethic
understanding globalisation
117
discussion paper on the relationship of
spirituality, theology and religion
in Appendix
118
6. TRANSFORMATION
AND CHANGE
changing the world means
changing ourselves
119
7. INTERDEPENDENT
RELATIONSHIPS
“complicated web of
interdependent
relationships”
120
8. CONTEXT FOR PRAXIS
organisation as context,
milieu and environment
121
“SPIRITUALITY AT WORK”
corporate culture
new, growing field & phenomenon
means different things to different people
management, education and leadership
structure and infrastructure
organisations are social designs
122
Individual
s
External
environment
group
Inter-group
group
depends on how
people participate
within four levels:
individual
face-to-face
interdepartmental
organisation
and vice versa.
functioning of an organisation
patterns of interaction mutually influence each other
i.e. four levels: I-we-us-them
123
LEARNING AND CHANGE
collaborative inquiry challenged incongruities
between mission and practice
system had to unlearn before it could relearn,
be motivated to change
then change
make the change survive & work
facilitate right relations, justice and peace
not collude with Modern Paradigm preferring:
equity in name of profit but rather
facilitate inclusivity and fulfil vision & mission for
empowerment and care
124
LIKE A BODY
interdependent & interrelated parts work together
social design and environment
people not separate from system
“are” the organisation
complex pattern of dynamic relationships
held together by:
patterns of action & reaction, relationships, meaning
and hidden rules
dysfunction in one level can affect:
interdepartmental effectiveness, co-ordination and
whole organisation.
125
NEW COLLABORATIVE AND
KALEIDOSCOPIC STRUCTURE
managers are “context makers”
potential of people key to capacity of organisation
capability vs task - with purposive fitting
alignment with others
learning culture
126
A “COMMUNITY OF PRACTICE”
at Holton Lee where …
dimensions of competence are:
1. mutuality of engagement: relationship basis for
participation.
2. accountability to enterprise: understand deeply
enough to take responsibility & contribute to pursuit.
3. enough participation in history of practice:
to recognise it = ability to make history newly
meaningful.
relevant to 57 yr roots: ensure new generations
“learning” in a process of participation
127
DIMENSIONS ORGANISATIONAL DESIGN
research process facilitated
1. Negotiation of meaning every action calls
on past history: “The Then”
2. Presence create knowledge ensure new
members can carry competence into future,
matching organisational needs with knowledge
named: The Now for Tomorrow”
128
3. Keep tensions between experience and
competence alive preserve and fine tune
knowledge, take responsibility with old and new
competencies: “theory of spirituality”
4. Nodes of communication mutual accountability
in relationship, to disseminate, interpret, use
information with multi-membership:
“Development Group”
5. People make the difference very specific focus
on people where depth of our knowing is steeped in
an identity of participation:
“2
nd
and 3
rd
person data”
129
a learning community has specific focus on
“people” who are:
active participants shaping what we do and
who we are
learning how we interpret in our “institutional home”
organisation allows participants active responsibility
for some aspects organisational learning/meaning
but it is easy to overlook such a community
as an asset and social fabric of learning
organisations.
130
AN ENVIRONMENT OF LOVE
a quality and way of life
create environment reformed by power of love,
depends on:
relationships
feelings and thoughts integrated
embody vision = others “experience” tangible nature of love
don’t fall in gap between what “said” and “lived out”
stand up for justice and peace
few models in society
capable of supporting healthy loving environment
not through “theory” only
authority - real experience
“are” what talking about shapes new structures
go back to original spirit so not frozen in ordinary structures
shared vision not static but ongoing organic process
131
“LEADERSHIP BY THE SPIRIT
conducive environment relational & holistic
embodied in structure not person “doing” to others
complex nexus - interpersonal relationships
beehive holding vision mutual leadership
love & walking “with” people in empathy
organisation - interpersonal context
about relationships
concerned with & affecting entire well being
climate: share meaning, learn, grow & enabled
whole person holistic learning and involvement
ie spiritual, intellectual, emotional and artistic
132
REVERSE MODEL
we learned that:
it is essential to participate in ethos and vision
by living it
and experiencing it
thus “knowing” it with felt knowledge
otherwise
133
REVERSE MODEL
Requirements for those involved at Holton Lee
particularly in decision making, policy creation, and
representing it’s “Mission” through the written or spoken word
Holton Lee is
misunderstood
and misrepresented
unhelpful and
inappropriate decisions
are taken
And those who live and
work there experience
confusion, pain and
chaos with conflicting
policy or decisions and
statements
It is essential to participate in
the ethos and vision
By living it
And experiencing it
Thus knowing it with felt
knowledge
And if not …
For the “Inclusive Model” to be appropriated or applied, the vision
and mission must first be experienced and lived. (see diagram 8)
Those involved must participate sufficiently at significant levels so
they experience being part of and included in the ethos and life and
paradigm
Otherwise the paradigm reverts back to the old dominant paradigm
so chaos and confusion ensues with inappropriate and inaccurate
policy created, decisions taken and representation made.
an unhelpful
shift
happens in
reverse
Diagram 15
134
OUR LEARNING AND CHANGE
Single loop/First order change: routine issues
within existing thinking status quo
Double loop/Second order change; change of
thinking transform underlying norms
Triple loop/Third order change: developed and
implemented new assumptions, points of view
and generated underpinning structures and
organisational change
135
PERSONAL
Inner life and ethic:
“Living spirituality
praxis” - a change
from within
1. Recognise
need for
spirituality
praxis and
motives
5. The
relationship of
spirituality
theory,
theology and
religion
2. Form a pilot
group
3.
Communicatio
n: confusion of
language and
words
4. Theory of
Spirituality
Praxis
6.
Transformation
and change
7. Sustaining
interdependent
relationships
8. Context for
praxis
A MODEL FOR UNDERSTANDING AND DEVELOPING SPIRITUALITY PRAXIS
… understood through the lens of praxis
an on-going cycle
Integrating theory and practice = praxis
Spirituality implies appropriation and
living it out in a context
Starting point
SOCIAL
Outer life and ethic:
living spirituality
praxis” in our global
village, organisations,
society, churches,
businesses,
corporations,
governments, margins
and charities.
136
SOCIAL
Outer life and ethic:
living spirituality praxis”
in our global village,
organisations, society,
churches, businesses,
corporations,
governments, margins
and charities.
PERSONAL
Inner life and ethic:
“Living spirituality
praxis” - a change
from within
Integrating theory and practice = praxis
Spirituality implies appropriation and
living it out in a context
inner ethic connected with outer ethic
system interacts with its external environment
137
SOCIAL ASPECT OF THE MODEL
… it is from a change in our perceptions that
external change happens.
The starting point for change was not system
change but a change in ourselves because …
138
understanding means knowing
inner sensing - intuition
cannot create, manufacture or force it
not solely observation, inner reasoning, logical
deduction or assurance of others
139
ACTION ORIENTATED SPIRITUALITY integrates:
action and contemplation
social and personal worlds
outward and inward
permeating personal and political
140
holiness and social action combine in:
individuals
organisations
society
discrimination, disadvantage, domination, oppression
replaced by
empowerment and enabling
141
a spiritual evolution can create new
consciousness in human society.
through paradigm shift on global level in:
economics
business philosophy
values
assumptions driving business organisations
upleveled to higher consciousness
(Biberman & Whitty 2000)
142
CONSIDERATIONS & IMPLICATIONS ARE:
transcend poverty of meaning of “reason”
awakening resistance to oppression
look for causes
stop adapting to oppressive social systems
more diversity right to difference
greater awareness of the world
rectify distortions of current dominant
social - political Patriarchal world
143
MODERN PHYSICS - learned new world view:
all interconnected “complicated web of
interdependent relationships
whole universe undergo radical transformation
modern dis - ease is autonomy & self - sufficiency
dichotomies “either-or” mentality with:
divisions, compartments, devaluation of senses, separated realities
wholeness – “both-and” mentality with:
integration, inclusivity, connectivity, non dualisms
drawing personal, spiritual & social into one coherent whole
144
5. JOB DESCRIPTION
three drafts
full time worker
Personal Growth &
Spirituality Aspect
145
SUMMER 2003 NEWSLETTER
146
6. GUIDELINES TO DEVELOP
SPIRITUALITY PRAXIS
not formulas, techniques,
methods, dogmas or
ideologies
147
1. Continuing research and study
2. Good teachers for the journey
3. Use of words and language
4. Organisational systems
5. Spiritual rhythm, disciplines and spiritual practice
6. Accountability
7. Common Global Vision
8. Guidelines for practising a transformational spirituality
9. Diversity, discrimination and equal opportunity
10. New vision:genuine,revolutionary mysticism & community
11.Spirituality applied & practiced: orthopraxis - globalisation
12.Genuine change Evolutionary spirituality
13.Living spirituality in practice
14.On-going discernment process
15.A framework for spirituality organisational renewal and
suggestions on how to maintain on-going good practice
16.The Pastoral Cycle
17.On-going Spiritual development and fruits
148
Orthopraxis & accountability can’t be separated
world bruised by patriarchy
appropriation = transformational actualisation of
meaning
“being - in - God”: not privately appropriated but
“living it”: people “are” what talking about
purposive action without self-centeredness
others enabled and empowered
not relying on faith without implementation
understanding globalisation & individualisation
is spiritual difficulty - existing conflict between
profitability “and” environment/human rights
149
Mind
Racism
The Earth
Violence
Journey in the
spirit to a
common goal
Inner
knowing
People can no
longer separate
themselves from
problems
Outer
expression in ….
Racism
Violence
justice
peace
Ecology
… the here and now
of our Complex
Western Society
Connecting Inner and Outer Spirituality in our Spiritual search and Journey
These problems can only be solved at the level of
Spirit not of the mind. The goal of each religion is the
same so we can join hands in this journey toward
a common goal and so experience unity in diversity.
A challenge to the institutional religions.
(Johnson 2000:84)
We must integrate our inner
knowing and outer expression and
find ways to live the spiritual journey
fully. Spiritual fulfilment and freedom
includes compassion and is born in
patience and love which grows
through the wisdom of the larger
community; it is not born of oneself.
The authentic spiritual life must
be fulfilled here and now in the place
we live, as we continue to mature in
the cycles of the spiritual life on our
inner spiritual journey.
As we look into the mind and
heart we discover they hold and
encompass our whole world and vast
regions of consciousness.
The few who claim spiritual
perfection have often Created the
most power-centred and destructive
Communities
It is not enough to recognize
spiritual longing but our hearts need
to be renewed so we need a
trustworthy discipline to carry us
on the journey, not to “fix” ourselves,
but in order to see who we really are.
Diagram 18
150
4. FUTURE ACTION
what will happen
151
THE TOMORROW
post research period
152
ACTUALISATION AND APPROPRIATION
trying to live a life of faith in a
manner which provides God’s
action in the world:
“a spirituality for action”
153
RESEARCH
APPROACH
JOURNEY &
PROCESS
LEARNING,
OUTCOMES &
PRODUCTS
APPROPRIATION
POST-RESEARCH
led to continuation
CYCLES/APPROACHES
Participative A R
Pastoral
Discernment
Learning
Hermeneutical
Heuristic
Affirmative
Action Research cyclical
“process” to ensure our
action was informed
Data collected
Group met monthly
and several half days
events held
Literature review
Interview 2
nd
& 3
rd
person
2
nd
person writing
Awareness raising
“Lived out”
Dissemination ongoing
Writing up
DATA SOURCES/COLLECTION
1. literature review
2. meeting notes analyzed
3. research diaries
4. founding theology
5. Sacred Land membership
6. Coming Home weekend
7. Raising awareness trustee
8. consultation day
9. Spirituality Statement/ Policy
10. Christian Spirituality
11. Awareness-raising day
12. Research journey discussion
13. Interviews of six 3rd
14. Artist in Residence
15. Guests voices writing
16. chain of evidence
17. Interview co-researchers
18. Research outcomes
19. Home for vision
20. Job description
21. Interactive policy discussion
22. Interactive policy contribution
23. identifying impacts
24. writing report
* informal conversations
A. EMBODIED CHANGES AND
OUTCOMES
Individual
Group
Organisation
spirituality woven throughout
deeper sound foundations laid
deep learning
end result: by-product of process
theory emerged and informed
B. PRODUCTS
We don’t provide a product to
consume but guests take part
in our community
1.PAR and Spirituality link made
2.Statement/Policy written
3.Grounded living theory written
4.Model for spirituality praxis
Model for integrated change
5.Job description written
6.Guidelines to use
Report to use
Interactive policy started
Extensive study - resource room
Interviews bound
Gaps identified
Job change PG & Spirituality
Development Worker
MICRO
Address gaps
Continue to apply, learn,
“live it”, develop,
consciousness-raising
appropriate and
disseminate at:
Personal
Group
Organisational
Write papers in-house
Seminars in-house
Fund raising hire
person
Interactive policy
MACRO
Seminars, symposia
Conferences
Publication:book, papers
Talks
Web page
Network & interface
Attend conferences
Embodied knowing: job
change and personal
interfacing: Interact,
Spirituality Network,
Globalisation group.
We won’t stay on shelf!
Post-doctoral work!
operationalised
RESEARCH PROCESS AND JOURNEY
THEN
NOW TOMORROW
154
research group identified remaining
issues, gaps and tasks
to consider & develop
155
fears/barriers: “Disability” & “Christian”
addendum to Policy
“inclusivity” – anybody?
workshops develop them
recruit and funding
implement Policy, Models and Report
write interactive policy participatively
“home for vision”: “deep democracy”
monitoring, interpretation, communication and induction
so vision doesn’t get diluted
156
ON-GOING DISSEMINATION
within organisation (micro)
implementation to facilitate shared intent:
educative
consciousness and awareness raising
recommended reading material:
sections of Tom and Faith’s books
Report sections: Guidelines, History, Theory
selected material from other writers
in-house papers each of phases of Model
short in-house seminars
157
TRANSFERABLE & GENERALISABLE
small organisation burrowed deeply
unearthed understanding and learning
what “has” happened not what “could” happen
extrapolated and applied theory for:
deep, grounded, lived - out spirituality
personal and corporate
theory “informed” by others in the field
transferable and generalisable
without compromising local for global
158
ON-GOING DISSEMINATION
outreaching organisation: audiences (macro)
courses, conferences, symposia, workshops
symposium “with” Four Aspects
talks: invited presenting collaboratively
web page : summary inviting dialogue
contribution/message to organisational cultures
159
Interface, dialogue & network:
Four Aspect - all organisations
Spirituality field:
Colleges with MA Spirituality Heythrop, Lampeter and Sarum
Diarmuid O’Murchu, Chris Clarke, Edward Bailey, Mary Grey and
possibly Adrian Smith
Membership:
National Retreat Centre director reading copy of Report
Scientific and Medical Network
Creation Spirituality Network
Living Spirituality Network
Association for Spirit at Work
Attend relevant conferences e.g
National Retreat conference – May 2004 Diarmuid O’Murchu
Scientific and Medical Network conference March 2004
British and Irish School of Feminist Theology July 2004
160
PUBLICATION
Sacred Land Project will recommend report on
web site
book on various aspects in Report
papers on phases of Model
in - house use
publication
Holton Lee Newsletter
161
REQUESTS
Speak at conferences:
Centre for the Study of Theology and Health
Denton Conference
St Jerome’s University – Ontario, Canada
co - author paper re Holton Lee, book with editor
Dr Sarah Menin.
library “Centre for Study of Theology and Health
National Retreat Association Director reading
report
paper for Implicit Religion Journal
162
CONCLUSION
163
“truth cannot communicate itself only as correct
belief but is dependent on the struggle for
liberation”.
Spirituality doesn't discriminate contexts in its
passion for democratic, right & interactive
relationships
164
when enough individuals and organisations shift
to new paradigm - greater likelihood society will
transform
(Neal et al, 2000:5-14)
small pockets of people humbly advocate “true
integral spirituality” by example and liberation
are
those who experienced radical “authentic
transformation” at deepest seat of
consciousness itself. (Wilber, 1997)
165
living with more than superficial change
such groups are bearers of hope as carriers of
resistance employing different interest than
consumerism
living with new levels of consciousness and
“integrative power
166
not spirituality people want ?
Holton Lee not perfect ideal model to emulate
Justification: trying to learn much to learn
share knowledge with others
“Model” emerged from new academic field of
spirituality
can now be applied in other fields or disciplines
167
SPIRITUAL/TRANSFORMATIONAL PARADIGM:
flatter structures
greater interconnection
empowerment - all levels
liberation and spirituality affect:
economic, political, social, psychological, cultural and
religious lives
deep transformative journeys:
individuals, organisations & societies committed to
spiritual praxis.
theories of chaos and self - organisation
provide new ways to model non-linear, complex
behaviour of dynamic systems
168
ON-GOING CONCERNS WITHIN THE FIELD
another management fad
“quick-fix” & feel good
shallow or counter - productive “easy” spirituality
market as next phase in self - development with
self - enhancement techniques
more techniques & actions as formula
secularised/psychologised especially in business
a life - project:
deep inner & outer work required: self-examination,
discipline, study & sustained effort
169
presentation Holton Lee: 20 people August 2003
no doubt of:
significance, originality & importance of project
first time Participatory Action Research applied
to topic of Spirituality in
context that views spirituality as integral part
of enterprise
grounded in the needs of society
potentially groundbreaking enterprise.
(Professor Chris Clarke)
170
THE END
171
PERSONAL
the truth search had dramatic and passionate quality with sense of
my life project as a whole at stake in the paradigm differences
risky and scary
as insider action researcher situated actor, my whole self actively
involved
deep on-going learning curve, intellectually, feelings, emotions,
embodied knowing.
maintain balance between critical distance and participative
engagement
continuing to love subject
cost of interpretation was to invest myself imaginatively, critically and
completely
subject then yielded its secrets
formidable working collaboratively as ethnographer with self-
reflective community of inquiry - participative and transformative
legacy for community of practice
required at least an hour of prayer a day
172
KEY POINTS
participative & mutual is true to spirituality
process
I we us them
tree bottom-up learning
Then-now-tomorrow contextualised in “community” of
organisation
Orthopraxis emancipatory, empowering, socio-political
Theology-spirituality gaps
theory and practice informing each other
Spirituality model
Model for understanding organisational change
learning change transformation
writing as bricoleur
173
IDEAS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH
needed in order to safeguard spirituality becoming a fad
Pursue implications, connection and relevance
with other academic disciplines - interdisciplinary
approach
Understand motivation for research - respond to
real-life questions particularly from marginalised
who bring their agenda to academy
Which requires a new approach to knowledge
using methodologies with inclusive framework
consider “context” for praxis : necessitates
conversation with the social sciences in socio-
political approach
174
Spiritual traditions embodied in people not
doctrines, so study is needed to address problems,
causes and needs, in order to meet and eliminate
them
Develop understanding of organisational renewal
Develop body of knowledge to share with others
understand relationship between political
economy, global economics, politics and cultural
values as they affect & govern organisational
values
ensure the field of spirituality doesn’t
accommodate the belief systems of business
Understand research data, collection & knowledge
175
HERMENEUTICAL CYCLE
an approach to study spirituality
Describe phenomenon
Critical analysis and theological
criticism
Constructive interpretation with
appropriation which is:
Transformative
Enlightening
Contributes to understanding
spiritual life today
176
HEURISTIC : non linear phases
Initial engagement: inner searching
Incubation: call on tacit knowledge
Explication: examine what
emerged with reflexivity
Illumination: new insights
Immersion: living the question
Creative synthesis: pull it all
together
177
DISCERNMENT CYCLE - on-going prayer and reflection -
lay basis for “spirituality of action”
(described in Chapter Seven)
178
Social analysis
Action
Experience
Theological reflection
PASTORAL CYCLE - Liberation Theology
(described in Chapter Seven)
179
Conceptualisation,
discernment & making sense
Reflective
observation
Concrete experience
Doing, active
experimentation
LEARNING CYCLE - facilitates deep learning.
Learning is the process whereby
knowledge is created through
the transformation of experience
(Kolb)
Requires reflection, generalisation,
hypothesis formation and testing
180
Diagnosing and
defining research
needs
Context and purpose
On to the next cycle and part of the
journey and then on to the next and
the next …
Taking action and
data analysis
Planning action decide
on methodology and
data collection
Evaluation action
ACTION RESEARCH SPIRALS
181
182
183
184
185