the life of Islam And Judaism

 

Time For Islam And Judaism 

 

by: Daisy Hall

Islam is based on the belief in Allah, a god they believed was more powerful than any other God.  Allah means “the god” in Arabic and is described as the creator and provider of human destiny.  Islam followers are called Muslims.  They believe that Muhammad, the founder of Islam, was chosen by god to fe the final prophet and messenger to humanity.  To live by Islam is to live in harmony with all creations.  Muslim believe that Islam teaches someone how to be an effective member of family and community.  Islam in monotheistic, meaning they believe in one god.  It was established in 622 B.C.  They worship in a building called a mosque.  Muslims read the Qur’an, the main religious text of Islam.  They believe it was written by god.

 

 History of Islam

Judaism History:

Judaism began 4000 years ago with Abraham and the Hebrews.  According to their belief, Abraham traveled to Israel under the command of God because of how the Hebrews were being treated.  He also traveled to Egypt to save the Hebrews from slavery.  Judaism in monotheistic, they also believe in only one God.  They believe in the Torah, which was the laws given to Abraham by God (The Ten Commandments). Judaism was founded in 1300 B.C. The Tenakh is the collection of writings that they follow.  They worship in buildings called temples.

History of Judaism 

 A monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah.

this also means that 

of those who claim to be Jews or whom others call Jewish

 

islam photos 

The region of Muslims

Religious Symbols

This means that the jews collectively 

This means the Religon of Jews

judaism photos

The jews collectively

 

Some of the holidays that Judaism celebrates are Memorial Day and Independence Day. One holiday that they also celebrate is Sukkot, this holiday is every bit as important as Passover, Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. They celebrated these holidays on the sunset.

Holidays for Judaism and Islam

 two holidays in Islam are Eid Al-Fitr andEid Al-Adha. Eid Al-Fitr is celebrated at the end of Ramadan a month of fasting, and Muslims usually give zakat charity on the occasion. These holidays begin on the first day of Muharram.

A long with Christianity and Judaism, Islam is one of three Abraham's religions. Therefore, many of the rituals from Islam will be very similar to the ones from Christianity and Judaism. Islam follows a very straightforward ritual for a child's birth. Four rituals that a Muslim performs when a new child is born.

 

  •  Adhan is a prayer that is whispered into the baby's ears when they are born. The belief is that the words "God is great, there is no God but Allah. Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. Come to prayer" should be the first words that is heard by the child. Another belief in this ritual is that the first taste of a child should be sweet, therefore; the baby is fed with a teaspoon of honey. This ritual was first carried out by Prophet Muhammed and the sweetness would continue. 

 

  • Tasmiyah (naming ceremony) - This is the same naming ceremony as Christianity and Judaism. The naming ceremony of a Muslim is simply orders of Allah. The belief is that if the worshipers ask for a child, then the child will nourish with the words of Allah. The new born baby should also be given a good name and so should the whole family. 

 

  • Aqeeqah - During the seven days of naming, another ceremony called Aqeeqah takes a big part. To thank Allah, the child is shaved and the hair is weighed. The family must give at least the same weight of gold to charity and at least two livestock should be sacrifised. After this ceremony, it is important to have a community meal and relatives, friends and neighbors and invited.

 

  • Khitan - Circumcision is a ritual when a Muslim boy's penis is cut and the foreskin is removed. The main reason for this is to display purity and cleanness. When the foreskin of a child is still on the baby boy's penis, it is easy for urine to be trapped inside and adulterate the baby. Therefore, to avoid all risk the baby boy's foreskin is removed to make the child as clean as possible. This ritual happens anytime before puberty (preferably in the first seven days) but it is ideal that it happens before or else the damage and harm may altar the child's ways of thinking and make him more aggressive. 

 

Islam Rites Of Passage 

Birth Rituals

The incorporation of the child into the community takes place with the naming of the child.  Naming for girls takes place in synagogue service.  Naming for boys takes place during the Covenant of Circumcision (brit milah) eight days after birth.

 

Rites of Initiation: Bar Mitzvah and Bat Mitzvah

In Judaism, a child is not required to observe the commandments until the age of 12 (for girls) and 13 (for boys).  In preparation for their new status, Jewish children attend special religious education at the synagogue where they study Hebrew and learn the meaning of the commandments. Upon reaching the "age of accountability" the child is obligated to observe the commandments of the Torah (Law) and is considered a Son of the commandment (bar mitzvah) or daughter of the commandment (bat mitzvah).

 

Rituals of Mourning
Death represents the greatest and most difficult transition that people in any society must face. On the one hand, the status and responsibilities of the loved ones of the deceased  have changed.  This change in status is emphasized by the mourners' separation from the community.  Indeed, the separation phase is most prominent in the rites of mourning in Judaism. Separation is especially intense immediately after the death. The family is  left alone for two days during which time their only obligation is to make the necessary arrangements for the burial. There follows periods of time lasting seven days, thirty days and a full year, each with a lesser degree of separation from the community. During these times the bereaved are not  expected to fulfill the normal obligations and responsibilities required of members of the community of faith. During the time of mourning,  the loved ones are not only honoring the memory of the deceased, they are  also assuming new roles required by separation from the loved one.

 

Judaism Rites Of Passage

 

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Bloomberg, in Israel, Wins a $1 Million Prize, and then Gives It Back

By Jodi Rudoren, New York Times

 

Michael Bloomberg, a billionaire and New York mayor, flew to Israel last week to attend an awards show hosted by Jay Leno.  Bloomberg was awarded the Genesis Prize, which is similar to the Nobel Peace Prize.  He received the award because he has donated a lot of money to Judaism.  Instead of keeping the million dollars, Mr. Bloomberg returned the money to Israel.

Mass on Mount Zion Stirs Ancient Rivalries

By Isabel Kershner, New York Times

 

Pope Francis held a mass in Jersusalem on Mount Zion last week.  Mount Zion is important to Jews and Muslims.  Islams believe it is the burial place for King David, a prophet in their religion.  They are all fighting over control of Mount Zion.  Pope Francis asked for peace during his mass.  He is hoping that both Islamic and Jewish faith can share the holy land and prevent any more wars.

My Cerent event 

By: Daisy Hall

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