The American Civil War was a war fought between 1861 to 1865 that was a conflict between the North and the South that would determine the Independence of the Confederate States and the chance of the Union to reunite the states of the U.S.
Civil War Booklet
By: Jacob Ochoa
On Feburary 1861, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, and Georgia had joined South Carolina and also seceded. These states met in Montgomery, Alabama, on Feburary 4 to form a new nation and government. They called this new group the Confederacy or Confederates. Jefferson Davis, a senator from Mississippi, became the president of the Confederacy.When the national government had violated the states' rights contract. They refused to enforce the Fugitive Slave Act and by denying the Southern states equal rights in the territories , which made the states want to leave the Union. When Lincoln had won his election in the year of 1860, he stated that the states had no right to secede from the Union. When Fort Sumter didn't have enough supplies to protect itself, the Confederates invaded the fort. When there were thousands of shots fired, no one died from this little battle. This caused Abraham Lincolnto send 75,000 troops to fight to save the Union which soon started the beginning of the Civil War (pgs.556-559).
Seccession and Causes of the Civil War
Ulysses S. Grant
Around 24, 531 soldiers fought for the North in this battle
It occured between tha days February 11-16 of the year of 1862.
The reason why this battle had started in the first place was because the Union had an opportunity of winning a fort because the Confederates had less soldiers at that time, which would give the Union an advantage in the battle. When General Ulysses S. Grant saw this opportunity, he later took it, which soon came out as a great decision for him
The winner of the Battle of Fort Donelson was the Union. The reason that they were able to win this battle was because they had more troops than the Confederates, which gave the Union a higher cahnce of winning the battle ate the end.
The Battle of Fort Donleson took place for one main reason. The general of the Union, Ulysses S. Grant, wanted to try to take control of this fort because there weren't that many Confederate troops at that time, which was an advantage to the Union. The general did not decide to attack until the next two days until the Union had enough troops, Once, they started to attack, the Union started to eliminate the Confederate troops rapidly because of the huge difference of the amount of soldiers they had. This decision made the Union win and make the Confederates surrender that battle (www.civilwar.org).
John B. Llyod
About 16, 171 soldiers fought in this battle for the South
The Battle of Fort Donelson took place at Stewart County Tennessee.
The Battle of Second Bull Run took place around the dates of August 28,30 of the year of 1862.
Gen. John Pope
There around 70,000 troops in this battle
Gen. John Pope tried to led the Union troops to Virginia in order to counter Robert E. Lee, but once Lee had heard about his strategy, he sent Stonewall Jackson to Gordonsville in order to make the Union on alert. This caused a vistory for them at Gordonsville. lee tried to attack Pope before his reinforcements came, but he withdrew back to Rappahannock. To get the Union to come out, Jackson's army came out and made a march towards them. When the Union was fleeing, Lee circled them, which caused them to flee from the battle from the soldiers lost when encircled by the Confederates (www.civilwar.org).
Gen. John Pope needed to protect and take control of the Confederate territroy. Robert E. Lee was the general for the Confederates that noticed Pope was a threat to him, so he had to find a way to destroy him and his army. When Pope and his army cam to North Virginia, Lee took his chance and soon caused the Battle of Second Bull Run.
Near the end of this battle, Gen. John Pope had to send him and himself back to Washington in order to retreat from the Confederate's bigger army that was commanded by 2 generals. In a way, the Confederates had won this battle because the Union army had tried to retreat from the Confederate army.
Battle of Second Bull Run
Robert E. Lee
On the Confederate side, there was around 55,000 troops that took place in the battle
This battle took place at prince William County in the state of Virginia, which was part of the American Civil War.
This battle occurred around the date of September 17 of the year of 1862.
George B. McClellan
About 87,000 troops partcipated in this battle
President Abraham Lincoln wanted to destroy Robert E. Lee and his army in the Battle of Antietam. This army had destroyed or defeated many Union troops which upset Lincoln. In order to make his statement successful, he ordered McClellan to destroy his army in battle. After the battle had occurred and Lincoln was told that Lee and his army retreated, he got upset and fired McClellan for his failure of destroying the Rebel army.
Gen. George B. McClellan had waited four days before he decided to attack thr Confederates. This wait made Lee gather most of his forces together near Sharpsburg, Maryland, which was along the Antietam Creek. Finally, on the date of September 17, 1862, the Union and the Confederate armies clashed against each other. This battel was the single bloodiest day of the whole war. Near the end of this battle, around 6,000 Union and Confederate troops lied dead, while 17,000 were seriously injured. The day after the battle had occured, Lee withdrew to Virgnia, as seen as a retreat. The Union had called this battle a claim of victory for their side (pgs. 582-583).
The winner of this battle was the union. After Robert E. Lee had retreated to the state of Virginia, the Union saw this as a victory, so they claimed it as their victory and not the Confederates, even though both sides had lost many soldiers in the Battle of Antietam. This battle is the bloodiest battle that has ever occurred in the Civil War.
Robert E. Lee
About 45,000 troops took place in this battle
It took place at Sharpsburg, Maryland and also at Antietam Creek, which is also in Maryland.
The battle occurred around the dates of April 30-May 6 of the year of 1863.
He had commanded around 97,000 troops in this battle
After the amazing strategies held by the Confederates, they had won the battle, but they had faced a major lost of one of their generals. General Stonewall Jackson had died during battle from being shot by one of his own troops from an accident that occured during the raid on the enemy army. The Confederates still felt accomplished after winning the Battle of Chancellorsville.
The Union wanted to try to trap Lee and his army near Chancellorsville so they would be able to defeat his army, but the plan was soon to fail. When Jackson and Lee split up into two armies, Jackson had went to go fight the enemy to try to push them bakc to where Lee was waiting to ambush the Union, which ended up being successful at the end. Lincoln's only wish was to destroy Lee and his army, and once again, he would have to wait for this to come true.
After Burnside had resigned from the job, a general named Joseph Hooker tried to rebuild the army that Burnside had left after resigning. Joseph Hooker had tried to close the route of Chancellorsville, so Robert E. Lee went to the Old Dominion. On May 2, Stonewall Jackson and Lee went on their last collaboration together. They had attacked from the front and then behind the enemy army. With the 15,000 troops that Lee had left, he went to hide in thickets with his men while Jackson was attacking the enemy. Then they came out and attacked the enemy side from the thickets. Jackson wassoon to be killed by a shot from one of his own men which slowed the Confederates a little. Soon, the Southern groups united and attacked the Union at Chancellorsville. On may 6, Hooker had to leave from the terrible war and had lost more than 15,000 troops in the process. This left the Confederates with a win, but a loss of a great general (pg. 605, www.civilwar.org)
Battle of Chancellorsville
It took place at Spotsylvania, Virgnia, which was around Chancellorsville, which was also in Virgnia.
Robert E. Lee
He had commanded around 57,000 troops against the Union
Women both in the North and the South had worked as teachers, office workers, and nurses for the injured during the Civil War. In some cases, women served as spies in order to let the North or the South what the other army is planning against their army. It was a major role of making strategies against the other side. During the Civil War, women mostly worked as nurses to aid the men that have been injured in the war. Women were believed to not be fit for this type of job, but women in the Civil War, like Clara Barton, had proved men and other people wrong by showing that they can do the work of a man. It was one of the hardest works for a women to do since it took time and strength in order to help the troops that are in need of assistance (pgs. 598-600).
African-Americans served in the in the Civil War on both the Union and Confederate side. In the Union army, over 179,000 African American men served in over 160 units, but there were more African Americans that served as naval officers and nurses than soldiers. This number comprised of both northern free African Americans and runaway slaves from the South tried to join the armies to fight for their side and their rights as well. In the Confederacy, African-Americans were still slaves and they served mostly in labor positions. Most of the African Americans that stayed at their houses wroked as nurses, doctors, builders for their army's forts, and as spies as well. They were part of a historical movement for their own rights of being able to join the army(http://www.historynet.com/african-americans-in-the-civil-war).
Some of the children's duties during the war was to take care of their father's farm while thier father was at war. To support their side in the war, they would join the instrumental marching bands, which were suppose to support the troops when they would fight in the war. Rarely, but some, joined their elders and fathers by enrolling themselves into the war to make their country proud. Children played an important role when it came to supporting the war and the armies of the war. Those children that did participate in the war ended up winning the Medal of Honor for their showing and action of bravery (http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/children-in-the-civil-war/?referrer=https://www.google.com/).
Life During the Civil War
Children's Duties During the Civil War
African American's Lives in the Civil War
Women's Lives During the Civil War