The American Civil War was a war fought between 1861 to 1865 that was a conflict between the North and the South that would determine the Independence of the Confederate States and the chance of the Union to reunite the states of the U.S.

Civil War Booklet

By: Jacob Ochoa

 

 

  • Main goal for the North was to bring the Southern states to the Union
  • Wanted to blockade the southern ports to prevent supplies from reaching the South
  • Wanted to prevent them from gaining money
  • The Union intended to gain control of the Mississippi River
  • Later gain control of Richmond, Virginia

Social Studies Textbook pgs. 572-573, pgs. 574-575

 North's Strengths

  • They had a greater population
  • A greater amount of industry
  • More abundant resources
  • A better banking system, which helped raise money for the war
  • A more efficient railroad network 
  • Greater amount of ships

War Strategies/War Aims 

Source(s) 

The North 

 

North Leaders 

MaineNew YorkNew Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Ohio, IndianaIllinois, Kansas, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, CaliforniaNevada, and Oregon

Northern States 

  • Stonewall Jackson

  • Ulysess S. Grant
  • William Tecumseh Sherman
  • Abraham Licoln
  • They were sometimes called the Yankees
  • They had to fight in the South, which was an unfamiliar territory to them
  • The South, at first, had a better military leadership
  • It would be hard for them to bring the Southern states to the Union

North's Weaknesses 

 War/Aims Strategies

  • They wanted to win recognition as an independent nation
  • They wanted to bring people back their own traditions
  • They planned to defend their homeland
  • Some leaders planned to take the offensive

FloridaGeorgiaMaryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, Delaware, AlabamaKentuckyMississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas,Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas

  • They had a stronger tradition of military training and service
  • Larger pool of officers
  • At first, had a stronger military leadership
  • They fought in a familiar territory 

The South Strengths 

Southern States 

The South

 Source(s)

Social Studies Textbook pgs. 572-573

www.civilwar.org

South Leaders 

  • Robert E. Lee
  • J.E.B. Stuart
  • Richard Ewell
  • Jubal Early
  • General Braxton Bragg
  • They had a smaller population of free men to build an army
  • Few amount of factories to make weapons and supplies
  • Produced half as less food than the North
  • Had harder transportation for soldiers and food because of lack of railroads

 The South Weaknesses 

On Feburary 1861, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, and Georgia had joined South Carolina and also seceded. These states met in Montgomery, Alabama, on Feburary 4 to form a new nation and government. They called this new group the Confederacy or Confederates. Jefferson Davis, a senator from Mississippi, became the president of the Confederacy.When the national government had violated the states' rights contract. They refused to enforce the Fugitive Slave Act and by denying the Southern states equal rights in the territories , which made the states want to leave the Union. When Lincoln had won his election in the year of 1860, he stated that the states had no right to secede from the Union. When Fort Sumter didn't have enough supplies to protect itself, the Confederates invaded the fort. When there were thousands of shots fired, no one died from this little battle. This caused Abraham Lincolnto send 75,000 troops to fight to save the Union which soon started the beginning of the Civil War (pgs.556-559).

 Seccession and Causes of the Civil War

Robert Anderson

Lincoln sent around 75,000 troops to fight to save the Union from the Confederacy

 

 

 North

 The Battle of Fort Sumter took place through April 12-14, 1861

When 

It had soon started when Jefferson Davis ordered their forces to attack Fort Sumter because the Union didn't receive their supplies for battle yet, which was an advatage for the Confederates. The Union tried to arrive by ship, but their were high seas, so they held out for 33 hours until they finally surrendered on April 14. Their were no lives lost, but the Confederates had raised their flag on the territory and they won the battle (pgs. 558-559).

The winner of the Battle of Fort Sumter is the Confederates. Since the Union was stuck on the ocean for 33 hours, they wer able to obtain the territory and name it theirs by raising their Confederate Flag.

The Union hadn't received their supplies for their fort, which was Fort Sumter. When the Confederate president, Jefferson Davis, saw that they hadn't received their supplies like their weapons and cannons, so he saw this as an advantage. He then ordered his troops to attack Fort Sumter, which soon caused this war to happen (pgs.558-559).

 Battle of Fort Sumter

Winner/Outcome 

What 

Why 

 Where

P.G.T. Beauregard

 

There were around 6,000 Confederate troops that took place in this battle

It took place at Fort Sumter, near Charleston in South Carolina

South 

The Battle of the First Bull Run took place on the date of July 21, 1861.

George B. McClellan 

Around 30,000 troops fought in the beginning

 North

When 

The winner/outcome of the Battle of First Bull Run was that the Confederates or the Rebels, drove out the Union from their piece of territory. A great deal of the loss from the Union was mostly because their troops were inexperienced and they didn't get as much training after they were drafted into war.

It was the first major battle of the Civil War that was fought in northern Virginia near the city of Bull Run. During the battle, the Yankees drove the Confederates back in the beginning, but then lost control of the battle once the Rebels were gaining control piece by piece. The Union soon ordered that action of retreat and the Union troops started heading back for Washington D.C. (pg. 577).

The Confederates had to raid or attack the Union for their own rights in the South. They did not like the rules and laws that were being held under the Union which caused them to secede from the Union. This action started the whole Civil War, including this battle.

 Battle of First Bull Run

Winner/Outcome 

What 

Why 

It took place in Prince William County, Charleston, Virginia, near the city of Manassas.

General Stone Wall Jackson 

Around 21,700 troops fought in the battle

 

 Where

South 

 

Ulysses S. Grant 

Around 24, 531 soldiers fought for the North in this battle

 North

It occured between tha days February 11-16 of the year of 1862.

When 

The reason why this battle had started in the first place was because the Union had an opportunity of winning a fort because the Confederates had less soldiers at that time, which would give the Union an advantage in the battle. When General Ulysses S. Grant saw this opportunity, he later took it, which soon came out as a great decision for him

The winner of the Battle of Fort Donelson was the Union. The reason that they were able to win this battle was because they had more troops than the Confederates, which gave the Union a higher cahnce of winning the battle ate the end.

The Battle of Fort Donleson took place for one main reason. The general of the Union, Ulysses S. Grant, wanted to try to take control of this fort because there weren't that many Confederate troops at that time, which was an advantage to the Union. The general did not decide to attack until the next two days until the Union had enough troops, Once, they started to attack, the Union started to eliminate the Confederate troops rapidly because of the huge difference of the amount of soldiers they had. This decision made the Union win and make the Confederates surrender that battle (www.civilwar.org).

 Battle of Fort Donelson

Winner/Outcome 

What 

Why 

John B. Llyod

About 16, 171 soldiers fought in this battle for the South

The Battle of Fort Donelson took place at Stewart County Tennessee.

 Where

South 

John L. Worden 

1,400 troops fought in this battle for the Union

 

 North

This battle occured around the date of March 8-9 of the year of 1862, two years after Lincoln's election.

When 

After several hours after the battle had started, Lt. Worden had an advatage over the Confederates, but they didn't have enough ammunition in order to take control over the Confederates. Since they didn't have any ammo left to destroy the Confederates, they had to call it a draw between the two parts/groups of the United States of America.

The battle had all started because the Confederates wanted to invade the Union's naval forces on the docks/sea. They thought that if they were to win this battle, they would have an advantage when it would came to sea battles because now, they would have more docks to use to soon close out the North naval forces. 

Frankiln Buchanan, a commander of the ship CSS Virginia, set a big hole into the Union's ship, which was the Cumberland. The Congress tried to get more troops and soldiers, but it was too late. The Congress was going to raise the flag to surrender, but then, the leader of the CSS Virginia, Buchanan, got shot by a musket and the ship soon had to got to shore. Then, Lt. Worden, came with a new ship and the Union and the Confederates ahd to fight again in annew battle in order to get their rights. After several hours of fighting, Worden had an advantage, but didn't have ammo. This caused them to both to conclude a draw for the battle (www.civilwar.org).

 Battle of Hampton Roads

Winner/Outcome 

What 

Why 

It took place at Hampton Roads in the state of Virginia, which was a state apart of the Confederacy.

Franklin Buchanan 

188 Confederate troops participated in this battle

 Where

South 

 

The Battle of Shiloh occured around the date of April 6-7 of the year of around 1862.

Ulysses S. Grant 

The Union had around 40,000 troops in this battle

 North

When 

The Union general Grant wanted to capture an important railraod junction for the Union to add to their territory. In order to capture this railroad junction, they had to win a piece of territory that was near Corinth. This adding of this railroad will be great for the Union so they can add another railroad to their other railroads and maybe connect each other as well.

In the morning of April 6,1862, Confederate forces launched a surprise attack on the Union troops. The Confederates drove Grant and his troops back to the Tennessee River (pg.579). The second day of this battle, the Union forces recovered and were aided by 25,000 troops from Nashville, which made them able to defeat the Confederates and withdrew them to Corinth. Both of the groups/sides lost more that 20,000 troops in this battle. Confederate general Johnston also died in this battle, which was a huge loss to the Rebels. The state Tennessee was soon captured by the Union and soon captruing much of the Mississippi River (pg.579).

Both sides had lost their fair share of troops in this battle, but the slight victory by the Union was a great help for them. The victory was able to give them the city of Corinth, which was the city they needed. Later that year, they were able to get Memphis, Tennessee because it was fallen to the Union. This battle had helped the Union expand their territory or states of their government.

 Battle of Shiloh

Winner/Outcome 

What 

Why 

The Battle of Shiloh occured around the southwestern part of Tennessee, which is also called the Battle of Pittsburg Landing.

Gen. Albert Sydney Johnston 

The Confederates had around 44, 968 troops in the battle

 

 Where

South 

 

The Battle of Second Bull Run took place around the dates of August 28,30 of the year of 1862.

 North

Gen. John Pope 

There around 70,000 troops in this battle

When 

Gen. John Pope tried to led the Union troops to Virginia in order to counter Robert E. Lee, but once Lee had heard about his strategy, he sent Stonewall Jackson to Gordonsville in order to make the Union on alert. This caused a vistory for them at Gordonsville. lee tried to attack Pope before his reinforcements came, but he withdrew back to Rappahannock. To get the Union to come out, Jackson's army came out and made a march towards them. When the Union was fleeing, Lee circled them, which caused them to flee from the battle from the soldiers lost when encircled by the Confederates (www.civilwar.org).

Gen. John Pope needed to protect and take control of the Confederate territroy. Robert E. Lee was the general for the Confederates that noticed Pope was a threat to him, so he had to find a way to destroy him and his army. When Pope and his army cam to North Virginia, Lee took his chance and soon caused the Battle of Second Bull Run.

Near the end of this battle, Gen. John Pope had to send him and himself back to Washington in order to retreat from the Confederate's bigger army that was commanded by 2 generals. In a way, the Confederates had won this battle because the Union army had tried to retreat from the Confederate army.

 Battle of Second Bull Run

Winner/Outcome 

What 

Why 

Robert E. Lee 

On the Confederate side, there was around 55,000 troops that took place in the battle

This battle took place at prince William County in the state of Virginia, which was part of the American Civil War.

 Where

South 

 

 North

This battle occurred around the date of September 17 of the year of 1862.

George B. McClellan

About 87,000 troops partcipated in this battle 

When 

President Abraham Lincoln wanted to destroy Robert E. Lee and his army in the Battle of Antietam. This army had destroyed or defeated many Union troops which upset Lincoln. In order to make his statement successful, he ordered McClellan to destroy his army in battle. After the battle had occurred and Lincoln was told that Lee and his army retreated, he got upset and fired McClellan for his failure of destroying the Rebel army.

Gen. George B. McClellan had waited four days before he decided to attack thr Confederates. This wait made Lee gather most of his forces together near Sharpsburg, Maryland, which was along the Antietam Creek. Finally, on the date of September 17, 1862, the Union and the Confederate armies clashed against each other. This battel was the single bloodiest day of the whole war. Near the end of this battle, around 6,000 Union and Confederate troops lied dead, while 17,000 were seriously injured. The day after the battle had occured, Lee withdrew to Virgnia, as seen as a retreat. The Union had called this battle a claim of victory for their side (pgs. 582-583).

The winner of this battle was the union. After Robert E. Lee had retreated to the state of Virginia, the Union saw this as a victory, so they claimed it as their victory and not the Confederates, even though both sides had lost many soldiers in the Battle of Antietam. This battle is the bloodiest battle that has ever occurred in the Civil War.

 Battle of Antietam

Winner/Outcome 

What 

Why 

Robert E. Lee 

About 45,000 troops took place in this battle

It took place at Sharpsburg, Maryland and also at Antietam Creek, which is also in Maryland.

 Where

South 

Ambrose E. Burnside

There were around 100,007 troops in this battle for the Union

 

This battle occured around the date of December 11-15 of the year of 1862.

 

 North

When 

Burnside wanted to use Gen. William B. Franklin's Left Grand Divison in order to crush Lee's southern flank on Prospect Hill. This assault against Stonewall Jackson hlped the Union at first. Once Jackson's troops pushed for a atrong attack on the Union, the Union nearly 4,000 troops in just this process. Meanwhile, Burnside tried to set a diversion behind a stone wall, but there were too many waves of Confederate positions which caused them the battle. After a few hours it was clear that the Confederate was going to win they was, and they did. After six weeks of the battle, This was the first urban combat of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln removed Burnside from the command of the Army of the Potomac.(pg. 605, www.civilwar.org).

The reason why this battle had all started was because Lincoln still wanted to defeat Robert E. Lee and his army. That is the main reason why Linoln fired his past commander of the Army of the Potomac and hired Burnside has new in command. At the end of the battle, it again didn't work well for Lincoln and the Union, so they fired Burnside for his failure in the Battle of Fredericksburg.

After the battle was over, it was clear to the human's eye that the Confederates had won the Battle of Fredericksburg. This was a huge win for the Confederates because this was one of the largest battles that had occurred in the Civil War, which is great news for the Confederacy. The Confederates will soon plan to attack once again in new territory.

 Battle of Fredericksburg

Winner/Outcome 

What 

Why 

Robert E. Lee 

For the Confederates, about 72,000 troops were in this huge battle

This battle occured around the city of Fredericksburg, which is in the state of Virgnia.

 Where

South 

The battle occurred around the dates of April 30-May 6 of the year of 1863.

 

Joseph Hooker 

He had commanded around 97,000 troops in this battle

 North

When 

After the amazing strategies held by the Confederates, they had won the battle, but they had faced a major lost of one of their generals. General Stonewall Jackson had died during battle from being shot by one of his own troops from an accident that occured during the raid on the enemy army. The Confederates still felt accomplished after winning the Battle of Chancellorsville.

The Union wanted to try to trap Lee and his army near Chancellorsville so they would be able to defeat his army, but the plan was soon to fail. When Jackson and Lee split up into two armies, Jackson had went to go fight the enemy to try to push them bakc to where Lee was waiting to ambush the Union, which ended up being successful at the end. Lincoln's only wish was to destroy Lee and his army, and once again, he would have to wait for this to come true.

After Burnside had resigned from the job, a general named Joseph Hooker tried to rebuild the army that Burnside had left after resigning. Joseph Hooker had tried to close the route of Chancellorsville, so Robert E. Lee went to the Old Dominion. On May 2, Stonewall Jackson and Lee went on their last collaboration together. They had attacked from the front and then behind the enemy army. With the 15,000 troops that Lee had left, he went to hide in thickets with his men while Jackson was attacking the enemy. Then they came out and attacked the enemy side from the thickets. Jackson wassoon to be killed by a shot from one of his own men which slowed the Confederates a little. Soon, the Southern groups united and attacked the Union at Chancellorsville. On may 6, Hooker had to leave from the terrible war and had lost more than 15,000 troops in the process. This left the Confederates with a win, but a loss of a great general (pg. 605, www.civilwar.org)

 Battle of Chancellorsville

Winner/Outcome 

What 

Why 

It took place at Spotsylvania, Virgnia, which was around Chancellorsville, which was also in Virgnia.

Robert E. Lee 

He had commanded around 57,000 troops against the Union

 Where

South 

Ulysses S. Grant 

 He had controlled/led around 77,000 troops in this battle

The battle or the capturing of Vicksburg lasted about May 18-July 4 in the year of 1863.

 North

When 

The reason why this battle had started in the first place was because General Ulysses S. Grant wanted to take control of the Confederate fortress of Vicksburg, Mississippi. In order to obtain this goal, they had to destroy all the forces that were in the way of the Union so they can get rid of the fortress to stop them from having an advantage from there. The victory of this war would bring good help to the Union for future purposes.

Once Grant had tried to siege the city because of loss of troops, the Union was soon to be seen as the winner of the month battle. The way the Union won was by surrender from the Confederate troops at Vicksburg, Mississippi. This was a great deal and win for the Union in order to capture more territory along the Mississippi River.

Grant had always wanted to take control of the Confederate fortress of Vicksburg, Mississippi. In late April, 1863, Grant and his army took a surprise landing a Bruinsburg, which pushed back the threat of incoming forces and rapidly caused the Union to continue on. The victories that they had won at Champion Hill and Big Balck Bridge weakened Pemberton's forces, which caused the general to retreat back to Vickburg's defenses. Grant later on May 19-22, tried to gain more territory, but he lost much men, so he had to lay siege to the city to avoid further loss. When he had made this decision, the Confederates finally surrendered to the Union (pg 606, www.civilwar.org).

 Assault on Vicksburg

Winner/Outcome 

What 

Why 

John C. Pemberton 

He had fought with around 33,000 Confederate troops on his side

The Battle of Vicksburg took place in Warren County Mississippi, which is also near Vicksburg.

 Where

South 

George C. Meade 

The Union consisted of around 93,000 troops in their battle plan

 

During Vicksburg, the Battle of gettysburg took place on the dates of July 1-3 of the year of 1863.

 North

When 

The winner of the Battle of Gettysburg was the Union until the end. At the beginning, it was more in the Confederates favor because they were familiar to there territory and they had more troops in total. When the Union had caught them in a city, they fired as much ammuntion as they could and this process caused them a victory at the end because they Confederates were outnumbered, so Lee and his army retreated back to Virginia in order to not lose any more troops by fighting.

The reason this battle had started was because the Rebels were trying to get supplies for their army in Pennsylvania. When Lee had heard that the Union army was in the state of Pennsylvania, he tried to set up his army in defense to protect themselves from the Union. This meeting with each other on July, 1, 1863 had caused a big war against the two armies in the state of Pennsylvania.

When Robert E. Lee was planning another attack, he went to go get an abundant amount of supplies just in case if anything went worng. When he was getting his supplies from Pennsylvania, George C. Meade was hired new commander, and soon enough, Meade found Lee and his army on July, 1. During the battle, the Confederates started to slow down because of the Union infantry. When the Confederates got their reinforcements, the 30,000 Confederate troops had killed around 20,000 Yankees, who later fell back to Gettysburg. On the second day of battle, Lee flanked the Union on the left in the hills and the Union troops still held their ground. On the third day of the war,  the Union had great infantry and killed more than 12,000 Confederate troops. This had caused Lee to retreat to Virgnia and it was soon a victory for the Union (pg. 605-606, www.civilwar.org).

 Battle of Gettysburg

Winner/Outcome 

What 

Why 

The battle of Gettysburg took place in and out of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania in Adams County.

Robert E. Lee 

Robert E. Lee led an army of bout 71,000 troops

 Where

South 

Ulysses S. Grant 

There were about 63,000 Union Troops in this capturing

 

 North

From recovering from the loss of many troops in his previous battle, Robert E. Lee had decided to flee towards Richmond, Virgnia, hoping that they would soon find a small Confederate that was trying to stop William Tecumseh Sherman's advance to Virginia. At one point on their way on their escape route, the Union army blocked their route leaving them with one choice left. On April 9, 1865, Lee and his army surrendered to General Grant in a small town called Appomattox, which was in the state of Virgnia. When captured, after making them lay their hands down, they were able to go freely without any harm. They received a three-day supply worth of food and were able to keep their horses. Several days after Lee's surrender, Confederate forces in North Carolina surrendered as well. Finally, the president of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis, was captured on May 10, 1865 in the state of Georgia. The capturing of the Confederacy president finally ended the Civil War (pgs. 610-612, www.civilwar.org)

The Surrender at Appomattox took place on the date of April 9, 1865, which was the last year of the Civil War.

Robert E. Lee was trying to accomplish his main goal, which was trying to find more Confederate troops in the city of Richmond, Virginia. Then things went wrong while on his way to the city. On the path to Richmond, Virginia, the Confederate army was blockaded by the Union, which soon caused Robert E. Lee to surrender to General Grant and his army. This was mainly or the only reason why the capturing of Robert E. Lee and his army took place at Appomattox Court House in the state of Virginia.

The outcome of the Surrender at Appomattox was that Robert E. Lee and his army were captured by General Grant and the rest of his Union troops in a town called Appomattox Court House, Virginia. The causing of these events led to many capturings of Confederate armies, including the capturing of the Confederacy president, Jefferson Davis. You can consider this a mjor event ot the Union and to the Confederacy as well.

When 

 Surrender at Appomattox

What 

Winner/Outcome 

Why 

Robert E. Lee 

In his journey for help, he was with  about 26,000 confederate troops

The surrender of Robert E. Lee and his Confederate army took place in a small Virginia town called Appomattox Court House.

 Where

South 

 

Robert E. Lee was born to a prominent family in the state of Virginia. At Westpoint, he finished top of his class, which made him seen as one of the more responsible or more enlighten than others. During the War with Mexico, Lee tried to show his skill as a soldier that participated in the war with the country on the otherside of the United States. When the Civil War broke out in its first year, Lincoln had asked Lee to take control of the Union forces. When he thought of having to face his home state, Virginia, he became torn, so he decided to become one of the South's generals, and soon, one of the best and most recognized of the Civil War. During his service in the Civil War, Lee has won many battles for the South, which has been a major factor for the Confederacy. He was seen as the best or one of the best generals that had ever lived because of his strategies that he used against the Union and because of his great victories as well. He led as much as 6 key battles of the Civil War including the Battle of Gettysburg, which is the most recognizied battle that has occurred during the Civil War. On April 9, 1865, he was captured by the Union in a town called Appomattox Court House in the state of Virginia. The general that he was captured by was General Ulysses S. Grant, one of the best generals in the North. The capturing of him and his army would change the outcome of the war. Several days laterafte rthis even occured, Confederate forces in North Carolina surrendered to the Union. On May 10, 1865, it was the end of the Rebels, also called the Confederacy. On that date, the president of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis, was captured by Union forces in the state of Georgia. After all these years, Robert E. Leeis still seen as a gamechanger and one of the best generals that have served in the Civil War to this date (pg. 611, civilwar.org).

Robert E. Lee

Ulysses S. Grant was born in the United States in the state of Ohio. He had a life that was surrounded with farming and tanning because his father made a living off doing these things in order to keep his family from starving and dying. He too went to West Point as General Robert E. Lee did, who was a Confederate general. The only difference between the two was one had a better and more educational life that the other. Grant was just an average student when he attended West Point. He didn't get involved in war that much when growing up. During the War with Mexico, he joined the army for a while, but later resigned from the amy for his personal reasons dealing with war. Those years he went back home and tried farming and making a business, he failed which caused him to soon serve for the Civil War. When he first tried to join the Union army, it was hard for him to be accepted, but once he was accepted, he impressed Lincoln by his great skill and strategies he held in battle. When Lincoln had seen how well of a soldier he was, Lincoln made him in charge of the Union armies. His permission of commanding the armies soon turned around the outcome of the battle. He had only commaned around 4-5 battles during the Civil war, but him and his army had accomplished the most wanted goal for the Union. General Grant had found Robert E. Lee and his army on to their way to Richmond, Virginia, so he sent his army to blockade the path. Once the Confederate troops were blockaded, Lee and his army requested for a surrender and it was given. The Union had finally found the Rebel's best general and that changed the rest of the battle. Confederate troops in North Carolinia soon surrendered. In May 10, 1865, the Union had finally found the president of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis. The capture of the Confederate president had finally ended the Civil War. Grant's action and great strategy of the surrender of Robert E. Lee had changed the whole battle and its outcome. He is recognized as one of the best Union generals that has ever commanded an army in U.S. history (pg. 611, www.civilwar.org).

Ulysses S. Grant

 

Women both in the North and the South had worked as teachers, office workers, and nurses for the injured during the Civil War. In some cases, women served as spies in order to let the North or the South what the other army is planning against their army. It was a major role of making strategies against the other side. During the Civil War, women mostly worked as nurses to aid the men that have been injured in the war. Women were believed to not be fit for this type of job, but women in the Civil War, like Clara Barton, had proved men and other people wrong by showing that they can do the work of a man. It was one of the hardest works for a women to do since it took time and strength in order to help the troops that are in need of assistance (pgs. 598-600).

African-Americans served in the in the Civil War on both the Union and Confederate side. In the Union army, over 179,000 African American men served in over 160 units, but there were more African Americans that served as naval officers and nurses than soldiers. This number comprised of both northern free African Americans and runaway slaves from the South tried to join the armies to fight for their side and their rights as well. In the Confederacy, African-Americans were still slaves and they served mostly in labor positions. Most of the African Americans that stayed at their houses wroked as nurses, doctors, builders for their army's forts, and as spies as well. They were part of a historical movement for their own rights of being able to join the army(http://www.historynet.com/african-americans-in-the-civil-war).

Some of the children's duties during the war was to take care of their father's farm while thier father was at war. To support their side in the war, they would join the instrumental marching bands, which were suppose to support the troops when they would fight in the war. Rarely, but some, joined their elders and fathers by enrolling themselves into the war to make their country proud. Children played an important role when it came to supporting the war and the armies of the war. Those children that did participate in the war ended up winning the Medal of Honor for their showing and action of bravery (http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/children-in-the-civil-war/?referrer=https://www.google.com/).

Life During the Civil War

Children's Duties During the Civil War 

African American's Lives in the Civil War 

Women's Lives During the Civil War 

There were so many battles that had taken place in the Civil War in the 1860's. It is the biggest battle that has ever been fought in U.S. history. After all of the battles had occured, General Robert E. Lee was captured by the Union, which kind of caught him off guard. This led to the surrender of him and his army, but were later sent free back to wherever they had lived during that time. This captuirng of the Confederacy's best general led to North Carolina having to suurender to the Union because there wasn't any much hope left for the Confederacy since they had lost many troops and states to the Union. A few days after North Carolina's surrender, the Union had found the president of the Confederacy in the state of Georgia. Once after they had found their president, they had soon captured him on the date of May 10, 1865. The capture of the president of the Confederacy was a great role in the Civil War. A few days after the capture of the Confederacy's president, it was officially declared that the Union, or the North, had won the whole Civil War. This had brought great news to the North for it has finally won the war. Sadly, five days after the surrender of General Robert E. Lee, President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by a man named John Wilkes Booth, who was a Confederate sympathizer. Booth's action of killing Lincoln brought great sadness to both the North and the South. People believed that he would bring great balance and correction to the country. People also said that this was "the most terrible part of the war is now to come". When estimated, the country had lost more than 600,000 troops in total from the Civil War. Since the South had spent much money for transportation and their troops, they were collapsing as an economy. For the North's victory, it gave the federal government more power that any of the other states in th United States. Since African Americans had participated in the war, it freed millions of slaves from slavery, but still faced problems later on. They called the next following years after the Civil war the period called Reconstruction (pgs. 612-613).

Results of the Civil War