The Topeka Board Of Education Operated Two Seperate Elementry Schools under an 1897 kANSAS law which permitted disctrics to maintain a sparate elementry school facilities for black & white students in 12 communities with populations over 15,000.
Opposition to Brown I and II reached an apex in Cooper v. Aaron (1958), when the Court ruled that states were constitutionally required to implement the Supreme Court's integration orders. Widespread racial integration of the South was achieved by the late 1960s and 1970s.
by the mid-twentieth century, civil rights groups set up legal and political, challenges to racial segregation. In the early 1950s, NAACP lawyers brought class action lawsuits on behalf of black schoolchildren and their families , seeking court orders to compel school districts to let black students attend white public schools.
Brown appealed to the Supreme Court, which consolidated and then reviewed all the school segregation actions together.Thurgood Marshall, who would in 1967 be appointed the first black justice of the Court, was chief counsel for the plaintiffs.
One of these class actions, Brown v. Board of Education was filed against the Topeka, Kansas school board by representative-plaintiff Oliver Brown, parent of one of the children denied access to Topeka's white schools. Brown claimed that Topeka's racial segregation violated the Constitution's Equal Protection Clause because the city's black and white schools were not equal to each other and never could be.
After the law was passed
Two little girls a black & a white girl talking.
Brown Vs. Board Of EDUCATION IS IS IMPORTANT To the time period because schools were segregated because of rasium .
In Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, a case argued in December 1952 and decided in May 1954, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that in the field of public education, the doctrine of “separate but equal” has no place.
It Relates to the book because in the book black & white kids couldnt go to school together either.
They both helped people realize that you cant judge people by the color of their skin.