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INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE  GOVERNMENT OF ARMIES  OF  THE UNITED STATES IN THE FIELD.  PREPARED BY  FRANCIS LIEBER, LL. D.  ORIG...
GENERAL ORDERS,  f  WAR DEPARTMENT, ADJUTANT GENERAL S OFFICE, No. lOU. Washington, April 24, lSlj3. The following  Instru...
INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF AR I1ES OF THE UNITED S rA l ES IN THE FIELD. SECTION I. Martial law-Military jurisdict...
4  tary rule and force for the same, as well as in the dictation of general laws, as far as military necessity requires th...
5 6.  All civil and penal law shall continue to take its usual course in the enemy s places and territories under Martial ...
6
7  tried in the manner therein directed  but military offenses which do not come within the statute must be tried and puni...
8  either positively pledged, regarding agreements entered into during the war, or supposed by the modern law of war to ex...
9  and children, may be removed before the bombard   ment commences. But it is no infraction of the common law of war to o...
10  afford to grant vigorous war.  In  the overruling demands of a 24.  The almost uni versal rule in remote times was, an...
11  means of securing himself against the repetition of barbarous outrage. 28.  Retaliation will, therefore, never be reso...
12  admitted  but the law of war imposes many limi   tations and restrictions on principles of justice, faith, and honor. ...
13  latter should proclaim, after a fair and complete conquest of the hostile country or district, that it is resolved to ...
14  In no case shall they be sold or given away, if captured by the armies of the United States, nor shall they ever be pr...
15  are paid from the public revenue of the invaded territory, until the military government has reason wholly or partiall...
16  43.  Therefore, in a  val  between the United States and a belligerent which admits of slavery, if a per   son held in...
17  Prize money, whether on sea or land, can now only be claimed under local law. 46.  Neither officers nor soldiers are a...
18  States, is captured by the enemy, and punished by them with death or otherwise, it is not a bl each against the law an...
19  and if unprovided with a safe conduct granted by the captor s government, prisoners of war. 51.  If the people of that...
20 55.  If a hostage is accepted, he is treated like a pris   oner of war, according to rank and condition, as circumstanc...
21   which he has not been punished by his own au   thorities. All prisoners of war are liable to the infliction of retali...
22 65.  The use of the enemy s national standard, flag, or other emblem of nationality, for the purpose of deceiving the e...
23  order, special or general, has been issued to that effect. 70.  The use of poison in any manner, be it to poison wells...
24 73.  All officers, when captured, must surrender their side arms to the captor. They may be restored to the prisoner in...
25 77.  A prisoner of war who escapes may be shot or otherwise killed in his flight  but neither death nor any other punis...
26  mits no longer the use of any violence against pds   oners in order to extort the desired information or to punish the...
27  tile to their own, employed in obtaining informa   tion, if found within or lurking about the lines of the captor, are...
28  Exceptions to this rule, whether by safe-conduct, or permission to trade on a small or large scale, or by exchanging m...
29  90.  A traitor under the law of war, or a war-traitor, is a person in a place or district under martial law who, unaut...
30 96.  A citizen serving voluntarily as a guide against his own country commits treasoll, and will be dealt with accordin...
31 100.  A messenger or agent who attempts to steal through the territory occupied by the enemy, to further, in any manner...
32  SECTION VI. Exchange of prisoners-Flags of truce-Flags of protection.  105.  Exchanges of prisoners take place-number ...
33  Such arrangement, however, requires the sanction of the highest authority. 109.  The exchange of prisoners of war is a...
34
35 118.  The besieging belligerent has sometimes requested the besieged to designate the buildings containing collections ...
36 124.  Breaking the parole is punished with death when the person breaking the parole is captured again. Accurate lists,...
37 129.  In capitulations for the surrender of strong places or fortified camps the commanding officer, in cases of urgent...
38 133.  N o prisoner of war can be forced by the hostile government to parole himself, and no government is obliged to pa...
39 137.  An armistice may be general, and valid for all points and lines of the belligerents  or special, that is, referri...
40  14l.  It is incumbent upon the contracting parties of  an armistice to stipulate what intercourse of per   sons or tra...
41 145.  When an armistice is clearly broken by one of the parties, the other party is released from all obligation to obs...
42  of such proclamation, made by whatever authority. Civilized nations look with horror upon offers of rewards for the as...
43  is partial or entire, it does in no way whatever imply a partial or complete acknowledgment of their governm nt, if th...
44  treason, and from treating them accordingly, unless they are included in a general amnesty. 155.  All enemies in regul...
45  revolted citizens who refuse to pledge themselves anew as citizens obedient to the law and loyal to the government. Wh...
INDEX.  Page. Allegiance, oath of________  10  Ambassadors, etc A I m cd resistance .A.rnlisticc _  ___  5, 28 42, 45 __  ...
48 Page. Flags, use of eneiny s ______________________________________________________2 2 Flags of truce   __32,33 Abuse o...
49 Money, appropriation ofMuseums        - - 7  -  - -  - -  ------7-- _ ---- -- -- -- ---  Necessity, military Occu patio...
50 Protection ofPage. Art, works oL   c 13,35 Observatories 13, 35 Persons generally 14, 16 Private property of the enemy ...
51   War-Continued. Persons, protection of Prisoners of Property, protection oL Rebel Siege operations Traitor    ..  ----...