Health and Safety
Reporting accidents and incidents at work Page 2 of 5
allows the enforcing authorities to target their work and provide advice about how
to avoid work-related deaths, injuries, ill health and accidental loss.
What must be reported?
For the purposes of RIDDOR, an accident is a separate, identifiable, unintended
incident that causes physical injury. This specifically includes acts of non-
consensual violence to people at work.
Not all accidents need to be reported, a RIDDOR report is required only when:
the accident is
it results in an injury of a type which is
reportable (as listed under ‘Types of
When deciding if the accident that led to the death or injury is work-related, the key
issues to consider are whether the accident was related to:
the way the work was organised, carried out or supervised;
any machinery, plant, substances or equipment used for work; and
the condition of the site or premises where the accident happened.
If none of these factors are relevant to the incident, it is likely that a report will not
See www.hse.gov.uk/riddor/do-i-need-to-report.htm for examples of incidents that
do and do not have to be reported.
Types of reportable injury
All deaths to workers and non-workers must be reported if they arise from a work-
related accident, including an act of physical violence to a worker. Suicides are not
reportable, as the death does not result from a work-related accident.
Specified injuries to workers
The list of ‘specified injuries’ in RIDDOR 2013 (regulation 4) includes:
a fracture, other than to fingers, thumbs and toes;
amputation of an arm, hand, finger, thumb, leg, foot or toe;
permanent loss of sight or reduction of sight;
crush injuries leading to internal organ damage;
serious burns (covering more than 10% of the body, or damaging the eyes,
respiratory system or other vital organs);
scalpings (separation of skin from the head) which require hospital treatment;
unconsciousness caused by head injury or asphyxia;
any other injury arising from working in an enclosed space, which leads to
hypothermia, heat-induced illness or requires resuscitation or admittance to
hospital for more than 24 hours.
Over-seven-day injuries to workers
This is where an employee, or self-employed person, is away from work or
unable to perform their normal work duties for more than seven consecutive
days (not counting the day of the accident).