Wetland Species

Buzzzzz, buzzzzz. The mosquito flies through the air. She needs to find food for her larva soon, as they need lots of nutrients to become pupa. Finally she finds some nice fresh leaves with plenty of sugar, She slurps the sweet, precious juice out of the plant with her long proboscis. Suddenly the mosquito hears a loud screech and spots an object zipping towards her. Quickly she tries to find cover. “what was that thing?” She thinks to herself. She gladly finds a nearby shrub to rest her wings. The leaves are soft and warm in the afternoon sunshine. It must be a swallow, trying to gobble her up. She spots a lady walking in the park and zooms towards her and bites her right on the arm.It was a risky move she could have been hit but she needed to feed her young and that was exactly what she was going to do. She quickly dashed through the air toward where her young were. She finally returned home; her job was done.

Mosquito by Cameron

genus species: Culex Tarsalis

status: extremely low concern.

type: insect.

diet: Omnivore.

life span: Female 42 – 56 days Male 10 days.

life cycle: Egg, Larva, Pupa, and Adult.

size: between 3mm and 6mm.

weigh: Around 5 mg.

group name: Scrouge.

role in the nutrient cycle: Level 1 consumer.


Swift fox lays in the beautiful sun when her cubs run around and play. The dad lays in the shade when the mother grooms the cubs . It’s time for the dad to go get food for the family. Her cubs follow her to the lake. The mom watch her cubs while they play fight. The mom is tired so she gets the cubs and puts them to bed in the underground den. In the morning, the cub learns how to hunt. One of the cubs bring home some food like rabbits. The mother cuddles with her cubs. The mother hears a sound and she runs. A coyote comes to the den and he sniffs for food. The mom gets the cubs and yips at them that the coyote has left so it's safe for them to come out.

Swift Fox by CJ

Genus species: Vulpes velox

Status: endangered-about 700 left.

Type: A swift fox is a mammal

Diet:  Omnivore

Average lifespan: lives 3–6 years, up to 14 years in captivity

Weight:  just over 2kg.

Size:30 cm Tall 79 cm long.   

Group name: kit

‘SKREECH’ The toad hears a deafening sound of a giant monster truck coming to a sudden halt about seven feet away from a dirty strong looking toad. The toad hopped out of the thick chunky mud superfast into the clear water. He took a short whiff of the smelly gas it smelled so dreadful that he dived under the cool clear faintly rippling water so he could not smell it anymore. When he was underwater he felt the tickling weeds brush against his smooth slimy lumpy skin. He pumped his strong legs and rose to the top of the pond to see if the truck left but instead the truck let out a final ‘VVRROOOOMMMM’ and raced off leaving a enormous trail of cloudy dust behind it. The toad started to swim back to the shore into the cool mud and rested for a few minutes and then he hopped back into the water and floated in the slimey neon green algae. He saw a nearby dragonfly so he swam over closer to the dragonfly and gulped it down. How good he thought. It felt so refreshing washing down his dragonfly with a gulp of the muddy water. He  looked around for another insect to eat he was starving. When he found nothing he swam over to the deeper water. The cattails stood tall next to the flattened dead weeds that got flattened by all the hikers and strong animals that lived in the wetland with him. He loved when the wind blowed so hard that the cattails blow over and fall in the mud.   

Western Canadian Toad by Helen

Genus Species: anaxyrus hemiophrys

Size: Between 5.6 and 13 cm long

Weight: between 35 and 55 g

Group name: A knot

Life cycle: Egg, Tadpole, Froglet, Toad

Average Life span: 10 - 12 years

Diet: Insectivore

Type: Amphibian

Status: may be at risk

Canada Goose by Isabel

Genus species: branta canadensis

Status : Least concern

Type : bird

Diet : omnivore   

Average Life Span:10 – 24 years (In the wild)

Life Cycle:(baby) goslings (female)goose  (male) gander

Weight : 3.2-6.5 kg(male); 2.5 -5.5 kg (female)

Size:3.2 – 6.5 kg

Group name : Gaggle

Role in nutrients cycle: Consumer

In the shallow water of the pond lies an Caddisfly egg waiting to hatch. When the egg slowly and gracefully hatches comes a tiny larva that seeks the light. The Caddisfly Larvae is a very vulnerable insect so it has to build a case to protect itself. The Caddisfly Larvae started to look around for random materials to build the case that will protect it from harm. It would use anything that was strong enough to protect it. It saw millions of tiny pebbles and sticks on the ground and put them together on it’s body. It felt the warmth of the case and snuggled inside it for some rest. After sleeping for a  while the Caddisfly Larvae got hungry and searched for food. The Caddisfly Larvae smelt algae and searched for the algae. The Caddisfly Larvae gobbles the tasty algae as it melts in it’s mouth. After he ate until he was full he heard something coming his way so he dashed away as fast as he could out of the open and waited until it passed. After a long day the Caddisfly Larvae went back to it’s home to rest but while it was resting it slipped out of its case and slowly starts turning into a pupa waiting to become a Caddisfly.


Caddisfly Larvae by Kaitlyn

Genus Species - Namamyia plutonis

Diet - Herbivores

Status - Vulnerable

Size - 3 mm to 40 mm or 60 mm

Type - Insect

Life Cycle - Egg, Larva/Larvae, Pupa/Pupae, Adult

Role in Nutrient Cycle: Consumer


It is a beautiful day at the lake. A Mama Great Blue Heron is in her nest incubating her eggs, Papa Heron is hunting by the pond. He stands in the water waiting for prey. SPLASH!!!! He dives into the water and thrusts his beak right through a fish like a hunting spear. He flies back up to the nearby nest and gives the fish to Mama Heron. She stands up and the eggs hatch. These hatchlings are the ugliest things you’ve ever seen but not to their parents. Papa Heron goes back down to the lake to get food for the hungry babies. He waits patiently by the water. He can still hear the babies squawking for food not too far away. SPLASH!!!!!! He dives into the ice cold water and pulls out a tasty fish. He eats it all up then flies back to the nest. He regurgitates the fish into the happy mouths of his babies. What a happy Heron family.  

Great Blue Heron by Katrina

GENUS SPECIES: ardea herodias fannini

STATUS:  Special Concern

TYPE: Bird

DIET: Carnivore


LIFE CYCLE: Egg, Baby, Adult

SIZE:  Body: 1 to 1.4 meters Wingspan: 1.7 to 2 meters

WEIGHT: 2.1 to 2.5 kg



Genus species: notropis cornutus    

Status: Abundance but slightly declining

type: Fish

diet: Omnivore         

Average: 2 to 3 years

Life cycle: egg,embryonic,larval,juvenile,adult

Size: 6 cm          

Group name: Shoal,Steam and Swarm

Role in nutrient cycle: Consumer

Minnow by Gabriel

Two-ridged Ramshorn Snail by Audrey

Genus species: helisoma anceps

Status: vulnerable


Diet: algae

Size:12 cm

Weight: 1.2 pounds

Group name:rout

Life Cycle: egg young adult

Lifespan: 2 3 years

Role in nutrients: decomposer

Wood Frog by Dominique

Genus species: lithobates sylvaticus

Type : Amphibian

Average Life Span : No more than 3 years

Size : Adults are 8.25 cm in length

Diet: Tadpoles-herbivorous/Adults-Carnivores

Status : Least concern

Weight : 8 grams                                                    

Group Name : Army 

Life cycle : Egg-Tadpole-Froglet-Adult

Role in nutrient cycle : Consumer   


Genus species: ondatra zibethicus 

Diet: Herbivore

Status: Least concern (Population stable)

Average life span: Adult 4-5 years, Longevity 10 years  

Type: Rodent

Weight: Adult 0.6 - 2 kg  

Role in food chain: Consumer

Group name: Colony, Horde, plague, Pack, Swarm

Muskrat names: Male - Buck, Female - Doe,  Baby - Kitten, Nestling, Pinkie, Pup

Life cycle: Pinkie -> Doe/Buck

Size: 40 - 70 cm (Adult)


Muskrat by Evelyn

The sly least weasel looks for her over sized prey; a fat, juicy and delicious Jack rabbit. She slowly crawls towards the big rabbit. She pounces on the jack; it slowly goes down to the cold hard ground. It’s dead. She sinks her razor sharp teeth into the big, fat and juicy rabbit. She licks her bloody paw than she bites a huge hunk of the rabbit. She hurries back to her den in the beautiful, ruby red and new farm. The kits wait for their mother; the oldest kit wonders off to find food while the farmer is looking for the sneaky Least weasel. The oldest kit sees the grumpy, old and stubborn farmer. He runs back to the den to his brothers and sisters cowering with fear and hunger. The mother runs across the wide open field trying not to be spotted by the farmer or his old hunting dog. The mother finds her away back to the cold den as her kits are hunger and waiting for her to bring back a freshly killed prey.       


Genus species: mustela nivalis


Status:least concern


Diet: carnivore

Lifespan: 4-6 years

Length: 19 cm

Weight: 260 g

Life cycle:kit(baby); dog/bitch(male/female) Group name:gang,colony,pack  

Least Weasel by Lia


Genus species: odocoileus virginianus                                     

Average life span: 4-5 years                                                             

Type: herbivore

Weight: Male  68kg  Female 45 kg (summer adult)

Diet:  herbivore

Role in food chain: consumer  

Female  name: doe

Male name: buck

Baby name: fawn

Life cycle: fawn > yearling >adult buck, adult doe

Status: concern




White Tailed Deer by McKinna

Genus species: bucephala albeola

Status: least concern

Type: Mammal

Diet: Omnivore

Average life span: 4-7 years

Life cycle: Egg, duckling, Hen/Drake

Size: 32–40 cm

Weight: 270-550g

Group name: Flock

Role in nutrient cycle: consumer

Bufflehead by Lyric

Splash! went the large furry brown beaver as he leaped into the blue water. His big brown hard tail whipped the water's surface hard as he swam across the big river. It was a beautiful fall morning. He had just eaten a large amount of leaves and twigs so his stomach was satisfied. He wanted to swim more but he had to feed his kittens and female. He went out looking for some food for them. But he had to be careful of wolves, they might eat him.  But if they did eat him at least his species would be fine because beavers are our least concern. While his colony was out getting food for their young he would too. As he crept into the woods he found some brown twigs on the ground beside a tree. As he was about to pick them up a porcupine raced in and stole those twigs and ran off with them. That poor beaver just watched as his kittens and mate’s breakfast was getting gobbled down by a porcupine. So he went on the search for more. Fortunately he stumbled on some leaves which were just as good as twigs. So he picked them up and carried them off to the lodge to feed his mate and kittens.         


Beaver by Sandy

Genus Species: castor canadensis

Status: it was least concern

Type: mammal

Diet: vegetarian leaves and twigs

Average life span: 20 years

Life cycle: born, a kitten, an adult

size: 74–90 cm 

Name of group: a colony or a family

Role in nutrient cycle: consumer

Spotted Sandpiper by Sasha

Genus species: actitis macularius

Status: least concern

Type: bird

Diet: carnivore

Average life span: 109 months

Life cycle: egg,baby,adult females (ree)males (ruff)

Size: 18 to 20cm when an adult - females larger than males

Weight: 34 to 50 g

Group name: fling of sandpipers

Role in nutrient cycle: Consumer


Killdeer by Sierra

Genus species: charadrius vociferus

Status: least concern

Type: Shore Bird (Plover)

Diet: Omnivore

Average life span: up to six years in the wild

Life cycle: egg,juvenile,adult

Size: Length 20–28 cm

Weight: 88 grams

Group name:  A Season                                      

Role in nutrient cycle: Consumer


Genus species: hesperocorixa castanea

Status: are not endangered

Diet: herbivore

Type: insect

Lifespan: One year

Life cycle: Egg, nymph and adult       

Size: 13mm

Group name: They don't live in groups

Role in Nutrient cycle: A consumer   

Water Boatman by Ezekiel

Ferruginous Hawk by Lyander

Genus species: buteo regalis

Status: At Risk (AR)

Type: Bird

Class: Aves

Diet: carnivore

Weight: 977 to 2,267 g

Average lifespan: 21 years if you're lucky

Life cycle: eyas>male tierces>female hen

Role in nutrient cycle: consumer

Group name: Cast

SMASH! The Male moose also known as a bull spins around to hear and see the end of a huge fight. It’s the middle of mating season so he goes up to the bull that had won the battle. He accepts and the battle begins. The two bull’s antlers which are the size of snowplows collide and all the female moose also known as a cow turn and see their antlers collide with a bang. Their big antlers are stuck! They can’t get their antlers unstuck. They both perish because they can’t get their rations. Everyone moves on with their life and mating season is over. The baby moose all go to their mom to eat their daily share of shrubs.This tastes like candy one of the calves thought to herself.  One of the cows heads over to where some of the higher grass is because her neck is getting sore from bending over to get some smaller shrubs. A couple minutes later she started to walk over to the herd to go to bed for the night. The next morning all of the moose smelled humans and started going in the opposite direction just in case they were a threat to them. CRASH! All the bulls and cows look to see a ginormous tree fallen to their right, as well as a big scary machine. They all flee and hide in the forest; they all got away but they still heard the loud rumble in their heads as they go to sleep.


Moose by Faith

Genus species: alces alces

Diet: Herbivore

Type: mammal

Average life span: 15-20 years

Life cycle: calf-the juvenile moose- prime breeders-seniors

Size: height shoulder 1.4 – 2.1 m 

Weight: 380 – 700 kg

Group name: herd

Status: Least Concern population increasing

Role in nutrient cycle: consumer

Genus Species:chrysemys picta

Kingdom: Animalia

Status LC (least concern)

Lifespan 50 years in captivity

Lifespan 20-30 years in wild

Diet: Omnivore

Group name: bale

Weight: 300 - 500G

Role in Nutrient Cycle: Consumer

Type: Reptile

Size: 17.18 cm Average              

Life cycle: egg - hatchling - Juvenile - Subadult - Adult - Repeat


Painted Turtle by Andy

The fisher spider is concentrating only on delicious fish while it hangs its legs in the nice cold water attracting the fish to slowly come forth under the fisher spiders legs. After a few minutes a fish finally goes under the deadly depths of the spiders legs. With the speed of a cheetah the fisher spider closes its legs!!! it's a trap. The fisher spider bites the fish and kills it. It pulls the fish out of the water like a bear in the wild and eats it vigorously. The spider wanders of into the grass of the wetlands. It spots a beetle like a hawk and eats it exactly like it ate the fish. The fisher spider goes back to its nest speeding and make sure the eggs were ok. But they weren't. The fisher spider wanders of into the midst of the freezing wetlands. It spots a pond in the middle of the wetlands hoping to be safe. Swiftfully it gazes at a nest of 3 or 4 fisher spiders. The spider travels to the nest with the speed of a snake and makes a new home.                

Genus species: dolomedes triton

Status: least concern  

Diet: carnivore       


Life cycle: egg,egg sac,spiderlings,adult

Weight: 226 g


Group name: cluster or clutter

Role in the nutrient cycle: consumer

Fisher Spider by Aydin

Genus species: lithobates pipiens

Status: least concern

Type: Amphibian

Size: 11 cm

Diet: Carnivore at adulthood

Diet: Tadpole stage omnivore

Group name: An Army

Life cycle:egg tadpole frog

Average life span: 2 to 4 years

Role in nutrient cycle: consumer

Slap! A monstrous leopard frog licks its chops. Oh no! A waterfowl comes to eat the frog. The leopard frog quickly hops to safety. the Frog hops to find water in a marsh. The leopard frog is mad at the waterfowl.The leopard frog is only 2 years old but is really fast so it can escape. The leopard frog hops around the marsh to find food. It eats a delicious cattail.The waterfowl comes back to eat him but the waterfowl cannot find the leopard frog because it is blending in with surroundings. The leopard frog smells to see if the waterfowl is still there. It does not smell the waterfowl and peeks out of its hiding place just to double check. It is not there so it continues doing normal things.


Northern Leopard Frog by Zachery

Genus species: passer domesticus

Status: Least concern

Type: Bird

Diet: herbivore

Habitat: buildings and shrubs

Group name: host

Weight: 24 - 40 g

Size: 18cm

Life cycle: eggs,chicks,house sparrow

Average  Lifespan: 3 years (in the wild)

Role in nutrient cycle: consumer

Sparrow by Draven

Genus species: notonecta undulata

Status: least concern   

Type: insect

Diet: carnivore

Life cycle: egg-nymph-adult    

size: 20mm long

Role in Nutrient Cycle: consumer  

Backswimmer by Tristan

Barn Swallow by Will

Genus species: hirundo rustica

Status: least concern

Type: bird

Diet: insectivore

Average life span: 4 years

Life cycle: egg,chick,adult

Length: 15-20 cm

Weight: 18g

Group name: flight

Role in nutrient cycle: consumer  


Giant Waterbug by Aiden

Genus species:  lethocerus americanus

Status: not at risk

Type: insect

Diet: Omnivore

Average life span: one year or longer

Life cycle: Egg, 5 stages of larva, adult,

Size: 2cm-12cm

Role in nutrient cycle: consumer