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A F L O R I D A - F R I E N D L Y L A N D S C A P I N G T M P U B L I C AT I O N A F L O R I D A - F R I E N D L Y L A N D...
W H AT A R E F L O R I D A - F R I E N D LY L A N D S C A P E S    Florida-Friendly Landscapes protect Florida   s unique ...
 HISL VM  VU LU Z INTRODUCTION   ECOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS  What Is a Florida-Friendly Landscape  ...........................
Introduction WHAT IS A FLORIDA-FRIENDLY LANDSCAPE  A Florida-Friendly Landscape is a quality landscape that is designed, i...
The Nine Florida-Friendly Landscaping    Principles The nine Florida-Friendly Landscaping    principles are the cornerston...
PRINCIPLE  8  MANAGE STORMWATER RUNOFF A Florida-Friendly Landscape uses porous pavers, rain barrels or cisterns, rain gar...
Designing Your Florida-Friendly Landscape Florida-Friendly Landscapes are all based on the same nine principles. But Flori...
SCENARIO A  FRONT ENTRY Two design options  With trees, Without trees  CHALLENGES      Not enough plant material in beds  ...
SOLUTION 1  SOLUTION 2  With Trees  Without Trees  House  House  Tall shrub  Low plants adjacent to sidewalk  Small tree  ...
SCENARIO B  ALONG WALLS Two design options  With trees, Without trees  CHALLENGES      Blank wall is not visually pleasing...
SOLUTION 1  SOLUTION 2  With Trees  Without Trees  House  House  Tall shrub  Medium height shrubs  Low shrubs  Groundcover...
SCENARIO C  ALONG SIDEWALKS Two design options  Turf buffer, Raised edging  CHALLENGE      Turf is in poor condition  GOAL...
SOLUTION 1  SOLUTION 2  Turf Buffer Strip  Raised Edging  Fence  Fence  Turf  Turf  House  Compact groundcover  House  4  ...
SCENARIO D  UNDER WINDOWS Two design options  No screening, Light screening  CHALLENGES      Dense plant blocks rear windo...
SOLUTION 1  SOLUTION 2  No Screening  Light Screening  Groundcover  Medium height shrub  Open shrub  Low shrubs  Turf  Hou...
SCENARIO E  ALONG FENCES Three design options  Vines, Partial screening, Full screening  CHALLENGES      Bare fence is not...
SOLUTION 1  Fence  With Vines  Vine Mulch Turf  Fence  SOLUTION 2 With Partial Screening  Medium height shrub Mulch Turf E...
SCENARIO F  UNDER TREES Two design options  Open canopy, Dense shade  CHALLENGES      Turf is in poor condition     Plants...
SOLUTION 1  SOLUTION 2  Open Canopy  Dense Shade  Low shrubs  Groundcover  House  Self-mulching bed  House  Turf  Turf  Si...
SCENARIO G  UTILITIES Two design options  Full blend, Partial blend  CHALLENGES      Utility box is not visually pleasing ...
SOLUTION 1  SOLUTION 2  Full Blend  Partial Blend  Low shrubs  Medium height shrubs  Utility box  Utility box  Turf  Turf ...
SCENARIO H  STANDING WATER One design option  Rain garden  CHALLENGES      Water is slow to drain and collects in low area...
Converting Your Yard to a Florida-Friendly Landscape A Florida-Friendly Landscape is ecologically sound and cost effective...
    Minimize the movement of trucks and equipment in the yard to avoid soil compaction.     If using underground irrigatio...
Ecological Considerations Florida-Friendly Landscape design combines art and science to create functional, attractive, and...
    Avoid monocultures and aim for a mosaic of trees, shrubs, grasses, and groundcovers.     Plan turf areas to be functio...
Landscape Planning Worksheet This worksheet can be used for both new and established landscapes. By following these steps,...
4. Inventory your landscape. Walk around your property with your site plan, noting conditions and features that make your ...
6. Create a landscape plan. Your landscape plan will be guided by the site inventory and analysis and activity maps discus...
Five Common Gardening Mistakes Avoid these five common mistakes for a more FloridaFriendly Landscape. 1. OVERWATERING  WAT...
Florida-Friendly Plant List  The plants on this Florida-Friendly Plant List are considered by UF IFAS horticulture special...
4. Further narrow your list to those plants that will fit the site based on mature height and spread. 5. Consider the need...
KEY TO SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS FLORIDA REGION ZONES  Region  includes Florida regions in which plant will grow    USDA C...
LARGE TREES Scientific Common Reg Native  Acer barbatum Florida Maple, Southern Sugar Maple N  8b-9a  Acer rubrum Red Mapl...
LARGE TREES  Fraxinus americana White Ash N  8  Fraxinus caroliniana Pop Ash, Carolina Ash, Water Ash Yes  N  C  50-80  50...
LARGE TREES Scientific Common  Litchi chinensis Lychee S  Reg Native  Fast  G, H, S  Lysiloma latisiliquum Wild Tamarind, ...
LARGE TREES  Pinus elliottii var. elliottii Northern Slash Pine  Pinus glabra Spruce Pine  N  N  C  8-9  Yes  75-100  35-5...
LARGE TREES Scientific Common Reg Native  Quercus austrina Bluff Oak N  C  8-9  No  Quercus falcata Southern Red Oak, Span...
LARGE TREES  Taxodium spp. Pond Cypress, Bald Cypress N  C  S  Ulmus alata Winged Elm 8-10  Yes  50-80  10-35   N  C Fast ...
MEDIUM TREES Scientific Common  Avicennia germinans Black Mangrove C  Reg Native  S  Bursera simaruba Gumbo Limbo  9a-11  ...
MEDIUM TREES  Coccoloba diversifolia Pigeonplum S  10a-11  Cordia sebestena Geiger Tree Yes  S  30-40  10-20   Fast  Crata...
MEDIUM TREES Scientific Common Reg Native  Ilex cassine and cvs. Dahoon Holly N  C  S  8-10  Ilex opaca American Holly Yes...
MEDIUM TREES  Persea palustris Swamp Bay N  C  S  Podocarpus gracilior Weeping Fern Pine, Weeping Podocarpus  8-10  Yes  2...
SMALL TREES Scientific Common Reg Native G, H, S  Acacia farnesiana Sweet Acacia C  S  Aesculus pavia Red Buckeye, Florida...
SMALL TREES  Callistemon spp. Bottlebrush N  C  S  8b-11  Camellia japonica Camellia No  N  6-30  6-15   C  Camellia sasan...
SMALL TREES Scientific Common Reg Native G, H, S  Chionanthus retusus Chinese Fringetree N  Chionanthus virginicus Fringet...
SMALL TREES  Dodonaea viscosa Hopbush, Varnish Leaf C  S  Eriobotrya japonica Loquat  9-11  Yes  N  C  10-18  6-15   S  Eu...
SMALL TREES Scientific Common Reg Native  Ilex glabra Gallberry N  C  S  8-10a  Yes  N  C  6-8  8-10   Slow  G, H, S  Ilex...
SMALL TREES  Myrcianthes fragrans Simpson   s Stopper, Twinberry C  S  Myrciaria cauliflora Jaboticaba, Brazilian Grape Tr...
SMALL TREES Scientific Common Reg Native  Prunus angustifolia Chickasaw Plum N  C  8-9  Prunus campanulata Taiwan Cherry Y...
SMALL TREES  Tabebuia aurea Silver Trumpet Tree, Yellow Tab S  10-11  Tecoma stans Yellow Elder, Yellow Trumpetbush No  C ...
LARGE SHRUBS Scientific Common Reg Native  Abelia Xgrandiflora Glossy Abelia N  C  8-9  Acacia farnesiana Sweet Acacia No ...
LARGE SHRUBS  Aloysia virgata Sweet Almond Bush N  C  S  Aralia spinosa Devil   s Walkingstick  8-11  No  N  C  8-9a  6-12...
LARGE SHRUBS  Invasive  Scientific Common Reg Native  Berberis thunbergii Japanese Barberry, Crimson Pygmy N  Brugmansia X...
LARGE SHRUBS  Camellia japonica Camellia N  C Slow  Camellia sasanqua Sasanqua, Sasanqua Camellia  8-9  No  N  10-20  10-2...
LARGE SHRUBS Scientific Common Reg Native  Citharexylum spinosum Fiddlewood S  10-11  Clethra alnifolia Sweet Pepperbush Y...
LARGE SHRUBS  Cyrilla racemiflora Titi, Swamp Cyrilla, Leatherwood N  C  8b-9  Duranta erecta Golden Dewdrop, Pigeonberry ...
LARGE SHRUBS Scientific Common Reg Native  Halesia diptera Two-wing Silverbell N  Hamamelis virginiana Common Witchhazel  ...
LARGE SHRUBS  Ilex X   Mary Nell    Mary Nell Holly N  C  Ilex cornuta and cvs. Chinese Holly, Horned Holly  8-9  Yes  N  ...
LARGE SHRUBS Scientific Common  Jatropha integerrima Peregrina C  Reg Native  S  9b-11  No  Juniperus chinensis and cvs. C...
LARGE SHRUBS  Musa spp. Banana C Fast  S  Myrcianthes fragrans Simpson   s Stopper, Twinberry 9b-11  No  C  7-30  10-15   ...
LARGE SHRUBS Scientific Common Reg Native G, H, S  Philodendron cvs. Philodendron N  C  S  Pittosporum tobira cvs. Pittosp...
LARGE SHRUBS  Rhododendron cvs. Azalea N  C  Sabal minor Dwarf Palmetto, Blue-stem Palmetto  8-10  Var.  3-12  3-10   Slow...
LARGE SHRUBS  Invasive  Scientific Common Reg Native G, H, S  Tecoma stans Yellow Elder, Yellow Trumpetbush C  S  Ternstro...
LARGE SHRUBS  Viburnum odoratissimum var. awabuki Awabuki Viburnum  Viburnum rufidulum Rusty Blackhaw, Southern Blackhaw  ...
SMALL SHRUBS Scientific Common Reg Native  Aloe spp. Aloe N  C  S  Acalypha hispida Chenille Plant, Red-hot Cattail 8-11  ...
SMALL SHRUBS  Ixora coccinea Ixora C  S  Lantana depressa Weeping Lantana, Pineland Lantana  9b-11  No  10-15  4-10   N  C...
SMALL SHRUBS Scientific Common Reg Native G, H, S  Rosa spp. Rose N  C  Rosmarinus spp. Rosemary  S  8-11  Var.  N  C  1-2...
VINES  Invasive  Allamanda cathartica Yellow Allamanda C  S  Fast  9-11  Aristolochia spp. Dutchman   s Pipe, Pipevine No ...
VINES Scientific Common Reg Native G, H, S  Gelsemium sempervirens Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jasmine  Hedera canariensis ...
VINES  Pandorea jasminoides Bower Vine C  S  9b-11  Passiflora incarnata Maypop, Passion Vine No  N  1-20  1-20   Fast  C ...
GROUNDCOVERS Scientific Common Reg Native  Ajuga reptans Bugleweed, Carpet Bugleweed N  C  8-9a  Fast  G, H, S  Anthericum...
GROUNDCOVERS  Ernodea littoralis Golden creeper S  Evolvulus glomeratus Blue Daze  10-11  Yes  C  S  1-3  1-3   9-11 1 2 -...
GROUNDCOVERS  Invasive  Scientific Common Reg Native  Lantana montevidensis Trailing Lantana C  S  9-11  No  Liriope musca...
GROUNDCOVERS  Scaevola plumieri Inkberry S Slow  Thelypteris kunthii Southern Shield Fern  10-11  Yes  N  2-4  3-8   C  S ...
GRASSES Scientific Common Reg Native  Andropogon spp. Bluestem Grass N  C  8-9  Var.  N  3-10  3-7   Fast  G, H, S  Aristi...
GRASSES  Muhlenbergia capillaris Muhly Grass N  C  S  8-11  Yes  Panicum virgatum and cvs. Panic Grass  Paspalum quadrifar...
PA L M S A N D PA L M - L I K E P L A N T S  Scientific Common  Acoelorrhaphe wrightii Paurotis Palm, Saw Cabbage Palm S  ...
Chamaerops humilis European Fan Palm  N  N  C  S  variable  No  1-20  2-8   Fast  C  S  8-11  Dypsis lutescens lutescens C...
PA L M S A N D PA L M - L I K E P L A N T S  Scientific Common  Nolina recurvata Ponytail Palm S  Reg Native G, H, S  10a-...
C  S  Roystonea regia Royal Palm  9b-11  No  S  5-7  6-10   Sabal etonia Scrub Palmetto  10a-11  Yes  C  50-80  15-25   S ...
PA L M S A N D PA L M - L I K E P L A N T S  Scientific Common Reg Native  Trachycarpus fortunei Windmill Palm N  C  S  8-...
FERNS  Acrostichum danaeifolium Leather Fern C  S  9-11  Adiantum capillus-veneris Southern Maidenhair Fern, Venus    Hair...
FERNS Scientific Common Reg Native  Nephrolepis exaltata Sword Fern C  S  Osmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon Fern  9-11  Yes  1-4...
PERENNIALS  Acalypha reptans Dwarf Chenille Plant S  10-11  Acrostichum danaeifolium Leather Fern No  C  to 1  varies   Sl...
PERENNIALS Scientific Common Reg Native  Amorphophallus spp. Voodoo Lily, Snake Lily N  C  S  9-11  Angelonia angustifolia...
PERENNIALS  Bromeliaceae genera Bromeliads, Airplants N  C  S  8-11  Bulbine frutescens Bulbine Var.  C  1-2  1-2   Slow  ...
PERENNIALS Scientific Common Reg Native  Crinum spp. Crinum Lily N  C  S  Crossandra spp. Firecracker Flower 8b-11  Var.  ...
PERENNIALS  Dryopteris spp. Autumn Fern N  C  S  8-11  Var.  1-4  1-4   Slow  Dyschoriste oblongifolia Twin Flower, Oblong...
PERENNIALS Scientific Common Reg Native  Gazania spp. Gazania, Treasure Flower N  C  S  Gloriosa spp. Gloriosa Lily  8b-11...
PERENNIALS  Hemerocallis spp. Daylily N  C  S  Fast  Hippeastrum spp. and hybrids Amaryllis  8-10  No  N  C  S  Hymenocall...
PERENNIALS Scientific Common  Justicia spicigera Orange Plum S  Reg Native G, H, S  Kaempferia spp. Peacock Ginger  10b-11...
PERENNIALS  Musa spp. Banana C  S  Neomarica gracilis Walking Iris 9b-11  No  N  C  S  7-30  10-15   Fast  Odontonema stri...
PERENNIALS Scientific Common Reg Native  Phlox divaricata Blue Phlox N  C Fast  G, H, S  S  Plectranthus spp. Plectranthus...
PERENNIALS  Solenostemon scuttellarioides Coleus N  C  S  Solidago spp. Goldenrod 8-11  No  N  C  1-3  1-3   Fast  S  Spha...
PERENNIALS Scientific Common Reg Native  Zingiber zerumbet Pine Cone Ginger N  C  S  8-11  No  G, H, S  4-7  4-6   Soil pH...
ANNUALS  Ageratum spp. Ageratum N  C  S  Amaranthus spp. Amaranth 8-11  No  N  1 2 -1  1 2 -1   C  S  Angelonia angustifol...
ANNUALS Scientific Common Reg Native  Coreopsis spp. Tickseed, Coreopsis N  C  S  Var.  N  C  S  1-4  1-3   Fast  G, H, S ...
ANNUALS  Pachystachys lutea Golden Shrimp Plant C  S  Pentas lanceolata Pentas, Starflower  9b-11  No  N  2-3  2-3   C  S ...
ANNUALS Scientific Common Reg Native G, H, S  Torenia fournieri Wishbone Flower N  C  S  8-11 1 2-11 2   Viola spp. Violet...
MOWING HT  Mowing turf below the recommended height can stress the grass and subject it to invasion by weeds. LEAF  Fine, ...
PLANT INDEX  PLANT INDEX COMMON NAME  SCIENTIFIC NAME  PAGE  PLANT TYPE  African Iris  Dietes iridoides  86  Perennial  Ag...
SCIENTIFIC NAME  PAGE  PLANT TYPE  Blood Lily  Haemanthus multi   orus  88  Perennial  Blue Daze  Evolvulus glomeratus  71...
PLANT INDEX  COMMON NAME  SCIENTIFIC NAME  PAGE  PLANT TYPE  Chenille Plant  Acalypha hispida  64  Small Shrub  Chickasaw ...
SCIENTIFIC NAME  PAGE  PLANT TYPE  European Fan Palm  Chamaerops humilis  43  Small Tree  European Fan Palm  Chamaerops hu...
PLANT INDEX  COMMON NAME  SCIENTIFIC NAME  PAGE  PLANT TYPE  Hawthorn  Crataegus spp.  39  Medium Tree  Hawthorn  Crataegu...
SCIENTIFIC NAME  PAGE  PLANT TYPE  Longleaf Pine  Pinus palustris  35  Large Tree  Loquat  Eriobotrya japonica  45  Small ...
PLANT INDEX  COMMON NAME  SCIENTIFIC NAME  PAGE  PLANT TYPE  Periwinkle  Vinca major  73  Groundcover  Periwinkle  Cathara...
SCIENTIFIC NAME  PAGE  PLANT TYPE  Round Holly  Ilex rotunda  40  Medium Tree  Royal Fern  Osmunda regalis  82  Fern  Roya...
PLANT INDEX  COMMON NAME  SCIENTIFIC NAME  PAGE  PLANT TYPE  Spider Lily  Hymenocallis spp.  89  Perennial  Spiral Ginger ...
SCIENTIFIC NAME  PAGE  PLANT TYPE  Two-Wing Silverbell  Halesia diptera  56  Large Shrub  Violet  Viola spp.  98  Annuals ...
Additional Information REFERENCES AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION Black, R.J. and E.F. Gilman. 2004. Landscape Plants for the G...
Yard to aNotes Florida-Friendly Landscape al Information Converting AdditionalYour Information  Grasses  ChasmanthiumINFOR...
Additional Information  AdditionalNotes Information  Grasses  Chasmanthium latifolium, Panicum virgatum, Paspalum quadrifa...
Capparis cynophallophora, Carissa macrocarpa, Cephalanthus occidentalis, Cephalotaxus harringtonia, Chrysobalanus icaco, C...
Florida-Friendly Landscaping     PLANT GUIDE  Find the Right Plant for the Right Place Anytime, Anywhere  ffl.ifas.ufl.edu...