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Look What Came 

From Italy

Look What Came From                    Italy

By Mackenzie C.

Contents

Incredible Italy    .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .  4

Food     .     .     .    .     .     .     .     .     .     .    .     .      .  6

Pizza Recipe    .    .     .      .     .     .     .     .     .     .    .  9

Clothing Brands    .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .  11

Inventions   .     .    .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .  13

Places to Visit   .    .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .  15

Climate       .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .  18

Art    .    .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .  20

Words   .    .      .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .  22

Glossary    .    .   .    .    .    .    .      .      .      .     .     .     . 24


 Incredible Italy

   Have you ever seen that country in Europe that looks like a high-heeled boot? Well, that's Italy! Italy is a breathtaking place that has a population of about 60 million people. This place has many stunning sites like the Leaning Tower Of Pisa and the Manarola village. You'll probably need a tour guide to direct you around the country and enjoy all the delicious foods. 

Over 1,400,000 tons of pasta is made in Italy every year. A single person consumes about 15-50 pounds of pasta each year. Lots of people around the globe enjoy pasta too.

     A few pasta dishes are spaghetti with meatballs, penne  alla vodka, and pasta alfredo.



Food


     Some of the foods you eat often are made in Italy. Pasta was founded by Marco Polo in 1271. Pasta is also one of the bases of almost any Italian food. 


More Food

     Gelato. Created in 1565 by Bernardo Buontalenti (Bone-ta-len-ti), is basically an Italian twist on ice cream. Gelato possess a stronger flavor than american ice cream because it is stored at a warmer temperature. Gelato also gives off a more intense flavor 


     Pizza is another popular food made in Italy. It consists of dough, tomato sauce, and mozzarella cheese. If you prefer to add a few leaves of basil, you would be representing the wonderful colors of the Italian flag. Pizza was founded by King Umberto and Queen Margherita in 1861. She was asked to try this dish that she saw many of her peers eating. The queen loved it and it was named the margherita pizza. 

because less air gets into the formula while mixing this delicious treat. 

Pizza

1. Preheat the oven to 450°F 

2. Put the flour and salt in a large bowl


and add the olive oil to the bowl while stirring

3. Slowly pour the warm water into the large bowl. Dough should form

4. Knead the dough into a ball

5. Dust some flour on to a cutting board and place the dough ball on the board

6. Use a rolling pin to roll the ball into a 12 inch round and set aside

7. Peel and dice the onion 



Recipe

1 cup self-rising flour 1/3 cup warm water 2 tbsp olive oil         1/2 tsp salt

dough:

toppings:

1 cup chopped tomatoes

1/4 cup mozzarella cheese

1 tsp olive oil

1/2 tsp dried oregano

1/2 tsp dried basil

8. Heat oil in the pan over medium heat and saute the onion for 3 min

9. Add the tomatoes, oregano, and basil in the pan. Let simmer for 15 min 

10. Spoon the sauce onto the pizza crust. Spread the sauce around with the back of         the spoon 

11. Thinly slice the mozzarella cheese and arrange it on top of the pizza

12. Bake the pizza for 10 min and enjoy! 

Clothing Brands

     Gucci was created by Guccio (Goo-Chee-O) Gucci (Goo-Chee), an Italian fashion designer, in 1921. Gucci is well know for their high priced leather goods. They are also know for their red and white striped snake on most of their merchandise.  


     Valentino Garavani invented his brand is 1932. Valentino is famous for his full-legnth skirts that were popular at the time. They were popular because the only skirts were short when Valentino made his long. His brand also gained more popularity because of his shoes. A pair of leather boots can be over $2,000!

     There are many Italian fashion designers . Gucci and Valentino are clothing stores that were founded by Italian designers. Both brands are very expensive.

Inventions

     Alexander Bell was the man who created the first telephone in 1876. The gadget allowed sound to travel on a beam of light. The first call was between Bell and Thomas Watson, his assistant. The call was, "Watson! Come here, I want you!". Alexander Bell also designed the wireless telephone in 1880. It's is crazy how much the telephone has evolved.

     The first radio was created in 1895 by an Italian inventor named Gugliemo (Goo-lee-air-mo)  Marconi (Mar-cone-e). Even though Gugliemo gets all the credit, he didnt actually invent the entire radio. Nikola Tesla came up with the design in 1892.

     Italians have invented many astonishing things that we use today like the radio, telephones, and the jacuzzi.

      Italian inventors have also created the jacuzzi. The jacuzzi is a large bath with underwater jets that can massage the body. In Roman Times, public bath-houses were very popular in Italy. Hypocausts are underground wood burning furnaces that would heat the water. The first modern jacuzzi  was made in 1915 by 7 brothers. The group was led by Giocondo (Jo-cune-doe) Jacuzzi. The brothers were inspired by the design and created a smaller and more private version of the bath houses. The difference between a bath and a jacuzzi is jacuzzis' aren't for cleansing, they are for relaxing.   

Places To 

Visit

     The Colosseum, built in 70 AD (Anna Domini), is a 157 foot high building. It is located in Roma RM, Italy. Several battles took place and where many people lost their lives. Over 400,000 people and 1,000,000 animals died inside the building. The deaths were caused by public executions and chariot racing. The Colosseum is one big tomb stone. Even though it is run down, the Colosseum is an exquisite building. 

     Italy is filled with  lovely sights all around the country. A few favored monuments are Colosseum, Leaning Tower of Pisa, and the Manarola Village.

     Another famous structure is the Leaning Tower of Pisa. The construction began in 1173 and took 334 years to complete. You're probably wonder why the monument is leaning and that's because of the ground it was built on. One side was soft and consisted of fine sand, shells, and clay while the other had a stronger ground. When the builders began the 2nd floor, they noticed the building started to lean. Tourists have thought of many ways to take fun pictures with the tower. 

     The Manarola Village is a small, vibrant, cliff-side, town situated in Liguria (Li-goo-re-a). Liguria is located in Northern Italy. The main industries in the village are fishing and wine making. The people do a lot of fishing because right down the cliff is the Ligurian Sea that many people also swim in. Wine making is also a main industry because of the various nearby vine yards.

Climate

     If you plan to go to Italy, the summer isn't a great time. The summers are scorching hot and dry. The hottest summer recorded in Italy is 136.4 F or 58°C in 1922! The summers can bring very hot winds. That's the perfect time to cool off in a pool or go down to the beach.


     In the winter, it hardly ever snows. Winters in Italy are cool and humid closer to the areas with many mountains. Cold winds from northern Europe can spread to Italy and bring snow. While the mountains are snowy, the coasts are warm because of the high sea temperatures. Winter is a great time to take a trip to Italy.



     The weather in Italy is extremely hot in the summer but cool and wet in the winter. Italy experiences the Mediterranean climate. A Mediterranean climate is when the summers are hot and the winters are wet.

     

Art

     The Mona Lisa painted in 1503 by Leonardo da Vinci, was painted in Italy but now sits in the Louvre in France. No one truly knows if Mona Lisa is a real person or not. The Mona Lisa was stolen from the Louvre (Loov) on August 21st, 1911. Vincenzo Peruggia was the theif. The painting was missing for more than 2 years but was recovered by police in December 1913. The spectacular painting was luckily untouched.

Vincenzo Peruggia

Words

English                 Italian              Pronunciation

 hello                                   ciao                                 ch-ow

 goodbye                             addio                              a-dee-o

 school                                  scuola                             s-quaw-la

 music                                   musica                            muse-ica

 please                                  per favore                      poor fa-voor-a

 girl                                        ragazza                         ra-gats-a

 boy                                       ragazzo                          ra gats-o
 candy                                   caramella                       care-a-mell-la 

 dog                                        cane                              can-a

 cat                                          gatto                             got-o

  



                         

 

Marco Polo- An Italian merchant and explorer 

King Umberto- King of Italy from 1878-1900

Queen Margherita- Queen of Italy-King Umberto's wife 

Bernardo Buontalenti- An Italian stage designer, architect, theatrical designer, military engineer, and artist

Guccio Gucci- An Italian business man and fashion designer 

Valentino Garavani- An Italian fashion designer

Guglielmo Macroni - An Italian Inventer and electrical engineer

Alexander Bell - Scottish born scientist, inventer, engineer, and innovater

Colloseum - A monument in Rome, Italy

Leaning Tower of Pisa - A tower in Pisa, Italy that is slightly slanted

Manarola Village - Italian village 

Mona Lisa - Famous painting by Leonardo de Vinci

Leonardo de Vinci - Italian painter

Louvre Museum - Art museum in France

Vincenzo Peruggia - Italian theif





Glossary

     Italy is a fantastic place to visit. It has so many tremendously delicious  foods  and spectacular monuments. You should try to pop by Italy at least once in your life.